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warehouseman conducting a warehouse under this chapter, for any violation of or failure to comply with any provision of this chapter or of the rules and regulations made hereunder, or upon the ground that unreasonable or exorbitant charges have been made for services rendered. Pending investigation, the Secretary of Agriculture, or his designated representative, whenever he deems necessary, may suspend a license temporarily without hearing. (Aug. 11, 1916, ch. 313, part C, $ 25, 39 Stat. 490; Mar. 2, 1931 ch. 366, § 8, 46 Stat. 1465.)

$ 247. Bond of applicant for warehouse license; additional bond.—Each warehouseman applying for a license to conduct a warehouse in accordance with this chapter shall, as a condition to the granting thereof, execute and file with the Secretary of Agriculture a good and sufficient bond to the United States to secure the faithful performance of his obligations as a warehouseman under the terms of this chapter and the rules and regulations prescribed hereunder, and of such additional obligations as a warehouseman as may be assumed by him under contracts with the respective depositors of agricultural products in such warehouse. Said bond shall be in such form and amount, shall have such surety or sureties, subject to service of process in suits on the bond within the State, District, or Territory in which the warehouse is located, and shall contain such terms and conditions as the Secretary of Agriculture may prescribe to carry out the purposes of this chapter, and may, in the discretion of the Secretary of Agriculture, include the requirements of fire and/or other insurance. Whenever the Secretary of Agriculture, or his designated representative, shall determine that a previously approved bond is, or for any cause has become, insufficient, he may require an additional bond or bonds to be given by the warehouseman concerned, conforming with the requirements of this section, and unless the same be given within the time fixed by a written demand therefor the license of such warehouseman may be suspended or revoked. (Aug. 11, 1916, ch. 313, part C, $ 6, 39 Stat. 486; July 24, 1919; ch. 26, 41 Stat. 266; Feb. 23, 1923, ch. 106, 42 Stat. 1283; Mar. 2, 1931, ch. 366, § 2, 46 Stat. 1463.)

8 248. License to person not warehouseman; bond; general duties of persons so licensed.--The Secretary of Agriculture, or his designated representative, may, under such rules and regulations as he shall prescribe, issue a license to any person not a warehouseman to accept the custody of agricultural products and to store the same in a warehouse or warehouses owned, operated, or leased by any State, upon condition that such person agree to comply with and abide by the terms of this chapter and the rules and regulations prescribed hereunder. Each person so licensed shall issue receipts for the agricultural products placed in his custody, and shall give bond, in accordance with the provisions of this chapter, and the rules and regulations hereunder affecting warehousemen licensed under this chapter, and shall otherwise be subject to this chapter, and such rules and regulations, to the same extent as is provided for warehousemen licensed hereunder. (Aug. 11, 1916, ch. 313, part C, § 9, 39 Stat. 487; Mar. 22, 1931, ch. 366, § 4, 46 Stat. 1464.)

§ 249. Action on bond by person injured.—Any person injured by the breach of any obligation to secure which a bond is given, under the provisions of section 247 or 248 of this title, shall be entitled to sue on the bond in his own name in any court of competent jurisdiction to recover the damages he may have sustained by such breach. (Aug. 1, 1916, ch. 313, part C, $ 7, 39 Stat. 487.)

250. Designation as bonded warehouse.—Upon the filing with and approval by the Secretary of Agriculture, or his designated representative, of a bond, in compliance with this chapter, for the conduct of a warehouse, such warehouse may be designated as bonded hereunder; but no warehouse shall be designated as bonded under this chapter, and no name or description conveying the impression that it is so bonded, shall be used, until a bond, such as provided for in section 247 of this title, has been filed with and approved by the Secretary of Agriculture, or his designated representative, nor unless the license issued under this chapter for the conduct of such warehouse remains unsuspended and unrevoked. (Aug. 11, 1916, ch. 313, part C, § 8, 39, Stat. 487; Mar. 2, 1931, ch. 366, § 3, 46 Stat. 1463.)

§ 251. Fee for inspection of warehouse or for license; disposition of moneys.-The Secretary of Agriculture, or his designated representative, may charge, assess, and cause to be collected a reasonable fee for every examination or inspection of a warehouse under this chapter when such examination or inspection is made upon application of a warehouseman, and for each license issued to a warehouseman or to any person to classify, inspect, grade, sample, and/or weigh agricultural products stored or to be stored under the provisions of this chapter, the Secretary of Agriculture, or his designated representative, may charge, assess, and cause to be collected a reasonable fee. All such fees shall be deposited and covered into the Treasury as miscellaneous receipts. (Aug. 11, 1916, ch. 313, part C, 10, 39 Stat. 487; Mar. 2, 1931, ch. 366, § 5, 46 Stat. 1464.)

