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unnoticed. If you get drunk in the day time, which is a very improper time to be drunk, don't stand at the corners of the street and insult decent people, whether men or women, as they pass; for drunkenness (though you sometimes seem to think so,) has no exclusive privilege to act in such a manner.
When about to get drunk, always put on a suit of old clothes; for the wear and tear of new ones is very considerable, when you fall or are knock'd about in the bar-rooms, or are thrust out of them into the gutter.
If you, when full of Dutch courage from drink, take occasion to make a display of the malignancy of your hearts, and abuse people who have no disposition to quarrel with you, to such an extent that, forbearance is no longer a virtue, and a broken head or black eve is the consequence, bear the chastisement patiently; for it is the proper return for your evil disposition, and drunken insolence.
When about to have a frolic, always gather around you all the rabble of the place, and make them gloriously drunk. Here you will be a "king among beggars;” besides, you will have an audience worthy the occasion, to listen to and applaud your buffoonery and vulgar obscene jests.
In your sober moments, never neglect an opportunity to abuse and damn sober people; say they drink behind the door, and are merely hypocrites in their professions of sobriety. You ought, if possible, to bring temperance into disrepute, for temperance people are a reproach to you, and popular opinion should be brought to bear against them until they are proscribed by the mass, and the free and easy drunkard preferred and set above them. And to insure a majority in your favor, you ought to be careful to use every means in your power, to make as many drunkards as you possibly
If any one dares to speak, or write in favor of temperance, say that he does so from sinister motives; get up a prejudice against the man, and people will not mind what he says, and in destroying his character and influence, you need not be very particular to adhere strictly to the truth, for you have a great end to achieve, and "the end justifies the means."
“Roll on, thou deep and dark blue ocean-roll!
He sinks into thy depths with bubbling groan,
His steps are not upon thy paths,—thy fields
His petty hope in some near port or bay,
The armaments which thunderstrike the walls
They melt into thy yeast of waves, which mar
. Thy shores are empires, changed in all save thee
Time writes no wrinkle on thine azure brow-
Thou glorious mirror, where the Almighty's form
The monsters of the deep are made; each zone Obeys thee; thou goest forth, dread, fathomless, alone.
And I have lov'd thee, Ocean! and my joy
And trusted to thy billows far and near,
The several successful voyages of the “Great Western" from England to New York, has satisfied every one of the practicability of navigating the ocean by steam ships; and what is of still more importance to the success of the enterprise, that a profit may be realized by the owners of steam packets employed on the rout.
It is said, that on board the Great Western, no more steam is generated than is wanted for immediate use, and that it is all used up as fast as produced, so that no great extra quantity is on hand at any time, and therefore no possibility of collapsing the boilers, and thus destroying the lives of the passengers. That ship is built on a model, combining strength, with comfort and security; at the same time insuring sufficient speed to perform the voyage from New York to England as we have already seen, in twelve days. If ocean steam ships were constructed on the Pulaski fashion, with a view of sailing sixteen or seventeen miles an hour, without considering the danger to the lives of the passengers, the voyage might, (provided no accident occurred,) be performed in six or seven days. Some suppose that by increasing the size of these ships, and still preserving their model and mode of generating steam, the speed may be increased so as to perform the trip in about ten days, and that a much larger amount of freight might at the same time be carried in them; and that by this means the profits to the owners would be greatly increased.
If we reason from analogy in all other cases, it is fair to conclude, that improvements in ocean steam ships will take place; for nothing is ever as perfect in its inception, as it is afterwards.
One thing appears now certain, that steam passenger ships will in a very short time be preferred to all others, and it is not very extravagant to predict, that in less than one year from this day, a steam packet will leave the city of New York for Liverpool twice a month, at a fixed and regular time. If the public become convinced they are safe (which we believe they soon will be) they will soon take all the passengers, and as much freight as they can carry. By performing the voyage in so much less time, they will always be able to carry passengers at quite as low a rate as other ships, and we presume no one would prefer being at sea from thirty to sixty days, when he might arrive at his place of destination in from ten to fourteen days; and all the time enjoy more comfort, with equal, or perhaps greater safety.
