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11, 12

Shipping. See Vessels, American and foreign.

Page
Shipping conditions, post-war.

713-714
Shipping industry: Effect of international trade on.

634
Shipping situation..

555
Shirts, cotton: Concessions obtained by United States on.

242
Shrimp, canned: Concessions obtained by United States on.

242
Silk:
Competitive with nylon.

266
Reduction in duty on..

526
Use of, for stockings..

538
Silk manufactures:
Concessions obtained by United States on.

242
Imports of, in 1939, affected by trade-agreement duty reductions now

in effect..
Silver and manufactures: Concessions obtained by United States on. 243
Silver foxes and silver-fox furs: Supplementary agreements with Canada
placing quota on exports of, to United States.

315, 316
Silver standard..

770, 773, 774
Simpson, Hon. Richard M.: Statements and questions by.

466-467
Single-column tariff: United States principle of -

163
Small Business, National Advertising Council of Independent.

609
Small businessmen:
Effect of war on.-

617-618. 619, 623
National advisory council of -

616-617, 991-1005
Protection and representation of interests of..

617-618,

619, 623, 624-625, 629, 688–689, 702, 711
Smoot, Hon. Reed: Quoted on cost of production.-

211-212
Snyder's Measurement (Snyder's curve)

401-403
Soups: Concessions obtained by United States on..

241
South Africa, Union of:
Party to Ottawa agreements.

245, 246
Standard of living in..

189
South America (see also American Republics; Latin America; and individual
countries):
Agricultural economy of...

845-852
As potential United States market.--

742, 779_780
Attitude of, toward trade-agreements program.

739
German trade practices with respect to..

64-65
United States air and naval bases in..

101, 103
Volume of United States trade with..

98, 104
South and Central American products: United States commitment to
maintain prices of, charged..

399
Soviet Union. See Union of Soviet Socialist Republics.
Spain: Most-favored-nation clause in agreement between United States
and...

44
Spirits, wines, and other beverages: Imports of, in 1939, affected by trade-
agreement duty reductions now in effect..

11, 12
Spruce: Concessions obtained by United States on..

243
Stabilization of currencies -

147, 246–247
Stabilization of prices through tariff protection..

770
Standard of living, United States:

As cause of immigration from Europe and nonmigration of Americans
to South America -

109
Causes of high level of .

172–173, 257,258, 264, 268
Data on..

188, 189, 226–227
Effect of trade agreements on.

105, 588, 589, 590, 669
Effect on, of expansion of foreign markets -

69–70
Effect on, of foreign post-war competition.

24-25
Preservation of

94
, 498, 603

, 610,

451, 494, 498, 603, 610, 644, 660-661, 681, 693, 704, 714, 767, 773

781, 930–931, 963, 966–967, 980, 984, 996, 997, 1001.
Standards of living, foreign (see also individual countries).
Factors de termining -

172, 173, 204
Low level of, as element in competition of foreign and United States
goods.

979–980, 981, 983, 984-985, 996
United States part in raising

135–136, 610,
665, 693, 704, 769, 773, 774, 780, 781, 792, 793, 929, 962, 964, 984

450,

Pago
Stanford University, Food Research Institute: Letter from J. S. Davis,
director.---

1071-1072
Starches: Imports of..

936
State, Department of:
Article VII of Mutual Aid Agreements drafted by.

696
As coordinator and negotiator in trade-agreements program.

27,
126-128, 162, 167–168, 197–198, 248, 252, 307, 308, 309, 310, 311,
329, 333, 335, 407, 460, 464, 478, 482, 483, 484, 513, 643–645, 646,
650–652, 653, 668, 669, 671, 672, 678, 680, 692, 728, 784, 815, 817–

818, 861, 872, 923.'
Collaboration in setting up proposed international customs union.. 73
Cooperation with other agencies on trade policies.---

29, 74, 92-94
Data prepared by, on benefits under reciprocal trade agreements--- 369
Executive order on relationship between Board of Economic Warfare
and...

92-94
Press release of, on representation at meeting of American Republics,
Rio de Janeiro, January 15-28, 1942..

