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2.6 Semi-hard winter wheat.
1.7 Present average yield per acre, about 14 bushels.
2.7 Chief varieties grown.

1.8 Fultz. 58 Valley.

2.8 Poole. 6.8 Nigger.

3.8 Rudy 7.8 Dawson's Golden Chaff

4.8 Mediterranean. 8.8 Early Red Clawson. 3.7 Needs of the grower.

1.8 Hardness of grain.

2.8 Rust resistance.

3.8 Hardy winter varieties.

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outhern wheat.
Present average yield per acre, about 93 bushels.
Chief varieties now grown.



Red May.


Everett's High Grade.


Currel's Prolific

Purple Straw.
Needs of the grower.
1.8 Rust resistance.
2.8 Early maturity.
3.8 Resistance to late spring frosts.
4.8 Stiffness of straw.

Hard spring wheat.

Present average yield per acre, about 13 bushels.
Chief varieties.
.8 Saskatchewan Fife.
.8 Scotch Fife.
.8 Power's Fife.
.8 Wellman's Fife.
.8 Hayne's Blue Stem.

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Bolton's Blue Stern. Minnesota 163. Needs of the grower. Early maturity. Rust resistance. 3.8 Drouth resistance. 4.8 Hardy winter varieties. 5.6 Hard winter wheat. 1.7. Present average yield per acre, about 123 bushels. 2.7 Chief varieties grown. 1.8 Turkey. 2.8 Kharkov. 3.8 Big Frame. 3.7 Needs of the grower. 1.8 Drouth resistance. 2.8 Hardy winter varieties. 3.8 Early maturity. 6.6 Durum wheat. 17 Present average yield per acre, 11+ bushels. 2.7 Chief varieties. .8 Nicaragua. .8 Turkey.

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3.8 Arnautka.

4.8 Kubanka. 3.7 Needs of the grower

1.8 Durum varieties.

2.8 Drouth resistance.

3.8 Rust resistance.

4.8 Early maturity.

7.6 Irrigated wheat.

1.7 Present average yield per acre, about 21 bushels. 2.7 Chief varieties.

*8. Sonora.

2.8 Taos.
3.8 Little Club
4.8 Defiance.
5.8 Turkey.
3.7 Needs of the grower.
1.8 Increase of gluten content.
2.8 Early maturity.
8.6 White wheat.
1.7 Present average yield per acre, about 14; bushels.
2.7 Chief varieties.
California Club.
Oregon Red Chaff.
Palouse Blue Stem.
Palouse Red Chaff.
White Winter.
Little Club.
Needs of the grower.
1.8 Early maturity.
2.8 Non-shattering varieties.
3.8 Hardy winter varieties in the colder portions.

The distribution of these wheats in the United States in 1900 is shown in Map on page 9.

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. .7

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This bibliography contains practically all of the works to which reference has been made in this volume. In addition it contains many other works that have been found of value. While it is not put forth as a complete list of all publications on wheat, it should, nevertheless, serve as a good foundation in all research work on this subject, for it is a fairly exhaustive list of American publications, and also contains many foreign works. An alphabetical list of all authors is first given, including periodicals containing articles of which the author is not stated, as well as miscellaneous official and unofficial publications. This list gives opportunity for looking up the works of any given author. For the purpose of aid in research, certain classifications of works will be found after the alphabetical list. All articles from encyclopedias and dictionaries are grouped together. Under each bureau or division of the United States Department of Agriculture are grouped the publications of that bureau or division. The next three groups are those of the United States census, the Department of Commerce and Labor, and consular reports. Then follows an alphabetical list of the state experiment stations of the United States, with station publications listed chronologically under each state. The publications of the Canadian Department of Agriculture are also grouped together. Finally, there is given a topical index of authors. In general, this index contains only those works which permit of definite classification, and it is arranged on the basis of individual works. Each work is placed under only one topic, the topic which it covers most definitely. The name of an author, however, appears as many times under different topics as he has written works on different phases of wheat. This topical index, and, to a certain extent, the classification under the United States Department of Agriculture, will facilitate a topical study of wheat, while the classification of experiment station works will aid in a geographical study.

