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number consist of the “ Cathedral of Sion in Valais," “ Bellenzona," “ Castle of the Bishop of Sion,” and “ Friberg.” The last is a most beautiful specimen of light and fairy engraving. Stanfield's Coast Scenery, a Series of Views in the British Channel, and
on the Coasts of England, Scotland, Ireland, France, and Germany, and other Picturesque Portions of the European Continent. By CLARKSON STANFIELD, Esq. R. A. Part IV. Smith, Elder, and Co., Cornhill.
“ Portsmouth Harbour," “ The Semaphore,” “ Arched Rock at the Nicolles Passage,” and “ Havre de Grace," are the four plates in this number. Like every thing which has been touched by Stanfield, they are excellent; particularly the « Arched Rock by Moonlight.” The time will come when early impressions of this national work will be as valuable as they will be scarce.
Royal Submarine Exhibition, No. 209, Regent Street. We have visited this exhibition, and find it on various accounts well deserving a visit. The piece of ordnance recovered from the Royal George is a glorious instrument of destruction. Independently of the treasures recovered from the deep, the diving apparatus is shown to the visitors. Around the room there are views of the Royal George in her various states, from all the pride and power of war, to the submerged and shell-laden wreck. We repeat, that a half hour cannot be better employed than in visiting this very interesting and unique exhibition. A Panoramic View of the Capture and Taming of Wild Elephants on the
Island of Ceylon. By WILLIAM DANIELL, R.A.
This is certainly a splendid piece of art, and remarkable not only as such, but on account of the very curious process it so beautifully exemplifies. It is exhibited at the room of the Society of Painters in Water Colours in Pall Mall East. The panorama is of an oval form, which rather detracts from the complete illusion, as the horizon is, and will remain, perfectly circular; at least, until we see what the approaching comet may do. We think that the foreground is scarcely vividly enough thrown in. For the rest of the painting, it is extremely good, and just what we should expect from an artist so able as Mr. Daniels.
THE COMMERCIAL RELATIONS OF THE COUNTRY. It would appear that great wealth, or the great masses of paper or coin that represent it, make now the staple marketable commodity over all the civilized world. Transactions in money and in the funds usurp the precedence over all other mercantile operations. The Royal Exchange is becoming daily more and more a money market, and the merchant in bona fide merchandise is pushed aside by the bill-broker and the capitalist, who works his capital in the shape of money only. As far as we can learn, there has been no great alteration in our foreign commerce since the last month. In manufactured goods, notwithstanding our heavy taxes, we are still able, generally speaking, to undersell the rest of the world, but to do so, are obliged to grind the English operative to the very dust. It seems, from the appearances of events, that we shall soon no longer enjoy our privileged and lucrative traile with Portugal. The Portuguese were always a grateful race and much attached to those nations, their superiors in every thing, and if any one country has done them most essential service, to that country they are sure to be most devoted. We know what we have to expect from the new commercial treaty of Donna Maria, especially if the conducting of the negociation should fall to the lot of Lord Palmerston. Even Poulet Thompson begins to see the disadvantages of the reciprocity treaties, in which the advantages are all on one side. Our colonial trade is languishing, especially that part of it derivable from the West Indies—we have not yet seen the worst of it. With the East, every thing is still on trial. As to our inland trade, there is difficulty every where, but as yet nowhere de. spondency.
PRICES OF THE PUBLIC FUNDS,
Columbian, (1824,) Six per Cent., 33 balf, Bank Stock, shut - Consols for Account,
34.-Dutch Two and a Half per Cent., 51 quarOct. 14, 91 three-eighths.—Three per cent.,
ter, half.-Mexican, Six per Cent., 37 hall, Reduced, shut.-Three and a Half per Cent.,
38 balf.-Spanish, (1822,) Five per Cent., 45. Reduced, sbut. — Exchequer Bills, 18s. 20s.
SAARES. -India Bonds, 4s. 6d.
Real del Monte, unregistered, 241. 251.—BriFOREIGN STOCKS.
tish American Land, 61. 10s.- Provincial Bank Brazilian, Five per Cent., 87 half, 88.- of Ireland, 481. 58., 481.
The Money MARKET.-The fluctuations in the funds have been by no means commensurate with the political disturbances. Our own securities have been tole. rably firm. The drain upon the market was scarcely felt in paying up the instalment on the new loan. The most uncertain securities have been the Spanish. All sorts of tricks have been resorted to by the bulls and bears. The above is the state of the market on the 28th instant.