§ 252. License to classify, grade, or weight agricultural prod. ucts.—The Secretary of Agriculture, or his designated representative, may upon presentation of satisfactory proof of competency, issue to any person a license to inspect, sample, or classify any agricultural product or products, stored or to be stored in a warehouse licensed under this chapter, according to condition, grade, or otherwise and to certificate the condition, garde, or other class thereof, or to weigh the same and certificate the weight thereof, or both to inspect, sample, or classify and weigh the same and to certificate the condition, grade, or other class and the weight thereof, upon condition that such person agree to comply with and abide by the terms of this chapter and of the rules and regulations prescribed hereunder so far as the same relate to him. (Aug. 11, 1916, ch. 313, part C, § 11, 39 Stat. 487; Feb. 23, 1923, ch. 106, 42 Stat. 1283; Mar. 2, 1931, ch. 366, § 6, 46 Stat. 1464.)

8 253. Suspension and revocation of license to classify, grade, or weigh.-Any license issued to any person to inspect, sample, or classify, or to weigh any agricultural product or products under this chapter may be suspended or revoked by the Secretary of Agriculture, or his designated representative, whenever he is satisfied, after opportunity afforded to the licensee concerned for a hearing, that such licensee has failed to inspect, sample, or classor to weigh any agricultural product or products correctly, or has violated any of the provisions of this chapter or of the rules and regulations prescribed hereunder, so far as the same may relate to him, or that he has used his license or allowed it to be used for any improper purpose whatever. Pending investigation, the Secretary of Agriculture, or his designated representative, whenever he deems necessary, may suspend a license temporarily without_hearing. (Aug. 11, 1916, ch. 313, part C, § 12, 39 Stat. 487; Feb. 23, 1923, ch. 106, 42 Stat. 1283; Mar. 2, 1931, ch. 366, § 7, 46 Stat. 1464.)

§ 254. Discrimination by warehouseman prohibited. Every warehouseman conducting a warehouse licensed under this chapter shall receive for storage therein, so far as its capacity permits, any agricultural products of the kind customarily stored therein by him which may be tendered to him in a suitable condition for warehousing, in the usual manner in the ordinary and usual course of business, without making any discrimination between persons desiring to avail themselves of warehouse facilities. (Aug. 11, 1916, ch. 313, part C, $ 13, 39 Stat. 488.)

§ 255. Deposits of products deemed made subject to chapter.Any person who deposits agricultural products for storage in a warehouse licensed under this chapter shall be deemed to have deposited the same subject to the terms of this chapter and the rules and regulations prescribed thereunder. (Aug. 11, 1916, ch. 313, part C, $ 14, 39 Stat. 488.)

8 256. Inspection and grading of products stored.—Any fungible agricultural products stored for interstate or foreign commerce, or in any place under the exclusive jurisdiction of the United States, in a warehouse licensed under this chapter, shall be inspected and graded by a person duly prescribed to grade the same under this chapter. (Aug. 11, 1916, ch. 313, part C, § 15, 39 Stat. 488; Feb. 23, 1923, ch. 106, 42 Stat. 1283.)

§ 257. Standards for agricultural products. The Secretary of Agriculture is authorized, from time to time, to establish and promulgate standards for agricultural products by which their quality or value may be judged or determined: Provided, That the standards for any agricultural products which have been, or which in the future may be, established by or under authority or any other Act of Congress shall be, and are hereby, adopted for the purposes of this chapter as the official standards of the United States for the agricultural products to which they relate. (Aug. 11, 1916, ch. 313, part C, $ 19, 39 Stat. 489; Feb. 23, 1923, ch. 106, 42 Stat. 1284.)

§ 258. Mingling products stored.—Every warehouseman conducting a warehouse licensed under this chapter shall keep the agricultural products therein of one depositor so far separate from agricultural products of other depositors, and from other agricultural products of the same depositor for which a separate receipt has been issued, as to permit at all times the identification and redelivery of the agricultural products deposited; but if au

thorized by agreement or by custom, a warehouseman may mingle fungible agricultural products with other agricultural products of the same kind and grade, and shall be severally liable to each depositor for the care and redelivery of his share of such mass, to the same extent and under the same circumstances as if the agricultural products had been kept separate, but he shall at no time while they are in his custody mix fungible agricultural products of different grades. (Aug. 11, 1916, ch. 313, part C, S 16, 39 Stat. 488.)

