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As once we did, till disproportion's sin
Jarr'd against nature's chime, and with harsh din
Broke the fair music that all creatures made
To their great Lord, whose love their motion sway'd
In perfect diapason, whilst they stood
In first obedience, and their state of good.
O may we soon again renew that

And keep in tune with heav'n, till God ere long
To his celestial consort us unite,
To live with him, and sing in endless morn of light.


18. Noise is in a good sense

-Sin that first music. So in P's. xlvii. 5. God Distemper'd all things, &c. is gone up with a merry noise, Nature's chime is from one of and the Lord with the sound of Jonson's Epithalamions, vol. vii. the trump." Noise is sometimes 2. literally synonimous with music.

It is the kindlie season of the time, As in Shakespeare, “ Sneak's

The month of growth, which calls all noise.And in Chapman's All creatures forth Fools, 1605. Reed's Old Pl. iv. To do their offices in nature's chime,

&c. 187. -You must get us music too,

Jonson alludes also to that ori. Calls in a cleanly noise.

ginal harmony, which Milton Compare also the ode on Christ's notices, v. 21. Sad Shepherd,

a. iii. 8. 2. Nativity, st. ix. 96. and Spenser, F. Q. i. xii. 39. See more in

-giving to the world stances in Reed's Old Pl. vol. v. Again his first and tuneful planetling. 304. vi. 70. vii. 8. x. 277. And See ode on the Nalivity, st. xii. in Shakespeare, Johns. Steev. vol. xii. T. Warton. v. p. 489. seq. Perhaps the lady 23. In perfect diapason,] Conin Comus, 227, does not speak cord through all the tones, die quite contemptuously, though serw. Plin. lib. ii. sect. 20. Ita modestly, “such noise as I can septem tonos effici, quam diapason “ make." Caliban seems, by the harmoniam vocant, hoc est, unicontext, to mean musical sounds, versitatem concentus. Richardwhen he


the “isle is full of son, noises." T. Warton.

28. To live with him, and sing 19. - till disproportion'd sin &c.] In the manuscript the last Jarr'd against nature's chime, line stands thus, &c.]

To live and sing with him in endless So in P. L. xi. 55.

morn of light.


VIII. An Epitaph on the Marchioness of Winchester * THIS rich marble doth inter The honour'd wife of Winchester, A Viscount's daughter, an Earl's heir, Besides what her virtues fair Added to her noble birth, More than she could own from earth. Summers three times eight save one She had told; alas too soon, After so short time of breath, To house with darkness, and with death. Yet had the number of her days Been as complete as was her praise, Nature and fate had had no strife In giving limit to her life. Her high birth, and her graces sweet Quickly found a lover meet;



* This Lady was Jane, daugh- panegyric. It is dated Mar. 15, ter of Thomas Lord Viscount 1626. He says, he assisted her Savage, of Rock-Savage in the in learning Spanish: and that county of Chester, who by mar- nature and the graces exhausted riage became the heir of Lord all their treasure and skill in Darcy Earl of Rivers; and was framing this exact model of the wife of John Marquis of “female perfection." He adds, Winchester, and the mother of I return you here the Sonnet Charles first Duke of Bolton. your Grace pleased to send me She died in childbed of a second “ lately, rendered into Spanish, son in the twenty-third year of 6 and fitted for the same ayre it her age, and Milton made these “ had in English both for caverses at Cambridge, as appears “ dence and feete, &c." Howell's by the sequel.

Letters, vol. i. sect. 4. Let. xiv. 4. Besides what her virtues fair, p. 180. T. Warton. &c.] In Howell's entertaining 15. Her high birth, and ker letters there is one to this lady which may justify our author's Quickly found a lover meet;)

graces sweet


The virgin quire for her request
The God that sits at marriage feast;
He at their invoking came
But with a scarce well-lighted flame;
And in his garland as he stood,
Ye might discern a cypress bud.
Once had the early matrons run
To greet her of a lovely son,
And now with second hope she goes,
And calls Lucina to her throws;
But whether by mischance or blame
Atropos for Lucina came;



Her husband was a conspicuous are two old portraits of this lady loyalist in the reign of Charles I. and her husband at the Duke of His magnificent castle of Basing Bolton's at Hakewood, Hants. in Hampshire withstood an ob- T. Warton. stinate siege of two years against 19. He at their invoking came the rebels, and when taken was But with a scarce well-lighted levelled to the ground, because flame ;] in devery window was flourished From Ovid, Met. X. 4. Aymez Loyauté. He died in 1674, and was buried at Englefield in

