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to March 3, 1872: Compensation, $370,000; | WEST VIRGINIA -Van Winkle, 814 miles, $325; mileage, $37,041 20; stationery and newspapers, Willey, 688 miles, $275. WISCONSIN–Doolittle, $9,250; total, $416,291 20; average per Senator, 2,860 miles, $1,144; Howe, 3,210 miles, $1,284. $5,625 553

ACT OF 1866-SECOND SESSION, FORTY SECOND Under same act, from March 4, 1872, to March

CONGRESS, DECEMBER, 1871. 3, 1873, during which year members of the Senate received mileage for attending the special

ALABAMA-Goldthwaite, 1,792 miles, $358; session of the Senate, held in May, 1872, the fol- Spencer, 1,490 miles, $298. ARKANSAS–Claylowing amounts were paid: Compensation, $370,- ton, 3,000 miles, $600; Rice, 3,000 miles, $600. 000; mileage, $59,002 80; newspapers and sta- 6.716 miles, $1,343. CONNECTICUT-Buckingham,

CALIFORNIA—Casserly, 6,716 miles, $1,343; Cole, tionery, $9,250; total, $438,252 80; average per 744 miles, $148 ; Ferry, 580 miles, $116. DELASenator, $5,922 333%.

Total compensation and allowance of Senators WARE-Bayard, 224 miles, $44; Saulsbury, 318 under act of March 3, 1873: Compensation, Osborn, 2,600 miles, $520. GEORGIA-Hill, 1,523

miles, $63. FLORIDA-Gilbert, 2,200 miles, $110; $555,000; traveling expenses, based upon the certificates of forty-six Senators, (twenty-eight miles, $305; Norwood, 1,384 miles, $276. ILLIhaving presented none,) amounting to $4,- miles, $310.' "INDIANA –Morton, 1,796 miles,

NIOS-Logan, 2,000 miles, $400; Trumbull, 1,700 607 95, giving an average of $100 17X74=$7,- 8359; Pratt, 1.464 miles, $292. Iowa-Harlan, 412 58 ; total, $562,412 58; average per Sena- 2,556 miles, $511; Wright, 2,324 miles, $464. tor, $7,600 17.

KANSAS—Caldwell, 2,928 miles, $585; Pomeroy,

2,800 miles, $560. KENTUCKY—Davis, 1,644 Mileage paid to Senators in Thirty- miles, $328 ; Stevenson, 1,564 miles, $312. LouisNinth and Forty-Second Congresses. IANA-Kellogg, 3,486 miles, $697; West, 3,164

In connection with this, the following state- miles, $632. MAINE-Hamlin, 1,440 miles, $288 ; ments, prepared by the Secretary of the Senate, Morrill, 1,350 miles, $270. MARYLAND—Hamand laid before that body by Senator CAMERON, ilton, 250 miles, $50; Vickers, 200 miles, $40. January 9, 1874, of the amounts of mileage paid MASSACHUSETTS—Sumner, 912 miles, $184; Wilin dollars (cents omitted) at particular dates un- son, 920 miles, $184. MICHIGAN-Chandler, der the acts of 1856 and 1866, are given. The 1,822 miles, $364; Ferry, 1,800 miles, $360. act of 1856 fixed mileage at forty cents per mile MINNESOTA-Ramsey, 3,264 miles, $652; Wineach way, and the act of 1866 fixed it at twenty dom, 3,094 miles, $618. MISSISSIPPI–Ames, cents per mile each way:

3,600 miles, $720; Alcorn, 2,100 miles, $420. ACT OF 1856–FIRST SESSION, THIRTY-NINTH Missouri—Blair, 2,064 miles, $412; Schurz, CONGRESS, DECEMBER, 1865.

2,064 miles, $412. NEBRASKA-Hitchcock, 2,684 CALIFORNIA-Conness, 13,906 miles, $5,562; Nye, 4,872 miles, $974; Stewart, 5,856 miles,

miles, $536; Tipton, 2,736 miles, $547. NEVADAMcDougall, 13,706 miles, $5,482. CONNECTICUT $1,171.' NEW HAMPSHIRE -Cragin, 1,192 miles, Dixon, 700 miles, $280; Foster, 750 miles, $300. $238 ; Patterson, 1,200 miles, $240. NEW JERDELAWARE—Riddle, 220 miles, $88; Saulsbury, 400 miles, $160. Illinois - Trumbull, 3,100 SEX-Frelinghuysen, 444 miles. $88; Stockton, miles, $1,240; Yates, 3,368 miles, $1,347. IN

