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There is no part of the economy of the hidden from us, and whom our transgressions Church more proper and excellent, than had hitherto made a stranger to us.-Hesy. the appropriation of the four Sundays pre. chius, Presbyler and Bishop of Jerusalent ceding Christmas to the preparation of our (in Pholius), A.D. 601." minds for the celcbration of that festival.

In announcing to you the approach of the The Daily Service, morning and eren. Festival of Christ's nativity, the Church, in ing, calls forth our faith, elevates our hope, some sense, repeats the message :~" Bc. and inflanes our love or charity ; for the in. hold thy king cometh ;' meek, for he shall crease of which, with all that is truly good, be presented to you as a babe lying in a we incessantly pray, beginning with exer. manger--and having salvation, for he shall cise of repentance ; for if we regard ini. meet you at his holy table with the pledges quity in our hearts, the Lord will not hear of pardon and eternal life.

How should we our prayers. meet him ? With faith in him as our The Confession of our sins is so general, Deliverer, and songs of “Hosanna in the that the most advanced Christian will ever highest;" with that gladness of heart which need to say it with a feeling sense of his im. caused the multitude to cut down branches perfections and daily trespasses; and yet so from the trees, and strew them in the way, contriyed, that every particnlar sinner will and that sense of our happiness in his salva. find room to recollect his predominant distion, which will fill us with benevolence to orders, with their aggravations. And while every fellow-being. Take with you faith, it fervently excites us, under a sense of our and hope and charity, and come to his miseries, to cry for mercy, it fixes our faith temple, to offer him your homage and your and hope upon those promises made to man. gifts; and the celebration of his first Ad- kind in Christ Jesus our Lord. At the same vent may prepare you for the great day of time, it puts us in mind of, and earnestly his second coming. --Bishop Dehon on Malt, begs grace that we may perform, the whole xxi. 5.

duty of man to God, our neighbour, and St. Andrew's Day.

ourselves, in the exercise of a godly, right

eous, and sober life, to the glory of his holy Nov. 30.–Concerning St. Andrew we

The Absolution holds out the hope, may observe, that as he was the first that and gives the sacerdotal assurance of God's found the Messiah (Joh. i. 58), and the first pardon, but only if we truly repent, and that rought others to him (rer. 42), so the unfeignedly believe his holy Gospel. Upon Church, for his greater honour, commemo. this, we have confidence to call upon him as rates him first in her anniversary course of our reconciled Father in Christ, saying the Holy-days; and places his Festival at the Lord's Prayer, which exceeds all that the beginning of Adrent, as the most proper to tongue of man can say of it-a perfect bring news of our Saviour's kingdom.- prayer, worthy of its divine Author, em. Whealley.

bracing all our wants, and adapted to every I shall conclude the history of this A postle, act of devotion. The Church, therefore, in slys Dr. Cave, with the encomiastic charac. obedience to our Lord's express command-ter which one of the ancients gives him :- “When ye pray, say, Our Father,” &c., in

St. Andrew was the first born of the serts it into every distinct office, as here in the Apostolic quire, the main and prime pillar introduction, which is of great influence and of the Church, a rock before the rock, the importance towards the right performance foundation of that foundation, the first of the rest; and they that negligently miss fruits of the beginning, a caller of others it can expect less benefit from the sequel. It before he was called himself; he preached is used again in the Morning Prayer, the Lithat Gospel that was not yet believed or tany, and Altar Service, upon the proper days. entertained, revealed and made known that Here you see, on the very threshold of lite to his brother (Peter) which he had not the Church, the Gospel meets you, holding yet perfectly learned himself.

So great

out to you repentance and remission of sins, treasures did that one question bring him, as the divine author of it, after his resur. Master, where dwellest thou ? which he rection, gave the sum of those glad tidings, soon perceived by the answer giren him; which the word Gospel signifies, commandand which he deeply pondered in his mind, ing them to be preached in his name among come and see, How art thou become a all nations, confirming the word of the Angel prophet? Whence thus divinely skilful? at his birth : “ I bring you good tidings of What is it that thon thus soundest in Peter's great joy, which shall be to all people ;" ears? Why dost thou attempt to compass not to a select few, but to all people, who, him whom thou canst not comprehend ? But upon hearing, shall give ear, and faithfully he well knew what he said. We have receive the gracious proclamation of pardon found him, whom Adam lost, whom Eve and peace upon true repentance. It is thus, injured, whom the clouds of sju have in truly Evangelical style, that the Church

