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every vice contrary to nature, to honor, to religion, and society; he persisted in his vices to the last, and fell a sacrifice to his debaucheries, in the flower of his age; he died at the public stew, holding the glass in his hand, swearing, and denying God.

Any reflections upon this character would be needless, it must appear so thoroughly vicious; and the more dangerous from all those extraordinary qualities both of body and mind, which accompanied it; even the unhappy father pronounced it so in a son; and the duke de Sully observes, that he was at once a miracle and monster. To conclude, it is then evident, that virtue does not consist in the possession of the greatest personal or external advantages, but in the right use and application of these, from a constant and pure intention. It is this only, which properly excites the moral sentiment of esteem and approbation; nor can the most shining abilities, which the human nature is susceptible of, avert that infamy and contempt, which is the natural portion of vice.

“If parts allure thee, think how Bacon shin’d,
The wisest, brightest, meanest of mankind.”


When first we met, false man, the glow
Of health was on my youthful cheek;
My step was light, a constant flow
Of joy, did in my bright eyes speak.
My father, with a father's pride,
Beheld me, as I sped along;
My mother, to my smile replied,
And called to mind when she was young.
My brothers, and my sisters dear,
Well pleased drank in my accents wild;
For then I knew, nor pain, nor care;
I was fond fortune's favored child.
Friends, lovers, met me, at each turn,
All sedulous my smiles to gain;
For none my heart had learned to burn,
Until you bow'd among the train.
I thought you were sincere, believed
That honor graced your noble brow;
I fondly trusted, was deceived,
And gave my heart and breathed my vow.
Now, look upon the wreck you've made,
This pale and sunken cheek, and eye
That once its lambent light displayed,
All rayless now: and mark the sigh

Which comes unbidden; and the tears,
That gush from my sad broken heart;
My wasted form, but not from years

Then ask your heart, if faith like mine,
Was worthy of no better fate;
But no! I claim no tear of thine,
For still I love, where I should hate.
I would not have a cloud to rest,
Upon your bright path, nor a sigh
To wake a pang within your breast,
Although for thee, I droop and die.

DISSIPATION. “The love of dissipation is allowed to be the reigning evil of the present day. It is an evil which many content themselves with re. gretting, without seeking to redress.

It is too often cultivated as the readiest relief to domestic infelicity; it draws the mind awhile from the subject of its distress, and suffers it to enjoy an interval of ease; but this resource is as trea. cherous as it is momentary, and plunges the mind into more real distress than that from which it promised to relieve it.

Every one seems convinced that the evil so much complained of does really exist somewhere, though all are inwardly persuaded that it is not with themselves. All desire a general reformation, but few will listen to proposals of particular amendment.

Dissipation not only indisposes its votaries, by relaxing the tone of mind, and rendering it incapable of application, study or virtue, to every thing useful and excellent, but disqualifies them for the enjoyment of pleasure itself. It softens the soul so much, that the most superficial employment becomes a labor, and the slightest inconvenience an agony. The roses of pleasure seldom last long enough to adorn the brow of him who plucks them: for they are the only roses which do not retain their sweetness after they have lost their beauty.”

INDIAN DEED. A friend has furnished us with a curious original indian Deed, by which several thousand acres of land in New Castle county is now held; a copy of which will be found below. In course of time the names of several places mentioned in the deed, have been changed. “Winsacco" is now called Cedar creek, and “Fabian Island” Bombay Hook.

At the place mentioned as that “where the said indians do use to haul over their canoes into Duck creek," there is now a shallop navigation from the bay into said creek, made by means of a ditch

cut across that place, and the action of the tide flowing through it for many years. Wherever “the river” is mentioned in the deed, the Delaware bay is meant.

An anker is a measure for liquids, used in Holland, and contains about thirty-two gallans. So that the “two half ancers of drink" mentioned as part of the consideration for the deed, was about a barrel of some kind of ardent spirits.