350 miles, $70. NEW YORK—Conkling, 956 DIANA-Hendricks, 2,516 miles, $1,006; Lane, CAROLINA—Pool, 632 miles, $126 ; Ransom. 456

miles, $191; Fenton, 1,360 miles, $272. NORTH 2,616 miles, $1,046. Iowa-Grimes, 3,960 miles, $1,584; Kirkwood, 4,016 miles, $1,606. Kan miles, $91. 0910—Sherman, 1,106 miles, $221; SAS-Lane, 5,400 miles, $2,160;' Pomeroy, 5,400 Thurman, 1,068 miles, $213. Oregon-Corbett, miles, $2,160. KENTUCKY- Davis, 1,644 miles, PENNSYLVANIA–Cameron, 240 miles, $48; Scott,

8,116 miles, $1,623; Kelly, 8,116 miles, $1,623. $657; Guthrie, 1,098 miles, $139. MAINE— Fes: 444 miles, $88. RHODE ISLAND—Anthony, 838 senden, 1,230 miles

, 8492; Morrill

, 1,350 miles, miles, $167; Sprague, 820 miles, $164. SOUTH $540. MARYLAND-Creswell

, 200 miles, $80; CAROLINA- Robertson, 1,042 miles, $208 ; SawJohnson, 84 miles, $33. MASSACHUSETTS—Sumner, 924 miles, $369; Wilson, 924 miles, $369. yer, 1,176 miles, $235. TENNESSEE-Brownlow, MICHIGAN --Chandler, 2,162 miles, $864; How- Texas—Flanagan, 5,000 miles, $1,000; Hamil

1,030 miles, $206; Cooper, 1,550 miles, $310. ard, 2,274 miles, $909. MINNESOTA-Norton, 4,660 miles, $1,864 ; Ramsey, 4,760 miles, $1,904 ton, 4,200 miles, $840. VERMONT-Edmunds, MISSOURI - Henderson, 2,474 miles, $989; Brown, VIRGINIA—Johnson, 736 miles, $147; Lewis, 326

1,070 miles, $214; Morrill, 1,022 miles, $204. 2,474 miles, $989. NEVADA-Nye, 14,056 miles, $5,622; Stewart, 14,056 miles, $5,622. New miles. $162; Davis, 456 miles, $91. WISCONSIN–

miles, $65. WEST VIRGINIA-Boreman, 810 HAMPSHIRE-Clark, 1,028_miles, $411, Cragin, Carpenter, 1,854 miles, $370; Howe, 2,184 miles, 1,192 miles, $476. NEW JERSEY— Wright, 460

$436. miles, $184; Stockton, 360 miles, $144. NEW YORK-Harris, 780 miles, $312; Morgan, 464

The act of 1873 abolished all mileage allowmiles, $185., 0810-Sherman, 1,326 miles, $530; ances, and substituted for them an allowance of

“actual traveling expenses." The act of 1874, Wade, 1,194 miles, $477. OREGON—Nesmith, 14,920 miles, $5,968 ; Williams, 14,920 miles, repealing the act of 1873, restored the former $5,968. PENNSYLVANIA-Buckalew, 416 miles, mileage allowance of twenty cents per mile, $166; Cowan, 688 miles, $275. RHODE ISLAND, which existed prior to 1873. Anthony, 900 miles, $360; Sprague, 900 miles, $360. TENNESSEE— Patterson, 874 miles, $349, Mileage to Representatives in FortyFowler, 2,000 miles, $800. VERMONT-Foot,

Second Congress. 1,000 miles, $400; Poland, 1,200 miles, $480. I The following statements show the mileage

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paid to Representatives and Delegates during | McCrary, $872; J. C. McGrew, $233; H. D. Mcthe Forty Second Congress, (under act of 1866) Henry, $1,230; A. T. McIntyre, $1,069; E. at twenty cents mileage each way, (cents omit- McJunkin, $516; G. C. McKee, $1,080; J. F. ted.) Those who were not members of the Forty- McKinney, $768; T. W. McNeely, $920; *U. First Congress received mileage for earh of the Mercur, $146; C. L. Merriam, $627; W. M. Merthree sessions of that Congress. The re-elected rick, $42; B. F. Meyers, $326; A. Mitchell, members received mileage for but two sessions. $1,112; J. Monroe, $668; J. H. Moore, $750;