BANKRUPTS. FROM AUGUST 25, TO SEPTEMBER 18, 1835, INCLUSIVE. Aug. 25.-S. Cox, Hendon, and Brunswick Staffordshire, grocer.-W. Hindell, Brayton, Street, Stamford Street, horse dealer --G. Yorkshire, victoaller. Phibbs, Blenheim Street, Bond Street, wine Sept. 8.-J. Brown, Southampton, jeweller. merchant.-T. Deane, Park Place, Greenwich, - T. Molyneux, Falmouth, linen draper.--J. lodging-house keeper.-J. Fell, Glossop, Der- Henderson, Great Surrey Street, Blackfriars, byshire, grocer.-J. T. Thring, Warminster, master mariner.-J. and J. A. Webster, WadsWiltshire, scrivener.--J. Moshen, Birmingham, ley, Yorkshire, paper manofacturers. innkeeper.-G. Sowerby, Hibalastowe, Lin- Sept. 11.-G. Heywood, St. Martin's Lane, colnshire, carpenter. --J. Lees, Bilston, Staf- chemist.-J. Angold, John Street, Tottenham fordsbire, grocer.-M. Turner, Haigh, Lanca- Court Road, timber merchant.-T. W. Brighshire, bleacber.-J. Rhodes, Huddersfield, clo- ton, Cheltenham, draper.-G. Macey, Rose thier.
Street, Newgate Market, commission cattle Aug. 28.-W. Matthews, Bushey, Herts, tim- salesman.-J. Willett, Brandon, Suffolk, gro. ber merchant.-B. Chesterman, Blackmore cer.-J. Mountain, Scnlcoates, Yorkshire, comStreet, Drury Lane, licensed victualler.-T. mon brewer.-R. Kilsby, Donhead St. AnMorgan, Llanidloes, Montgomeryshire, grocer. drews, Wilts, victualler.-J. Nokes, Hinckley, -W. H. Cox, Cheltenham, printer.- J. Jack- Leicestershire, hosier.-C. Redman, Herne son, Burslem, Staffordshire, earthenware ma- Bay, Kent, boilder.-J. Keyse, Abersychan, nufacturer.-W.T. Wren, Chichester, brewer. Monmouthshire, grocer.-1.J. Weatherley, -G. Fisber, Liverpool, merchant.-J. Gracie, Newcastle-apon Tyne, merchant. Preston, Lancashire, draper.-J. Travis, Man- Sept. 15.- 1. Pemberton, Worcester, brushchester, drysalter.
maker.-H. S. Mason, and H. M. Kettlewell, Sept. 1.-S. Evans, Castle Street, Leicester Surrey Wharf, Addington Square, Camber. Square, licensed vietualler.--H. Kerr, Mal- well, iron merchants.-H. Break well, Throggrave Place, Woolwich, tailor.-E. Jones, He- morton Street, tailor.-W. Hough, Manchester, mel Hempstead, saddler.-T. Matthews, Bus. builder.-J. Postlethwaite, Liverpool,draper.by, Hertfordshire, carpenter.-W. Wakeman, W. Hodgens, Liverpool, merchant.-G. BishPlymouth, Roman cement manufacturer.-A. ton, Sedgley, Staffordshire, ironmaster.-JoCraig, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, cabinet maker.- Srph, Johu, and Joseph Maybary, jun. Bilston, H. Dodd, Ambleside, Westmoreland, inn- Staffordshire, iron masters. keeper.-G. W. Sawyer, Brighton, builder.- Sept. 18.-H. Wright, Norwich, wine merH. Brittain, Kingston-upon-Hull, innkeeper.- chant.-T. Knight, Gilbert Street, Oxford W. Mathews, Staverton, Devonshire, miller.-- Street, corn cbandler.-W. Bailey, Gate Street, J. and J. Power, Atherstone, Warwickshire, Lincoln's Ino Fields, corrier.-S. Roberts, Farhat manufacturers.-J. Laylor, Manchester, ringdon Street, floor cloth manufacturer.W. brush maker.
J. Potter, Liule Compton Street, Soho, vicSept. 4.-T. Pulvertoft, Wisbeach, Cam- tualler.-W. Ayling, Great Portland Street, bridgeshire,gentleman.-J. Raven, Soffolk Lane, Marylebone, chemist.-J. Seaber, Newmarket, Cannon Street, wholesale grocer.--G. Heather Suffolk, scrivener.-J. Wrigley, Manchester, and Co., St. Ann's Place, Limehouse, mabo- fustian mangfacturer.-R. Hides, Chesterfield, gany merchants.-T. Turberville, Worcester, Derbyshire, grocer. - S. Hider, Brighton, grocer and bop mercbant.-J. A. Smith, Bilston, builder.