“Know ALL MEN BY THESE PRESENTS: That I, Meghacksitt t’Cheef Sachem of Cohansy and naturall owner of all ye land lying betweene Ducke Creeke by ye Indians called Quinquingo Cipus, and Appoquenemen Creek in Delowar river. Have for and in consideration of two half ancers of drink, one biancquet one matscoate, two axes two knives two double handsfull of pouder two barrs of Lead, and one Kittle before ye ensigning and delivery hereof to my full sattisfaction and content to me in hand paid and delivered, by Ephraim Herman of New Castle in Delowar, bargained sould assigned transported and made ouer and did by these presents fully clearly and absoluthly for my selfe and my heirs and assignes bargaine sell assigne transport and make ouer unto ye sd Ephraim Herman his heirs and assignes all that Tract or percell of Land with ye marrishes thereunto adjoyning, scituate lying and being on ye westsyde of Delowar River, att ye mouth thereof, beginning att a Creeke, neare ye Land of Morris Liston, by the Indians called Winsacco and soe up along ye sd creeke trough ye Cedar swamp to the head thereof, and from ye sd head of ye Cedar swamp upon a lyne down threw the woods to Ducke Creeke as far as ye Land formerly taken up by Will. Sharpe and now, possessed by Christopher Ellitt, and from thence downe ye said Ducke Creeke, to a creeke in ye marsh wch strykes toward ye Land of Fabian orme and from ye head of sd: Creeke a cros the marsh Easterly by ye end of the sd Fabians Iland to the River syde wch place the Indians caall Appoquenemen where ye sd Indians doe use to haal ouer their canoos into sd Ducke Creeke and from thence to ye river and soe up ye river to ye first mentioned Creeke called Winsacca; To have and to hold ye sd Land and marrishes in bounded as aforesd: wth: all and singular ye appurtenances, as also all ye right and tytle of him ye sd: Mechaeksit and his heirs and all other Indians right therein unto ye sd; Ephraim Herman his heirs and assignes forever. In witnesse and confirmacon whereof he ye sd: Mechaeksit hath hereunto sett his hand and seale, in ye presence of Justice Peter Alrichs, Justice Johannes Dehaes, Captn. Edmund Cantwell and Caspares Herman, whoe all of them understand ve Indian speech, att New Castle in Delowar this first day of November in the 32d yeare of his majesties raigne Annoq. Dom: 1680. Witnesses and In- ,

The marke of terpreters present



J. DEHAES, Casp. Herman."



Vol. II.

OCTOBER, 1838.

No. 3.


CHAPTER XI. It was the proprietary's intention, at this time (1701) to have spent the remainder of his live in his province, and he himself declared he would not cross the ocean any more. He applied himself with much diligence to perfecting his form of government, and establishing just and wholesome rules and regulations. Considering the various kinds of people of which the colony consisted, and their different views and opinions, and also the perfect liberty allowed them to complain as much as they pleased, it is not to be expected, that they should all have expressed themselves satisfied with every measure of the government. Yet his administration was distinguished by great personal care, and enlightened providence for the good and ultimate security and welfare of his people.

The causes which led to Penn's leaving the country, which he did shortly after the time of which we are speaking, were the measures in agitation in England "for reducing both his and the other proprietary governments in America, into regal ones, under pretence of advancing the prerogative of the crown, and the national advantage; and a bill for that purpose was actually brought into the house of lords: upon which, such of the owners of land in Pennsylvania as were then in England, immediately represented the hardship of their case to parliament, soliciting time for William Penn's return, to answer for himself; and accordingly they despatched to him, an account of the state of the affair, and pressed his return as soon as possible; with which he found it indispensably necessary to comply.” This first occasioned the summoning the assembly of 1701, to whom on the 16th September he made the following speech:

"Friends, You cannot be more concerned, than I am, at the frequency of your service, in assembly, since I am very sensible of the trouble and charge, it contracts upon the country: but the motives being considered, and that you must have met, of course, in the next month, I hope you will not think it an hardship now.

The reason, that hastens your sessions, is the necessity, I am under, through the endeavors of the enemies of the prosperity of this country, to go for England, where, taking advantage of my absence, some have attempted, by false, or unreasonable charges, to undermine our government, and thereby the true value of our labors and prosperity. Government having been our first encouragement, I confess, I cannot think of such a voyage without great reluctancy of mind, having promised myself the quietness of a wilderness, and that I might stay so long, at least, with you, as to render every body entirely easy and safe. For my heart is among you, as well as my body, whatever some people may please to think: and no unkindness, or disappointment shall (with submission to God's Providence) ever be able to alter my love to the country, and resolution to return, and settle my family and posterity in it: but having reason to believe, I can, at this time, best serve you and myself, on that side of the water, neither the rudeness of the season, nor tender circumstances of my family can over-rule my inclinations to undertake it.

Think, therefore, (since all men are mortal) of some suitable ex. pedient and provision, for your safety, as well in your privileges, as property, and you will find me ready to comply with whatsoever may render us happy, by a nearer union of our interests.

Review again your laws; propose new ones, that may better your circumstances; and what you do, do it quickly, remembering that the parliament sits the end of next month; and that the sooner I am there, the safer, I hope, we shall be here.

I must recommend to your serious thoughts and care the king's letter to me, for the assistance of New York, with three hundred and fifty pounds sterling, as a frontier government; and therefore exposed to a much greater expense, in proportion to other colonies, which I called the last assembly to take into their consideration, and they were pleased, for the reasons then given to refer to this.

I am also to tell you the good news of the governor of New York's happy issue of his conferences with the five nations of Indians; that he hath not only made peace with them, for the king's subjects of that colony; but (as I had by some letters before desired him) for those of all other governments, under the crown of England, on the continent of America, as also the nations of Indians, within these respective colonies; which certainly merits our acknowledgements.

I have done, when I have told you, that unanimity and despatch are the life of business, and that I desire and expect from you, for your own sakes; since it may so much contribute to the disappointment of those, that too long have sought the ruin of our young country.' To this speech the assembly replied in the following address.

•May it please the proprietary and governor, We have, this day, in our assembly, read thy speech, delivered

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