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leads us into her house and service ; exhorting us, as it were, in the words of the Prophet : " Take with you words, and turn to the Lord ; say unto him, take away all iniquity, and receive us graciously ; so will we render the calves of our lips.” (Hos. xiv. 2.) And thus prepared, we proceed to render him thanks and praise, speaking alternately in psalms and hymns – to hear also and declare our faith in his most holy word, and to ask things needful both for soul and

And as both are interested, the one temporally, the other spiritually, in the address which is so movingly made to the throne of grace, so both mind and body must, according to their respective parts, concur in it--the body decently composed in humble and suitable postures, and the mind steadily fixed in close attention. To which purpose strict guard must be kept upon the eye of the body, that it may not, by its turning and wandering, draw away the heart, and hurt the eye of the mind.- Bishop Jolly.


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THE CHURCH – HER PROCEEDINGS AND PROSPECTS. It is a matter of great satisfaction, that Theology,and Ecclesiastical History at Camthe delay in filling up the See of Meath, bridge, Durham, Lampeter, and St. Bees! which had occasioned fears of still longer The Deanery of Peterborough, which delay, has ended in the elevation of the Vene. Dr. Turton vacates, is conferred on another rable E. Stopford, L.L.D., Archdeacon of Senior Wrangler, Dr. Butler, Chancellor Arinagh. It does not appear certain that of Peterborough, and Rector of Gaywood; the litigated Deanery of St. Patrick's, who was for several years head master of Dublin, was the cause of delay, but that it Harrow School. was difficult to decide upon the respective The Bishop of New Zealand has safely merits of several, who were under considera- arrived in his distant diocese. The Angli. tion for the office. We doubt not, that can Bishop at Jerusalem, having been, as whenever a See is vacant, there are very also his family, severely visited by fever, many Presbyters so equally fitted to under- has recorered, and gone from Jerusalem take that Lpiscopate, that the preference for change of air, He writes, repeating perhaps could not be decided by merit the contradiction of the rumours as to opalone. Such are posts of great responsi- position or interruption. All they have bility; but, as Professor Whewell has ob. known or heard of such treatment has served, “responsibility is the highest dig- reached them from Europe. The rumours nity of man. It is encouraging to know were doubtless prompted by the enmity and that in this instance the responsibility hus jealousy of some, and encouraged by the been devolved on one eminently fitted, by fears of others. The reality of such treatsound Church principles, and great and ment was probable ; let us all rejoice that known practical experience and ability, to it was not permitted by a protecting God. fill that see of Ireland, which alone, and “ Facts and figures are undoubtedly by a custom peculiar to the Church in that most iustructive and convincing, and always Island, gives its occupier the title of Most interesting to the judicious inquirer. It Reverend,

would be casy, it would be pleasant, it The very dignified post of the Deanery of would be satisfactory, to present a montlily Westminster, vacated by the decease of digest of all such facts and figures as je. Dr. Ireland, has been conferred late to “ The Church” in Britain, and Dr. Turton, the Dean of Peterborough, throughout all the world.” But when Regius Professor of Divinity at Cambridge. we peruse The Ecclesiustical Gazelle, The This eminent dirine, the Senior Wrangler of Irish Ecclesiastical Journal, the Englisii, his day, and known as a theologian by Canadian, and United States, Church and several important works, is eminently fitted University papers, the London, county, and for the exalted station. May the electors town papers (all the former, and many of to the Professorship make a wise choice in the latter, of which we see regularly), we appointing a successor to him in his Uni. find that the Church is doing so much, and versity, where the duties of the Proses or- is in such an interesting position, that our ship will be so much more extensive and whole Magazine is not sufficient to give important, in consequence of the late en. even a digest of it; and the half crown largement of theological studies at Cam- magazines can only supply an imperfect bridge. We liave collected a few particu. selection. To please all our readers, we lars respecting Dr. Ireland, which ire will ought to give portrait, picture, monthly give in our next. Ile has left ten thousand newspaper, and magazine, all at the low pounds to found another Divinity Professor. charge of Sixpence! We could do it, to a ship at Oxford. Would that someone very satisfactory extent, if as adequately would also found Professorships of Pastoral supported as some sixpenny magazines an



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large majorities, where they have been op. posed for years. At Nuneaton a rate has been granted unanimously, where, a few years ago, the most violent opposition was continually manifested. Here a second new church has been erected ; and in 1841, four meeting-houses were on sale! Aock have a fold, and every fold a shepherd," as Bishop Sumner says, and they will return in crowds, though we fear a few will still follow some bellwether who causes them to stray.