NEW PATENTS. H. B. Chaussenot, of Leicester Square, Middlesex, Civil Engineer, for an improved construction of the lamps or apparatus used for burning gas, for producing a better combustion of the gas. July 28th, 6 months.
S. R. Anderson, of Cornhill, in the City of London, Esq., for improvements in band and power looms. July 28th, 6 months.
R. and A. Charlton, of Manchester, Laucaster, Calenderers and Finishers, for certain improvements in the machinery used for stiffening and finishing woven or manufactured goods. July 28th, 6 months.
W. Crofts, of New Radford, Nottingham, Machine Maker, for certain improvements for certain machinery for making figured or ornamental bobbin net, or which is commonly called ornamental bobbin net lace, and which improvements are in part in extension of part of the improvements for which letters patent were granted to him on the 23rd day of December, 1834. July 30th, 6 months.
W. Mason, of Brecknock Terrace, Camden Town, Middlesex, Engineer, for im. provements in the manufacture of fire arms and artillery, August 6th, 6 months.
W. Mason, of Brecknock Terrace, Camden Town, Middlesex, Engineer, for improvements in the manufacture of steam-engine cylinders, pistons, bsarings, pumps, and cocks. August 6tb, 6 months.
S. Faulkner, of Manchester, Lancaster, Cotton Spinner, for an improvement in the construction of a machine for carding cotton and other fibrous substances. August 6th, 2 months.
J. C. Douglas, of Great Ormond Street, Middlesex, Esq., for certain improve. ments in ventilating subterraneous and other places, and in constructing an appa. ratus or apparatuses in which combustion is carried on, and also in applying certain fluids to various useful purposes, and in constructing an apparatus or vessel for the appropriation of such fluids. August 10th, 6 months.
E. Jones, of Birmingham, Warwick, Builder and Brickmaker, for certain improvements in machinery for moulding bricks, tiles, and other articles made of brick earth. August 10th, 6 months.
S. W. Nicholl, of Eltham, near Canterbury, Kent, Gentleman, for certain improvements in rendering condensing steam-engines portable and applicable as a means of general transport on rail and other roads. August 10th, 6 months.
L. Herbert, of Paternoster Row, in the City of London, Civil Engineer, for certain improvements in flour mills. August 10th, 6 months.
W. !. Wright, of Regent Street, in the City of Westminster, Gentleman, for an improved box for holding coals. August 12th, 6 months.
J. Day, of York Terrace, Peckham, Surrey, Gentleman, for an improved wheel for carriages of different descriptions. August 14th, 6 months.
R. Sheppard, of Newport Pagnell, Buckingham, Carpenter and Builder, for improvements in tiles for covering of roofs. August 17th, 2 months.
T. R. Shute, of Watford, Hertford, Silk Throwster, for improvements in spinning and doubling organzine silk. August 17th, 6 months.
F. Bowman, of Great Alie Street, Middlesex, Sugar Refiner, for an improvement in the process of renewing the virtues of animal charcoal when exhausted or impaired. Communicated by a foreigner residing abroad. August 17th, 6 months.
H. Phillips, of Exeter, Chemist, for certain improvements in purifying gas for the purpose of illumination. August 17th, 6 months.
W. Banks, of Spring Hill Terrace, near Birmingham, Warwick, Manufacturer, for a certain improvement in machinery, pens, and presses, for ruling and pressing paper. August 17th, 2 months.
H. Pinkus, late of Pennsylvania, in the United States of America, but now of 76, Oxford Street, Middlesex, Gentleman, for improvements in inland transit, wbich improvements are applicable to, and may be combined with, an improved method of, or combination of method and apparatus for, communicating and transmitting or estending motive power, by means whereof carriages or wagons may be propelled on railways or roads, and vessels may be propelled on canals, for which improved methods, &c. letters patent were granted to the said Henry Pinkus, dated the 1st day of March, 1834. August 17th, 6 months.
E. Galloway, of Wellington Terrace, Waterloo Road, Surrey, for certain improvements in paddle-wheels for propelling vessels. August 18th, 6 months.
