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labɔrs of Hercules, the feats of Samson, tidve public some idea of the impression these wars of the giants, the building of pyramids, things made on your mind. the turning aside of rivers, and removing Does there not appear to be an immense mountains ? What are such trifles as these disparity between the conduct of the primi. when compared with the stupendous opera- tive and modern christians? Were you not, tions of the god of the civilized world ? at first, alınost led to form the conclusion, Question: Who is lie ?

that the latter could not be derived from the Answer: He was worshipped by the former? Or did you suppose it possible children of Israel in the wilderness, when that they might be the same people in a state Moses tarried so long in the mount. Do of extreme degeneracy and degradation ? you know him?

The principles and practice of the early There are not seven thousand in the christians appear to have been consentane. United States, who have not bowed the knee ous; but will any person in his senses asto this Baal of the moderns, and whose lips sert that the conduct of the moderns is conhave not kissed him. By the ancients he formable with the precepts laid down in their was called Plutus; in heaven, he is not books? known; and on earth, he is yclept The I do not intend to request you to particuMammon of unrighteousnes.

larize all the instances in which this dis. -Quid non morialia pectora cogis.

par ty is glaringly apparent. That would Auri sacra fames?

be an unreasonable request. This is a bound

less subjcct: and were you to engage in it, Longing after Immortality. I know not how you would bring it to il con- The desire of being remembered when we clusion. Of one thing I am certain; the are no more is deeply in planted in the topic would not casily be exhausted. human mind. We all cast “a longing Should you be fortunate in your present lingering look behind" and desire to know undertaking, I hope you will touch on this what will be said of us when we are no subject occasionally. It must be admitted,

“I shall not altogether die!" was on all hands, that every man of honor is the triumphant exclamation of a poet of bound by the professions he thinks proper antiquity, when speaking of the productions deliberately to make : therefore, no man, of his brain : “ I shall leave a memorial of nor set of inen, can think it hard that their myself' is the idea of the swain who rudely actions should be compared with that standcarves the initials of his name on the ard which they have deliberately and solemne glossy surface of a beach tree in the ly published to the world, as the rule by forest.

which their conduct is to be regulated. The idler who cits letters with his knife I hope, Piomingo, that you will not be on the benches in our public walks, the poet backward to take notice of the errors and who writes verses with his pencil on the follies you may observe among us. boards of the summer house are equally go wrong, we cannot plead ignorance as an anxious, that ai least some part of them may excuse or palliation for our errors. We escape the ravages of the gloomy Libiiina. have enjoyed great advantages over your

We do not attempt to condemn this pro- nation and the other aborigines of America. pensity merely because it discovers itself in They, a'as ! have long wandered in the detrifles. No: had circumstances favored the vious paths of error; but I hope the time is ambition of these candidates for immortality, not far distant when they who have walked they might have plundered cities, ravaged in darkness will see a marvellous light. kingdoms, established empires, and become “rnighty hunters' on the earth. This is

Old Age. the saine principle which induced men in “Thou shalt rise up before the hoary head, early ages to say to each other: Go to, let and honor the face of an old man I am the us build us a city and a tower, whose top Lord.” may reąch to heaven; and let us make us a l'his benevolent precept is found in the

law, which was delivered to Moses. The

Jews ma!, for aught we know to the con(COMMUNICATION)

trary, observe this commandment; but the Piomingo, As I know that you have pe- christians, we suppose, consider it as a part rused with considerable attention our sacred of the ceremonial law; and therefore not books, and frequently attended our places of binding on them or their posterity. We worship, in your peregrinations through have often heard religious sophists discuss these United States, I cannot resist the in- this knotty point about the moral and cereclination I feel to request you to give the monial laws with uncommon ingenuity.


If we



Whenever any of the precepts or command- We must suffer sickness and pain. We may ments found in the five books of Moses or be reduced to a state of servitude. We may indeed in any part of the Old or New Testa- become captives, and consequently be exposed ment, appeared repugnant to the doctrives to every species of torture that human inge. of the church or the practices of the faith- nuity can invent, or the most violent animosity ful, these biblical critics will be sure to in

can inflict.

