Imágenes de páginas
PDF
EPUB
[merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small]

NEW YORK AND WASHINGTON:
THE AMERICAN NEWS COMPANY.

1878.

"Glaught

lanet

Copyright, 1878, by
THE AMERICAN NEWS COMPANY.

Manufactured by

S. W. GREEN, 16 & 18 JACOB STREET,

NEW YORK.

UNIVERSITY

PREFAOE.

This volume aims to supply a want long felt for a compact and comprehensive reference book, giving the statistics of all nations, and especially of the United States, at the latest date and at a mod. crate price.

Other annual publications of great value occupy special fields. The Statesman's Year-Book deals with the political statistics of govern. ments, excluding miscellaneous information; the Almanach de Gotha is a cyclopædia of knowledge regarding the reigning dynasties of the globe ; the British Almanac and Whitaker's Almanac are replete with facts respecting Great Britain, paying little attention to other courtries. The Tribune, World, and Herald Almanacs have their full tables of elections in detail, touching but lightly upon other than political topics. McPherson's Hand-Books of Politics form an invaluable official record of political votes and movements. Major Poore's admirable Congressional Directory supplies the freshest official lists of Congress and the departments of the government. The Statistician, a comparatively recent candidate for public favor, issued at San Francisco, furnishes a wide range of carefully digested information.

To all these this volume is under obligation, and to official docilments and other publications too numerous to name. The Department and Bureau documents of the United States are rich in statistics of the greatest value, but so widely scattered in voluminous records and reports having little permanent interest, and so imperfectly io. dexed, as to baffle even the inquirer who has them always within reach. To glean the most important and practically useful facts out of the multitudinous reports concerning the Public Lands, the Finances, the Post-office system, the Tariff and Internal Revenue, the Currency, the Patent Office and Pension Bureau, Commerce and Navigation, the Army and Navy, the Reports of the Commissioner of Education, and the statistics of the Census, has been one object of the editor. To select, arrange, and condense the multitude of statistics derived from foreign as well as American sources, presenting them in compact tabular form, so that results may be quickly seized without laborious search, has been the chief aim. The editor's profession has taught

him the supreme value of moments; and if this book should prove a time-saving and useful manual to his countrymen, his highest ambi. tion will be gratified. The work is the fruit of many evening hours, lahorious, but welcomed as a relief from severer cares.

In a volume embracing nearly half a million of figures to be verified, errors are unavoidable, but it is hoped that they have been reduced to a minimum. Defects of arrangement will be observed, due mainly to the exigencies of fitting large matter into small space, and the continuity of related subjects is thus broken, though all will be readily found by the index.

The commanding importance of questions of economic science has led to the devotion of much space to financial topics, including coinage, currency, revenue, expenditure, public debts, taxation, etc., which it is thought will prove of more value and interest than nearly obsolete questions of party politics, or tedious lists of minor officials. The editor has no ambition to be ranked among statisticians, and distinctly disclaims responsibility in the tabular information presented for any thing beyond the accuracy of his compilations from other sources. In most cases the authorities are given, and the reader is left to his own judgment. For matters outside of the tables, the editor is wholly responsible. He here expresses his thanks to the officers of the National and State governments who have supplied him with information, and to the members of his family who have cheered and aided him in his labors.

105 C STREET, SOUTH-EAST, WASHINGTON, December 25, 1877.

TABLE OF CONTENTS.

.. 116

PAGE

PREFACE.

3

Eclipses, Festivals, etc., in 1878...

7

Calendar of the Months...

8

Rulers of the World in 1878...

20

A Brief History of Almanacs...

21

How Interest Eats...

27

Age of Notable Persons....

28

The Capital of the United States...

The Electoral System of choosing the

President...

60

The History of the Income Tax..... 67

Free Homesteads on the Public Lands.. 70

Centennial International Exhibition of

1876..

72

How many Books are there in the World? 76

Compound Interest Table........

77

Statutes of Limitations....

78

Government Management of Railways.. 79

American Libraries containing 10,000

Volumes...

83

Libraries of the World.....

87

Curiosities of Statistics..

89

German Imperial Bank....

99

Strikes, Past and Present..

100

Where England buys her Breadstuffs.... 113

Table for Investors..

114

Gold and Currency Tables..

Prices of British Consols, 1789-1876...... 118

Merchant Shipping of the World in 1876. 118

Summary of Popular and Electoral Votes 119

Electoral and Popular Vote for Piesi.

dent, 1789-1876.

122

Brief History of National Political Con-

ventions...

126

Population of States according to State

Censuses since 1870..

146

Total Popular Vote at Presidential Elec-

tions.....

147

Percentage of Total Vote cast for Presi-

dents from 1804 to 1876....

147

Presidential Elections, by States, 1789–

1876..

148

Number of Successful and Unsuccessful

Candidates chosen by each State.... 169

Number of Electoral Votes to which each

State has been entitled, 1789-1876...... 170

Ratio of Representation in the House of

Representatives...

170

Customs Revenue of the United States.. 171

Alphabetical List of Senators of the 45th

Congress...

172

Principal Officers of the Senate... 172

List of Senators by States, with their

Term of Ofice...

173

Committees of the Senate...

175

Alphabetical List of Representatives,

45th Congress...

177

PAGE

Principal Officers of the House, ... 179

Members of the House of Representa-

tives, 5y States...

180

Delegates from Territories...

182

Committees of the House of Representa-

tives....

183

Constitution of the United States, with

Amendments..

186

Amount of Revenue from Income Tax

during each Year...

198

Summary of Internal Revenue Receipts,

from all Sources, 1863–77....

200

Amount of Revenue collected, and Cost

of Collection...

200

Aggregate Receipts from Internal Rev.

enue (by States), 1863–77...

201

Bank of England Rates of Discount,

1694–1877..

204

Population of all Cities in the United

States having over 10,000 Inhabitants... 205

Classification of the Landholders of Great

Britain...

206

Occupations of the People of the United

States

207

Occupations of the People in Great Britain 210

Statistics of Churches in the U.S.. 212

Imports into the United States (last two

years).

214

Exports from the United States (last two

years)

218

Savings Banks and Postal Savings Insti-

tutions.

Principal Imports into the United States,

with Rates of Duty thereon...

228

Transactions of the New York Clearing-

house...

234

Dividends of New England Manufactur-

ing Companies, 1870-76.

235

United States Public Lands

where they

lie

236

Statistics of Land Grants...

237

Assessed and Estimated Value of Property

in the United States in 1870...

240

Public Indebtedness of the States in 1870, 241 -

Receipts of the United States, 1789–1877.. 242

Expenditures of the United States, 1789–

1877...

244

Fire-Insurance Companics of other States

doing Business in New York, 1877... 248

Fire-Insurance Companies of New York

State in 1877...

250

American Business of Foreign Insurance

Companies, 1877.

254

Cost of Collection of the Revenue of Great

Britain, 1861-1877.

254

Newspapers and Periodicals in the United

States, 1850-1877.

255

« AnteriorContinuar »