E. L. Acker, $188; G. M. Adams, $714; J. A. F. Morey, $1,202 ; G. W. Morgan, $421 ; J. L. Ambler, $355; O. Ames, $392; S. Archer, $56; Morphis, $744; L. Myers, $112; R. C. McCorW. E. Arthur, $734; J. T. Averill, $1,599; M. mick, $3,480; S. A. Merritt, $3,678 ; J. S. NegK. Armstrong, $1,740; * A. Boarman, $649; *E. ley, $299; W. E. Niblack, $694; *S. L. Niblack, W. Beck, $304; +T. Boles, $974: N. P. Banks, $1,075; J. Orr, $1,430; J. Packard, $720; J. B. $408; J. A. Barber, $1,244; H. W. Barry, $968; Packer, $141; F. W. Palmer, $956 ; 1. C. Parker, J. Beatty, $469; J. B. Beck, $568; J. 8. Bigby, $1,690; E. D. Peck, $556; J. M. Pendleton, $930; B. T. Biggs, $104; J. A. Bingham, $360; $458; L. W. Perce, $1,212; †A. F. Perry, $488; J. T. Bird, $160; A. Blair, $568; J. G. Blair, E. Perry, $462; J. A. Peters, $571; J. H. Platt, $1,350 ; E. M. Braxton, $72; J. Brooks, $188; jr., $116; L. P. Poland, $446; C. H. Porter, J. M. Bright, $876; *G. M. Brooks, $184; C. W. 8112; C. N. Potter, $204; W. P. Price, $680; Buckley, $687; J. Buffinton, $329 ; H. C. Bur- E. H. Prindle, $626; H. W. Parker, $567; J. chard, $770; S. S. Burdett, $1,040; B. F. But- H. Rainey, $504; S. J. Randall, $112; W. B. ler, $396; R. R. Butler, $315; J. G. Blaine, Read, $1,104; E. Y. Rice, $1,110; J. M. Rice, $516; S. N. Bell, $621 ; W. H. Barnum, $296; $638; J. Ritchie, $100; E. H. Roberts, $573; †J. L. Beveridge, $682; *F. C. Bunnell, $132; W. R. Roberts, $282; J. C. Robinson, $1,174 ; W. T. Clark, $736; R. P. Caldwell, $1,104; L. J. Rogers, $770; †s. H. Rogers, $250 ; R. B. D Campbell, $763; J. M. Carroll, $520; F. Clarke, Roosevelt, $282; J. M. Rusk, $1,388; A. A. Sar$471; C. L. Cobb, $240; J. Coburn, $563; Agent, $2,454; P. Sawyer, $829; G. W. Scofield, Comingo, $1,620; 0. D. Conger, $612; A. $320; J. E. Seeley, $109; W. L. Sessions, $536 : Crocker, $360; A. R. Cotton, $1,178 ; S. S. Cox, J. P. C. Shanks, $574; L. A. Sheldon, $1,253 ; $188; J. M. Crebs, $869; tJ. V. Creely, $112; J. S. Shellabarger, $692; H. Sherwood, $426 ; F. Critcher, $120; E. Crossland, $1,382; J.B.Chaf- E Shober, $300; L. D. Shoemaker, $360 ; J. H. fee, $2,384; W. H. Claggett, $2,356; J. C. Con. Slater, $3,900; H. W. Slocum, $188; J. H. Sloss, ner, $1,792; J. M. Coghlan, $2,536; C. B. Dar- $950; H. B. Smith, $355; J. A. Smith, $472; W.C. rall, $1,317; J. J. Davis, $398; H. L. Dawes, Smith, $494; 