All these things being known to form you that they are a part of the cere

our philosophic seniors, they exercise our bomonial law; and therefore not to be ob dies, and discipline our minds, in such a man. served by christians under the new dispen- of character in every emergency,

ner, that we are enabled to maintain a dignity sation. Now as we have never seen a young We become patient of heat and regardless of christian “rise up to the hoary head or honor cold. We learn to subdne the cravings of the face of an old man,” unless his age were hunger without food; and to allay, without supported by wealth or authority, we are drink, the farchings of thirst. We can indulge necessarily led to suppose that the precept in a feast of bear meat and venison, or subsist above mentioned is considered as a part of on the roots of the desert. Untaught by philothe ceremonial law of the Jews, and im- sophy, we enjoy the present moment; unin. poses no obligation on “the children of the structed in christianity, we “ take no thought kingdom.”

for the morrow :" we oppose our naked breasts Among the savages of America age is

to the beating of the storm; and a fearless

spirit to every difficulty. universally respected. All unite to honor

It is well known to us, that the time of our the face of the old man whenever he ap- existence here is a period of exertion. We pears, whether his blanket be old or new, are taught therefore to meet unavoidable danger his pipe plain or ornamented with silver. with resolution, and to remove the greatest But among the civilized Americans I have difficulties by perseverance. We are obliged always seen age, particularly if it exhibited to climb the highest mountain, leap down the any appearance of poverty or infirmity, steepest precipice, and swim the wildest torrent. neglected or insulted.

The science of hunting engages our earliest Does the old man appear desirous to relate attention. We study the nature of our game, any of his boyish exploits; no one is dis- the time of the day, and the season of the posed to listen. No one can afford time to year. We know where to find the buffaloes in attend to the old dotard, who had better be the morning; and where they may be disco. in his bed or in hiç grave than to be here vered in the heat of the day. We know boring us with his antediluvian perform- when they descend to cool themselves in the

they visit the low marshy salt springs, and

river. We can rouse the deer from his lair in If the old man be possessed of any pro- the frosty morning, and trace him over the perty, it is a hundred to one but some finely hills by the newly tallen snow. We surprise polished and highly civilized young chris. the wolf in his gloomy haunts, or destroy him tian will observe, “ Damn the old codger: in his foraging excursions. We rouse the bear I wish he was in hell, and I had his mo- in his den, and shoot the panther among the ney."

rocks. We fis our traps for the fox, and drive, THE SAVAGE...NO II.

by stratagem, the beaver from his fortified

habitation. We find the wild cat on the moun. Effects of Civilization.

tains, and the raccoon in the heads of the val. A stoical indifference to bodily pain is, among leys. We know the haunts of the otter; and savages, one of the first lessons of youth. the muskrat we shoot as he peeps from his Fortitude to bear every evil, and resolution to hole. We kill the mink on the banks of the meet every danger, are inculcated upon us by stream, and the groundhog on the side of the our teachers, as virtues of the first magnitude. hill. We know the daily rounds of the turkey : To suffer pain without complaint, and even we take him on his roost, or shoot him on the with cheerfulness, is made the GREAT POINT OF ridges. We shoot the geese in their flight, or HONOR. There is no such thing as coercion in kill them when settled in the ponds. We see the savage system of education. We are the slightest traces in the forest; we hear the proud of doing right, and ashamed of doing least rustling among the branches; and we wrong. We are taught to consider ourselves smell the approaches of the serpent. We climb as superior to circumstances : at least, we are round the rocks, slip through the cane, and enabled to preserve a decent tranquility of skulk along the valleys. We study the course mind in the midst of the greatest possible ads of the wind in our approaches, or breathe on versity. It is known to us, that the vicissitudes fire, lest we taint the purity of the gale. We of life will expose us to misfortunes of various know the course our game will pursue, before kinds. We must support the burning heat of he has been roused from his harbor. We take the summer's sun, and the intense severity of the opposite direction, and meet him as he turns the winter's cold. We must submit to hunger round the hill. We guide our course through and thirst and a multitude of other privations. the boundless wilderness, by the sun, moon,


and stars, and even by the appearance of the But let him get home again. The sight of trees of the forest. We perform the most in his barn door, and the appearance of old credible journeys withont fatigue, crossing the Towser—the bawling of his black cow, and widest rivers on the trunk of a tree. Through the smell of his hogsty--the squalling of his the immense desert we are familiar with every brats, and his snug chimney corner--all in hill, and at home on the bank of every rivulet. sweet succession--revive, invigorate, and res We walk proudly on the hills: and from the store him. Having turned off a mug of cider, towering summits of the Appalachian moun. he “is himself again.” And then and then tains, we look down, with ineffible contempt, the dangers and escapes, the windmills and on the brutelike drudgery of civilized life. the giants, the ghosts and the savages, the