W. Johnson, of the Horsley Iron Works, in the Parish of Tipton, Stafford, Gentleman, for a certain improvement or certain improvements in the construction of boots and shoes. August 22nd, 6 months.
W. Lucy, of Birmingham, Warwick, Miller, for certain improvements in steamengines. August 24th, 6 months.
T. Schwartz, Technologist, formerly of Stockholm, but now of Bradford Street, Birmingham, Warwick, for a practical application or practical applications of known principles to produce mechanical power. August 24th, 6 months.
C. Appleby, of Sheffield, York, Merchant, for certain improvements in manufacturing files. August 25th, 6 months.
J. L. Higgins, of Oxford Street, Middlesex, Esquire, for certain improvements in the construction of, and in working, vessels 'for navigation. August 20th, 6 months.
MONTHLY METEOROLOGICAL JOURNAL. Kept at Edmonton. Latitude 51° 37' 32" N. Longitude 3' 51" West of Greenwich. The warmth of the day is observed by means of a Thermometer exposed to the North in the shade, standing about four feet above the surface of the ground. The extreme cold of the night is ascertained by an horizontal self-registering Thermometer in a similar situation. The daily range of the Barometer is known from observations made at intervals of four hours each, from eight in the morning till the same time in the evening. The weather and the direction of the wind are the result of the most frequent observations. The rain is measured every morning at eight o'clock.
Generally clear,except the morn.few drops ofrain. 24 58-73 29,68-29,53 S. E. & S.W. Generally cloudy, except in the afternoon. 25 48-69 29,53-29,59 N.W.
General overcast. Thunder at 4 P.M. 26 51-63 29,61-29,62 N.W.
Generally cloudy. 27 49-70 29,66-29,83 W. & E.b. N. Generally clear, except the morning. 28 50-70 29,91-29,99 E. b. N.
Generally clear, except the morning. 29 48-72 29,99-29,97 E. b. N. & E. Generally clear. 30 42-79 29,98 Stat. E. b. N. & S.E. Generally clear.
31 42-70 30,01-29,99 N.b.E.&E.b.N Generally clear. Sept. 1 46-73 20,05-30,08 E. b. S.
Generally clear. 2 42-72 30,08-30,11 S.E. & E. b. S. Generally clear. 3 40-73 30,05-29,91 E.b.N. & E.b.S. Generally clear. 4' 50-76 29,79-29,80 S.W. ,225 General overcast. Rain in the morn, and even. 5 57.74 29,82-30,01 N. & N.W. ,025 Generally clear,except the morn. a shower of rain. 6 51.73 30,01-30,05 S.E.
Generally overcast, except the morning. 7 55-73 (30,02-29,91 S. & S.E.
Generally clear, except the morning and even. 8 45-69 29,77-29,57 S. & W. b. S. General overcast, and showers of rain in aftern. 9 48-60 29,64-29,68 W. & N.W. ,325 Generally clear, except in the afternoon, rain. 10 44-64 29,45-29,34 W. b. S. ,125 Clear, except the morning, raining. 11 45-58 29,39-29,60 W. & W. b. S. ,15 General overcast.
(otherwise clear. 12 45-60 29,30-29,40 S.E. & W.b.N. ,05 Morning overcast, and heavy showers of rain, 13 40-62 29,48-29,67 W.bs.&W.N ,275 General overcast, except the morning and even. 14 44-66 29,78-29,87
Generally cloudy. [ing clear-lightning in the E. 15 53-66 29,81-29,73 S.W.
General overcast. 16' 45-61 29,73-29,72 S.W. ,125 Generally clear, except in the afternoon. 17 40-60 29,68-29,73 S. & E. ,025 Generally cloudy, showers of rain in the aftern. 18 37-62 29,73-29,61 S.E. ,025 Raining generally from 4 till 11 p.m. otherwise 19 49-64 29,50-29,60 S.E. ,075 Generally clear, except the morning. (clear. 20 54 63 29,58-29,74
S.W. ,55 Heavy showers of rain in morn., otherwise clear. .21 51-57 29,81-29,75 S. b. E. & E. ,075 Began to raiu at 9 a.m., continued till. p. 6 P.m. 22 52-69 29,59-29,54
,3 Raining generally from 5 till 11 P.M.
CHARLES HENRY ADAMS.
