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THE LIVES

THE P O P E S.

PART I.

FROM THE RISE OF THE ROMAN CHURCH

THE AGE OF GREGORY VII.

A.D. 100-1046.

LONDON:

TIE RELIGIOUS TRACT SOCIETY;

Instituted 1799.

1o. d. 266.

CONTENTS.

• 26

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PAGR

CHAPTER I.--Origin of the title of pope-First bishops of Rome-Linta-

CLEMENT-Their simplicity and piety-How long these qualities were

preserved -Comparative unimportance of the Roman bishops-Ignatius of

Antioch-Polycarp of Smyrna-ANICETUS-The martyrs and confessors

FABIANUS-CORNELIUS-LUCIUS

5

CHAPTER II.-Excessive homage paid to bishops-They become a priest.

hood-Growth of the Roman church-Arrogance of VICTOR I. and of

STEPHEN 1.- Temptations to the Roman bishops – Wealth of the ehurch-

Benefits of persecution - Paul of Samosata - Constantine the Great-

Results of his reign-Toleration-Patronage--SYLVESTEA, the first patri.

arch of Rome-Injury to the spirituality of the church

14

CHAPTER III.-Pre-eminence of the Roman bishops-Signs of corruption

- They seek to enlarge their powers-MARK- Julius-Arian controversy

-Occasional admissions of the supremacy of Rome--LIBERIUS-Contest

with Felix-DAXAsus and Ursicinus.

CHAPTER IV.-SIRICIUS enjoins celibacy-Restricts baptism to certain

days-Introduction of several abuses-Monachism-Anthony the hermit-

Pachomius the monk-Priestly assumptions of the clergy--Sanctioned by

Chrysostom and others--Illustrated in Martin of Tours-Respect paid to

saints and their relics-- Decline of paganism- ANASTASIUS--Alaric and

the Goths-Degeneracy and immorality of the Romans-Sack of Rome-

INNOCENT 1. The Goths professors of Christianity-Innocent's authority

over foreign churches

34

CHAPTER V.-Zosimus-Pelagian controversy-Cælestius and Pelagius

appeal to the bishop of Rome-Augustine and the African churches re-

monstrate-Zosimus changes sides-Baptismal regeneration--BONIFACE I.

-CELESTINE-The clergy of France. Nestorian controversy-Celestine's

arrogance-Council of Ephesus-Cyril-Story of Dalmatius

47

CHAPTER VI.--SIXTUS II.-Story of Patrick-LEO THE GREAT-His

noble

qualities - Theological labours - Haughtiness towards Hilary -

Monophysite controversy—Dioscurus-Eutyches-Flavian-The “Council

of Robbers"-Flavian deposed-Contempt shown to Leo's advice

55

CHAPTER VII.-Leo's resentment-Invasion of southern Europe by the

Huns-Attila-Battle of Chalons-Its effects on European history-Attila

enters Italy-Leo becomes ambassador Invasion of Italy by the Vandals

-Leo again intercedes-Great wealth of the Roman church-Fall of the

Roman empire-Ascendency of the popes-Results of Leo's popedom-

Corruptions multiplied-Antichrist manifested

64

CHAPTER VIII.-HILARY-SIMPLICIUS-FELIX 11.--GELASIUS-Miser-

able state of Italy - Reign of Theodoric the Goth - ANASTASIUS-

SYMMACIUS-HORMISDAS-JOHN 1.- FELIX III.-Benedict the recluse

founds a new order of monks-Its character-Boethius-Anarchy after

Theodoric's death-BONIFACE 11.-JOHN II.-AGAPETUS-Reign of Jus.

tinian-SYLVERIUS-Belisarius invades Italy-Tergiversation of the pope

-VIGILIUS obtains office by simony-Historical obscurity of the age

Lombards invade Italy-Effects of frequent invasion

75

CHAPTER IX.-PELAGIUS 1.-JOHN 111.-BENEDICT 1.-PELAGIUS 11.

GREGORY I., styled the GREAT-His early life-Becomes pope-His quali-

fications for the office-His charitableness-Rebukes the bishop Natalis

His “Rules" -Sends Augustine to convert the Anglo-Saxons--Success of

the mission-Indignation of the ancient British churches-- Deynoch of

Bangor-Augustine's bigotry-Gregory aims at controlling the Spanish

and French churches,

Alters tbe forms of worship-Improves the singing

_"Canon of the mass"-Sanctions the use of images--His superstitious

tendencies-Letter to the empress Constantina-His servility to monarchs 83

CHAPTER X.-Twenty-four popes,alloflittle note-SABINIANUS-BONIFACE

III.-BONIFACE IV.- DEODATUS-BONIFACE V.-HONORIUS 1.-SEVERINUS

-JOHN IV.-THEODORE 1.-MARTIN I.--EUGENE 1.-VITALIAN-ADRODA-

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