Works of special merit are designated with". Authors the whole of whose publications are of unusual value are designated withf. There are a few works that are inaccessible to the

author, but should be contained in a bibliography of this na


ture. They are designated with S. New York is abbreviated N. Y., and London L.


Authors, p. 327.

Encyclopedias and dictionaries, p. 345.
United States Department of Agriculture, p. 346.
United States Census, p. 350.
United States Department of Commerce and Labor, p. 351.
United States Consular Reports, p. 351.
Experiment Station Publications, p. 351.
Canada Department of Agriculture, p. 353.
Topical Index of Authors, p. 354.


*Adams, Cyrus C. A commercial geography. N. Y., 1902.
Adams, Edward F. The modern farmer in his business relations. San Fran-
cisco, 1899.
Albini, Giuseppi. Considerazioni sul valore nutritivo del pane integrale, in Ren-
diconto dell' accademia delle scienze fisiche e matematiche, serie 3a.-Vol.
iv. (Anno xxxvii), Naples, 1898.
Aldrich, W. Future wheat farming. Social Economist, 6:224, 1894.
Allen, E. W. the feeding of farm animals. U. S. Dept. Agr., Farmers' Bul.
22, 1895.
— Subject list and abstracts of recent work in agricultural science. U. S.
Dept. Agr., Exp. Sta. Record, Vol. 14, No. 11, 1903.
— Some ways in which the Department of Agriculture and the Experiment
Station supplement each other. Yearbook U. S. Dept. Agr., 1905, p. 167.
Allen, Grant. The pedigree of wheat. Pop. Sci. Mo., 22:662, 1883.
Allgemeines Statistisches Archriv, Tuebingen, 2:153-206, 517-614, 1891-2; 3:217-273,
1893, Russlands Bedeutung fur den Weltgetreidemarkt.
All the Year Round, L, 1:66, 1859, Farming by steam.
Andrew, A. P. Influence of the crops upon business in America. Quarterly Jour.
of Econ., 20:323-53, 1906.
Andrews, C. C. Conditions and needs of spring wheat culture in the Northwest.
U. S. Dept. Agr., Special Rept. 40, 1882.
Andrews, Frank. Crop export movement and port facilities on the Atlantic and
Gulf coasts. U. S. Dept. Agr. Bu. of Sta. Bul. 38, 1905.
Annals of Botany, 18:321, 1904. On the fertilization, alternation, and general
cytology of the uredinese.
*Ardrey, R. L. American agricultural implements. Chicago, 1894.
Arnold, A. Mowing and reaping machines. Amer. Cycl. 12:16, 1875.
Atkinson, Edw. The wheat growing capacity of the United States. Pop. Sci.
Mo., 54:145, 1898.
Atlantic Monthly, Boston, 45:33, 1880. The bonanza farms of the West.
Atwater. Helen W. Bread and the principles of breadmaking. U. S. Dept
Agr., Farmers' Bul. 1 12, 1900.
Atwater, W. O. Organization of agricultural experiment stations in the United
States. U. S. Dept. Agr., Off. Exp. Sta. Bul. 1, 1889.
Austin, O. #s Commercial Russia in 1904. Mo. Sum. Com. & Fin., Feb., 1904,
p. 27.55.
Baker, E. L. Transportation of wheat in the Argentine Republic. U. S. Cons.
Rept., 49:460, 1895.
Baker, R. S. The movement of wheat. McClure's Mag., 14:124, 1890.
Baker, Willis E. Transportation of wheat in the Argentine Republic. U. S.
Cons. Rept., 49:460, 1895.
Balz, Sylvester. Forage plants and cereals. S. D. Agr. Col. Exp. Sta., Bul. 96,
Barrow, D. N. Report for 1901, of North Louisiana Experiment Station.
Beal, F. E. L. Birds that injure grain. Yearbook U. S. Dept. Agr., p. 345, 1897.
Food of the bobolink, blackbirds and grackles. U. S. Dept. Agr., Div.
Biolog. Sur., Bul. 13, 1900.
Beal, W. H. Farmyard manure. U. S. Dept. Agr., Farmers' Bul. 21, 1894.