MISCELLANEOUS, PHILOSOPHICAL, &c. THE YAGUARUNDI.-This beautiful species of felina, known to naturalists only by the description given of it by Azara, in his travels in South America, has been brought for the first time to this country, and arrived last week in the Louisa Bailey, from Guiana. It belonged to Mrs. Alboua, and has been presented by her to the Surrey Zoological Gardens. Its general form and character strongly resemble those of the puma, but having the limbs more slender in proportion to its size, the bead more pointed, the strength of the jaws and teeth proportionably less, and the tail one third of the animal's own length. The colour is a deep grey, produced by each bair being ringed alternately with black and white. It is an inhabitant of the deep recesses of the forests of Paraguay and Guiana, climbing trees readily, and preying upon monkeys and small birds ; but will boldly attack large quadrupeds. Its possession will form a valuable addition to our knowledge of the history of this genus of animal.
Silk-WoRMS.-A memoir has been presented to the French Institute, on the leaves of the Maclura aurantiaca, which might probably replace those of the mulberry, for the food of silk-worms, in climates which are pernicious to the latter. They bear the spring frosts extremely well at Geneva, Paris, Turin, and Strasbourg, where they have been cultivated for five or six years, and the tree comes originally from North America, where it grows on the banks the Missouri, in the country of the Natchez.
Tue SUBMARINE VESSEL.—The experiment with this machine took place at St. Ouen, as proposed. The vessel was repeatedly sunk to the depth of ten or twelve feet, and re-appeared on the surface at different points. M. Godde de Liancourt got into it, and remained there a quarter of an hour. He stated, that he did not experience the least inconvenience, or any difficulty of respiration, during his voyage under water. An official report upon the subject is about to be submitted to the French government.
Fossil GEOLOGY.-The celebrated Alexander von Humboldt is once more in Paris, and, at the meeting of the French Academy of Sciences, on the 17th of August, called the attention of the members to the prints of footsteps, belonging to a quadruped, in the variegated sandstone, or bunte sandstein of Hildburghausen. It is an animal of the Plantigrada division, which traversed the rock while soft, and in va. rious directions. A stone containing these impressions, from ten to twelve feet long, and three to four wide, has been sent to the collection of mineralogy at Berlin, of which the Baron submitted a beautiful drawing. There are four or five species of smaller impressions, which cross those of the larger quadruped at right angles, and are remarkable for the unequal dimensions of the fore and hind feet, and all have five toes. The rock is covered with them as with a net work, and here and there sinuous, serpular concretions, perhaps of the plants on which the animal walked, perhaps some accidental effect of drying. The great importance of this discogery lies in the place occupied by this sand-stone in the chronological series of rocks.
CHICHESTER.–Considerable interest has been excited within the last few days among the antiquaries of this city, by some excavations, made under the direction of Mr. King, in the Friary Park, in which he has been very successful. The opening of a very large Roman earthwork or tumulus is in progress; this earthwork is also in the park, on which mound the keep of the castle built by Earl Roger, of Montgomery, was constructed, where the strong foundations under the turf are still to be seen ; this Earl was nephew to the Conqueror. After this family bad quitted the domicile, it fell into the possession of the Earl of Arundel, when the fourth Earl granted it to the fraternity of Grey Friars, A.D. 1233 ; only a part of the Priory Chapel now remains, which is converted into the Town Hall. --Mr. King has traced the foundations, and has discovered the nave and transepts which complete the building in the form of a cross. On the removal of the rubbish that covered the south transept, several fragments of ancient grandeur were found, such as Samian pottery, painted glass, Norman tiles, with beautiful devices on them, several abbey tokens in thin brass, with several skeletons of the fraternity ; they all had their arms crossed over the body, and on one, who was probably a prior, was found a chalice and patten of pewter. On the top of the tumulus, a little under the surface, were found two cannon balls, weighing thirty pounds each, which were fired against this place when the city was besieged by the arms of Cromwell.'
GFOLOGY.—A bed of amber has been discovered in the Park at Berlin, about four feet below the surface of the ground, under the former bed of a ditch (moat) two feet deep. There is a stratum of sand, which is traversed by a conglomerate of har. dened vegetable coal. In it are found larger pieces of that carbonised wood, in which the vegetable texture is plainly discernible; though externally, as the corners are completely rounded off, they appear more like fossil boulders (Geschiebe.) In and near them are pieces of amber, in no inconsiderable quantity ; most of which are of the size of a bean, but some are from four to five inches in diameter. The surface of some is smooth, of others rough ; some are transparent, some opake ; the colours are of all shades, of brown, red, honey yellow, yellowish white, and straw colour : and their specific gravity appears to be less than that of the Prussian amber.