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PARLEY'S
COMMON SCHOOL HISTORY OF THE WORLD.

A PICTORIAL

HISTORY OF THE WORLD,

ANCIENT AND MODERN,

FOR THE USE OF SCHOOLS.

BY SAMUEL G. GOODRICH,

AUTHOR OF PICTORIAL HISTORIES OF THE UNITED STATES, ENGLAND, GREECE, ROM2

FRANCE, ETC.

Xllustrated by Engra bings.

A NEW EDITION, REVISED.

PHILADELPHIA: ;
PUBLISHED BY E. H. BUTLER

1870.

801709 A

ASTOR, LENOXX ATP
TILDEN FOUNDWTONES

B 19006 L il

ADVERTISEMENT.

Tag design of this work is to furnish a CLEAR OUTINE OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY suited to common schools. It is intended for beginners, and is therefore written in a simple style, and to render it convenient both for the pupil and teacher, it is divided into brief paragraphs and short chapters. Ample questions for examination are appended to the work.

It will be seen that a pupil may commit the whole volume to memory during a winter's schooling; and if, in this brief space, a clear outline of Universal History may be established in the memory, it is obvious that the subject is worthy the attention of every person interested in education.

In this edition, the whole work has been carefully revised, and is illustrated throughout by new engravings.

Entered, according to the Act of Congress, in the year 1854, by S. G. GOODRICH, in the Clerk's Office of the District Court for the Southern District of New York.

Entered, according to the Act of Congress, in the year 1858, by S. G. GOODRICH, in the Clerk's Office of the District Court for the Southern District of New York.

Entered, according to the Act of Congress, in the year 1866, by

THE HEIRS OP S. G. GOODRICH,
In the Clerk's Office of the District Court for the Southern District of New York.

DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC INSTRUCTION,

Baltimore, Md., July 22d, 1865. At a meeting of the State Board of Education, held this day, “GOODRICA'S PICTORIAL HISTORY OF THE UNITED STATES" was adopted as a Text-Book to be used in the Public Schools throughout the State.

W. HORACE SOPER, Clerk.

OFFICE OF THE CONTROLLERS OF PUBLIC SCHOOLS, FIRST DISTRICT OF PENNSYLVANIA,

Philadelphia, April 2d, 1868. At a meeting of the Controllers of Public Schools, First District of Pennsylvania, held at the Controllers’ Chamber, Tuesday, March 10th, 1868, the following resolution was adopted :) • Resolved, that "GOODRICET'S PICTORIAL HISTORY OF UNITED STATES,” “GOODRICA'S HISTORY

OF TPE WORLD! SOODRICT8"PICTORIAL CHILD's History,” and “MITCHELL'S PHYSICAL GEO *GR PAT," be introduced to be used in the schools of this District. '. From the Minutes,

H. W. HALLIWELL, Secretary.

CONTENTS.

ASIA.

CHAPTER

PAGE

1. Introduction...........

II. The Creation. Garden of Eden. Geography of Asia. The Earth Peo-

pled. The Deluge.....

III. How Noah and his Family came out of the Ark. The People selile in

the Land of Shinar. The Tower of Babel....

IV. More about the Tower of Babel. ....

V. About the great Assyrian Empire, and the Reign of Queen Semiramis.

VI. Queen Semiramis sets forth to conquer the world, but is defeated by

the King of the Indies......

VII. About Ninias. Reign of Sardanapalus, and overthrow of the First

Assyrian Empire......

VIII. Extent of Assyria and Babylonia. Notices of other countries in an-

cient times......

IX. Cyrus conquers Babylon. His death .............

X. Reign of Cambyses.......

XI. About Darius. Expedition of Xerxes into Greece.........

XII. Affairs of Persia till the Saracen Conquest...

XIII. Modern History of Persia. ....

XIV. About the Hebrews, or Jews. Origin of the Hebrews. The Removal

of Jacob and his Children to Egypt..

XV. The Bondage in Egypt. Flight of the Hebrews, and Destruction of

Pharaoh and his Host.......

XVI. About the Wanderings of the Israelites in the Wilderness.

XVII. Overthrow of the Midianites. Samson, Judge of Israel...

XVIII. Samson's Exploits and Death....

XIX. Beginning of the Reign of Saul..

XX. Combat of David and Goliath...

XXI. The Reign of David. Wisdom of Solomon..

XXII. The Building of the Temple. Visit of the Queen of Sheba..

XXIII. The Decline of the Jewish Nation........

XXIV. The Hebrew Prophets......

XXV. Crucifixion of the Saviour. Destruction of Jerusalem.

XXVI. Early History of China.......

XXVII. Anecdotes of the Chinese Emperors.......

XXVIII. Cities of China. Manners of the Chinese..

XXIX. Origin of the Arabs. Rise of Mohammed...

Xxx. Sequel of the History of the Saracens..

