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CHAPTER VI.

From the beginning ofthe commotions in Scotland, to the Long Parliament in the year 16-iO. Scots'"liturgy; imposed by the prerogative; occasions tumults. Reasons against it Petitions against it, and a protestation. Tables erected. The solemn league and covenant renewed. The hand of defence. The marquis of Ilitmilton sent high commissioner into Scotland. The Icing's concessions. A general assembly at Glasgow. The bishop's declinator. It is rejected. The assembly dissolved: but continue sitting: their reasons for so doing. Prepar.itions of the English court against them. Acts of the assembly. Bishops deposed. First Scots war. Proceedings of the high commissions. Settlement of the colonies of Connecticut and NTe\v Hampshire. Puritan ministers remove to .New England : viz. Mr. Rogers. Mr. Newman, and Mr. Chauncey. Oliver Cromirell and other gentleman bound for New England. Olhers remove to Holland, viz. Dr. Thomas Goodwin, Mr. JS'ye. Mr. Burroughs, Mr. Bridge, and Mr. Sympson. Ileylin's n marks. The king marehes against the Scots. A pacific tion. A general assembly at Edinburgh The king's instructions lo his commissioner. The parliament meets. The king refuses to confirm their acts. Bishop HaWs divine right of episcopacy: revised by Laud. Bagshaw,s readings against the bishops. Earl of Strafford called out of Ireland, advise* a second war. The Scots are encouraged by the English. The snort parliament. The king goes on to raise money by the prerogative. Mutinous disposition of the people. Convocation opened. Proceeding* of toe eonvacatiori: continued after the dissolution of the parliamtnt. Opinion of the judges. Several of the members dissatisfied. Tnei'r proceedings. Remarks. Abstract of the canons; of the kingly power: for observing the king's inauguration day; against popery; against soeinianisin; against separatists; to prevent alterations in the church government; the oath called Et Ccetera: of rites and ceremonies: preaching for conformity. They are unacceptable to the clergy. The execution of them suspended. Second Scots war. Sad condition of the eourt at the calling of the long parliament. Death and character of Mr. Ball, of Mr. Chadderton, of Dr. Neile archbishop of York, and of Mr. Joseph Med?.

CHAPTER VII.

The Character of the Long Parliament. Their arguments against the late convocation and canons. The impeachment of Dr. William Laud, archbishop of Canterbury. Votes of the House of Commons against the promuters of the late innovations.

Long parliament. Their religious character. Character of the leading members amongst the peers: earl of Easex, earl of Bedford, lord Ktmboltnn, and earl of Warwick. Character of the leading members in the house of commons; of Mr. Lmthal the speaker, Mr. Pym, Mr. HMis, sir Henry Vane, senior, sir John Hotham, and Mr. Hampden. Of the earl of ftsse.r's party, and others. Long parliament opened. They appoint committees. Speeches against the late canons. Resolutions against them. Remarks. Proceedings of the convocation. Mr. rFarmjsfre's speech. Thev disperse. Object ions of the commons against 'he late convocation. an;f against tho cannns. Objections to the Et

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Ccetera oath. Remarks. Archbishop Laud impenehetl of high treason. The Scots charge. His grace's reply. Sir //. Grimstone's speech against him. He is impeached by the English parliament. He is committed to the usher of the hlackrod. Heads of the impeachment of the house of commons. The archbishop speaks for himself. He i» sent to the Tower. Prisoners of the prerogative released, viz. bishop of Lincoln, Frynne, Burton, and Bastwick. Dr. Leighton's petition. He is released. Dr. Osbaldeston, and others. Authors of the late innovations censured: bishop IFren. and several other clergymen. Mutinous behavior of the people. Votes to prevent it. Service of the church of England neglected. History of the independents continued: of Mr. Lathorpe, Mr. Cann, Mr. Howe, and Mr. Moore. They appear in. public. Votes of parliament against innovations. Vote* against subscriptions of the university. Desigu of their votes.

Chapter vm. The antiquity of Liturgies and of the Episcopal Order, debated between. bishop Hall and SMEcrrMxvvs. Petitions for and against the hierarchy. Boor and Branch petition. The ministers'petition for Reformation. Speeches upon the petitions. Proceedings against papists.