Bishop Mac Ilvaine, of Ohio, on the 14th of August, ordained Mr. H. H. Hunter, late a Presbyterian Minister. Numerous recantations of popery have taken place. Bishop Russell, of Glasgow, in applying 10 the Christian Knowledge Society for aid to a church at Helensburgh, states that to be the seventh Episcopal congregation formed in his diocese within five years. In Madras, Bishop Spencer has appointed a number of Wesleyan teachers to be catechists, who have conformed, and desired to be employed in any, the humblest, way under the Church. The reports of our Societies show that the missionary and pastoral work is advancing. We may rejoice, thongh with trembling. Be not high-minded but fear. May the “ Lord's continual pity cleanse and defend his Church," and make all men to become “one fold, under one Shepherd, Jesus Christ !"

We will do what we can, both now and hereafter.

It is most evident, we can assure our readers, from the information derived from all the sources just enumerated, that much more is doing than in years past; very much is doing, and God is prospering it, but very much remains to be done. We are not only becoming acquainted with the state of our colonies, and endeavouring to help them, and those at home, in spiritual things, but are learning the state of the Great Eastern and Russian Churches, and have an increasing intercourse with them. The same may be said of the various Protestant Churches, sects and parties throughout the world. Germany, especially Prussia, is a subject of deep interest and anxiety, and yet of great perplexity, when we contemplate its great, though, we hope, diminish. ing, Rationalism and Neology, or the movements of the King of Prussia at once to the Church of England and to the Church of Rome (in the matter of the Cathedral of Cologne), and to his Protestant subjects of the now united Lutheran and Calvinistic persuasion. But great is the work, many the difficulties, yet favourable the openings, for Christian union.

Amidst commercial distress, Chartist, Social, and Mormon delusion, and notwithstanding the large mass of inert ignorance, which neither truth nor error moves, it is encouraging to read in every diocese, nearly every month, of the united efforts made for building schools and churches, and sending forth additional Curates, in addition to the greater efficiency of the Clergy in their several parishes, testified, in facts and figures, in almost every one of those Episcopal and Archidiaconal Charges, the delivery of which has necessarily, at this crisis, created such interest. Last month, the Christian Knowledge Society granted books to 93 new churches and chapels. At Manchester, the Bishop of Chester has just consecrated three new churches, in addition to four a month or two ago, in which diocese 212 have been erected this century. The Bishop of Hereford has just consecrated nine for the Bi. shop of Lichfield. The Bishop of London states, that 42 will be erected by the aid of the Metropolitan Fund. The Queen's letter is issued for a general collection in aid of the Church Building Society. Meet it libe rally; and remember that the Curates' Aid Society can only meet 107 out of 363 appli. cations for additional labourers. Since 1800, the population of England has increased nine millions; additional church-room has been provided for only 800,000.

As to Church Rates, the prospect is ra: ried,

In one parish at Worcester, they were passed ; in another, refused. veral large towns, Wakefield, Halifax, Bradford, refused ; in others, gained by

In addition to the Charges noticed al. ready, we have those of the Bishops of Salisbury, Exeter, Montreal, New Jer. sey, and the Archbishop of Armagh. We have also three reports of the very im. portant one now being delivered by the Bishop of London. We were intending, when we did not add to the extracts from Bishop Terrot, to give a full abstract of that of the Bishop of London. But on hearing it ourselves, we found so many errors and important omissions, that we determined to wait till the authorised report was published. We were led to expect it last week, but were misinformed. It will not be out till next week, we suppose. Of so large a mass of remark, deeply interesting at the present crisis, we cannot make our readers partakers; and what we can do, must be done gradually. Suffice it to say, that we have the most sanguine antici. pation, that our Prelates will have done much to check all really extreme opinions and practices, and to produce greater doctrinal unity, and rubrical uniformity--upon higher and sounder principles, and as the result of a matured understanding, among Clergy and laity, of the position, and teaching, and directions of our beloved Church. May the Church, as she is, be fully carried out into full efficiency!

