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2, adj.

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refl. reg repr. rhet. Rom. Rom.



adjective. abbr.

abbreviation. abl.

..ablative. acc.

.accusative. accom,

.accommodated, acconi.

modation. act.

active. adv.

adverb. AF.

. Anglo-French. agri.

agriculture. AL.

Anglo-Latin. alg.

algebra. Amer..

. American. anat.

.anatomy. anc..

ancient. antiq.

.antiquity. aor.

aorist. appar.

.apparently. Ar..

Arabic. arch.

.architecture. archæol. ..archæology. arith,

..arithmetic. art.

article. AS,

Anglo-Saxon. astrol.

astrology. astron., .astronomy. attrib.

.attributive. aug.

.augmentative. Bav.

.Bavarian. Beng.

Bengali. biol.

biology. Bohem.

Bohemian. bot.

botany. Braz.

Brazilian. Bret.

Breton. bryol.

.bryology. Bulg.

Bulgarian. carp..

.carpentry. Cat.

Catalan. Cath.

Catholic. caus..

causative. ceram.

ceramics, cf.

.L. confer, compare. ch.

church. Chal..

Chaldee. chem.

..chemical, chemistry. Chin.

Chinese. chron.

chronology. colloq. ..colloquial, colloquially. com.

.commerce, commer.

cial. comp.

composition, com

pound. com par. .comparative. conch. ..conchology. conj.

..conjunction. contr.

.contracted, contrac

tion. Corn.

Cornish. craniol. craniology. craniom. cranioinetry. crystal. .crystallography. D.

Dutch. Dan.

Danish. dat.


definite, definition. deriv.

derivative, derivation. dial..

.dialect, dialectal. diff.

different. dim.

diminutive. distrib. distributive. dram.

dramatic. dynam. dynamics. E.

East. E.

English (usually mean.

ing modern English). eccl., eccles. .... ecclesiastical. econ.

economy. e. 8....

.L. exempli gratia, for

nom.. Norm. north. Norw. numis. 0. obs. obstet. OBulg.

8. Amer BC.

engin.. engineering. entom.

entomology. Epis.

Episcopal. equiv.

equivalent. esp..

.especially. Eth.

.Ethiopic. ethnog. .ethnography. ethnol. .ethnology. etym.

etymology. Eur.

. European. exclam. .exclamation. 1., fem.. feminine. F...

French (usually mean.

ing modern French). Flem.

Flemish. fort.

.fortification. freq.

.frequentative. Fries.

Friesic. fut.

future. G..

.German(usually mean

ing New High Ger

man). Gael..

Gaelic. galv.

galvanism. gen.

.genitive. geog..

geography geol.

geology. geom.

.geometry. Goth.

Gothic (Mosogothic). Gr.

Greek. gram

grammar. gun.

gunnery. Heb.

Hebrew. her..

heraldry. herpet. ..herpetology. Hind.

Hindustani. hist.

history. horol.

horology. hort.

.horticulture. Hung.

Hungarian. hydraul. .hydraulics. hydros. .hydrostatics. Icel.

Icelandic (usually

mechanics, mechani

cal. medicine. mensuration, ..metallurgy. .metaphysics. meteorology. Mexican. Middle Greek, medie

val Greek. Middle High German. .. military. ..mineralogy. .. Middle Latin, medie.

val Latin. Middle Low German, modern. .mycology. .mythology. .. noun. .. neuter.

New North. North America. natural nautical. .navigation. New Greek, modern

Greek. New High German

(usually simply G.,

photography phrenology. physical physiology. plural. .poetical. political .Polish. possessive. past participle. present participle. . Provençal (usually

meaning Old Pro

vençal). prefix preposition. present. preterit. privative. probably, probable. pronoun. pronounced, pronun

ciation. properly. prosody.

Protestant. provincial. psychology. .L. quod (or pl. quæ

example. Egypt. . Egyptian. E. Ind.

East Indian. elect.

electricity. embryol. .embryology. Eng. ... . English.

meaning Old Ice.
landic, otherwise call.

ed Old Norse).

ichthyology. i. e.