0. P. Snyder, $1,906; R. M. Speer, $345 ; R.C. De Large, $698; 0.J. Dickey, $130; $267; † T. J. Speer, $640; W. P. Sprague, $624; W. C. Donnan, $1,320; P. M. Dox, $570; D. M. B. N. Stevens, $1,158; J. E. Stevenson, $488 ; Da Bose, $883 ; R. H. Duell, $664; R. T. W. J. B. Storm, $396 ; W. L. Stoughton, $602 ; Duke, $93; M. H. Dunnell, $1,518 ; *0. J. Dodds, W. H. H. Stowell, $288; C. St. John, $381; $244; B. F. Eames, $518; C. A. Eldredge, $815; J. G. Sutherland, $958; T. Swann, $32; J. H. R. B. Elliott, $688; S. Ely, jr., $282; tJ. Ed- Sypher, $1,253; H. H. Starkweather, $300; *J. wards, $1,314; *C. C. Esty, $180; J. F. Farns. L. Strong, $138; †H. Snapp, $705; J. Taffe, 81,worth, $705; C. B. Farwell, $1,010; G. A. Fink- 070; W. Terry, $375; C. R. Thomas, $422; D. elnburg, $825; S. C. Forker, $200; C. Foster, Townsend, $288; W. Townsend, $132; B.S.Tur$756 ; H. D. Foster, $417; W. P. Frye, $739; W. ner, $1,036; J. H. Tuthill, $384; G. Twichell, D. Foster, $668; D. C. Giddings, $1,572; J. M. $380; J. N. Tyner, $663; W. H. Upson, $408 Gallegos, $1,939; J. A. Garfield, $452; A. E. P. Van Trump, $416; W. W. Vaughan, $1,218; Garrett, $1,008; J. L. Getz, $160; E. I. Golla- D. W. Voorhees, $640; A. M. Waddell, $450; day, $968; M. Goodrich, $660; S. Griffith, $566; S. Wakeman, $790; M. M. Walden, $1,424; H. s. Garfielde, $3,517; W. S. Herndon, $1,900; S. Waldron, $840; A. S. Wallace, $384; J. T. Wals, 0. Houghton, $2,636; J. Hancock, $1,664; R. $1,220; J. M. Warren, $468; * W.B. Washburn, J. Haldeman, $96; E. Hale, $593; G. A. Halsey, $163; E. Wells, $825; W. A. Wheeler, $517; R. $261; S. Hambleton, $112; W. A. Handley, H. Whiteley, $736; W. C. Whitthorne, $990; C. $1,000; J. M. Hanks, $1,436; A. C. Harmer, W. Willard, $447; W. Williams, (Indiana,) $586; $117; J. C. Harper, $548; G. E. Harris, $764; W. Williams, (New York,) $814; J. M. Wilson, J. T. Harris, $187; H. E. Havens, $1,608 ; $856; J. T. Wilson, $503 ; B. Winchester, $651; J. B. Hawley, $817; *J. R. Hawley, $138; F. Wood, $188; P. M. B. Young, 660.—Total, J. B. Hay, $771; C. Hays, $684; G. W. $196,557. Hazelton, $1,191; J. W. Hazelton, $192; F. Hereford, $325; J. Hill, $208; G. F. Hoar, Traveling Allowances in Forty-Third $340; W. S. Holman, $540; S. Hooper, 8380 ;