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One HOLY CATHOLIC AND APOSTOLIC Church.—[The word "holy” “aylav” is in the original of the Constantinopolitan Creed. - See Roulh's Opuscula. - Beve. ridge on the Articles, &c.]-By the Catholic Church, I mean the Church Uni. versal, being a collection of all the Churches throughout the world who retain the faith once delivered to the saints (Jude 3)--that is, who uphold and profess, in the substance of it, that faith and religion which was delivered by the Apostles of Christ to the first original Churches, which faith and religion are contained in the Holy Scriptures, especially of the New Testament, and the main fundamentals of it comprised in the Canon or Rule of Faith, universally received throughout the primitive Churches, and the profession thereof acknowledged to be a sufficient badge of a Catholic Christian. All the Churches of this day which hold and profess this faith and religion, however distant in place, or distinguished by different rites and ceremonies, yea, or divided in some extra-fundamental points of doctrine, yet agreeing in the essentials of the Christin religion, make up together one Christian Catholic Church, under the Lord Christ, the supreme head thereof.- Bishop Bull on the Corruptions of the Church of Rome. --P. 16; Christian Knowledge Society's edition.

What then was the Catholic Church? It was a society framed to extend orer the whole earth, which, like that Indian tree, might grow up in stateliness and beauty, throwing out its roots on all sides, and from them shooting forth fresh trunks, each to become a giant tree itself, each to sen forth new roots, and those roots new trunks and trees, until the surface of the rarth was covered, and all the beasts of the field might lie down for shelter in its shade. It was a society intended to be at once both many and one--many in its independent branches, for every bishop and diocese con. stituted a distinct Church; one, in the root from which it sprung ; in the identity of doctrine which it taught; in the spirit which circulated through every limb; in

the source of its powers; in its hopes, and faith, and joy, and sorrow, and love, and fear. ---Rev. W. Sewell's Christian Morals. P. 29.

Why is the Church called "one ?'-A. Because ail the true branches of it togetlier form "one body," of which Christ is the head; having "one Lord, one Faith, one Baptism, one God and Father of all.”Ephes. iv. 4-6.

What is the meaning of the word Catho. lic ? --A. Universal.

Why is the Church called Catholic ?A. 1. Because it is universal in regard to time and space;* being “a people taken out” of all nations, in all ages.--2. Because it is universal in regard to doctrine ;t re. ceiving and teaching “truth.” - From The Churchian's Manual. (A Catechism compiled by the Hon. and Rev. A. R. Perceral, revised and corrected by the Scotch Bishops, by the Rev. Dr. Routh, Presi. dent of Magdalen College, Oxford, and “the most learned man in Europe ;" by the Rer. Dr. Wordsworth, Master of Trinity Col. lege, Canıbridge, &c., &c., and published with the sanction of the Archbishop of Can. terbury.---See the very interesting collection of papers published by Mr. Perceval, price 43.]

The COMMUNION OF SAINTS. - The unity of the saints on earth with the Church unseen is the straitest bond of all. Hell has no power over it; sin cannot blight it; schism cannot rend it ; death itself can but knit it more strongly. Nothing was changed but the relation of sight; like as when the head of a far-stretching procession, winding through a broken hollow land, hides itself in some bending vale : it is still all one; all adsancing together; they that are farthest onward are conscious of their lengthened following; they that linger with the last are drawn forward as it were by the attraction of the advancing multitude. -Ilanning's Sermons, p. 322.

Thus it is distinguished from the Jewish Church, which was contined to one nation, and of limited duration.

+ Thus it is distinguished from heretical eongre. gations, which hold only parts of the truth.


(The Editor feels it right to make the usual disclaimer of responsibility for the opinions of Correspondents ]

CLERICAL COSTUME. Dear Sir, I am sorry that I should differ from so many of your correspondents, especially from “A Septuagenarian Presbyter;" but, as the real truih can only be obtained by free discussion, it appears to me better to discuss the matter in a friendly

From “ W. J." I differ in several points, but which of us is in the right must be decided by yourself and readers; and I can only say, that I express my different



opinions from him in order that the real truth may at last appear, as of course he will treat me in the same manner if he still differs.