L. id est, that is. impers. impersonal. impf.

imperfect. impv.

. imperative. improp. ..improperly. Ind.


Indo-Eur. Indo-European.


infinitive. instr.

instrumental. interj.

interjection. intr., intrans....intransitive. Ir.

Irish. irreg.

irregular, irregularly.



Latin (usually mean.

ing classical Latin).


Low German.
lichenol. lichenology.

literal, literally. lit.

literature, Lith.

Lithuanian. lithog. .lithography. lithol.

..lithology. LL.

.Late Latin. m., masc.

masculine. M.

Middle. mach.

machinery. mammal. .mammalogy. manuf.

manufacturing. math.


Middle Dutch.

Middle English (other

wise called Old Eng.

New Latin, modern

..Old Bulgarian (other.

wise called Church
Slavonic, Old Slavic,

Old Slavonic).
Old Catalan.
Old Dutch.
Old Danish.
Old French.
Old Flemish.
Old Gaelic.
.Old High German.
Old Irish
old Italian.
Old Latin.
Old Low Gernian.
Old Northumbrian.
Old Prussian.
original, originally.
Old Saxon.
Old Spanish.
Old Swedish
Old Teutonic.
.participial adjective.

. person.

vide, which see.
regular, regularly.
Romanic, Romance

South American.
.L. scilicet, understand,

. Scripture.
. singular.
.Slavic, Slavonic.
.ultimate, ultimately.

variant. .veterinary. .intransitive verb. transitive verb. Welsh. Walloon. Wallachian. West Indian. .zoogeography. ..zoology. zootomy.

Sc. Scand. Scrip. sculp. Sery. sing. Skt.. Slav. Sp. subj.. superl. surg surv. Sw.

p. a.

syn. Syr. techno). teleg. teratol. term. Teut. theat, theol. therap. toxicol. tr., trans. trigon. Turk. typog. ult.



var. vet.

v. i. v. t.


Wall. Wallach. W. Ind. zoogeog. zool. zoot.



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as in fat, man, pang. ā as in fate, mane, dale. å as in far, father, guard. & as in fall, talk, naught. á as in ask, fast, ant. å as in fare, hair, bear. e as in met, pen, bless. ē as in mete, meet, meat. é as in her, fern, heard. i as in pin, it, biscuit. i as in pine, fight, file.

as in not, on, frog. Ő as in note, poke, floor. ö as in move, spoon, room. Ô as in nor, song, off. u as in tub, son, blood. ū as in mute, acute, few (also new,

tube, duty: see Preface, pp. ix, x).

A single dot under a vowel in an un. accented syllable indicates its abbre. viation and lightening, without absolute loss of its distinctive quality. See Preface, p. xi. Thus:

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as in errant, republican.

as in prudent, difference. i as in charity, density. 9 as in valor, actor, idiot. I as in Persia, peninsula. ē as in the book. ļas in nature, feature.

th as in thin. TH as in then. ch as in German ach, Scotch loch. n French nasalizing n, as in ton, en. ly (in French words) French liquid

(mouillé) 1. denotes a primary, a secondary accent. (A secondary accent is 1100 marked if at its regular interval of two syllables from the primary, or from another secondary.)

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à as in prelate, courage, captain.
é as in ablegate, episcopal.
Ő as in abrogate, eulogy, democrat.
ū as in singular, education.

A mark () under the consonants t, d, s, z indicates that they in like manner are variable to ch, j, sh, zh, Thus:

A double dot under a vowel in an unaccented syllable indicates that,


read from; i. e., derived from. > read whence; i. e., from which is derived. + read and ; i. e., compounded with, or with suffix. = read cognate uith; i. e., etymologically parallel with. V read root. * read theoretical or alleged; i. e., theoretically assumed, or asserted but unverified, form. + read obsolete.


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The capitalizing and italicizing of certain or all of the words in a synonym-list indicates that the words so distin. guished are discriminated in the text immediately follow. ing, or under the title referred to.

The figures by which the synonym-lists are sometimes divided indicate the senses or definitions with which they are connected.