Pamphlets for nnd against episcopacy. Bishop Hall's divine right of episcopacy. Answered by Smectymnuus. Abstract of the controversy upon the antiquity of liturgies. Bishop Hall's argument. Smectymnuus for the liberty of prayer. Primitive manner of worship. Bishop Hall's commendation of the English liturgy. Smectymnuus'' reply. Bishop Hall's concessions abont liberty of prayer; defence of remonstrance. Of the distinction between bishop,and presbyter. Of the right of ordination by bishops or by presbyters. Whether presbyters may ordain without a bishop. Of the right of jurisdiction. Remarks. Judgment of foreign divines. Numbers of hands to petitions for and against the hierarchy. The folly of it. Root and branch petition for taking away the whole hierarchy. Counter petition for continuing the hierarchy. Ministers' petition for reformation of the hierarchy. The king interposes. Speeches for root and branch. Sir. H. Vane's speech, Serjeant Thomas's, Mr. Bagshaw's, and Mr. White's. Speeches for the ministers' petition. Lord Falkland's speech for tho reformation of the hierarchy. Lord Digby's speech on the same side. Remarks. Resolutions of the house of commons. Proceedings against papists. The king favors them. Goodman, a priest,reprieved by the king. Remonstrance of the parliament against it. The king's answer. Remarks.

CHAPTER IX.

From the Impeachment of Vie Earl of Strafford, to the Becess sf the Parliament upon the King's progress into Scotland. Impeachment and trial of the earl of Strnfford. Plot to bring the army to London. Mischievous consequences of it. Character of tho earl of Strafford. The king's late ministers terrified. Reasons for not dissolving the parliament. Remarks. A solemn vow and protestation taken by both houses; ordered to be taken all over England, but prevented by the bishops. Remarks. Bill against the hishops' votes in parliament. Argument! for the bill. Arguments in favor of the bish'ps, with the replies. Whether bishops are one of the Ihree estates in parliament A bill for the extirpation of bishops, deans and chapters, and prehendaries, brought in by sir Mdward De^ring. His speech in the committee. Debates about deans and chapters. Dr. Hackett's defence of deans and chapters. Dr. Burgess's s|,eeeh oga.nst them. Serjeant Thomas's speech against deans and chapters. Original of deaus, &c. Alderman Pury's speech against them. Resolutions of the house, but the bill lost. Committee of accommodation, The sab-committee. Their names. Their propositions and queries. Bp. Williams's scheme of church discipline. Archbishop Usher's reduction •f episcopacy to syuodical government. Other reconciling schemes. The committee of accommodation breaks up. Remarks. Remarks on Mr. Ha pin. The king's conduct at passing the bills for abolishing the high commission and star-chamber. Act for abolishing the court of highcommission. Remarks. Star-chamber abolished. Manifesto in favor of the Palatine family. Further attacks upon the bishops. Thirteen bishops impeached for compiling the canons. They fall into neglect. The king resolves upon a progress into Scotland to disunite that nation from the parliament. Abstract of the pacification with Scotland. The king's progress into Scotland: his concessions. Upon his return to England he repents of them. Thanksgiving for the pacification. The Scots declared to be the king's faithful subjects. Unsettled state of religion Votes of the house of commons concerning the communion \ah\e •. lor encouragement of preaching. Committee far preaching ministers, and for scandalous ministers. Votes for the observation of the LonPs day. House of lords disagree with the commons. Their rote, put in execution. Remarks. Rioters punished. Sad representation of the state of religion by the royalists, and by the king. Reply of the commons. Disadvantages of the parliament with respect to ministers. Archbishop Laud suspended from his jurisdiction. Bishop of Lincoln's visitation. Distracted state of the nation. Remarks. Death aad character of bishop Davenant, bishop Montague, and Mr. Eaton.

Chapter x. From, the re-assembling of the Parliament to the King's leaving his Palace of tVkitehall, January 10th, Ir, H-2. Irish insurrection and massacrc: spreads terror over England: authors of it. Concern of the English court in it. Earl of Essex's account ; and the marquis uf Antrim's. King Charles 11."s letter. Proceedings of the parliament upon the insurrection. The king's imprudent conduct. Remarks. The king's letter in favor of the hierarchy. He fills up the vacant bishoprics. Remonstrance of the house of commons. Remarks. It is presented to the king. Grievances of religion. Declaration of their intentions. Petition presented with the remonstrance. The king's answer to the petition, and to the remonstrance. Issue of the impeachment of the thirteen bishops. The petition of the iordmayor and aldermen against the bishops and popish lords: of the London apprentices. Petitions for the bishops. A second petition or the puritan clergy for reformation. Tumults about the parliament hoB.se. Skirmishes between the two parties, anil in the city. Attempts to suppress them. The bishops insulted going to the parliaaeat house. Their protestation. They are impeached. The protestation illegal. Reasons of it. Apology for Ihe bishops. Remarks.— Tilt' kin^ goes to the house of commons to seize five of their members. The authors of this project. City of London for the parliament. The king leaves Whitehall. Remarks. The bishops not brought to their trial. The bill to take away their votes revived: and passes the house' of lords. Arguments for the king to pass it. The king passes it. The act itself. Remarks upon it.

CHAPTER XI.