419-430
Press release of, summarizing trade agreement with Argentina 423-430
Publication of, Concessions Obtained by the United States in Trade
Agreements, quoted..

515
Statement of, on sanitary provisions of trade agreements.

824-826
Trade policies of....

418419
State, Secretary of: See Hull, Hon. Cordell, Secretary of State.
Steel and products: Labor preliminary to export of, in certain years. 299
Steel industry: Growth of, under tariff..

405
Steel ingots, blooms, etc.: United States exports of, to Japan, 1936-40-

88
Steel products: Concessions obtained by United States on.

243
Stone, Mrs. Margaret F., representing National Women's Trade Union
League: Statement and testimony of...

930–932
Stone products: Labor preliminary to export of, in certain years.

299
Stripper wells: Petroleum output of...

920-921
Submarine warfare..

102
Subsidization of business by Government-

708-709
Subsidy, export, on flour....

139
Sugar:
Concessions on, granted by United States in trade agreements-

282,

283, 284, 368, 476, 550, 572
Imports of, from Cuba..

47, 525, 550, 570-575, 642
Reductions of duty on.

282, 283, 284, 366, 368, 369, 476, 550, 572
United States Government purchase of, from Cuba.

642
Value of imports of, in 1939.

348
Sugar Act of 1937..

284, 368, 572, 643
Sugar industry, domestic: Protection of.

293, 533, 572, 573-575
Sugar investigation.

369
Sugar, molasses, and manufactures of: Imports of, in 1939, affected by
trade-agreement duty reductions now in effect..

11, 12
Sugar refining: Production, exports, and labor in, 1929.

300
Sumatra wrapper tobacco. See Tobacco, Sumatra wrapper.
Sundries: Imports of, in 1939, affected by trade-agreement duty reduc-
utions now in effect...

11, 12
Supreme Court of the United States:
And Trade Agreements Act.

161, 211, 217
Case of Louisiana v. Mradon.

224
Case of Uniten States v. Curtiss-Wrighi, quoted.

217
Delegation of legislative authority to Executive upheld by. 210, 212, 213, 214
Formula based on cost of production demanded by

212
Guffey Act found unconstitutional bv.

706, 707
Surgical rubber goods: Concessions obtained by United States on

242
Surpluses, domestic: Disposition of...

31, 256, 266, 724
Surpluses, foreign: Post-war imports of.

555-556, 724
Suspension of trade agreements by Congress: Authority for, proposed 201,

207, 219, 222, 228
Sweatshop labor.

1002, 1003

Sweden:

Page
Advantages allegedly received by, through trade agreement between
United States and Finland...

611
Exports of apples and pears to, 1924-42_

954, 959
Legislative action on trade agreements required by

170, 223
Standard of living in.

189
Trade agreement with.

45, 170, 223, 268
Value of exports to, 1937-

239, 240
Swiss Fabric Group, St. Gall, Switzerland: Statement of M. Stanley
Brown, representing -

661-666
Swiss watches: Cost of, compared with United States cost-

995
Switzerland:
Legislative action on trade agreements required by

170
Most-favored-nation clause agreement in between United States and

(in force also with Liechtenstein).
Relations of, with Axis Powers.

993, 996, 1003
Standard of living in..

189
Trade agreement with.. 45, 170, 268, 664, 991, 1004, 1005, 1006, 1009
Value of exports to, 1937-

239, 240
Synthetic Organic Chemical Manufacturers Association of the United
States: Brief submitted by

1093-1101
Synthetic rubber. See Rubber, synthetic.

45

T
Taft, former president William H.:
Advocacy by, in 1910, of free trade with Canada..

35
Quoted on cost of production.--

212
Tariff acts: Average ad valorem rates of duty on imports under specified. 357–358
Tariff bargaining -

215, 216, 219, 471
Tariff Commission. See United States Tariff Commission.
Tariffs, foreign: Comparison of United States and..

52,
58, 252-253, 354, 355–360, 495, 514-515, 541, 542, 543–544, 934
Tariffs, protective. See Protective tariffs.
Taussig, Dr. Frank W.: Quoted..

