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Entered, according to Act of Congress, in the year 1870, by

JOSEPH A. ALLEN,
In the Clerk's Office of the District Court of the District of Massachusetts

UNIVERSITY PRESS : John Wilson & Son,

CAMBRIDGE.

Ν Ο Τ Ε. .

course.

This book is designed for a class of learners too young to use the “Grammar” or “Lessons” to advantage, including those who have not yet studied English grammar. While the inevitable drill-book had better be left till they are some years older, I do not see why intelligent children of ten or twelve – as the way was, forty or fifty years ago — should not learn to know Latin and enjoy it in some of its simpler forms; which, indeed, seems to me the best possible introduction to a systematic school

But, to serve this nd, it must be taught, first of all, as a living and flexible tongue, not in the abstract principles and method of its grammar; and, in the second place, by familiar use in actual narrative and dialogue, not by committing to memory disjointed examples and dry forms. If we consent to regard it as a dead language merely, or study it as if it had no other than an antiquarian or a scientific interest, we cannot long uphold the general study of it at all. An easy and familiar reading knowledge of a language is worth incomparably more, to most students of it, than any supposed advantage in the study of its grammatical theory. These lessons aim to give as much of the grammar as is essential for this, and no more.

The selections which follow have a vocabulary of considerable variety and range; and the learner who has mastered them all will be prepared either for the severer method of a classical course, or (if old enough) for entering directly on a line of reading in the masterpieces of classical antiquity.

CAMBRIDGE, March 26, 1870.

INDEX OF TOPICS.

IPSE, 56.

POSSE, 83.

NOTE. The letter L. stands for Lesson; R. for Rule of Syntax; the other refer ences are to Sections. Ablative, L. 10; with prepositions, Infinitive Mood, 29, 85-87.

49; with comparative, R. 21. Inflection, 24. Ablative Absolute, L. 28; R. 29. Interjections, 33. Accent, 13, 14.

Interrogative Sentences, 78. Accusative, L. 2; with prep., 48. Accusative and Infinitive, L. 22. Irregular Verbs, L. 26, Table 15, 16. Adjectives, L. 15, 19, and Tables 3, 4; Locative, 74. used as Nouns, 77; comparison,

MILLE, 120. L. 20; derivative, 102, 105.

Moods, L. 6. Adverbs, L. 14; comparison of, 81; NE or NEVE, 114. Numeral, 122.

NE (enclitic) in questions, 55. Agreement, 66, 101, 123.

Neuter Nouns, 9, 52; Verbs, 110, N. Antecedent, 107.

Nominative and Accusative, L. 2. Apposition, 112, R. 1.

NUM, 12. Article, 1.

Numerals, L. 29. Cardinal Numbers, 115.

Object, 5; Indirect (dative), 34. Cases, use of, 46.

Ordinal Numbers, 115. Common Gender, 72.

Participles, 30; 92–96. Comparison, L. 20.

Passive Endings, 67, 68; of Neuter Compounds, 127.

Verbs, 110. Conjugations, 88, 89, 128, Tables 7-11. Perfect Tense, 20-22; 68, 91, 100. Conjunctions, 58. Copula, 11.

Possessive Adjectives, 101. Dative, L. 8; with ESSE, 103; with Possessive Case, 38.

PRODESSE, &c., 84; with Gerund Potential Mood (in English), 27. ive, 96; double dative, 104.

Predicate, 15, 111. Declensions, 1. L. 11; 11. L. 12; III. Prepositions, 35; 48–50; in composiL. 17; IV., V., L. 18.

tion, 127. Demonstrative Pronouns, L. 26. PRODESSE, 84. Deponents, 69.

Prohibitions, 114. Derivatives, 102, 105, 106, 126. Pronouns, 10; L. 25, 26, 27; Tab. 5, 6. Diminutives, 105.

Questions, 12, 55, 78. Distributive Numerals, 121.

Reflective Pronouns, 57, 86. Enclitics, 17.

Relative Pronouns, 107. Endings of Verbs, 3, 23, L. 16.

SE, SUI, SIBI, 57. Endings of Nouns, Table 2.

Stems, 18, 71, 100. ESSE, L. 4-6; compounds of, L. 21. Subject and Object, 5. EST, there is, 16.

Subject and Predicate, 111 Genitive, L. 9; in ius, 65.

Subjunctive, 27, 78, 90. Gerund, 97.

Superlative, 79, 82. Gerundive, 96.

Supine, 44, 98. Government, 123.

[114. Syntax, 124; Rules of, L. 30. Imperative Mood, 28, 113; Future, Tenses, L. 5. Imperfect, 20–22.

Transitive Verbs, 110, N. Impersonal Verbs, L. 27.

Verbs, L. 23; Irregular, L. 24; endIN, with acc. or abl., 50.

ings, 23, 67, L. 16; Parts of, L. 23. Inceptive Verbs, 106.

Vocative, 53, L. 7. Indicative Mood, 26.

Vowels, characteristic, 89. Indirect Questions, 78.

Yes or No, 54.

LESSON

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READING EXERCISE.

PAGE 1. Verb, Third Person. Article 1. The Creation

1 2. Nominative and Accusative 2. The Garden of Eden . 2 3. Plural Cases .

3. Cain and Abel

3 4. Verb Esse, to be

4. The Flood

5 5. TENSES

7 6. Moods

8 7. Vocative Case. Interjections 5. Abraham and Isaac

10 8. Dative Prepositions 6. Rebecca at the Well

11 9. Genitive

7. Betrothal of Rebecca 13 10. Ablative

8. Jacob and Esau

15 11. FIRST DECLENSION. Use of Cases; Prepositions

18 12. SECOND DECLENSON

19 13. Questions, &c. Conjunctions 9. Jacob and Rachel

20 14. Adverbs

10. Joseph and his Brothers 22 15. Adjectives. I. .

11. Joseph in Prison

26 16. Verb-Endings

12. Pharaoh's Dream

28 17. THIRD DECLENSION .

31 18. Fourth AND FIFTH DECLENSIONS

32 19. Adjectives. II. Questions . . 13. Jacob's Sons in Egypt 33 20. Comparison

14. Second Journey to Egypt. 35 21. Compounds of ESSE

15. Joseph declares himself 39 22. Accusative and Infinitive 16. Jacob goes into Egypt 42 23. REGULAR VERBS : Parts of the Verb

45 24. IRREGULAR VERBS

46 25. Pronouns. Dative with ESSE 17. The Hebrews in Egypt 26. Demonstratives. Derivatives 18. Birth of Moses

49 27. Relatives. Impersonal Verbs 19. The Red Sea

51 28. Ablative Absolute. Imperative 20. The Ten Commandments. 54 29. NUMERALS

58 30. RULES OF SYNTAX

60 31. Derivatives and Compounds .

62

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