--- Some practical results of experiment station work. Yearbook U. S. Dept. Agr., p. 589, 1902. Beals, Edward A. Rainfall and irrigation. Yearbook U. S. Dept. Agr., p. 627, 1902. *Becker, Max. Der argentinische Weizen im Weltmarkte. Jena, 1903. (Biblitography on Argentina.) Bedford, S. A. Reports Experimental Farm for Manitoba, 1899-1902, in Repts. Exp. Farms, Canada, 1899-1902. Bennett, Alfred W. Wheat rust and barberry rust. Nature. 2:318, 1870. Bennett, R. L. Wheat experiments. Ark. Agr. Exp. Sta. Bull 29, 1894. Bessey, Charles E. Wheat and some of its products. Neb. Agr. Exp. Sta., Bul. 32, 1894. Bessey, Ernst A. Progress of plant breeding in the United States. Yearbook U. S. Dept. Agr., p. 465, 1899. Bicknell. Frank W. Wheat production and farm life in Argentina. U. S. Dept. Azr., Bu. of Statis., Bul. 27, 1904. - - - - Agriculture in Argentina. Yearbook U. S. Dept. Agr. 1904, p. 271. Bigelow. F. H. Work of the meteorologist for the benefit of agricultural commerce and navigation. Yearbook U. S. Dept. Agr., p. 71. 1899. Birkbeck, Morris. Notes on a journey through France, 1814. L., 1815. Blount, A. E. Cereals, etc. N. Mex Agr. Col. Exp. Sta., Bul. 6, 1892. Bohm, Otto. Die Kornhauser. Munchener Volkswirtschaftliche Studien, 26. 1898. Bolley, H. L. Wheat rust. Ind. Agr. Exp. Sta., Bul. 26, 1889. -- - Effect of seed exchange upon the culture of wheat. N. D. Agr. Col. Exp. Sta. Bol. 17, 1895. - – -- Treatment of smut in wheat. N. D. Agr. Col. Exp. Sta. Bul. 19. 1895.

*- - - New studios upon the smut of wheat, etc., N. D. Agr. Col. Exp. Sta., Bul. 27, 1897. (Bibliography of station publications on cereal smuts.) . --- The stinking smut of wheat—the commercial side of the question. Pro

ceedings Tri-State Grain Growers' Ass'n., p. 85, 1900. I)epartment of Botany. Rept. N. D. Agr. Col. Exp. Sta., 1901, 1903. - – --- Wheat rust. Science, n.s. 22:50-1, 1905. * - Roost problems. N. D. Agr. Col. Exp. Sta. Bul. 68, 1906. Boman, Lewis. The wheat plant. Rept. U. S. Dept. Agr., p. 65, 1862. *Bond, Fred. Irrigation laws of the Northwest Territories of Canada and Wyom

ing. U. S. Dept. Agr . Off. Exp. Sta. Bul. 96, 1901. Bonsteel, J. A. The use of soil surveys. Yearbook U. S. Dept. Agr., 1906, p. 181. Boss, Andrew. Wheat varieties, breeding and cultivation. Univ. of Minn. Agr.

Exp. Sta., Bul. 62, 1899. Botanical Gazette, 25:30, 1898. A general review of the principal results of

Swedish research into grain rust.

—-- 39:241, 1905. Several reproductions of the rusts. Bovey, C. C. The fallacy of exporting wheat. Rev. of Revs., 25:588, 1902. Bradstreets, N. Y. 26:142, 1898, The Indian wheat outlook.

166, Spanish wheat duties reduced.

166, The Australian wheat yield.

230, Siberian wheat.

262, Co-operative wheat exporting.

349, Wheat culture in North Canada.

610, Is a dearth of wheat in sight?

654, The world's wheat crop. 27:406, 1890, Productive California wheat.

494, Calendar of the world's wheat harvest. 28:686, 1900, Wheat exports.


830, The wheat tides.

830, The proposed German duty on wheat. 30:149, 1902, Manitoba wheat versus American millers.

469, Wheat yields.

469, An English view of American wheat.

495, The wheat crop of the world.

Brandenburg, Broughton. Moving this year's record grain crop. Harper's
Weekly, 49 : 1632, 1905.
Breazeale, J. F. Effect of concentration of nutrient solution upon wheat cultures
Science, n.s. 22:146 9, 1905.
+Brewer, Wm. H. First century of the Republic. N. Y., 1876.
Cereal production. 10th U. S. Census, Vol. 3, 1880.

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