From the King's leaving Whitehall to the beginning of the Civil War. State of the nation. Resolutions of the cabinet council at Windsor. Debates about the militia. Petitions to the parliament to provide for the safety of the nation Their proceedings. The crisis. Votes and resolutions of the commons. The king's reply. The parliament's answer. Remarks. The Scots offer their mediation, which the king refuses, but the parliament accepts. A declaration of the parliament concerning a reformation. The negative oath. Numbers of libellous pamphlets on both sides. The king's high language to the parliament. He is denied entrance into Hull. The king's proceedings in the north. Courts of justice to be removed. Proceedings of parliament. Abstract of the parliament's memorial: and of the king's answer. The sum of the parliament's desires in nineteen propositions. Propositions relating to religion. The king's answer. The king's preparations for the war, aod the parliament's. Money and plate borrowed of the citizens. The king's proposals for borrowing of money The loyalty of the university of Oxford. The vice-chancellor's letter on behalf of the university. The chancellor's answer. Loyalty of the university at Cambridge ; their plate delivered up; value of the whole. Parliament resents it. The king applies to the papists. The parliament confederates with the Scots. A letter of the general assembly to the parliament. The parliament's reply. The king's letter to Scotland. A bill to abolish episcopacy. Remarks. The war opens. A vote of parliament for raising an army. The king sets up his standard at Nottingham.

CHAPTER XII.

The State of the Church of England. The religious Character of both Parties. With a Summary of the Ground of the Civil War. The condition of the church: of the cathedrals. The strict observation of the sabbath. Plays and other diversions put down. The. monthly fast. Rise of the morning lecture. A reformation of manners in the city and parts adjacent: in the camp of the earl of Essex. Mr. Baxter's character of those who took part with the parliament.— Of the puritan clergy ; Mr. Baxter's account of them. Their political behavior; their vindication. Of the king's clergy. Of the king's army. The king's proclamation for the better government of his army. The authors of the civil war : the queen, evil counsellors, warm spirits in the house of commons. The grounds anil reaseas on which it pro ceeded. Jealousies on both sides,

CONTENTS OF THE NOTES.

CHAPTER I.

PAGES 28. 29. Mr. Neal vindicated against the strictures of Dr.

Grey and Bishop Warburton. p. 30. Mr. Neal defended on the point

of the expectations of the catholics from James I. p. 34, Dr. Warner's

sentiments on the reasons for James's appointing the Hampton-court

e^nferenee. p. 36, A quotation from Dr Harris, p. 44, V remark of

Biehop Warburton. p. 46, Warner and Wei wood's remarks on ihe

Hampton-court conference: The conclusion of the king's address at that

conference. p. 49, Anecdotes of archbishop Whitgift. p. 49, Dr.

Warner's representation of Whitgift's severity. Some of Whitgift's

last words, p. 51. A petition from the puritans, p. 52, A remark of

Dr. Warner. p. 53. Cecil's flattery of James, and character of the

English, p. if, An answer to Dr. Grey. p. 63, An inaccuracy of

Mr. Nes\. p 64, The s.nne. p. 65, A remark from Dr. Warner, p.

69. The reception which the firownists met with in Holland, p. 70,

TI-e debate* that arose among the Browriists. p. 71, Ainsworth's death
and thzneter. p. 72, A view of Mr. Smith's history and sentiments.

p. S3, \ stricture of Dr Grey noticed, p. 89, The same. p. 94, The

same, and answered, p. 98, The same, and an anecdote of Mr Bright-

man. Kapin quoted, p. 108, Mr. Neal corrected, p. 110, The char-

acter of archbishop Bancroft discussed.

CHAPTER II.

Page 114, A mistake of Mr. Neal corrected, p. 115, Two rules given

for James's translation of the Bible given at large. The names of the

translations to be followed in that, p 116, Mr. Neal's character of Vor-

stins's treatise considered, p. 117, Reflections on James's persecuting

zeal: and on James's declaration against Vorstins. Vorstins's dying

behavior, p. 118, Copy of the writ for burning Legatt. p. 119. Mr.

Lindsey's representation of Wightman's opinions Reflections of Lim-

bo re h and Brandt on persecution, p. 120, The suspicions of prince

Henry's being poisoned p. 129, An anecdote of Mr. Baynes. p. 134,

The pay given to the divines in the synod of Dort. p. 136, Dr. Har-

ris's remarks on the five articles of Perth, p. 137, A remark of Bish-

op Warburton considered, p. 138, Bishop Warburton answered, p.

142, The same. p. 146, The sentiments of Acontins on progressive

reformations, p. 15t, An error rectified. Mr. Neal's account of the

number of recusants enlarged, supported, p. 159, Charles I, wishes to

coalesce with the church of Rene. p. icy. Mr. Neal explained, p.

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