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full participation, independent living, and economic self-sufficiency for such individuals; and

(9) the continuing existence of unfair and unnecessary discrimination and prejudice denies people with disabilities the opportunity to compete on an equal basis and to pursue those opportunities for which our free society is justifiably famous, and costs the United State billions of dollars in unnecessary expenses resulting from dependency and nonproductivity. (b) PURPOSE.-It is the purpose of this Act

(1) to provide a clear and comprehensive National

mandate for the elimination of discrimination against

individuals with disabilities;

(2) to provide clear, strong, consistent, enforceable standards addressing discrimination against individuals

with disabilities;

(3) to ensure that the Federal Government plays a central role in enforcing the standards established in

this Act on behalf of individuals with disabilities; and

(4) to invoke the sweep of congressional authority, including its power to enforce the fourteenth amendment and to regulate commerce in order to address the major areas of discrimination faced day-to-day by

people with disabilities.

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(1) AUXILIARY AIDS AND SERVICES.—The term

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“auxiliary aids and services” shall include

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(A) qualified interpreters or other effective

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methods of making aurally delivered materials available to individuals with hearing impairments;

(B) qualified readers, taped texts, or other

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effective methods of making visually delivered

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(2) DISABILITY.—The terın “disability” means,

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(A) a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more of the major life

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activities of such individual;

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(A) making existing facilities used by employees readily accessible to and usable by individuals with disabilities; and

(B) job restructuring, part-time or modified work schedules, reassignment, acquisition or modification of equipment or devices, appropriate adjustment or modifications of examinations and training materials, adoption or modification of pro

cedures or protocols, the provision of qualified

readers or interpreters, and other similar accom

modations.

(4) STATE.- The term “State" means each of the

several States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, Guam, American Samoa, the Virgin Islands, the Canal Zone, the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands, and the Commonwealth of the

Northern Mariana Islands.

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(3) TDD.—The term "TDD” means a Telecom

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munication Device for the Deaf, a machine that em

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ploys graphic communications in the transmission of

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(a) GENERAL RULE.-It shall be considered discrimina

5 tion for purposes of this Act for any common carrier, as de

6 fined in section 3(h) of the Communications Act of 1934 (47

7 U.S.C. 153(h)), that offers telephone services to the general 8 public, to fail to provide, not later than 1 year after the date

9 of enactment of this Act, interstate or intrastate telecom

10 munication relay services so that such services provide indi

11 viduals who use nonvoice terminal devices because of disabil

12 ities with opportunities for communications that are equal to 13 those provided to their customers who are able to use voice

14 telephone services, except that it shall not be considered dis

15 crimination for such a common carrier to fail to provide such 16 services in any State to which subsection (b) applies if such

17 services are provided under subsection (b). 18 (b) STATE DISCRIMINATION.-It shall be considered

19 discrimination by a State, that designates an entity to provide

20 interstate or intrastate telecommunication relay services to 21 individuals throughout the entire State in a manner consist

22 ent with regulations issued by the Commission, for purposes 23 of this Act, for such State, through the designated entity, to

24 fail to provide, not later than 1 year after the date of enact

25 ment of this Act, interstate or intrastate telecommunication

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