The title words begin with a small (lower-case) letter, or with a capital, according to usage. When usage differs, in this matter, with the different senses of a word, the abbreviations (cap.) for "capital" and [l.c.) for "lowercase" are used to indicate this variation.

The difference observed in regard to the capitalizing of the second element in zoological and botanical terms is in accordance with the existing usage in the two sciences. Thus, in zoology, in a scientific nanie consisting of two words the second of which is derived from a proper name, only the first would be capitalized. But a name of similar derivation in botany would have the second element also capitalized.

The names of zoological and botanical classes, orders, families, genera, etc., have been uniformly italicized, in accordance with the present usage of scientific writers.

Various abbreviations have been used in the credits to the quotations, as "No." for number, "st." for stanza, “p." for page, “l." for line, f for paragraph, "fol." for folio. The method used in indicating the subdivisions of books will be understood by reference to the following plan :

Different grammatical phases of the same word are grouped under one head, and distinguished by the Roman numerals I., II., III., etc. This applies to transitive and intransitive uses of the same verb, to adjectives used also as nouns, to nouns used also as adjectives, to adverbs used also as prepositions or conjunctions, etc.

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1. The thirteenth letter maa (mä), n. A dialectal form of mewl. [Shet. 4. The so-called yellow lemur or kinkajou, Cerand tenth consonant in the land.]

coleptes caudivolrulus: a misnomer. See cut English alphabet. It had a maadt. An obsolete past participle of makel. under kinkajou. corresponding position in the Chaucer.

macaco2 (ma-kā'ko), n. [Formerly macaquo Latin and Greek alphabets, and maalin (mä'lin), n. A dialectal form of merlin. (Marcgrave, 1648); said to be of African (Conin their source, the Phenician. The conspectus 'of forms in these [Shetland.]

go) origin. See macaque, Macacus.] A mathree alphabets, with the Egyptian ma'am (mäm), n. [Also mam, vulgarly marm, caque. See Macacus. characters from which many be. mum; contr. of madam.] A common colloquial macaco-worm (ma-kā'ko-werm), n. The larva lieve the M to be derived (see A), contraction of madam, used especially in an- of a dipterous insect of South America, Deris as follows:

swers, after yes and no, or interrogatively, when matobia noxialis, which infests the skin of anione expects or has not distinctly heard a ques- mals, including man.

tion. 3

Macacus (ma-kā'kus), n. [NL. (F. Cuvier) (Mama'am-school (mäm'sköl), n. A school kept caca, Lacépède, 1801), ( F. macaque (Buffon), Egyptian.


by a woman; a dame-school. [New Eng.) from a native name, macaco: see macaco2.] A Hieroglyphic.

Greek and Latin,

I found a girl some eighteen years old keeping a ma'am- genus of Old World catarrhine monkeys of the M represents a labial nasal sound, the corresponding nasal school for about twenty scholars.

family Cercopithecidæ or Cynopithecida; the mato b and p, as n to d and l, and ng to g and k. That is to

S. G. Goodrich, Recollections of a Lifetime, iv.

caques. The genus formerly included monkeys between say, in its production the lips are pressed together, or maatt, a. A form of mate2. Chaucer.

the doucs(Semnopithecince) and the baboons or drills(Cyno. form a mute closure, as in p and b; and the vocal chords mab (mab), n. [A dial. var. of mobl.] A slat- cephalina). It was next restricted to species inhabiting the

East Indies, having cheek-pouches, ischial callosities, and the pharynx into the nose is open, so that the tone rings tern. (Prov. Eng.)

a fifth tubercle on the back molar, such as the wanderoo in the nasal as well as in the oral cavity, and this gives mab (mab), p. 2.; pret. and pp. mabbed, ppr, mab- (M. silenus), the bonnet-macaque (M. sinicus), the rhesus the peculiar quality which we term nasal. (See nasal.) bing. [A dial. var. of mobl; cf. mab, n.) To monkey (M. rhesus), the common toque (M. cymomolgus), Since the nose is incapable of complete closure (except by dress negligently; be slatternly. [Prov. Eng.)