Adfuit ille quidem ; sed nec solemnia

verba, Berkshire; where, on his monu

Nec lætos vultus, nec felix attulit ment, is an admirable Epitaph by Dryden. It is remarkable, Fax quoque, quam tenuit, lacrimoso that husband and wife should

stridula fumo have severally received the ho

Usque fuit, nullosque invenit motibus

ignes. nour of an epitaph from two

Jortin. such poets as Dryden and Milton. Jonson also wrote a pathetic 22. —a cypress bud] An empoem, entitled, An Elegie on the blem of a funeral: and it is Lady Anne Pawlett, Marchioness called in Virgil feralis, Æn. vi. of Winton ; Underw. vol. vii. 17. 216. and in Horace funebris, But Jane appears in the text of Epod. v. 18. and in Spenser the the poem, with the circumstance cypress funeral. Faery Queen, of her being the daughter of b. i. cant. i. st. 8. Lord Savage. She therefore 28. Atropos for Lucina came ;] must have been our author's One of the Fates instead of the Marchioness. Compare Cart- goddess who brings the birth to wright's poems, p. 193. There light. VOL. III.


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And with remorseless cruelty
Spoild at once both fruit and tree:
The hapless babe before his birth
Had burial, yet not laid in earth,
And the languish'd mother's womb
Was not long a living tomb,
So have I seen some tender slip,
Sav'd with care from winter's nip,
The pride of her carnation train,
Pluck'd up by some unheedy swain,
Who only thought to crop the flow'r
New shot up from vernal show'r;
But the fair blossom hangs the head
Side-ways, as on a dying bed,
And those pearls of dew she wears,
Prove to be presaging tears,
Which the sad morn had let fall
On her hast’ning funeral.
Gentle Lady, may thy grave
Peace and quiet ever have;
After this thy travail sore
Sweet rest seize thee evermore,



p. 221.

41. But the fair blossom hangs Perhaps Milton recollected the head, &c.] Mr. Bowle com- Virgil's description of the death pares this and the five following of Euryalus, An. ix. 434. verses with what Antonio Bruni

-inque humeros cervix collapsa re says of the rose, Le Tre Gratie, cumbit :

Purpureus veluti cum flos succisus


Languescit moriens; lassove paparera Ma nata a pena, o filli,

Cade languisce e more:

Demisere caput, pluvià cum forte
Le tenere rugiade,
Ch' l' imperlano il seno,


Son ne suoi funerali
Le lagrime dolenti,

49. After this thy travail sore) T. Warton. As she died in child-bed.



That to give the world increase,
Short'ned hast thy own life's lease.
Here, besides the sorrowing
That thy noble house doth bring,
Here be tears of perfect moan
Wept for thee in Helicon,
And some flowers, and some bays
For thy hearse, to strow the ways,
Sent thee from the banks of Came,
Devoted to thy virtuous name;
Whilst thou, bright Saint, high sitt'st in glory,
Next her much like to thee in story,
That fair Syrian shepherdess,
Who after years of barrenness,
The highly favour'd Joseph bore
To him that serv'd for her before,
And at her next birth much like thee,
Through pangs fled to felicity,
Far within the bosom bright
Of blazing Majesty and Light:



moan, &c.

55. Here be tears of perfect wrote Comus. He might pro

bably therefore write this elegy Sent thee from the banks of in consequence of his acquaintCame.]

ance with the Egerton family. I have been told that there was Mr. Bowle remarks, that her a Cambridge collection of verses death was celebrated by Sir John on her death, among which Mil- Beaumont, and Sir William Daton's Elegiac Ode first appeared. venant. See Beaumont's Poems, But I rather think this was not 1629. p. 159. T. Warton. the case. As our Marchioness

63. That fair Syrian shepwas the daughter of Lord Savage herdess, &c.] Rachel, the daughof Rock-Savage in Cheshire, it ter of Laban the Syrian, kept is natural to suppose that her her father's sheep, Gen. xxix. 9. family was well acquainted with and after her first son, Joseph, that of Lord Bridgewater, of the died in child-bed of her second same county, for whom Milton son, Benjamin, xxxv. 18.

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