In the first place, let me beg of all those who take an interest in this matter, to read Bishop Mant's two charges (as they may be bought for 8d.), and to note what he says of preaching in surplices. As to the deference due to that Bishop's opinion, let them con. sider your remark at page 239 of The Church Magazine for October.

In answer to the “Presbyter," at page 361, let me say that “S. E. L.” (see p. 227 of The Church Magazine for July) does not call the gown a rag of puritanism" in itself, but only when used for preaching ; "the use of the gown in preuching to be an innoration of dissent, and the gown itself, when used for that purpose, to be a 'rag of pruritanism."" At page 362 the same correspondent hints that the clergy receive the Bishop's permission to preach "while invested with the gown, and not in a surplice." I was lately present at an ordination, and that was at Christ Church, Oxford, last Trinity Sunday. All who were then ordained, both deacons and priests, were then invested with surplices, over which they wore the hoods belonging to their degrees. I am informed that this is usual in Oxford. In the diocese in which I reside, I am informed that formerly it was usual for persons to be ordained in surplices, but the custom was discontinued for this reason :—the candidates, instead of providing proper surplices, used to borrow them of the singing boys, and these surplices being small, caused a ludicrons appearance ; so that a good custom was abandoned because the person ordained chose to be careless. When Bishops are consecrated they are invested with their full Episcopal vestments before consecration, and are consecrated while invested with them. Priests and Deacons then shonld be invested with their ecclesiastical costume (i. e. surplices) at the time of ordination. If a Bishop preaches, he wears the same vestments as when he ordains, or administers the Sucraments. When a Priest then preaches he should wear the same vestment which he wears when administering the Sacraments, i.e. a surplice. I must, however, make one remark: in one college chapel at least, if not one or two more, in Oxford, to my knowledge the officiating minister daily (except on Sundays and holydays with their rigils) says the prayers with no other restment on him than the gown belonging to his degree, and which he wears at other times. Thus one innovation leads to another.

Now to “Quærens.”—He admits that the 74th Canon enjoins the gown as “the Minister's usual apparel," and then asserts (but without proof) that Ministers used to preach in their usual apparel! He wishes merely the "spirit” of the Canon to be now observed in the usual apparel, and so do I; for the Bishops allow the deviation from its letter. But according to “ Quærens's ” “ true theory,” the Minister should now preach in his “usual apparel” (i.e. in no gown at all) as much as in former days. The thing is clear; if Ministers used to preach in their usual apparel, and that apparel has been gradually changing, the apparel used in preaching must have changed together with il. Let me once ask, with Bishop Mant, concerning a minister's dress, “Does not the order for his dress, during his ministrations in general, include his ministrations in the pulpit ?” The answer must be, “ certainly," if preaching is a ministerial duty.

Concerning the “ bands,” which “Quærens" asks about, at page 1026 of No. 63 of The Church Intelligencer, the following is quoted from The Englishman's Magazine :

The bands are worn in remembrance of the two tablets of the law; and underneath the face, because of the text • The priest's lips shall retain knowledge, and the people shall seek the law at his mouth.'"

To me this reason appears absurd; and as bands are nowhere commanded to be worn, and are perfectly useless, the sooner they are left off the better; in college chapel they are not worn, except hy D.D's, Proctors, and Pro-proctors, who always wear them at other times. According to the P. S., “Quærens ” allows that the sermon is only a pause in the Communion service; and when there is a communion, to save the changing, the surplice should be used in preaching. On this principle it should always be used, for the Rubric commands that the offertory and following prayer "SHALL” always be used whether there be a communion or no, and this of course must be performed in a surplice. I must say, again, that as the Church has adopted the use of ihe hood, in performing Dirine Service, but has not adopled the gown in Divine Service, that the former is to be used, but the latter is not.

Now to “W. J.”—I cannot understand what he means by saying that the woman “ is not definitely commanded" to repeat the Psalm in the Churching service. Wbat can be plainer than this, “You shall therefore give hearty thanks to God, and say." The words, " Then shall the Priest say, &c.” are put in a parenthesis, to show that the Priest also is to repeat the Psalm, to put the words in her mouth, lest from the rery definile Rubric before, the woman alone should repeat the Psalm. Concerning what “ W. J.” is pleased to call a "wholesale” way of administering the Communion, I may say that at least it illustrates St. Paul's words, “ For we being many are one bread, and one body: for we are all partakers of that one bread."-(1 Cor. x. 17.)

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