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Seminaries for training women teachers are of recent establishment in Prussia. The obligatory branches of study in these are the same as for the men, omitting geometry and including peedle-work. French is the optional branch.
The teachers' seminaries of Saxony differ from those of Prussia in several important particulars. Candidates aro admitted immediately from the popular schools, that is, at 14 years of age—and the course covers 6 years—the first 3 years cortesponding to the preparatory course which the student follows for admission to the Prussian seminaryThe official plan of studies for the seminaries of Saxony is as follows:
Harmony, obligatory in the first year, is optional for the rest of the course. The piano, organ, and stenography are optional.
The law requires that the director and at least a third of the teachers should have pursued superior studies and have passed a university examination. Saxony possesses two seminaries for training women teachers, but instruction in these is not gratuitous. The course of study is 5 years, and the branches are about the same as in the seminaries for men; more time, however, is devoted to language and litorature and less to science and to music, the organ being omitted altogether. Needle-work is included, occupying two hours a week throughout the course. The examination and certificate granting are under the same regulations as those for men. It will be seen that with the exception of pedagogy and foreign languages the studies of the teach. ers' seminaries are those of the elementary schools. Instruction in these branches is carried farther and is of a higher order, but the subject matter is substantially the same. The principle constantly kept in mind is this: “that the instruction which the teachers in training receive should present a model of that which they will eventually give."
FRENCH NORMAL SCHOOLS. It may be of interest to consider also the plan of the French normal schools, which bave been modelled more or less closely upon those of Germany. As organized under the decree of 1881 the French normal schools present the same plan of a single nndivided course. In the main the studies are the same as those prescribed for the elementary schools, but as in Germany tho intention is to secure a broader and more comprehensive view of these subjects. The duration of the course is 3 years; candidates for admission must be at least 15 years of age and must have the certificate of primary studies (certificat d'études primaires).