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OLIVER GOLDSMITH, fon of the Reverend Charles Goldsmith, was born at Elphin, in the county of Roscommon in Ireland, in the year 1729. His father had four sons, of whom Oliver was the third. After being well instructed in the classics, at the school of Mr. Hughes, he was admitted a fizer in Trinity-college, Dublin, on the 11th of June, 1744 While he resided there, he exhibited no specimens of that genius, which in his maturer years, raised his character so high. On the 27th of February, 1746, 0. S. (two years after the regular time) he obtained the


+ In these Memoirs, which were published in London soon after the death of Dr. Goldsmith, were several misiakes, with respect to our Author's age, the time of his admission into the college of Dublin, &c. which are here correded from accurate information,

degree of Bachelor of Arts. Soon after he turned his thoughts to the profession of Physic ; and after attending some courses of anatomy in Dublin, proceeded to Edinburgh, in the year 1751, where le studied the several branches of niedicine under the different professors in that university. His beneficent disposition soon involved him in unexpected difficul. ties; and he was obliged precipitately to leave Scotland, in consequence of having engaged himself to pay a considerable sum of money for a fellow-student.

A few days after, about the beginning of the year 1754, he arrived at Sunderland, near Newcastle, where he was arrested at the suit of one Barclay a taylor in Edinburgh, to whom he had given security for his friend. By the friendship of Mr. Laughlin Maclane and Dr. Sleigh, who were then in the college, he was foon delivered out of the hands of the bailiff, and took his passage on board a Dutch ship to Rotterdam, where, after a short stay, he proceeded to Brussels. He then visited great part of Flanders; and after palling fome time at Strasbourg and Louvain, where he obtained a degree of Bachelor in Phyfic, he accompanied an English gentleman to Geneva.

It is undoubtedly a fact, that this ingenius, unfor. tunate man made most part of his tour on foot. * He


* “ Countries wear different appearances to travellers of different circumstances. A man who is whirled through Europe in a post.chaise, and the pilgrim who walks the grand


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