It is now restricted to species resembling the last

named. The leading genera which have been dissociated is resonant and continuable, and hence m and n are ordi. Maba (mā'bä), n. [NL. (J. R. Forster, 1776),

from Macacus are Cercocebus, Inuus, Theropithecus, Cyno. narily reckoned as semivocal, or liquid, or the like. But the name of the plant in Tonga-Tabu.) A ge

pithecus, and Cercopithecus. m does not win, like n, an actual vowel value in English nus of dicotyledonous gamopetalous plants be- macadam (mak-ad'am), n. [Short for Macadsyllabication; though in vulgar pronunciation words like elm, spasm, etc., are sometimes resolved into el-um, spaz. longing to the natural order Ebenaceæ, the

am parement: see macadamize.] Macadamized um, etc. The sound m, especially as initial, is a very sta- ebony family, characterized by diæcious flow

pavement. ble element in Indo-European language-history: compare ers, almost always three-parted, from three to meanl, mind, Latin mens, Greek uevos, Sanskrit y man; or

There are many varieties of pavement in London, from an indefinite number of stamens, and three mother, oldest traceable form mitar (compared with the

primitive macadam to the noiseless asphalte. altered father, brother, oldest pitar, Uhrútar). M has no styles, sometimes united below. They are shrubs

Contemporary Rev., LIV. 432. varieties of pronunciation, and is silent only in a few for

or trees, usually of very hard wood, with small entire Macadamia (mak-a-dā'mi-a), n. [NL. (F. von eign words, as mnemonic; it is doubled under the same circumstances as the consonants in general, as in dimmer, species are known, natives of the warm regions of the Müller, 1857), named after one Mac Adam.) A dimming, dimmed, etc., from dim.

globe. The ebony-wood of Cochin-China and Coromandel genus of dicotyledonous apetalous plants be2. As a numeral, in the Roman system, M de

is believed to be the product of a tree of this genus. notes 1,000. With a dash or stroke over it (M), nish, with other species of the region, desirable substi tribo Grerillee®, characterized by having two

geminata and M. laurina, called Queensland emy, fur: longing to the natural order Proteacea and the it stands for a thousand times a thousand, or tutes for ebony. M. buxifolia has been called East In- pendulous ovules, seeds with unequaland fleshy 1,000,000.-3. As a symbol: (a) In the mne- dian satinwood. The genus is found in a fossil state in cotyledons, anthers on short filaments inserted monic words of logic (see mood2), m indicates a

many Tertiary deposits, the fruiting calyx on its peduncle a little below the laminæ, and a ring-like

being all that is usually preserved. Eight species are transposition (metathesis) of the premises in thus known. They have been described under the name

four-lobed or four-parted disk. There are two the reduction. (6) Formerly, M was a brand Macreightia, now regarded as a section of Maba. One of species, found only in eastern Australia. They are tall impressed on one convicted of manslaughter these fossil species occurs in Colorado.

shrubs or trees with whorled leaves, either entire or serand admitted to the benefit of clergy.-4. As mabblet, v. t. A variant of moble2.

rate, and flowers pedicellate in pairs, in terminal or axil.

lary racemes, the pedicels not connate. M. ternifolia is an abbreviation: (a) In titles, M. stands for mabby (mab'i), n. [Formerly also mobby; Bar

the Queensland nut-tree, a small tree with dense foliage, Magister or Master, as in A. M.; for Medicine bados.! A spirituous liquor distilled from po- a firm, fine-grained wood, and an edible nut with the taste or Medicine, as in M. D.; or for Member, as in tatoes in Barbados.