Thus the wild horse snuffs the western thunder and the lightning, the battles and the breeze, bounds joyously over the hills, laughs conquests, astonish and confound the gaping at the rattling of the chains, and despises the auditors. bridle and the plough.

this the man you would compare with the We build dams in the rivers; and shoals of savage ? Is this the man you would prefer to fish pour into our baskets. They are arrested the lord of the desert ? in their course by our arrows and our gigs; or Man is said to be composed of two parts : they are lured to destruction by the temptation body and soul. Now, pray be so good as to of our bait. We bid them assemble together, inform me whether it be the body or soul of and we scoop them up with our nets.

this animal, which is possessed of that some. We study the face of the heavens, and foretel thing, which you honor with the name of the changes of the weather. We know when civilization. His limbs, you say, are robust the gust is about to rise in the west, and when and strong by exercise and labor. Does civili. the wind promises a continued,rain. We can zation then consist in robustness of body, or tell when to prepare for snow and when ice brawniness of limbs ? He may be strong in will appear on the waters.

his youth, but continual drudgery destroys the Do you not suppose. O ye inhabitants of harmony of his shape, and the dignity of his cities, that this system of education, that these motion. The elasticity of his limbs is destroy. pursuits and employments, are well calculated ed, and he degenerates into a mere beast of to sharpen the faculties and exercise the under- burden. His visage becomes the very picture standing? Where the mind is accustomed to of stupidity and malignity. He is no longer turn itself to such a variety of vocations, and the animal to whom God accommodate itself to such a multitude of cir. Os—sublime dedit, cælumque videre cumstances, must it not become infinitely supe. Jussit, et erectos ad sidera tollere vultos. rior to that sluggish existence, whose ideas are No: he looks downward to the earth, and offers continually occupied with the millhorse round his back to the rider. His feet become as the of domestic drudgery ?

feet of a camel, and his hands rough and scaly Not only the memory, but every faculty we as the cone that drops from the top of the pine possess, is improved by exercise : how then tree. can his mind be enlightened, who is the mere The lower ranks of those who reside in cities, creature of habit, unaccustomed to thought and being more confined in their operations, are reflection? Can he, whose business leads him sunk still lower, in the scale of intelligence, from the house to the barn, from the barn to than the inhabitants of the country. Their the stable, from the stable to the orchard, from business being bounded by the shop, and their the orchard to the cornfield, and from the corn. excursions liinited by the market; what should field to the house, again, possess an elevated un. they know but the price of butter, and the time derstanding? Can he, whose most distant excur- of high water? Can you number the ideas of sion extends not beyond the neighboring mar- a muscle, or fathom the intelligence of an oysket town, have a mind enriched with a multi. ter ? if you can, you have a competent knowtude of ideas? Such a being is distressed if ledge of the intellectual powers of the people he wander out sight of the smoke of his own that I describe. chimney. His friends are miserable, lest he Do not naturalists rank the productions of should never return; and he, poor soul! gapes nature agreeably to their locomotive powers ? like a fish elevated above the surface of the water The animal is more excellent than the vegetaby the line of the fisherman. He gazes with ble; why? Because it is capable of changing surprise on every object he has not been ac- its situation. And man is supposed to be the customed to contemplate. He expects some most noble of animals, because he can travel beast of prey to start up in every valley, and from pole to pole, and subsist under every the devil out of every thorn bush. He looks climate. for robbers behind every hedge, savage Indians Vegetables, admitting they were capable of in every wood. He says his prayers before he perceiving, could have but few ideas, being crosses a bridge, and confesses his sins on the confined by hills and rocks and surrounded by banks of every torrent. But night overtakes walls and inclosures. him. How deplorable his situation! Every The things called zoophytes can know very withered bush is a ghost; and every black little more than a leaf of plantain, or a sprig of stump, an imp of darkness !

hoarhound; and those animals that remain,

during the whole period of their existence, on enthusiasm in the cause of virtue have disap. the same bank or hillock, are scarcely superior, peared. in their intellectual powers, to i polypus or A fortune is not to be made at once by industry; zoophytic fungus. What knowledge of the it is made up loy the daily accession of small world was possessed by the toad, which was sums. Small suins, therefore, become an ob. shut up for five thousand years in the solid ject of inportance to the industrious inan. body of a rock? Men who vegetute in ono He values them highly. And the men who spot, and have no leisure for reading or reflec. sets a high value on sınall sums may poss bly tion, must be limited in their ideas and narrow adhere to the dead letter of honesty; but he in their understandings.

has lost that nobility of the heart, for which Such are the blessings of civilization ; suich nothing can be a sufficient compensation. A are the consequences of refinement.

minute attention to trites has narrowed and But we will be told of the polished few, contaminated his mind. He must be shut out whose minds are expanded by philosophy, and from the congregation of those who are clothed whose happiness is insured by a multiplicity of in the white raiinent of pure unsullied honor : enjoyments. We shall speak of their happiness he is unclean. hereafter; at present we mean merely to con.