Congress. W. H. Hooper, $1,920; E. A. Hibbard, $655; Following is a statement of the amount of acW.T. Jones, $2,394 ; W. D. Kelley, $115; C. W. tual expenses in dollars (cents omitted) paid to Kendall

, $3,313; M. C. Kerr, $695; J. H. Ketch- Representatives and Delegates of the Forty-Third am, $252; J. W. Killinger, $180; A. King, $1,224; Congress for attending the first session: T. Kinsella, $282; S. W. Kellogg, $272; C. N. Lamison, $762; W. H. Lamport, $433; W. E.

f'Two sessions. Lansing, $618; J. M. Leach, $429; J. H. Lewis,

#Mr. McCleery died between the first and second $709; D. P. Lowe, $1,584 ; J. Lynch,

$464; $J. sessions, and never qualified ; but mileage for the first McCleery, $649; M. D. Manson, $990 ; S. s. session and his pay from March 4, 1871, to November Marshall, $796; H. Maynard, $409; W. Mc- 5,1871, (the date of his death,) were paid to his heirs

at law, under a resolution of the House passed JanuClelland, $511 ; J. R. McCormick, $893; G. W. ary 12, 1872

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*One session,

W. J. Albert, $93; W. E. Arthur, $60; T. S.C. N. Potter, $40; H. 0. Pratt, $84; W. J. PurAshe, $56; J. D. C. Atkins, $76; J. T. Averill, man, $176; J. H. Rainey, $96; S. J. Randall, $9; $112; M. K. Armstrong, $123 ; J. A. Barber, A. J. Ransier, $50; J. T. Rapier, $78; M. Rawls, $68; W. H. Barnum, $51 ; G. Barrere, $86; H. $72; W. H. Ray, $86; W. B. Read, $70; J. B. W. Barry, $120; L. K. Bass, $46; J. B Beck, Rice, $38; H. L. Richmond, $39; W. M. Rob$52; J. W. Begole, $54; H. 1'. Bell, $80; J. bins, $45; E. H. Roberts, $47; W. R. Roberts, Berry, $44; J. S. Biery, $35; R. P. Bland, $82; $24; J. C. Robinson, $80; J. W. Robinson, $10; J. H. Blount, $63; R. T. Bowen, $46; N. B. S. Ross, $36; J. M. Rusk, $111; H. B. Sayler, Bradley, $56; J. M. Bright, $92; F. G. Brom $50; J. G. Schumaker, $17; G. W. Scofield, $14; berg, $114; J. Y. Brown, $77; A. H. Buckner, H. J. Scudder, $22; W. L. Sessions, $42; J. P. $75; J. Buffinton, $35; H. S. Bundy, $30; J. H. C. Shanks, $55; C. C. Sheats, $81; L. A. ShelBurleigh, $44; J. C. Burrows, $60; B. F. But don, $116; I. R. Sherwood, $50; L. D. Shoeler, $70; R. R. Butler, $43; R. H. Cain, $59; maker, $28; J. H. Sloss, $86; W. B. Small, $45; J. H. Caldwell, $106; J. G. Cannon, $80; T.J. J. S. Smart, $48; A. H. Smith, $12; G. I. Sinith, Cason, $54; A. Clark, jr., $18; J. B. Clark, jr., $200; J. Q. Smith, $40; W. A. Smith, $40; 0. $97; F. Clarke, $48; C. Clayton, $428; I. Clem- P. Snyder, $160; M. I. Southard, $35; W. P. ents, $85; C. L Cobb, $26; S. A. Cobb, $102; Sprague, $40; E. O. Stanard, $70; E. D StandeJ. Coburn. $48; A. Comingo, $97; 0. D. Conger, ford, $51; A. H. Stephens, $241; C. St. John, $27; $60; P. Cook, $89; A. R. Cotton, $68; S. S. W. H. Stone, $70; J. B. Storm, $27; W. H. H. Cox, $29; T. J. Creamer, $26; T. T. Crittenden, Stowell, $68; H. B. Strait, $117; J. H. Sypber, $94; A. Crocker, $63 ; P. S. Crooke, $19; E. $157; W. R. Steele, $220: A. W. Taylor, $24; Crossland, $100; L. Crouuse, $130; W. Crutch-C. R. Thomas, $41; J. M. Thornburgh, $44; L. field, $66; C. B. Curtis, $27; G. Q. Cannon, Todd, $14; W. Townsend, $14; L. Tremain, $40; $330; J. B. Chaffee, $220; L. Danford, $30; C. B. J. N. Typer, $53; R. B. Vance, $63; A. M. WadDarrall, $170; A. M. Davis, $44; H. L. Dawes, dell, $44; H. Waldron, $50; A. S. Wallace, $64; $20 ; D. M. De Witt, $15; S. A. Dobbins, $17; W. J. T. Walls, $140; J. D. Ward, $36; M. L. Ward, G. Donpan, $57: R. H. Duell, $62; M. H. Dun- $19; E. Wells, $70; W. A. Wheeler, $55; A. nell, $97; M. J. Durham, $45; B.T. Eames, $35; White, $90; R. H. Whiteley, $100; W.C. WhitJ. R. Eden, $56; C. A. Eldredge, $102; R. B. thorne, $77; D. Wilber, $57; C. W. Willard, $53; Elliott, $60; S. B. Elkins, $250 ; M. W. Field, G. Willard, $18; C. G. Williams, $85; J. M. S. $60; G. L. Fort, $74; C. Foster, $46; J. C. Free- Williams, $45; W. Williams, $58; W. B. Wilman, $81; W. P. Frye, $72; J. A. Garfield, $19; liams, $51; A. H. Willie, $196; E. K. Wilson, D. W. C. Giddings, $188; J. M. Glover, $79; D. $25; J. Wilson, $70; J. M. Wilson, $57; S. K. W. Gooch, $52; R. S. Hale, $79; R. Hamilton, Wolfe, $53; F. Wood, $17; 8. L. Woodford, $27; $12; J. Hancock, $219; A. C. Harmer, $20; B. L. D. Woodworth, $36; J. D. Young, $73; apW. Harris, $40; H. R. Harris, $95; H. H. Har- proximated expenses of 39 members who have not rison, $75; R. A. Hatcher, $91 ; H. E. Havene, submitted an account, $3,137.—Total, $23,476. $100; J. R. Hawley, $25; C. Hays, $121; G. [The last two statements were embodied in the W. Hazelton, $89; G. W. Hendee, $43; F. remarks of Hon. A. HERR SMITH, March 19, Hereford, $16 ; W. S. Herndon, $230; S. F. 1874, and will be found in the CONGRESSIONAL Hersey, $69; E. R. Hoar, $52; G. F. Hoar, RECORD of March 20.] $46; W. S. Holman, $45; S. Hooper, $62; G. G. Hoskins, $44; S. O. Houghton, $428; A.

