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THE CENTURY DICTIONARY
PREPARED UNDER THE SUPERINTENDENCE OF
PROFESSOR OF COMPARATIVE PHILOLOGY AND SANSKRIT IN YALE UNIVERSITY
, general dictionary
of the English language in ize or ise (as civilize, civilise); those having a adopted. In the definition of theological and which shall be serviceable for every literary single or double consonant after an unaccented ecclesiastical terms, the aim of the Dictionary and practical use; a more complete collection vowel (as traveler, traveller), or spelled with e or has been to present all the special doctrines of of the technical terms of the various sciences, with æ or (as hemorrhage, hæmorrhage); and the different divisions of the Church in such a arts, trades, and professions than has yet been so on. In such cases both forms are given, manner as to convey to the reader the actual attempted; and the addition to the definitions with an expressed preference for the briefer intent of those who accept them. In defining proper of such related encyclopedic matter, one or the one more accordant with native legal terms the design has been to offer all the with pictorial illustrations, as shall constitute analogies.
information that is needed by the general a convenient book of general reference.
reader, and also to aid the professional reader About 200,000 words will be defined. The Dictionary will be a practically complete rec
No attempt has been made to record all the by giving in a concise form all the important
technical words and meanings. Special attenord of alĩ the noteworthy words which have varieties of popular or even educated utter- tion has also been paid to the definitions of been in use since English literature has ex. ance, or to report the determinations made by the principal terms of painting, etching, enisted, especially of all that wealth of new words different recognized authorities. It has been and of applications of old words which has necessary rather to make a selection of words graving, and various other art-processes; of
sculpture, sprung from the development of the thought to which alternative pronunciations should be art, ceramics, etc.; of "musical terms, nautical and life of the nineteenth century. It will re- accorded, and to give preference among these and military terms, etc. cord not merely the written language, but the according to the circumstances of each particuspoken language as well (that is, all important lar case, in view of the general analogies and ENCYCLOPEDIC FEATURES. provincial and colloquial words), and it will in- tendencies of English utterance. The scheme
The inclusion of so extensive and varied a Clude (in the one alphabetical order of the
Dic- by which the pronunciation is indicated is quite vocabulary, the introduction of special phrases, tionary) abbreviations and such foreign words simple, avoiding over-refinement in the disand phrases as have become a familiar part of crimination of sounds, and being designed to essential to an intelligible definition of their
and the full description of things often found English speech.
be readily understood and used. (See Key to
names, would alone have given to this Diction-
ary a distinctly encyclopedic character. It has,
DEFINITIONS OF COMMON WORDS. however, been deemed desirable to go someThe etymologies have been written anew on
In the preparation of the definitions of com- what further in this direction than these cona uniform plan, and in accordance with the es- mon words, there has been at hand, besides ditions render strictly necessary. tablished principles of comparative philology. the material generally accessible to students
Accordingly, not only have many technical It has been possible in many cases, by means of the language, a special collection of quota- matters been treated with unusual fullness, of the fresh material at the disposal of the tions selected for this work from English books but much practical information of a kind which etymologist, to clear up doubts or difficulties of all kinds and of all periods of the language, dictionaries have hitherto excluded has been words, to decide definitely in favor of one of has hitherto been made for the use of an English Dictionary” covers to a great extent the field bitherto resting upon the history of particular which is probably much larger than any
which added. The result is that "The Century several suggested etymologies, to discard nu- dictionary, except that accumulated for the of the ordinary encyclopedia, with this
princimerous current errors, and to give for the first Philological Society of London. Thousands of pal difference — that the information given is time the history of many words of which the non-technical words, many of them occurring for the most part distributed under the indietymologies were previously unknown or error in the classics of the language, and thousands vidual words and phrases with which it is conneously stated. Beginning with the current of meanings, many of them familiar, which nected, instead of being collected under a few accepted form of spelling, each important word have not hitherto been noticed by the diction- general topics. Proper names, both biographhas been traced
back through earlier forms to aries, have in this way been obtained. The ical and geographical, are of course omitted, exits remotest known origin. The various prefixes arrangement of the definitions historically, in cept as they appear in derivative adjectives, as and suffixes useful in the formation of English the order in which the senses defined have 'en- Darwinian from Darwin, or Indian from India. words are treated very fully in separate articles. tered the language, has been adopted wher- The alphabetical distribution of the encycloever possible.
pedic matter under a large number of words HOMONYMS.
will, it is believed, be found to be particularly Words of various origin and meaning but
helpful in the search for those details which of the same spelling, have been distinguished
These form a very large collection (about are generally looked for in works of reference. by small superior figures (1, 2, 3, etc.). In 200,000), representing all periods and numbering these homonyms the rule has been branches of English literature. The classics
ILLUSTRATIONS. to give procedence to the oldest or the most of the language have been drawn upon, and
The pictorial illustrations have been so sefamiliar, or to that one which is most nearly valuable citations have been made from less lected and executed as to be subordinate to the English in origin. The superior numbers ap
famous authors in all departments of litera- text, while possessing a considerable degree of ply not so much to the individual word as to turfan American writers especially are repre: independent suggestiveness and artistic value. the group or root to which it belongs, hence sented in greater fullness than in any similar To secure technical accuracy, the illustrations the different grammatical uses of the same
work. A list of authors and works (and edi- have, as a rule, been selected by the specialists homonym are numbered alike when they are
tions) cited will be published with the con- in charge of the various departments, and have separately entered in the Dictionary. Thus a cluding part of the Dictionary.
in all cases been examined by them in proofs. verb and a noun of the same origin and the DEFINITIONS OF TECHNICAL TERMS. The cuts number about six thousand. same present spelling receive the same superior number. But when two words of the same form terms of the various sciences, fine arts, meMuch space has been devoted to the special
MODE OF ISSUE, PRICE, ETC. and of the same radical origin now differ con- chanical arts, professions, and trades, and The Century Dictionary” will be comprised siderably in meaning, so as to be used as dif- much care has been bestowed upon their treat- in about 6,500 quarto pages. It is published ferent words, they are separately numbered.
ment. They have been collected by an extended by subscription and in twenty-four parts or THE ORTHOGRAPHY.
search through all branches of literature, with sections, to be finally bound into six quarto vol
the design of providing a very complete and umes, if desired by the subscriber. These secof the great body of words constituting the many-sided technical dictionary. Many thou- tions will be issued about once a month. The familiar language the spelling is determined sands of words have thus been gathered which price of the sections is $2.50 each, and no by well-established usage, and, however ac- have never before been recorded in a general subscriptions are taken except for the entire cidental and unacceptable, in many cases, it dictionary, or even in special glossaries. To work. may be, it is not the office of a dictionary like the biological sciences a degree of promi- The plan for the Dictionary is more fully dethis to propose improvements, or to adopt those nence has been given corresponding to the re- scribed in the preface (of which the above is in which have been proposed and have not yet markable recent increase in their vocabulary. part a condensation), which accompanies the won some degree of acceptance and use. But The new material in the departments of biology first section, and to which reference is made. there are also considerable classes as to which and zoology includes not less than five thou- A list of the abbreviations used in the etyusage is wavering, more than one form being sand words and senses not recorded even in mologies and definitions, and keys to pronunsanctioned by excellent authorities, either in special dictionaries. In the treatment of phy- ciations and to signs used in the etymologies, this country or Great Britain, or in both. Fa- sical and mathematical sciences, of the mechan- will be found on the back cover-lining.
THE CENTURY CO., 33 EAST 17TH ST., NEW YORK.