Having come to the conclusion that 'ere long all, or nearly all European passengers will go by steam ships, it then remains to be considered, whether the city of New York' is to monopolize all this business. Other cities now support their regular lines of sail ships as packets between their ports and England, as well as other parts of Europe; of course they will have their lines of steam ships for
the accommodation of passengers. New York by reason of its proximity to the sea, being accessable at all seasons of the year, has greatly the advantage of other cities, which are in the winter season cut off by the ice below them; and at other times under disadvantages, by being farther removed from the ocean, and only to. be approached by channels impeded by shoals, requiring great care in navigating them, and which cannot be done at all by large ships, in the night, or in foggy and stormy weather. When it took from thirty to sixty days to perform the voyage to and from Europe, two or three days, more or less, was not considered of great consequence. But now when the passage is likely to be reduced to ten days, two or three days is of considerable importance.
It is not to be presumed that the great city of Philadelphia, which if it does not now, will in a very few years, contain a quarter of a million of inhabitants, and which is possessed of more real wealth than any other city of the union, will long remain content as a tributary to the city of New York, in any respect for which there is à remedy; and yet under present circurostances they must be só, as it regards steam navigation across the ocean, because, (as we have before said) of the proximity of New York to the ocean.
There is a certain remedy for this advantage New York has over Philadelphia in this particular, and there is but one. We mean the Delaware Rail Road. Let the capitalist of the latter city, subscribe to the stock of that company and thus insure its completion; and at all seasons of the year, the passengers in their packets, may land at Lewes town, and in five hours reach Philadelphia, over a road, which for safety and comfort will not be equalled by any other in the union. The charter for this institution is more liberal than any ever before granted by any State, and if the work were completed, we have no doubt the stock would produce a greater dividend than any other in the country. If we are right in this position, we ask no sacrifice of Philadelphians, but only invite them to subserve their own important interests. Philadelphia, from being situated at the head of ship navigation on the Delaware, has many advantages as it respects the trade of the western country. By the proposed rail road, all these advantages may be connected with the additional ones of proximity to the ocean. It seems to us that the success of the Delaware Rail Road, is intimately connected with the success of the project of navigating the ocean by steam; and that the latter scheme cannot be carried into complete and profitable operation, until the former is accomplished.
In the winter time, vessels from Europe always approach our coast from the south; hence if the Philadelphia vessels could land at Lewes and make use of the proposed rail road, Philadelphia would often be in advance of New York in the receipt of news, from two to three days; or all the time it would take to sail from the capes of the Delaware to New York. Besides, sometimes in the Narrows in their approach to the latter city, they have to en
counter great quantities of ice, which would not be the case at Lewes town.
There can be no doubt, if the rail road were completed, but that the general government would make a suitable appropriation, to construct a mole of solid masonry, for the accommodation of Philadelphia commerce at Lewes. Such a mole might, (at no very large expense) be made, that vessels could lie there as securely, at all seasons of the year, as they can now in a dock at the city. .
A CHARACTER FROM SULLY. When the duke de Sully, in 1603, set out on an embassage for the court of England, he was attended by a numerous retinue of the principal gentlemen in France; amongst the rest, Mr. Servin presented his young son to him; at the same time, earnestly begging the duke, that he would use his best endeavors to make him an honest man. This request gave Sully a great curiosity to search into his character; and he gives the following striking account of him.
His genius, says he, was so lively, that nothing could escape his penetration; his apprehension was so quick, that he understood every thing in an instant; and his memory so prodigious, that he never forgot any thing. He was master of all the branches of philosophy, the mathematics, particularly fortification and designing. Nay, he was so thoroughly acquainted with divinity, that he was an excellent preacher, when he pleased, and could manage the controversy for, or against, the protestant religion, with the greatest ability. He not only understood the Greek, Hebrew, and other learned languages, but all the jargons of the moderns. He entered so exactly into their pronunciation and accent, to which he joined such a perfect imitation of their air and manners, that not only the people of the different nations in Europe, but the several provinces of France, would have taken him for a native of the country. He applied his talent to imitate all sorts of persons, which he performed with wonderful dexterity; and was accordingly the best comedian in the world. He was a good poet, an excellent musician, and sung with equal art and sweetness. He said mass: for he would do every thing, as well as know every thing. His body was perfectly proportioned to his mind. He was well made, vigorous, and agile, formed for all sorts of exercises. He rode a horse well, and was admired for dancing, leaping, and wrestling. He was acquainted with all kinds of sports and diversions, and could practise in most of the mathematical arts, Reverse the medal, says Sully: he was a liar, false, treacherous, cruel and cowardly; a sharper, drunkard and glutton. He was a gamester, an abandoned debauchee, a blasphemer, and atheist; in a word, was possessed of