Discuveries. sider the paucity of their numbers. As refinement progresses, the number of the

“Wist ye not that such a man as I can certainly, refined must necessarily be reduced. If you


Our violent desire to know what the world become elevated, you must have supporters. had said and were saying about our Savage If your clevation be still more increased, the induced us to have recourse to ineans for qnantity of supporting materials must be inul gratifying our curiosity which we never resort tiplied in a like proportion. It is absurd to

to unless on extraordinary occasions. talk of all becoming cqually refined, polished, and civilized. How can you dine in state, if under the celebrated Kaioka. Kaioka was a

Wc'once studiсd the science of powwowing there be none to wait at your table ? And if we increase your refinement, state, and splen. He could predict the approach of comets, and

great man: a priest, a prophet, and magician. dor, must not your attendants continne to be the time when our warriors would return from multiplied proportionably? Now, if we follow their picdatory excursions. He could prevent this train of thought, we shall be able to prove the rivers from overflowing their banks, and by a chain of incontestable arguments, that, the moles from destroying the corn. when civilization is carried to its acre, there foretel the event of a war, and interpret the

He could will be one man polished into a god, and all the rest of the species will be slaves, parasites, and the moon with a circle, and multiply the as to the being that we saw in our dream; for Hill. Would you select some entertaining of that we are ignorant. We at first supposed stories from the last mentioned work, for the it to be the devil of the civilized world, as he cdification of your aunt Jenny, I have no doubt certainly wore on his head something that had but she would procure, for your paper, a hun. the semblance of horns: but, upon the closest dred subscribers. inspection, we could perceive nothing that had Could you hire an enterprising genius to the appearance of a cloven foot. Upon the skulk about the city, and see what married whole, we are led to conclude that it must have men frequent the houses of pollution--what been some benignant spirit; as no evil one heads of families have been known to kiss would, we believe, venture to approach us in pretty

He could surround

meaning of dreams. brutes. (to be continued.) number of suns. He could charm away

the most malignant spirit, and stop the ravages Acquisition of Wealth.

of thc most alarming disease. He formed a.

treaty of friendship with serpents, and cher. It appears to us nearly as hard for him who ished the rattlesnake in his bosom. He could derotes his time to the acquisition of riches, to bring on darkness at midday, and call down be perfectly upright and honorable through the rain froin heaven by his powerful incantations. whole course of a long life, as for a " camel to Ho acquired an absolute ascendancy over the go through the cye of a needle.” The man spirits that manage the clouds and those that who rereives a fortune by inheritance has cvery assist the operations of rivers. The genii of opportunity to cultivate and cherish his virtuous the caves and the inhabitants of the abyss wero inclinations; but the man who sets out in life subjected to his power. without wealth, is beset by temptations on We took a few lessons from this wonderful every side that urge him on to the acquisition man, which enables us on extraordinary occa. of money, by means both illicit and unwar. sions to dip a little into the invisible world. rantable. He sces that properiy procures We can “start a ghost" or rouse a goblin, pleasure, attention, and respect. He wishes when there happens to be any necessity for for pleasure: he wishes for a distinguished such an exertion; but we generally are crn. situation arnong his specics : and in order to tent with having recourse to dreams, after obtain things so desirable, he immediately sets having inade the necessary preparations. about the busin'ss of accumulation. If he be By this last method we made some highly able to subdue his love of pleasure, and think interesting discoveries concerning our Savayc, prop?r to take the plain beaten p:ith of industry, as will be seen in the scquel. he may get rich; but his temper and disposi. We fasted and prayed. We took an emetic, Lion will be changed. He acquires his wealth and performed the necessary ablutions in the with difficulty ; and we always love the pro. Schuylkill : and then, having burned a few duct of our attention and labor. He is now a leaves of tobacco to propitiate the spirits of the rich man: but the finer feelings and nobler air, we lay down and slept. In our dream, a sentiments of his mind are absolutely cradi: terrific form made its appearance. We cannot cated: that generous disregard of self, and that undertake to satisfy the curiosity of the public,


hamberrnaids-what modish ladies our purified state. He stalked up with the have been surprised in delicate situationsgreatest dignity. His countenance bore the what rosy misses have retired to the country impression of profound wisdom, but mixed with on account of indisposition—what old men something that had the appearance of contempt/ have young wives— who were seen abroad at for every thing earthly.

