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forthwith to pass acts of legislature for the visitation, upon certain fixt days, to be agreed on both sides (at least once in every three years) and for the continual reparation of the said boundarys and bound marks, that no disputes might thereafter arise concerning the same, under a provisoe that in case a sufficient quorum of the commissioners to be named on either side, should not from lime to time according to the appointments and adjournments to be made for that purpose, attend to proceed in the marking out the lines and bounds aforesaid, for want whereof the same could not be done within the time before limited, then the said agreement and every article and thing therein contained should cease, determine and be void, and then and in such case the party or partys whose comwis. sioners should make such default, his or their heirs, executors or administrators should and would forfeit and pay to the other party or partys whose commissioners should attend his or their executors or administrators upon demand, the sum of five thousand pounds of lawful money of Great Britain, as by the said in part recited agreement relation being thereunto had may more fully and at large appear.
Now KNOW YEE, That the said John Penn, Thomas Penn, and Richard Penn, in pursuance and part of performance of the said recited agreement with the said Charles Lord Baltimore, reposing special trust and confidence in the skill and integrity of the said Patrick Gordon, Isaac Norris, Samuel Preston, James Logan, Andrew Hamilton, James Steele and Robert Charles, have authorized, constituted and appointed and by these presents do authorize, constitute and appoint them the said Patrick Gordon, Isaac Norris, Samuel Preston, Jame Logan, Andrew Hamilton, James Steele and Robert Charles, or any six, five, four or three of them to be their commissioners, with full power to them, or any six, five, four or three of them for the running, marking and laying out the said part of a circle and the said before mentioned lines so agreed to be run and to do every thing relating to such lines, limits or bounds which by the said recited articles was agreed to be done by the commis. sioners therein treated of, in order to ascertain, fix and perpetuate the same. Provided always, That in case of the death, sickness, absence, from the province of Pensilvania and the said three lower counties, or other unavoidable dissability of any of the said hereby. appointed commissioners, it shall and may be lawful to and for the said Patrick Gordon, or the deputy governor or commander-in. chief, in the said province of Pensilvania for the time being, to au. thorize, constitute and appoint by his commission (which he has hereby authority to grant under the seal of the said province of Pensilvania) so many new and other commissioners, for the purposes aforesaid, in the stead and place of such of the said hereby appointed commissioners as shall so happen to die, be sick, absent, or otherwise unavoidably disabled as aforesaid. Witness the hands and seals of the said John Penn, Thomas Penn and Richard Penn,
this twelfth day of May, anno dom., one thousand seven hundred thirty and two.
John Penn, (L. S.)
Richard Penn. (L. s.) Sealed and delivered by the above named John Penn, Thomas Penn and Richard Penn, Esqrs., in the presence of us.
A BRAM TAYLOR,
John Shewbart, one of the witnesses to the above instrument of writing, appeared before us the subscribers, two of his majesty's justices for the county of New Castle, and made oath on the Holy Evangelists, that he saw John Penn, Thomas Penn and Richard Penn, sign seal and as their act deliver the above instrument, and that he saw Abraham Taylor and John Georges subscribe the sanie as evidences. . In testimony whereof, we have hereto set our hands and cau. (L. S.) sed the seal of the county aforesaid to be affixed to these presents, this twenty-ninth day of April, 1733.
JOHN SHEWBART. ROBERT GORDON, David FRENCH.”
About the time the avove instrument was executed, a commission containing similar provisions was made and signed by lord Baltimore, directed to Samuel Ogle, Charles Callvart, Philimon Lloyd, Michael Howard, Richard Bennit, Benjamin Tasker, and Matthew Tilghman Ward, Esquires, appointing them, or any three of them, commissioners for the same purposes on his part.
"In which articles of agreement, between the said proprietaries, published in Philadelphia, in 1733, respecting the limits and boundaries between the two provinces, including those of the territories of Pennsylvania, it is mentioned to the following purport, viz:
That a due east and west line shall be drawn from the ocean, beginning at Cape Hinlopen, which lies south of cape Cornelius, upon the eastern side of the peninsula; and thence to the western side of the peninsula, which lies upon Chesapeak bay, and as far westward as the exact middle of that part of the peninsula, where the said line is run.
That from the western end of the said east and west line, in the middle of the peninsula, a strait line shall run northward, up the said peninsula, till it touch the western part of the periphery, or arch, of a circle, drawn twelve English statute miles distant from Newcastle, westward towards Maryland, so as to make a tangent thereto, and there the said strait line shall end.
'That from the northern end of the last mentioned strait line, drawn northward, a line shall be continued due north, so far as to that parallel of latitude, which is fifteen English statute miles due south of the most southern part of the city of Philadelphia. . That in the said parallel of latitude, fifteen miles due south from Philadelphia, and from the northern end of the last mentioned north and south line, a line shall be run due west across Susquehanna river to the western boundary of Pennsylvania; or so far, at present, as is necessary, which is only about twenty-five miles westward of the said river, '&c.
All which lines to be the boundaries between the respective provinces of Maryland and Pennsylvania, including the territories of the latter.
Notwithstanding this agreement, the performance was long delayed, or obstructed, by altercation, or disputes, between the parties, about the mode of doing it, said to have been occasioned principally by the proprietary of Maryland: in consequence of which the inhabitants on ihe Pennsylvania side, near where the boundary line ought long before to have been ascertained and marked out, were sometimes exposed to unreasonable demands from Maryland claims, and disagreeable, or ill treatment of that government, for want of the same: for it was not finally executed till the year 1762; when these families or proprietaries, agreed to employ two ingenious mathematicians, Charles Mason and Jeremiah Dixon, after their return from the cape of Good Hope; where they had been to observe the transit of Venus, in the year 1761, finally to settle, or mark out the same; which was accordingly performed by them; and stone pillars erected, to render the same more durably conspicuous.”