XXXI. About Syria, Phænicia, and Asia Minor..

XXXII. About Asia Minor, or Natolia.....

XXXIII. A Brief View of Several Nations......

XXXIV. Review of the History of Asia.....

XXXV. Chronology of Asia...

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EUROPE.

CHAPTER

PAGE

XLVI. Introductory Remarks on its Geography and other Matters...

XLVII About Greece. Where it is situated. Appearance of the Country.

Climate....................................................

..... 98

XI.VIII. Extent of Greece. First Settlement of the Country .....

101

XLIX. The Grecian Lawgivers...

... 102

L. War with Persia....

... 104

LI. Affairs of Athens........

LII. Beginning of the Theban War...

107

LIII. Sequel of the Theban War.......

.. 108

LIV. Grecian Religion or Mythology.......

LV. The Grecian Philosophers...............

.... 111

LVI. The Grecian Philosophers continued.......

............ 113

LVII. Something more about the Greek Philosophers. The Greek Poets...

LVIII. About the Mode of Life among the Ancient Greeks..

.... 117

LIX. Philip of Macedon conquers Greece.....

..........119

LX. Conquests of Alexander the Great..

LXI. Sequel of Alexander's Career ......

1.XII. Greece Invaded by the Gauls......

...... 124

LXIII. End of Grecian Independence....

..... 126

LXIV. Modern History of Greece.........

.... 127

LXV. About Italy as it now is............

..... 128

· LXVI. Founding of Rome by Romulus. Its early State.....

...... 132

LXVII. Battle of the Horatii and Curiatii .....

...... 131

LXVIII. From the Reign of Ancus Martius, till the Expulsion of the Kings.. 136

LXIX. The Story of Coriolanus...........

. .......... ................ 137

LXX. Rome Invaded by the Gauls. The first Punic War....

....... 139

LXXI. Second and third Punic Wars.......

LXXII. Scipio's Triumph...

.... 143

LXXIII. Sylla and Marius....

144

LXXIV. Cneius Pompey and Julius Cæsar..

.... 146

LXXV. Cæsar usurps the Supreme Power...

, 147

LXXVI. Assassination of Julius Cæsar.

LXXVII. Consequences of Cæsar's Death...

....... 150

LXXVIII. About the great Power and Extent of the Roman Empire in the Time

of Augustus......

............................ 151

LXXIX. The Means by which Rome acquired its Power......

.... 154

LXXX. Rome under the Emperors...........

... 156

LXXXI. Fall of the Western Empire of the Romans.....

. 157

LXXXII. Progress of the Decline of Rome....

... 159

LXXXIII. Manners and Customs of the Ancient Romans......

LXXXIV. About Religion. Deities. Temples. Marriages.....

162

LXXXV. About Funeral Rites and Ceremonies.....

164

LXXXVI. Roman Farms. Mode of Plowing. Farm-houses. Grain. Cat-

tle. Superstitions of the Farmers. Gardens. Vines............. 166

LXXXVII. Country Houses. Description of Pliny's Villa. Aqueducts....... 168

1. XXXVIII. Military Affairs of the Romans. Division of the Army. The Im-

perial Eagle. Music. Arms. Dress. Military Rewards. Crowns,

The Triumph..................................

LXXXIX. About Naval Affairs. The War Galley. Commerce. Shows of

Wild Beasts. Exhibitions of Gladiators........

oitions or Gladiators.........................

..... 172

XC. Sports. Chariot Racing. The Circus. Carriages. Private En-

tertainments. Supper Rooms. Convivial Parties. Luxuries..... 174

XCI. About Theaters. Clocks and Watches. The Fine Arts. Books and

Writing. Costume. Conclusion......

.............. 170

XCII. Rome under the Popes............

XCIII. About several other Italian States....

179

XCIV. About the Ottoman Empire. Turkey in Europe. Turkey in Asia.

About the Climate, People, and other Things....

181

XCV. About the Saracens. How the Turks overturned the Saracen Em-

pire, and how the Ottoman Turks founded the Ottoman Empire.

About Bajazet, Timour, and other remarkable Characters.........

XCVI. Sequel to the Turkish History...................

XCVII. Early History of Spain. The Moorish Conquest......

XCVIII. Wars between the Moors and the Spaniards.....

XCIX. The Invincible Armada. Curious Death of a Spanish King. Recent

Affairs of Spain........

......................................... 19

C. A short story about Portugal....

CI. Description of France. Its Climate. Cities. Manufactures. Man-

ners and Customs of the People....

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