408, 412-413
Tax legislation: Motion to defer hearings on Trade Agreements Act, to con-
sider, tabled..

2
Texas and Southwestern Cattle Raisers Association.

472, 474, 852, 853
Textile industry:
British.

614, 662
Effect of trade-agreements program on.

611, 628, 645-646
Effect of war on.--

623
Indian, effect of Japanese goods on.

623
Movement of plants of, from New England to the South.

629
Swiss, high-wage production in.--

662
Textile manufactures: Concessions obtained by United States on.

242
Textile products: Ad valorem rates on, by country --

59
Textiles:

Effect of trade-agreements program on imports and exports of. 525–527, 551
Imports of, from Japan.---

582-583
Textiles and their products: Labor preliminary to export of, in certain
years--

299
Thailand: Most-favored-nation clause in treaty between United States
and...

44
Thomas, Eugene P.: Statement by

469-472
Tierra del Fuego:
Imports of cattle from

579
Status of, as part of Argentina.

491
Tin: Exports of, to Germany and Japan..

88, 90, 457
Tin industry..

694, 700
Tin plate: Exports of, to Japan.

66-67
Tin-plate scrap: Exports of, to Japan, 1936-40.

88
Tin-plate trust of 1889.

410-411
Tires and tubes: Concessions obtained by United States on.

242

86405-43-73

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Tobacco:

Page
British import duty on..

549
Importance of foreign markets for..

82
Labor preliminary to export of, in certain years.

299
Manufactures, concessions obtained by United States on.

242
Need for post-war export markets for..

115
Purchase of Turkish crop of, by Great Britain.

658
Reduction of duty on, from Cuba.

236
Reduction of duty on Sumatra wrapper, from Netherlands.

236
Surplus of....

34
Virginia, tax on cigarettes of

293
Tobacco and cigarettes: Concessions obtained by United States on, in
agreement with Argentina -

427
Tobacco and manufactures of: Imports of, in 1939, affected by trade-
agreement duty reductions now in effect.

11, 12
Tomatoes:
Carlot shipments from principal sources, by months..

278
Concessions granted by United States on.

272, 275, 979, 981, 990
Concessions obtained by United States on

241
Cost of production of...

979
Export duty imposed by Mexico on.-

318
Prices of..-

276, 277, 278
Tomatoes, prepared or preserved: Reduction of duty on, in agreement
with Argentina -

351
Tools: Concessions obtained by United States on.

243
Toy Manufacturers of the United States of America, Inc.: Letter from
James L. Fri, secretary-

1083–1087
Trade-agreement countries:
Comparison of United States trade with non-trade-agreement and.--. 192-

196, 199, 203, 390, 397, 423, 724, 791
Number of..

4, 5, 687
Relative positions of, as suppliers of certain United States imports in
1939.

13-14, 348, 349, 350, 545-547, 590-591
Status of, in relation to the war.

5, 101-103
Trade-agreement study and negotiation: Description of procedure of_. '197–198,

199-201
Trade Agreements Act (see also Trade-agreements program):

Administration of. See State, Department of: As coordinator and

negotiator in trade-agreements program; Trade-agreement study
and negotiation; and Participation of, in administration of trade-
agreements program under Agriculture, Department of; Commerce,
Department of; Treasury Department; and United States Tariff

Commission.
Agreements not concluded with Germany and Japan under..--

92
Amendments to, proposed. See Amendments to Trade Agreements

Act, proposed.
Article VII of Mutual Aid Agreements allegedly drafted by State De-
partment as alternative to

696
As barrier to German influence in Latin America..

631
Authority conferred by, on the President to adjust tariffs---- 209–217, 282
Bargaining power under.

633
Brief in opposition to, submitted by American Tariff League, Inc., 695–699,

863-868
Circumvention by foreign countries of 50-percent duty-reduction
limitation of, discussed.

324-326
Comparison of arguments for extension of, 1937, 1940, 1943. 257-258
Constitutionality of..

214, 217
Credit beneficial to..