of hazel, an inch or more in diameter. M. C., member of Congress, and M. P., mem- Mac. (< Gael. mac = Ir. mac = W. map, mab, macadamization (mak-ad'am-i-zā'shọn), n. (< ber of Parliament. (6) In mech., m. stands for also ap, ab, a son, = Goth. magus, a son: see macadamize + -ation.] The process of laying mass. (c) In dental formulæ, in zool., m.stands maya Cf. ap:] An element, usually a con- carriage-roads according to the system of John for molar, and dm. for deciduous molar. (a) In joined prefix, in many Scotch and Irish names Loudon Macadam, a Scottish engineer (1756 math., Mor stands for modulus; in higher of Celtic origin, cognate with the Welsh Ap-, 1836), who carried it out very extensively in geom., m or u for the degree of a curve. (e) In signifying.son,' and being thus equivalent to England. In the common process, the top soil of the

roadway is removed to the depth of 14 inches. Coarse astron. and metrol., m. stands for minute (of the Irish O', the English -son or -s, and the Nor

cracked stone is then laid in to a depth of 7 inches, and time), and for meter; mm. for millimeter; and i man Fitz-. The prefix is either written in full, Mac-, or

the interstices and surface-depressions are filled with for micron or micromillimeter. (f) In musical abbreviated to Mc- or Mc., which in works printed in the

fine cracked stones. Over these as a bed is placed a layer British Isles almost invariably appears as M.- the con. notation, M. stands for mano (main), mezco, tracted form being followed by a capital letter, while Mac

7 inches deep of road-metal or bruken stone, of which no

piece is larger than 2 inches in diameter. This is rolled metronome, and in organ-music for manual, See takes a capital after it but rarely. Thus a name may be

down with heavy steam. or horse rollers, and the top is M. D., M. M., M. S. () In a ship's log-book, variously spelled as Macdonald (rarely Mac Donald), M Don

finished with stone crushed to dust and rolled smooth. m. is an abbreviation of mist.–5. In printing, etc. In catalogues, directories, etc., names with this prefix, macadamize (mak-ad'am-iz), v. t.; pret, and pp. ald, or McDonald; so Mackenzie, M.Kenzie, or McKenzie,

Also spelled macadamisation. the square or quadrate of any body of type: more commonly spelled out, em (which see).- the alphabetical place of Mac. Sometimes used separate macadamized, ppr. macadamizing. (Macadam, To have an M under (or by) the girdlet, to have the ly for persons whose names begin with this pretix. the name of the inventor, + -ize. The F. macacourtesy of addressing by the title Mr., Miss, Mrs., etc.; The Fitzes sometimes permitted themselves to speak damiser is from E.) To cover (a road or path) show due respect by using the titles Mr., Mrs., etc. (Col. with scorn of the O's and Mace, and the O's and Macs loq.)

with a layer of broken road-metal. See macsometimes repaid that scorn with aversion. Macaulay. Miss . The devil take you, Neverout! besides all small Macaberesque (ma-kā-bér-esk'), a. [< Macaber macadamizer (mak-ad'am-i-zer), n.

adamization. Also spelled macadamise.

One who Lady A. Marry, come up! What, plain Neverout! me. (see def.)+-esque. Cf.ML. Machabæorum chora,

lays macadamized roads. Also spelled macadthinks you might have an M under your girdle, miss. as if the 'dance of the Maccabees.') Pertain

amiser. Swift, Polite Conversation, i. ing to or of the character of the so-called Macaja butter. See Cocos. malt, a. and adv. A Middle English form of mo. “Dance of Death,” a favorite subject in the macaque (ma-kak'), n. [< F. macaque, ( mama2 (mä), n. [A childish name, usually mama: literature, art, and pantomime of Europe in the see mama.] A shorter or childish form of middle ages and early Renaissance: apparently

caco, macaquo, a native name: see macaco2,

Macacus.] · A'monkey of the genus Macacus; based on a series of dialogues of death attrib

one of the several kinds of monkeys coming ma3 (mä), conj. [It. (= F. mais), but, <L. magis, uted to Macaber, an old German poet of whom

between baboons and the African mangabeys. more: see magister.] In music, but: used es- nothing is kuown. See dance of death, under The term has undergone the same restriction of meaning pecially in the phrase ma non troppo, but not dance.

as Macacus, and most of the macaques, in a former sense too much, to limit various indications of musi- macacol (ma-kā’ko), n. [Formerly also mau

of the word, have received special names, The Javan macal tempo and style, as allegro ma non troppo, cauco, mocawk; from a Malagasy name.) 1.

caque, M. cynomolgue, with beetling brows and tail about

as long as the body, is a fair example of the arboreal forms. quick, but not too much so, etc.

