The Party's Over: Oil, War and the Fate of Industrial Societies
New Society Publishers, 2005 M08 1 - 288 páginas
The world is about to run out of cheap oil and change dramatically. Within the next few years, global production will peak. Thereafter, even if industrial societies begin to switch to alternative energy sources, they will have less net energy each year to do all the work essential to the survival of complex societies. We are entering a new era, as different from the industrial era as the latter was from medieval times.
In The Party's Over , Richard Heinberg places this momentous transition in historical context, showing how industrialism arose from the harnessing of fossil fuels, how competition to control access to oil shaped the geopolitics of the 20th century, and how contention for dwindling energy resources in the 21st century will lead to resource wars in the Middle East, Central Asia, and South America. He describes the likely impacts of oil depletion, and all of the energy alternatives. Predicting chaos unless the U.S. -- the world's foremost oil consumer -- is willing to join with other countries to implement a global program of resource conservation and sharing, he also recommends a "managed collapse" that might make way for a slower-paced, low-energy, sustainable society in the future.
More readable than other accounts of this issue, with fuller discussion of the context, social implications, and recommendations for personal, community, national, and global action, Heinberg's updated book is a riveting wake-up call for humankind as the oil era winds down, and a critical tool for understanding and influencing current U.S. foreign policy.
Listen to an interview with Richard Heinberg from WRPI.
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This chapter is a brief guided trip through the fields of ecology, cultural anthropology, and history, with energy as our tour guide. Chapter 2 traces the history of the industrial era — the historic interval of th20-century miracles of ...
... greater amounts of the total food web to human use, first through horticulture (gardening with a hoe or digging stick), then through agriculture (the planting of field crops, usually entailing the use of plows and draft animals).
The world's oil and coal fields represent vast stores of carbon that have been sequestered under the Earth's surface for hundreds of millions of years. With the advent of the industrial revolution, ...
But most of the largest and most productive oil fields were discovered within a century of the drilling of the first commercial well: rates of discovery peaked in the 1960s. And so, over time, the amount of energy that must be expended ...
... requires between four and five acres of land for its food production; thus the use of traction animals reduced the human carrying capacity of the land while at the same time adding to it by enabling the plowing of larger fields.
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Review: The Party's Over: Oil, War and the Fate of Industrial SocietiesCrítica de los usuarios - Claire Corbett - Goodreads
This book will ruin your life. You will never feel confident or sanguine about the future again. But you must read it. Take the blue pill - or is it the red? In any case, best to wake up but it's a harsh awakening. You can never go back. Leer comentario completo