World Scientific, 1992 - 603 páginas
These volumes are collections of the Nobel Lectures delivered by the prizewinners, together with their biographies, portraits and the presentation speeches for the period 1971 ? 1990. Each Nobel Lecture is based on the work that won the laureate his prize. New biographical data of the laureates, since they were awarded the Nobel Prize, are also included. These volumes of inspiring lectures by outstanding physicists should be on the bookshelf of every keen student, teacher and professor of physics as well as those in related fields.Below is a list of the prizewinners during the period 1971?1980 with a description of the works which won them their prizes: (1971) D GABOR ? for his invention and development of the holographic method; (1972) J BARDEEN, L N COOPER & J R SCHRIEFFER ? for their jointly developed theory of superconductivity, usually called the BCS-theory; (1973) L ESAKI & I GIAEVER ? for their experimental discoveries regarding tunneling phenomena in semiconductors and superconductors, respectively; B D JOSEPHSON ? for his theoretical predictions of the properties of a supercurrent through a tunnel barrier, in particular those phenomena which are generally known as the Josephson effects; (1974) M RYLE & A HEWISH ? for their pioneering research in radio astrophysics: Ryle for his observations and inventions, in particular of the aperture synthesis technique, and Hewish for his decisive role in the discovery of pulsars; (1975) A BOHR, B MOTTELSON & J RAINWATER ? for the discovery of the connection between collective motion and particle motion in atomic nuclei and the development of the theory of the structure of the atomic nucleus based on this connection; (1976) B RICHTER & S C C TING ? for their pioneering work in the discovery of a heavy elementary particle of a new kind; (1977) P W ANDERSON, N F MOTT & J H VAN VLECK ? for their fundamental theoretical investigations of the electronic structure of magnetic and disordered systems; (1978) P L KAPITSA ? for his basic inventions and discoveries in the area of low-temperature physics; A A PENZIAS & R W WILSON ? for their discoveries of cosmic microwave background radiation; (1979) S L GLASHOW, A SALAM & S WEINBERG ? for their contributions to the theory of the unified weak and electromagnetic interaction between elementary particles, including inter alia the prediction of the weak neutral current; (1980) J W CRONIN & V L FITCH ? for the discovery of violations of fundamental symmetry principles in the decay of neutral K-mesons.
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Presentation by Erik Ingelstam
JOHN BARDEEN LEON N COOPER
LEO ESAKI IVAR GIAEVER and BRIAN DJOSEPHSON
MARTIN RYLE and ANTONY HEWISH
AAGE BOHR BEN R MOTTELSON
Biography of Ben R Mottelson
Biography of James Rainwater
BURTON RICHTER and SAMUEL C C TING
PHILIP W ANDERSON NEVILL F MOTT
Biography of Nevill Francis Mott
PETER LEONIDOVITCH KAPITZA ARNO A PENZIAS
SHELDON L GLASHOW ABDUS SALAM
JAMES W CRONIN and VAL L FITCH
Otras ediciones - Ver todas
Nobel Lectures: Including Presentation Speeches and Laureates' Biographies ...
Stig Lundqvist,Tore Frängsmyr,Gösta Ekspong
Sin vista previa disponible - 1992
Abdus Salam Academy of Sciences Anderson angular momentum antenna atomic Award Bardeen baryon beam Bohr bosons calculations Cambridge counters coupling CP violation decay density detector discovery effect electric electromagnetic electrons elementary particles elements excitation experiment experimental Fermi surface fermions field theory gauge theory Giaever Glashow hadrons helium hologram holography ideas Laboratory leptons Lett Letters magnetic field mass measurements Medal mesons metal Mottelson neutral currents neutron neutron stars Nobel Lecture Nobel Prize normal nuclear nuclei nucleons observed optical orbits pair parameters particles phase Phys physicists physics pions plasma possible potential predicted problem produced Professor proton pulsar quantum numbers quarks radiation radio renormalizable resonance result rotational Salam Schrieffer shell model shown in Fig shows single-particle spectra spectrum spin stars strong interactions structure superconductivity superfluid symmetry temperature theoretical tion transition tunneling University vector voltage wavelength weak interactions Weinberg zero