The ring-tailed lemur or cat-lemur, the species The munga, M. xinicus of India, is known as the bonnet. ma4 (mä), n. [Polynesian.] A sling used by of Lemur earliest known, described under this macaque, írom the top-knot which parts in the middle. The

Polynesian islanders, made from finely braided name by Buffon; the L. catta of Linnæus.-2. bunder, or rhesus macaque, M. rhexus, is a very common fibers of cocoanut-husk or of similar material. The technical specific name of the ruffed lemur,

Indian species. The bruh, or pig-tailed macaque, M. neme

strinus, is a long-limbed form inhabiting the Philippines, M, A. See 4, M. (a).

L. macaco. Hence-3. Any lemur; a maki. – with the tail of moderate length. In the Bornese black 224







mace macaque, M. maurus, the tail is a mere stump. Some of dandy; a member of the Macaroni Club. See these monkeys reach the snow-line in Tibet, as M. thibe. tanus. A remarkable species, the wanderoo, M. silenus,

II., 1. with a tufted tail and the face set in an enormous frill of

Lady Falkener's daughter is to be married to a young long gray hair, inhabits Malabar. Sometimes spelled ma

rich Mr. Crewe, a macarone, and of our loo. cake.

Walpole, To Hertford, May 27, 1764. Macaria (mă-kā'ri-a), n. [NL., ( Gr. parápios,

You are a delicate Londoner; you are a macaroni; you páxap, blessed, happy.] In zool., a name of va

can't ride.

Boswell, Tour to Hebrides, p. 84. rious genera. (a) A genus of spiders. Koch, 1795. (6)

Sure never were seen two such beautiful ponies;

Other horses are clowns, but these macaronies.
The typical genus of Macariidæ or Macariinie, erected by
Curtis in 1828. They are delicate, slender-bodied moths of (Hence arose the use of the word in the contemporary dog.

Sheridan, School for Scandal, ii. 2.
head. It is a large and wide-spread genus, occurring abun- gerel of “Yankee Doodle"-
dantly in Europe and America. M. liturata is the tawny.

(He) stuck a feather in his cap, barred angle of English collectors, to whom M, notata is

And called it macaroni – known as the small peacock-moth. (c) A genus of lady. and its application as a name, in the American revolution, birds or coccinellids, confined to South America, having to a body of Maryland troops remarkable for their showy the third and fifth joints of the antennæ very small. Also uniforms.) Micaria. Dejean, 1834.

4. A crested penguin or rock-hopper: a sailors' Macarian (mı-kā'ri-an), a. [< Macarius (see name. See penguin, and cut under Eudyptes. def.) (< Gr. jakápos, blessed) + -an.] 1. A fol- II. a. 1. Consisting of gay or stylish young lower of the monastic system or customs of the men: specifically [cap.] applied to a London elder Macarius of Egypt, or of the younger Ma- club, founded about the middle of the eigh

Red-and-blue Macaw (Ara macao. carius of Alexandria, contemporary monks of teenth century, composed of young men who the fourth century, who were noted for their had traveled and sought to introduce elegances voice is exceedingly harsh. The species severe asceticism.-2. A follower of the Mo- of dress and bearing from the continent.

are numerous, all inhabiting tropical or nothelite Macarius, patriarch of Antioch in the seventh century.

On Saturday, at the Maccaroni Club(which is composed subtropical America, especially the former, of all the travelled young men who wear long curls and


macaw-bush (ma-ka' bủsh), n. Macariidæ (mak-a-ri'i-dē), n. pl. [NL.. ( Maca- spying-glasses) they played again. ria + -idæ.] A family of geometrid moths, typi

Walpole, To Hertford, Feb. 6, 1764. West Indian plant, Solanum mammosum, a some. fied by the genus Macaria. Also called Maca- 2. Of or pertaining to macaronis or fops; ex- what shrubby, prickly weed. rida. They are also classed as a subfamily, quisite.

macaw-palm (ma-kå'päm), n. Same as ma

caw-tree. Macariince, of Geometridæ.