unseasonable hours, or in equivocal places, &c. We demanded what the literati of the age &c. I say, if you procare an agent to collect thought of our Savage.

anecdotes of this discription, and inix them up The literati of the age! repeated he, smiling; with sly hints and double entendres, ornamento not many of them have yet had the pleasure of ed with a sufficiency of A.s, Z.s, dashes, stars, becoming acquainted with your Savage; and italics, and double pica, take my word for it, but few of them ever will. Can they whose there is no paper 1, the United States will have heads arc above the clouds oliserve the motions so extensive a circulation as yours. of an ant upon a hillock? But there are seve. As soon as the welcome carrier throws in the ral other descriptions of readers who are not a Savage, the scandal-loving dame, with watering little out of humor with the beginning you have teeth, will hasten to draw down her spectacles made.

from her withered forehead, adjust them on I will give you some account of them, and her shiarp-pointed nose,and devour the luscious the reception your Savage is likely to meet intelligence with more avidity than Amelia with from them.

Wilhelmina Carolina did the contents of the Old Jonathan Longhend, the other day, took last novel. And all the little tattling teadrink. up your duodecimo'and read a few minutes. ing misses will crowd round the old lady's He then laid it downı, lighted a segar, and chair on their knces, and stretch their pretty leaned back upon his chair inmersed in deep necks, open their love-inspiring eyes ond kiss. thought. After remaining in this attitude for courting mouths, to catch-some, a part of a five minutes, lic drew thc segar from his month, line, and others, a broken end of a sentence: and blowing forth the smoke with the greatest while the old gentleman hangs over their deliberation, he uttered the following oracle, shoulders grinning a smile of complacency." "Atheistical and deistical.” Should they raise What, can a savage stoop to such baseness ? the cry of mad dog against you, you had better Shall a headman and warrior of the Musco. be a dog in reality.

gulgee confederacy construct and keep in re. Billy Bluster and a few of his associates pair a pubric sewer to convey into the world were mightily taken with the title of your pa. all the abomination, corruption, and filth, of a pcr. “ The Savage! Damn me, Ton! this populous city ? Shall he become common will be a hell of a thundering paper, hey? pimp to all the base propensities of human na. Then we shall have for a frontispiece a bloody iure? When he shall act thus, Bavage with a ferocious countenance, brandish. Be ready Gods, with all your thunderbolls, ing his tomahawk and scalping knife-ah! a Dash him to pieces!” devil of a fine thing! Then, it will be filled with drinking songs and hellish fine stories. We are sorry that the infancy of our Savage We'll langh like damnation, hey O!"

has bien offensive to Salomon Simple. Solo. “Do you not suppose, Piomingo, that these mon should recollect that every thing must have brave boys were sadly disappointed by thc ap- a beginning: If we speak of a child, we must fearance of your sweetly moving peaceable not put in his mouth ihe words of learning or Savage ? Were you capable of producing wisdom : such words, for example, as Solomon picces of the most finished composition, do you makes use of when he talks of the inilitary suppose that they would be relished by these abilities of the archduke Charles, and the con. children of Comus? Do you suppose that sequences of the embargo and non-importation your delicate irony or classical allusions can aci. If we speak to a child, we must not pour excite a roar of laughter over the bowl, or call ont those sesquipedalia which Solomon is wont forth the plaudits of the groundlings? Sooner to ulter when he delivers his sentiments on the will you charın the deaf adder : sooner will the law of nations concerning neutrals and bellige. bcasts of the forest -dance to your music, or rents. There is an old hook, which Solomon cities ascend to the sound of your lyre! No, ought to have some knowledge of, which says, no, Piomingo, if you be disposed to please these that when one is a child one must “speak as a jovial souls, you must have recourse to Joe child, understand as a child, and think as a Miller's Jest-book and the adventures of Fanny child." We hope that our Savage, when arriv.

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