Bill for the Abolition of Mileage. R. Howe, $118; J. A. Hubbell, $163; M. C. Hunter, $59; E. Hunton, $6; S. A. Hurlbut,

IN HOUSE. $75; I. B. Hyde, $79; W. J. Hynes, $146; J. Hailey, $430; A. Hodges, $161; J. A. Kasson, January 19, 1874–Mr. MacDougall intro$107; C. W. Kendall

, $528; J. W. Killinger, $20; duced the following bill, (H. R. 1243;) which was R. M. Knapp, $86; L. Q. C. Lamar, $110; W. E. read twice and referred to the Committee on Lansing, $52; J. D. Lawson, $23; J. M. Leach, Mileage: $42; B. Lewis, $102; W. Loughridge, $96; D. Be it enacted, &c., That after the passage of P. Lowe, $94; J. K. Luttrell, $450; J. R. Lynch, this act all allowance for mileage to Senators, $120; S. S. Marshall, $74; J. S. Martin, $68; H. Representatives, and Delegates be, and the same Maynard, $45; G. W. McCrary, $83; A. S. Mc- is hereby, abolished. Dill, $95; J. W. McDill, $103; C. D. McDougall, SEC. 2. That in lieu thereof each Senator, 863: E. McJunkin, $34; G.C. McKee, $122; W. Representative, and Delegate shall be entitled P. McLean, $200; J. McNulta, $72; D. B. Mel. to receive his actual traveling expenses to and lish, $21; C. L. Merriain, $42; C. W Milliken, from Washington once each way for each session $77; R. Q. Mills, $174; J. Monroe, $10; W. S. of Congress. Moore, $32; F. Morey, $166; W. R. Morrison, April 15-Mr. BUNDY, from the Committee on $80; L. Myers, $19; M. Maginnis, $692; D. B. Mileage, reported the bill without amendment, McFadden, $679; L. T. Neal, $37; J. S. Negley, and demanded the previous question on the en$28; J. W. Nesmith, $590; W. E. Niblack, $41; grossment and third reading of the bill. J. Niles, $116; D. A. Nunn, $96; J. Orr, $74; Mr. E. HalE moved the point of order that G. S. Orth, $51; J. Packard, $53; H. F. Page, the bill takes money from the Treasury. 8428; H. W. Parker, $58; I. C. Parker, $120; The SPEAKER ruled that the bill could now be R. C. Parsons, $43; C. Pelham, $90; J. M. Pen considered in the House. dleton, $33; E. Perry, $50; W. Walter Phelps, The House refused to second the demand for $25; H. L. Pierce, $42; A. F. Pike, $66; J. H. the main question. Platt, $23; T. C. Platt, $38; L. P. Poland, $100; Mr. MAYNARD moved to recommit the bill.

Mr. RANDALL moved to lay the bill upon the the bill ordered to be engrossed and read a third tahle, but subsequently withdrew the motion. time; and being so engrossed was so read. Mr. P. M. B. YOUNG renewed it.

The bill was then passed-yeas 187, nays 49, The motion to lay the bill on the table was ont voting 54: disagreed to-yeas 63, pays 170:

YEAS-- Messrs. Adams, Albert, Albright, Archer, YEAS-Messrs. Averill, Barber, H. P. Bell, Arthur, Atkins, BANNING, Barber, Barnum, BarBradley, Buckner, Burchard, J. B. Clark, S. A. rere, Bass, J. B. Beck, Begole, H. P. Bell, Berry, Cobb, Corwin, Crounse, Crutchfield, Darrall, Biery, Bland, Blount, Bowen, Bright, Brown, Donnan, Eldredge, Farwell, Garfield, Giddings, Buffinton, Bundy, Burleigh, Burrows, R. R. Hagans, E. Hale, R. S. Hale, Hancock, J. B. Butler, J. H. Caldwell, Cannon, Cason, Cessna, Hawley, Hays, G. W. Hazelton, Herndon, E. R. A. Clark, J. B. Clark, Clements, Clymer, C. L. Hoar, G. F. Hoar, Hodges, Houghton, Hubbell, Cobb, Coburn, Comingo, Conger, Cook, Cox, CritHunter, Hurlbut, Kendall, Knapp, Lamar, J. R. | tenden, Crooke, Crossland, Crounse, Crutchfield, Lynch, Marshall, Martin, A. S. McDill

, McKee, Curtis, Danford, J. J. Duvis, De Witt, Dobbins, Morey, Nesmith, Orth, Packard, Parsons, Pel- Duell, Dunnell. Durham, Eames, Eden, Farwell, ham, Purman, Rainey, Rusk, Sawyer, I. W. Field, Fort, C. Foster, Freeman, Frye, Garfield, Scudder, Shanks, Sheats, Sheldon, Sloss, G. L. Gunckel, Hagans, Hamilton, Harmer, H. R. Smith, Strait, Sypher, Walls, J. M. S. Williams, Harris, J. T. Harris, Harrison, Hatcher, Havens, Williams of Indiana, Willie, P. M. B. Young-J. R. Hawley, J. W. Hazelton, Hereford, Hodges, 69.