248, 249
Duty of Congress to renew

721-723
Economic justification for

635, 636
Editorial from Baltimore Sun, April 15, 1943, concerning--

231-232
Editorial from Washington Post, April 15, 1943, concerning - 232-233
Escape clauses in agreements under.

228,
315, 363-365, 601, 602, 632, 700, 708, 866
Extension of, as evidencing United States peace objectives..

28
Extension of, necessary to world commerce---

79
Nonextension of, would cause return to Hawley-Smoot Act--- 655, 656, 660

i i in

Trade Agreements Act-Continued.

Page
Objectives and principles of..

305-306
Poll on extension of, taken by Modern Industry magazine..

655
Post-war return of foreign commerce to private enterprise by means
of..

79
Presidential approval of .

369
Protection of foreign trade through

630
Purpose of, quoted.--

644
Relationship of, to trade recovery.

520
Renewal of, disadvantageous to small business, alleged.

609
Ruling of Attorney General on..

366
Trade-agreements bill: Chronology of, and reduction of duty on sugar in
1934.

368
Trade Agreements Commịttee, Interdepartmental. See Interdepart-

mental Trade Agreements Committee.
Trade agreements, existing: Proposed modification of provisions of, in
view of prospective post-war conditions -

23
Trade-agreements program (see also Committee for Reciprocity Informa-

tion; Interdepartmental Trade Agreements Committee; Trade Agree-
ments Act):
Alternatives to..

588-590, 696
And foreign trade barriers. See Trade barriers; Trade barriers, non-

tariff,
As bond between United States and Latin America.

630-631, 659
Connection of, with lend-lease agreements..

62–64, 696, 1016
Effect of international cartels on. See Cartels, international.
Effect of, on foreign trade of the United States.

17-18,
53, 78–79, 113, 453, 470, 516-517, 775–777, 924
Effect of, on livestock industry- 119, 120, 121, 131, 141, 257, 475-477, 479
Effect of, on petroleum industry-

868-874, 919–920
Effect on war on

54, 68
Effect on friendly nations of congressional action regarding exten-
sion of...

28,
78, 79, 90, 113, 114, 165, 181, 185, 208, 433, 471, 504, 715, 722-

723, 726, 781-782, 790, 859, 861, 864, 925–926, 931, 939, 940, 989.
Effects of, on agriculture. See under Agriculture.
Endorsement of, by economists.---

231-323, 432-433, 553
Extent of reduction of tariff rates under-

80, 336–337, 349-350
Flexibility of .---

22
Most-favored-nation policy under. See Most-favored-nation clause

or principle.
Negotiations with foreign governments under.

475-476, 701
Objectives of

6,
80–81, 114, 165, 167, 176, 179, 183–184, 186–187, 192, 194, 227,

228, 233, 306, 310-311, 350, 375, 466, 614-615, 616, 644, 651, 669.
Post-war importance of.

4, 5-6,
17, 18, 19–20, 35, 113, 114, 470–471, 496–497, 658, 678, 709
Press comment on

1038-1068
Procedure of negotiation under.

306-312, 326-328, 329-330, 819-820
Products covered by -

384
Rates of duty under, compared with rates under Tariff Acts of 1913
and 1922

459
Report of Business Advisory Council of Department of Commerce

585-591
Value of, in post-war economy

78, 82–83, 94, 362, 660, 924
Value of, in wartime economy

78
Trade-agreement rates of duty: Comparison of, with those in Tariff Acts
of 1913 and 1922..

457-458, 459
Trade barriers (see also Trade barriers, nontariff)

55,
145-146, 148, 160-161, 176, 184, 246, 306, 320, 321, 322, 471,

661-662, 738, 785, 866, 942–943, 945–949, 950–953, 957–958.
Trade barriers, nontariff (see also Cartels, international)

355-356,
359, 503, 505-508, 515, 517, 519, 524, 534, 537, 548, 590, 609,

610, 613, 614, 615, 616, 625, 626, 709.
Trade conditions in 1920–21, international...

819
Trade, international. See International trade.

on.

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