George Thomas, Esquire, was lieutenant-governor of the coun. ties of New Castle, Kent and Sussex, from June 1, 1738, until June 6, 1747; when he was succeeded in office by James Hamilton, whose government continued from October 1748, until October 1754. In August 1756 William Denny was appointed, and continued in office until November 16, 1759, when James Hamilton again came into the government and continued until October 29, 1763.
During the period of the administration of the governors just named, and for a long time since, after patient search among the archives of the State, we regret to have to say, that there can be found no trace of official acts; no register of their proceedings having been preserved. Neither is there to be found a journal of the proceedings of the General Assembly, from the time of the separation of the territory from the province of Pennsylvania, until the year 1783. We are, therefore, unable to give any account of the proceedings of the different legislatures, or to rescue their names from oblivion. There must have been some account made of the business of legislation, but it has been lost; perhaps through the carelessness of the officers, who from time to time have had the charge of the public papers. Our separate history, therefore, for a long time appears almost a blank. It is true, we have the public acts of the legislature left, the provisions of many of which are still retained as the laws of the State; but much useful information is lost to us, and lost forever. We can therefore, only give the names of the different governors, up to the time of the revolution. After which time, we hope to be able to collect materials of a more interesting nature, for the continuation and conclusion of our annals.
James Hamilton was succeeded by John Penn, who began his government in November 1763, and continued until 1771, when Richard Penn was appointed, who continued in office until 1773, when John Penn came a second time into the government and continued until the declaration of independence July 4, 1776.
GEORGE MONRO, M. D. GEORGE MONRO was a native of the State of Delaware. He was born in the town of New Castle, February 22d, 1760. His father, of the same name, was a native of Scotland, who had emigrated to this country a few years before. His mother was Lydia Hall, of Delaware, a niece of governor Hall, of that State. .
His education in English and in the learned languages was begun at New Castle, and continued at the academy at Newark, in his native county, a seminary of great excellence and celebrity. He studied medicine with Dr. John Archer, of Hartford county, Maryland, a gentleman of much professional respectability, though of eccentric memory. After completing his studies with Dr. Archer, he attended, the regular medical lectures in the University of Pennsylvania, and received the degree of Doctor of Medicine from that institution.
Towards the close of the revolutionary war, Dr. Monro served a number of months as surgeon in the army of his country. He was connected with that part of it termed the “Virginia Line;" and during his military career was tent-companion with the venerable General Finley, of Chilicothe, Ohio.
Immediately after the close of the war he went to Europe, to avail himself of the advantages to be enjoyed in the mature media cal schools of the old world. After spending about a year in Lon. don, attending the lectures and hospitals of that great metropolis, he went, in October, 1784, to Edinburgh, where he remained nearly two years, diligently employed in gaining every species of professional and liberal knowledge, for which the capital of Scotland has been long so eminently distinguished. The well-informed reader does not need to be reminded that the professors who adorned
that far-famed medical school at the time of which we speak, were Drs. Cullen, Gregory, Black, Home, Brown and Monro. On the lectures of all these gentlemen he had the privilege of attending; and to any one that knew him it would be unnecessary to add, that he availed himself of the privilege with industry, with intelligence, and with great success.
Before leaving Edinburgh Dr. Monro received the degree of Doctor of Medicine in that University. On this occasion he composed, and, agreeably to the laws of the institution, defended and printed a Latin dissertation on the disease called “Cynanche Tra. chealis.” It is believed that in that dissertation Dr. Monro first recommended calomel as an efficient medicine in this disease; a remedy which has been since extensively, if not universally, adopted. Dr. Cullen, in some of the medical reviews of that day, spoke of this dissertation in terms of the most marked respect, and more particularly of the remedy just mentioned."
Dr. Monro left Edinburgh in the month of July, 1786; and after spending a few months in Paris, he returned to the United States in the autumn of that year. He first established himself on a va. luable farm which he possessed near the town of St. George's, in New Castle county, where for some years he combined the practice of his profession, with the amusements of farming, of which he appears to have been extremely fond.
In 1793 Dr. Monro formed a matrimonial connexion with Miss Jemima Haslet, youngest daughter of colonel John Haslet, whose patriotism and bravery during the revolutionary war were greatly distinguished, and whose fall, at the battle of Princeton, has been so often commemorated and deplored among the honored martyrs to the cause of freedom in that great national conflict.
In 1797 Dr. Monro removed to Wilmington, in his native State, and established himself in the practice of his profession in that borough. Here, as might have been expected from his talents and advantages, he soon attained a high standing. Both as a physician and surgeon he was eminently popular, skilful and successful. No man in the State, it is believed, had a higher reputation. In this place he spent the remainder of his life, daily growing in public honor, confidence and usefulness.
Up to the time when Dr. Monro settled in Wilmington, he had been an infidel. But about the year 1799 or 1800, his views on this subject underwent an entire change. He publicly renounced his deistical sentiments, professed his cordial belief in the religion of Jesus Christ, and united himself to the Presbyterian church of Wilmington in full communion. Not long afterwards he was elected a ruling elder of the church of which he was a member, and to the end of life discharged and adorned the duties of the office, in the most exemplary and edifying manner.
Dr. Monro published but little. His inaugural dessertation printed in Edinburgh, and a few medical papers published in the Medical Repository at New York, were all that can now be recollected.