Ye travellid tribe, ye macaroni train,

Of French friseurs and nosegays justly vain. macaw-tree (ma-kâ'trē), 1. A South Amerimacarism (mak'a-rizm), n. [< Gr. pakaplouoc, Goldsmith, Epilogue spoken by Mrs. Bulsley and Miss blessing,<jarapičerv, bless.] A beatitude. j. A.

can palm, Acrocomia sclerocarpa. Also called (Catley.

gru-gru. Alexander, Commentary on Matthew, p. 110.

Daft gowk in macaroni dress,
Are ye come here to shaw your face?

Maccabean (mak-a-bē'an), a. macarize (mak'a-riz), v. t.; pret. and pp. maca

(Also Maccarized, ppr. macarizing. [< Gr. parapišeiv, bless,

Fergusson, On seeing a Butterfly in the Street. bæan; (LL. Maccäbæus, (Gr. Makkapaios, Macpronounce happy, <jákap, blessed, happy.) To macaronian (mak-a-ro'ni-an), a. and n. [< mac- cabæus.] Of or pertaining to the Jewish princes bless; pronounce happy; wish joy to; congratu- macaronic (mak-a-ron'ik), a. and n.

called Maccabees, who delivered Judea from late. (Rare.]

[= F. the tyranny of Antiochus Epiphanes, about 166 The word macarize has been adopted by Oxford men

macaronique = Sp. macarrónico Pg. macar- B. C., and rendered it independent for about a who are familiar with Aristotle, to supply a word wanting ronico = It, maccheronico; as macaroni + -ic.] century. in our language. “ Felicitate" and "congratulate" are I. a. 1. Of or pertaining to the food macaroni. maccaronit, 1. and a. An obsolete form of (in actual usage) confined to events. . . . It may be said -21. Pertaining to or like a macaroni or fop; macaroni. that men are admired for what they are, commended for hence, trifling; vain; affected.-3. In lit., maccawt, n, An old spelling of macaw.

See Machiavellian. Whately, On Bacon's Essay on Praise (ed. 1887). using, or characterized by the use of, many Macchiavellian, a, and n. macaroni (mak-a-roʻni), n. and a. (Formerly strange, distorted, or foreign words or forms, macco (mak’o), n. [< It. macco, massacre, also maccaroni,mackeroni, macheroni;

F. with little regard to syntax, yet with sufficient slaughter (also bean porridge).] A gambling macaroni = Sp. macarrones = Pg. macarrão, i analogy to common words and constructions to game.

His uncle was still at the macco table. OIt. maccaroni, It. maccheroni, macaroni, orig. à be or seem intelligible: as, a macaronic poet ;

T. Hook, Man of Many Friends. (Davies.) mixture of flour, cheese, and

butter, prob. <mac- etry is a kind of burlesque verse in which words of another maccoboy (mak’o-boi), n. A corruption of maccare, bruise, batter, (L. macerare, macerate: see

language are mingled with Latin words, or are made to couba, in common use. macerate. Cf. macaroon, from the same source. In ref. to the secondary uses of the word (cf. It. The term was brought into vogue by the popular satirical maccouba, macouba (mak'ö-bä), n. [So named maccarone, now maccherone, a fool, blockhead), works in this style of the Mantuan Teofilo Folengo (died from Macouba, a place in Martinique where the it is to be noted that it is common to name a

1544). It is probable that this use of the word has refer- tobacco from which the snuff was originally

ence to the varied ingredients which enter into the prep- made is grown.) A kind of fine dark-brown droll fellow, regarded as typical of his coun- aration of a dish of macaroni. try, after some favorite article of food, as E. A macaronic stage seems very often to mark the decline snuff, usually rose

scented. More comJack-pudding, G. Hanswurst (*Jack Sausage'), of an old literature and language, in countries exposed to F. Jean Farine ('Jack Flour').] I. n. i. Á powerful foreign influences.

monly maccoboy.

