The Party's Over: Oil, War and the Fate of Industrial Societies
New Society Publishers, 2005 M08 1 - 288 páginas
The world is about to run out of cheap oil and change dramatically. Within the next few years, global production will peak. Thereafter, even if industrial societies begin to switch to alternative energy sources, they will have less net energy each year to do all the work essential to the survival of complex societies. We are entering a new era, as different from the industrial era as the latter was from medieval times.
In The Party's Over , Richard Heinberg places this momentous transition in historical context, showing how industrialism arose from the harnessing of fossil fuels, how competition to control access to oil shaped the geopolitics of the 20th century, and how contention for dwindling energy resources in the 21st century will lead to resource wars in the Middle East, Central Asia, and South America. He describes the likely impacts of oil depletion, and all of the energy alternatives. Predicting chaos unless the U.S. -- the world's foremost oil consumer -- is willing to join with other countries to implement a global program of resource conservation and sharing, he also recommends a "managed collapse" that might make way for a slower-paced, low-energy, sustainable society in the future.
More readable than other accounts of this issue, with fuller discussion of the context, social implications, and recommendations for personal, community, national, and global action, Heinberg's updated book is a riveting wake-up call for humankind as the oil era winds down, and a critical tool for understanding and influencing current U.S. foreign policy.
Listen to an interview with Richard Heinberg from WRPI.
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Living organisms, on the other hand, are examples of open systems: they constantly receive both energy and matter from their environment, and also give off both energy and matter. It is because living things are open systems, ...
There are a very few exceptions; for example, oceanographers have discovered organisms living deep in ocean trenches, thriving on heat emanating from the Earth's core. But when we consider the energy flows that support the biosphere as ...
Some organisms — green plants, including algae and phytoplankton — are able to take in energy directly from sunlight. Biologists call these organisms producers, or autotrophs (“self-feeders”), because they make their own food from ...
... which eat dead organisms that were killed by other organisms or died naturally; detritovores, which eat cast-off fragments and wastes of living organisms; and decomposers, consisting mostly of certain kinds of bacteria and fungi, ...
Just as individual organisms use energy, so do complex systems made up of thousands or millions of organisms. The understanding of how they do so has been one of the central projects of the science of ecology.
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Review: The Party's Over: Oil, War and the Fate of Industrial SocietiesCrítica de los usuarios - Claire Corbett - Goodreads
This book will ruin your life. You will never feel confident or sanguine about the future again. But you must read it. Take the blue pill - or is it the red? In any case, best to wake up but it's a harsh awakening. You can never go back. Leer comentario completo