8 259. Receipts for products stored generally. For all agricultural products stored for interstate or foreign commerce, or in any place under the exclusive jurisdiction of the United States, in a warehouse licensed under this chapter original receipts shall be issued by the warehouseman conducting the same, but no receipts shall be issued except for agricultural products actually stored in the warehouse at the time of the issuance thereof. (Aug. 11, 1916, ch. 313, part C, 17, 39 Stat. 488.)

§ 260. Contents of receipts.--Every receipt issued for agricultural products stored in a warehouse licensed under this chapter shall embody within its written or printed terms (a) the location of the warehouse in which the agricultural products are stored; (b) the date of issue of the receipt; (c) the consecutive number of the receipt; (d) a statement whether the agricultural products received will be delivered to the bearer, to a specified person, or to a specified person or his order; (e) the rate of storage charges; (f) a description of the agricultural products reecived, showing the quantity thereof, or, in case of agricultural products customarily put up in bales or packages, a description of such bales or packages by marks, numbers, or other means of identification and the weight of such bales or packages; (g) the grade or other class of the agricultural products received and the standard or description in accordance with which such classification has been made: Provided, That such grade or other class shall be stated according to the official standard of the United States applicable to such agricultural products as the same may be fixed and promulgated under the authority of law; Provided further, That until such official standards of the United States for any agricultural product or products have been fixed and promulgated, the grade or other class thereof may be stated in accordance with any recognized standard or in accordance with such rules and regulations not inconsistent herewith as may be prescribed by the Secretary of Agriculture; (h) a statement that the receipt is issued subject to the United States Warehouse Act and the rules and regulations prescribed thereunder; (i) if the receipt be issued for agricultural products of which the warehouseman is owner, either solely or jointly or in common with others, the fact of such ownership; (j) a statement of the amount of advances made and of liabilities incurred for which the warehouseman claims a lien: Provided. That if the precise amount of such advances made or of such liabilities incurred be at the time of the issue of the receipt unknown to the warehouseman or his agent who issues it, a statement of the fact that advances have been made or liabilities incurred and the

purpose thereof shall be sufficient; (k) such other terms and conditions within the limitations of this chapter as may be required by the Secretary of Agriculture; and (1) the signature of the warehouseman, which may be made by his authorized agent: Provided, That unless otherwise required by the law of the State in which the warehouse is located, when requested by the depositor of other than fungible agricultural products, a receipt omitting compliance with subdivision (g) of this section may be issued : Provided, however, That the Secretary of Agricul- ture may in his discretion require that such receipt have plainly and conspicuously embodied in its written or printed terms a provision that such receipt is not negotiable. (Aug. 11, 1916, ch. 313, part C, § 18, 39 Stat. 488; July 24, 1919, ch. 26, 41 Stat. 266; Feb. 23, 1923, ch. 106, 42 Stat. 1284.)

REFERENCE IN TEXT The United States Warehouse Act mentioned in clause (h) includes sections 241-273 of this title.

8 261. Issuance of further receipt, original outstanding.-While an original receipt issued under this chapter is outstanding and uncanceled by the warehouseman issuing the same no other or further receipt shall be issued for the agricultural product covered thereby or for any part thereof except that in the case of a lost or destroyed receipt a new receipt, upon the same terms and subjct to the same conditions and bearing on its face the number and date of the receipt in lieu of which it is issued, may be issued upon compliance with the statutes of the United States applicable thereto in places under the exclusive jurisdiction of the United States or upon compliance with the laws of any State applicable thereto in any place not under the exclusive jurisdiction of the United States: Provided, That if there be in such case no statute of the United States or law of a State applicable thereto such new receipts may be issued upon the giving of satisfactory security in compliance with the rules and regulations made pursuant to this chapter. (Aug. 11, 1916, ch. 313, part C, $ 20, 39 Stat. 489.)

§ 262. Delivery of products stored on demand; conditions to delivery.-A warehouseman conducting a warehouse licensed under this chapter, in the absence of some lawful excuse, shall, without unnecessary delay, deliver the agricultural products stored therein upon a demand made either by the holder of a receipt for such agricultural products or by the depositor thereof if such demand be accompanied with (a) an offer to satisfy the warehouseman's lien; (b) an offer to surrender the receipt, if negotiable, with such indorsements as would be necessary for the negotiation of the receipt; and (c) a readiness and willingness to sign, when the products are delivered, an acknowledgment that they have been delivered if such signature is requested by the warehouseman. (Aug. 11, 1916, ch. 313, part C, § 21, 39 Stat. 489.)

§ 263. Cancellation of receipt on delivery of product stored.A warehouseman conducting a warehouse licensed under this chapter shall plainly cancel upon the face thereof each receipt re

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