G. P. Marsh, Lects, on Eng. Lang., v. McCulloch Act. See kind of paste or dough prepared, originally and chiefly in Italy, from the glutinous granu, eral things. Cotgrare.— 2. Macaronic verse. macel(mās), n. [KME,

II. n. 1. A confused heap or mixture of sev- act. lar flour of hard varieties of wheat, pressed into long tubes or pipes through the perfo- ronic + -al.] Same as macaronic

. Nashe.

macaronicalt (mak- & -ron'i-kal), a. [< maca- mace, mase, mas, < rated bottom of a vessel furnished with man

OF. mace, mache (also drels , and afterward dried in the sun or by mackaroon, mackroon, makaron, macaron;

<F. F. masse = macaroon (mak - & -rön'), n. [Formerly also macque, maque, make),

Pr. massa also made into a thread-like product called vermicelli, and macaron, macaroni, also

a bun or cake, = Sp. = Sp. maza =Pg. mainto sticks, lozenges, disks, ribbons,

etc. Macaroni, cooked macarron, macaroon, < OIt. maccaroni, orig. a It. mazza (ML. in various ways, constitutes a leading article of food in mixture of flour, cheese, and butter: see macu- reflex massa), a club, Italy, especially in Naples and Genoa, and it is much used roni.] 1. A small sweet cake, made of sweet- scepter, < LL. matia, elsewhere. Imitations of it are made in other countries almond meal instead of wheaten flour, and white L. *matea, found only from ordinary flour, which is much less suitable. He doth learn to make strange sauces, to eat anchovies, of eggs.

in dim. mateola, a maccaroni, bovoli, fagioli, and caviare.

Let anything come in the shape of fodder, or eating mallet or beetle. Cf. B. Jonson, Cynthia's Revels, ii. 1. stuffe, it is wellcome, whether it be Sawsedge, ormack1.] 1. A wea2. A medley; something extravagant or calcu- Chese-cake, .. or Mackroone, Kickshaw, or Tantablin! lated to please an idle faney.—31. A London 24. A droll; a buffoon.-31. A finical fellow; sisting of monga vya

John Taylor, The Great Eater of Kent (1810). pon for striking, con-
exquisite of the eighteenth century; a fop; a
a fop; an exquisite. Compare macaroni, 3.

metal, with a han-
Call’d him ... a macaroon,
And no way fit to speak to clouted shoon.

dle or staff, usually of
R. B., Elegy on Donne (Donne's Poems, ed. 1650). such length as to be
macarte (ma-kärt'), n.

a, a', mace of the 13th century; [Origin not ascerconveniently wielded

b, mace of the type known as "holy. tained.] A rope attached to the hackamore.

with one hand; hy water sprinkler' or ' morning-star':
Macartney pheasant. See pheasant. extension, any simi-
macary-bitter (mak'a-ri-bit"ér), n. The shrub lar weapon. The head is often spiked, and sometimes
Antidesma, which yields medicinal consists of six, eight, or more radiating blades, grouped

around a central spike, all of steel.
bitters. [West Indies. ]
Macassar oil. See oil.

Arm'd with their greaves, and maces, and broad swords.

Heywood, Four Prentices. macasse (ma-kas'), n. [Origin obscure.] In a

They were divided into large parties, and meeting tosugar-mill, one of the two side rollers (the other gether combatted with clubs or maces, beating each other one being called distinctively the side roller) soundly.

Strutt, Sports and Pastimes, p. 202. placed in the same horizontal plane beneath 2. A scepter; a staff of office having somethe third roller, which is called the king-roller. what the form of the weapon of war defined macaw (ma-kâ'), n. [Formerly also maccaw, ma- above. Maces are borne before or by officials of various

cao, machao; < Braz. macao.) A large American ranks in many countries, as a symbol of authority or badge parrot of the family Psittacidæ and subfamily of office. The mace on the table of the British House of Arinæ, having a very long graduated tail and Lords or House of Commons represents the authority of the face partly bare of feathers. The macaws are

Proud Tarquinius among the largest and most magnificent of the parrot Rooted from Rome the sway of kingly mace. Macaroni and Lady in dress of 1770-1775tribe; but they are less docile than most parrots, and their

Marius and Sylla, 1594, cit. St. (Mares.)



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c, mace of the 15th century.

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