Holman, Hoskins, Hunter, Hunton, Hyde, Jewett, Nays—Messrs. Adams, AlbertAlbright, Kasson, Kelley, Kellogg, Lamison, Lamport, Archer, Arthur, Atkins, BANNING, Barnum, Lansing, Lawson, Lofland, Lowe, Luttrell

, Barrere, Bass, J. B. Beck, Begole, Berry, Biery, Magee, McCrary, J. W. McDill

, MacDougall

, Bland, Blount, Bowen, BROMBERG, Brown, Buf- McJunkin, McNulta, Mellish, Merriam, Milliken, finton, Bundy, Burleigh, Burrows, R. R. Butler, Mills, Mitchell

, Monroe, L. Myers, Neal, W. E. J. H. Caldwell, Cannon, Cason, Cessna, Clayton, Niblack, Nunn, O'Neill, Orr, Orth, Packer, Page, Clements, Clymer, C. L. Cobb, Coburn, Comingo, H. W. Parker, I. C. Parker, Parsons, Pelham, Conger, Cook, Cotton, Cox, Crittenden, Crooke, Pendleton, E. Perry, Phelps, Pierce, Pike, J. H. Crossland, Curtis, Danford, J. J. Davis, Dawes, Platt, T. C. Platt, Poland, Potter, Pratt, Randall, De Witt, Duell, Dunnell, Durham, Eames, Eden, Rapier, Ray, J. B. Rice, Richmond, Robbins, E. Fort, C. Foster, Freeman, Frye, Gunckel, Hamil- H. Roberts, W. R. Roberts, J. W. Robinson, ton, B. W. Harris, H. R. Harris, J. T. Harris, Ross, H. B. Sayler, M. Sayler, J. G. Schumaker, Harrison, Hatcher, J. R. Hawley, J. W. Hazel- Scofield, H. J. Scudder, Sener, Sessions, I. R. ton, Hereford, Holman, Hooper, Hoskins, Howe, Sherwood, L. D. Shoemaker, Smart, A. H. Smith, Hunton, Hyde, Jewett, Kasson, Kelley, Kellogg, H. B. Smith, J. Q. Smith, Southard, Speer, Lamison, Lamport, Lansing, Lawson, Lofland, Sprague, Stanard, Standeford, Starkweather, St. Lowe, Luttrell, Magee, Maynard, McCrary, J. W. John, Stone, Storm, Swann, C. R. Thomas, C. Y. McDill, MacDougall, McJunkin, McNulta, Mel Thomas, W. Townsend, Tremain, Tyner, Vance, lish, Merriam, Milliken, Mills, Mitchell, Monroe, Waddell, Waldron, Wallace, J. D. Ward, M. L. L. Myers, Neal, W. E. Niblack, Nunn, O'Neill, Ward, Wells, Wheeler, Whitehead, WHITEHOUSE, Orr, Packer, Page, H. W. Parker, I. C. Parker, Whiteley, Whitthorne, Wilber, C. W. Willard, G. Pendleton, E. Perry, Phelps, Pierce, Pike, J. H. Willard, C. G. Williams, J. Wilson, J. M. Wilson, Platt, T. C. Platt, Poland, Randall, Rapier, Ray, Wood, Woodford, Woodworth, J. D. Young, P. Read, J. B. Rice, Richmond, Robbins, E. H. M. B. Young187. Roberts, W. R. Roberts, J. W. Robinson, Ross, Nays—Messrs. Averill, Barry, Bradley, BROMH. B. Sayler, M. Sayler, J. G. Schumaker, BERG, Burchard, Clayton, S. A. Cobb, Corwin, Scofield, H.J. Scudder, Sener, Sessions, I. R. Sher: Darrall, Donnan, Eldredge, Giddings, Gooch, E. wood, L. D. Shoemaker, Smart, A. H. Smith, H. Hale, R. S. Hale, Hancock, B. W. Harris, J. B. B. Smith, J. Q. Smith, Southard, Speer, Sprague, Hawley, Hays, G. W. Hazelton, Herndon, E. R. Stanard, Starkweather, St. John, Stone, Storm, Hoar, G. F. Hoar, Hooper, Houghton, Howe, C. R. Thomas, W. Townsend, Tremain, Tyner, Hubbell, Hurlbut, Kendall, Knapp, J. R. Lynch, Vance, Waddell, Waldron, Wallace, J. D. Ward, Marshall

, Martin, A. S. McDill

, McKee, Morey, M. L. Ward, Wells, Wheeler, Whitehead, WHITE- Nesmith, Packard, Purman, Read, Rusk, SawHOUSE, Whiteley, Whitthorne, Wilber, C. W. Wil- yer, Shanks, Sloss, Strait, Walls, J. M. Ś. Willard, G. Willard, C. G. Williams, J. Wilson, Wood, liams, Williams of Indiana, Willie—49. Woodford, Woodworth, J. D. Young-170. Mr. Bundy demanded the previous question

IN SENATE. to recommit. The House seconded the demand-yeas 92, April 15—The bill was read twice and referred Days 61, and the main question was ordered. to the Committee on Civil Service and Retrench

The motion to recommit was disagreed to; I ment, and was not acted upon.

on

IV.

