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an exceedingly pleasant village on the banks of the Thames. The name is supposed by Mr. Lysons to have reference to the southern aspect of the place:-Sunnabyri, from Sunna, the sun, and byri, a town, being the name of the place in ancient records and memorials. The parish is bounded on the south by the river Thames, which separates it from Walton, in Surrey; on the west by Shepperton, Littleton, and Ashford; on the north by Feltham and Hanworth; and on the east by Hampton.
The manors in the parish are those of Charlton, Halliford, and Kennington or Col Kenyngton, now called Kempton. It is probable that Kempton was a royal residence so far back as the time of the Saxons, the name Kenynton or Kynyngton, the king's town, giving plausibility to the tradition ; but it is certain that the manor house was a royal palace in the reigns of the first Henrys and Edwards.
The parish church, dedicated to the Virgin Mary, is a modern structure of brick, consisting of a chancel, nave, and north aisle ; at the west end, a square tower, with a cupola.
The church contains monuments to the memories of members of the families of Phelips and Dyer; also a memorial of Lady Jane Wharton, daughter of the marquis, sister of the duke of that name, and the last of that noble family.
The churchyard contains not one memorial of interest to the casual tourist.
At Sunbury, the Reverend Gilbert White, author of the “Natural History of Selborne,” spent several summers : here he had opportunities of observing the habits and migrations of the swallow tribes, to which he has alluded with so much delightful particularity in his popular work.
A strong pull against the opposing current brings us, at length, to WALTON-UPON-THAMES, in Surrey, a place highly interesting to the antiquary, the historian, and the lover of the picturesque.
The objects of interest in this parish are the Coway Stakes, to which we shall briefly allude in our notice of Shepperton. On St. George's Hill is a camp called Cæsar's Camp, a single oblong work, with a trench running down to the town. The area of the inclosure is thirteen acres : antiquaries conclude it to have been an outwork to a greater camp at Oatlands.
The existence of these camps would seem to lend confirmation to the supposition that, somewhere near this spot, Cæsar, in leading his forces against the Cassivelani, must have crossed the Thames; others insist that the passage was effected near Petersham, to the opposite shore at Twickenham.
This parish boasts a number of magnificent parks and seats : Lord Tankerville's, hard by the bridge, Ashley Park, Burwood Park, and many others; among which must not be forgotten a memorable show-place, Pains Hill, near to Cobham, on the banks of the Mole.
Pains Hill is on the verge of a heath which rises above a fertile plain watered by the river Mole. Large valleys descending in different directions break the brow into separate eminences, and the gardens are extended along the edge in a semicircular form, between the winding river, which describes their outward boundary, and the park which fills up the cavity of the crescent. There may be scenes, says an author who describes it, where nature has done more for herself, but in no place that I ever saw has so much been done for nature as at Pains Hill. The beauty and unexpected variety of the scene, the happy situation, elegant structure and judicious form of the buildings, the flourishing state, uncommon diversity, and con
trasted groupage of the trees, will not fail to awaken the most pleasing sensations. The demesne contains two hundred and thirteen acres, but the happy situation and peculiarly skilful manner in which the grounds are disposed, would lead the visitor to imagine there was inclosed an area of much greater extent.
Walton Bridge is a handsome structure of brick, consisting of four principal arches, and several lesser ones; it is situated ten miles above the flow of the tide, and the current runs only at the rate of three miles an hour. In our illustration, the woods of Oatlands are represented in the distance.
The Church, dedicated to St. Peter and St. Mary, is built of flints and rough-hewn stones. It consists of a nave, with two aisles, and a chancel; the nave is divided from the aisles by pointed arches resting on pillars, of which those in the north side are round, with capitals adorned with volutes,
the south side hexagons. At the west end is a square tower built with the same materials as the church, buttresses diminishing in stages, a small turret at each corner.
The North aisle has a magnificent marble monument executed by Roubiliac, to the memory of Lord Shannon, a distinguished military officer, and one of the Lords Justices of Ireland.
In the chancel are monumental brasses, on one of which, being suspended by nail so that both sides may be examined, is the representation of a man sitting on the back of a stag, with his sword in the stag's throat; on the other side is a like device with some trifling variations, commemorative of one John Selwyn, under-keeper of the park at Oatlands, in the reign of Queen Elizabeth. This man, it would appear by popular tradition, was famous for his strength, agility, and skill in horsemanship, specimens of all which he exhibited before the queen, at a grand stag-hunt in that Park, where, attending, as was his duty of office, he in the heat of the chase suddenly leaped from his horse upon the back of the stag, both running at that time with their utmost speed, and not only kept his seat gracefully in spite of every exertion of the affrighted beast, but drawing his sword, with it guided him towards the queen, and coming near her plunged it in his throat, so that the animal fell dead at her feet. This was thought sufficiently wonderful to be chronicled in his monument, and he is accordingly there portrayed in the act of stabbing the stag.
A large black marble, at the entrance of the chancel, commemorates Lilly the famous astrologer; being placed here, as the inscription informs us, out of love for the seer, by Elias Ashmole, founder of the museum bearing his
WEYBRIDGE, so called from the river Wey, on whose banks, not far from its confluence with the Thames, this village is situated, is next in order. This extensive parish is bounded to the north by the river Thames, to Byfleet on the south, Walton on the east, and the Wey on the west.
In the village is a house called Holstein House, from having been the occasional residence of a Prince of Holstein; the neighbourhood is rich in magnificent seats, of which the principal are Ham House and Oatlands.
The magnificent seat, Oatlands, now the property of the Lord Francis Egerton, was long a royal property and residence. King Henry the Eighth, in extending the honour of Hampton Court, became possessed of this estate, by one of his forced and summary exchanges with the then possessor.
Queen Elizabeth used to visit here, and is said to have shot with a crossbow in the paddock. King Charles the First granted the manor to his Queen, Henrietta Maria, for her life : at this place his youngest son, called Henry of Oatlands, was born.
In the time of Queen Elizabeth the palace consisted of three courts; the first square and spacious, the other two narrow and irregular ; the architec