JUDICIAL DECISIONS AND OPINIONS.

8

V8.

In

error to

9

vs.

10

VS.

The Louisiana Slaughter-house Cases. it is necessary to keep this main purpose SUPREME COURT OF THE UNITED STATES.

steadily in view, though the letter and spirit

of those articles must apply to all cases coming Nos. 8, 9, and 10.-December Term, 1872.

within their purview, whether the party con

cerned be of African descent or not.

While the thirteenth article of amendment was The Butchers' Benevolent Association of New Orleans, Plaintiff in Error,

intended primarily to abolish African slavery,

it equally forbids Mexican peonage or the The Crescent City Live-Stock Landing and Slaughter-House Company.

Chinese cooly trade, when they amount to

slavery or involuntary servitude; and the use Paul Esteben, L. Ruch, J. P. Rouede,

of the word servitude is intended to prohibit W. Maylie, S. Firmberg, B. Beaubay, William Fagan, J. D. Broderick, N.

all forms of involuntary slavery of whatever Seibel, M. Lannes, J. Gitzinger, J. P.

class or name. Aycock, D. Verges, The Live-Stock the Supreme The first cla of fourteenth article was Dealers' and Butchers' Association Court of the of New Orleans, and Charles Cavaroc, State of Lou

primarily intended to confer citizenship on the Plaintiffs in Error,

isiana.

negro race, and secondly to give definitions of

citizenship of the United States and citizenship The State of Louisiana, ex rel. S. Belden, Attorney General.

of the States, and it recognizes the distinction

between citizenship of a State and citizenship The Butchers' Benevolent Association

of the United States by those definitions. of New Orleans, Plaintiff in Error,

The second clause protects from the hostile The Crescent City Live-Stock Landing

legislation of the States the privileges and and Slaughter-House Company.

immunities of citizens of the United States as The charter of the slaughter-house company, a distinguished from the privileges and immo

corporation created by a statute of Louisiana, nities of citizens of the States. contained, among other exclusive privileges, These latter, as defined by Justice Washington the right to establish and maintain stock- in Corfield vs. Coryell, and by this court in yards and landing-places and slaughter houses Ward vs. Maryland, embraced generally those for the city of New Orleans, at which all stock fundamental civil rights for the security and must be landed and all animals intended for establishment of which organized society is food must be slaughtered.

instituted, and they remain, with certain exThis grant of privilege, guarded by proper lim- ceptions mentioned in the federal Constitution,

itation of the prices to be charged, and impos- under the care of the State governments, and ing the duty of providing ample conveniences, of this class are those set up by plaintiffs. with permission to all owners of stock to land, The privileges and immunities of citizens of the and of all butchers to slaughter, at those places, United States are those which arise out of the was a police regulation for the health and nature and essential character of the national comfort of the people, (the statute locating government, the provisions of its Constitution, them where health and comfort required,) or its laws and treaties made in pursuance within the power of the State Legislatures, thereof; and it is these which are placed under unaffected by the Constitution of the United the protection of Congress by this clause of the States previous to the adoption of the thir- fourteenth amendment.

teenth and fourteenth articles of amendment. It is not necessary to inquire here into the full force The Parliament of Great Britain and the State of the clause forbidding a State to enforce any

legislatures of this country have always ex- law which deprives a person of life, liberty, ercised the power of granting exclusive rights, or property without due process of law, for when they were necessary and proper to effect- that phrase has been often the subject of judiuate a purpose which had in view the public cial construction, and is, under no admissible good; and the power here exercised is of that view of it, applicable to the present case.

class, and has until now never been denied. The clause which forbids a State to deny to any It is now claimed that such power is forbidden person the equal protection of the laws was

by the thirteenth article of amendment and clearly intended to prevent the hostile discrim

by the first section of the fourteenth article. ination against the negro race so familiar in An examination of the history of the causes the States where he had been a slave, and for

which led to the adoption of those amendments, this purpose the clause confers ample power and of the amendments themselves, demon- in Congress to secure his rights and his equalstrates that the main purpose of all the three ity before the law. last amendments was the freedom of the Mr. Justice MILLER delivered the opinion of African race, the security and perpetuation the court as follows: of that freedom, and their protection from the These cases are brought here by writs of error oppressions of the white men who had formerly to the Supreme Coart of the State of Louisiana, held them in slavery.

They arise out of the efforts of the butchers of In giving construction to any of those articles, New Orleans to resist the Crescent City Live

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