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live poultry from a foreign country into the United States or from one State or Territory of the United States or the District of Columbia to another, and to seize, quarantine, and dispose of any hay, straw, forage, or similar material, or any meats, hides, or other animal products coming from an infected foreign country to the United States, or from one State or Territory or the District of Columbia in transit to another State or Territory or the District of Columbia whenever in his judgment such action is advisable in order to guard against the introduction or spread of such contagion. (Feb. 2, 1903, ch. 349, § 2, 32 Stat. 792; Feb. 7, 1928, ch. 30, 45 Stat. 59.)

§ 112. Investigations as to pleuropneumonia, and other diseases; regulations. In order to promote the exportation of livestock and/or live poultry from the United States the Secretary of Agriculture shall make special investigation as to the existence of pleuropneumonia, or any contagious, infectious, or communicable disease, along the dividing lines between the United States and foreign countries, and along the lines of transportation from all parts of the United States to ports from which livestock and/or live poultry are exported, and shall, from time to time, establish such regulations concerning the exportation and transportation of livestock and/or live poultry as the results of said investigations may require. (May 29, 1884, ch. 60, § 4, 23 Stat. 32; Feb. 2, 1903, ch. 349, § 1, 32 Stat. 791; Feb. 7, 1928, ch. 30, 45 Stat. 59.)

s 113. Measures to prevent exportation of diseased livestock and live poultry-In order to prevent the exportation from any port of the United States to any port in a foreign country of livestock and/or live poultry affected with any contagious, infectious, or communicable disease, and especially pleuropneumonia, the Secretary of Agriculture is authorized to take such steps and adopt such measures, not inconsistent with the provisions of sections 111-119 of this title, as he may deem necessary. (May 29, 1884, ch. 60, § 5, 23 Stat. 32; Feb. 2, 1903, ch, 349, § 1, 32 Stat. 791, Feb. 7, 1928, ch. 30, 45 Stat. 59.)

$ 114. Regulations for suppression of diseases; cooperation of States and Territories. It shall be the duty of the Secretary of Agriculture to prepare such rules and regulations as he may deem necessary for the speedy and effectual suppression and extirpation of pleuropneumonia and other dangerous, contagious, infectious, and communicable diseases, and to certify such rules and regulations to the executive authority of each State and Territory, and invite said authorities to cooperate in the execution and enforcement of the provisions of sections 111-115, 117-119, and 130 of this title. Whenever the plans and methods of the Secretary of Agriculture shall be accepted by any State or Territory in which pleuropneumonio or other contagious, infectious, or communicable disease is declared to exist, or such State or Territory shall have adopted plans and methods for the suppression and extirpation of said diseases, and such plans and methods shall be accepted by the Secretary of Agriculture, and whenever the governor of a State or other properly constituted authorities signify their eadiness to cooperate for the extinction of any contagious, in

feetious, or communicable disease in conformity with the provisions of the sections hereinbefore enumerated, the Secretary of Agriculture is authorized to expend so much of the money appropriated for carrying out the provisions of said sections as may be necessary in such investigations, and in such disinfection and quarantine measures as may be necessary to prevent the spread of the disease from one State or Territory into another. (May 29, 1884, ch. 60, $ 3, 23 Stat. 32; Feb. 7, 1928, ch. 30, 45 Stat. 59.)

8 114a. Control and eradication of diseases; cooperation of States and farmers' associations; purchase and destruction of diseased animals; definition of State.—The Secretary of Agriculture, either independently or in cooperation with States or political subdivisions thereof, farmers' associations, and similar organizations, and individuals, is authorized to control and eradicate tuberculosis and paratuberculosis of animals, avian tuberculosis, Bang's disease of cattle, southern cattle ticks, hog cholera and related swine diseases, scabies in sheep and cattle, dourine in horses, and contagious or infectious diseases of animals (such as foot-and-mouth disease, rinder-pest, and contagious pleuropneumonia) which in the opinion of the Secretary constitute an emergency and threaten the livestock industry of the country, including the purchase and destruction of diseased or exposed animals (including poultry), or the destruction of such animals and the payment of indemnities therefor, in accordance with such regulations as the Secretary may prescribe. As used in this section, the term “State” includes the District of Columbia and the Territories and possessions of the United States. (May 29, 1884, ch. 60, § 11, as added Sept. 21, 1944, ch. 412, title I, § 101 (a), 58 Stat. 734.)

CODIFICATION This section was enacted by the Department of Agriculture Organic Act of 1944.

APPROPRIATIONS Section 101 (g) of act Sept. 21, 1944, cited to text, provided that Congress may appropriate such funds as are necessary to accomplish the purpose of this section.

$ 115. Transportation of diseased livestock and live poultry prohibited; splenetic fever.—No railroad company within the United States, or the owners or masters of any steam or sailing or other vessel or boat, shall receive for transportation or transport from one State or Territory to another, or from any State into the District of Columbia, or from the District into any State, any livestock and/or live poultry affected with any contagious, infectious, or communicable disease, and especially the disease known as pleuropneumonia; nor shall any person, company, or corporation deliver for such transportation to any railroad company, or master or owner of any boat or vessel, any livestock and/or live poultry, knowing them to be affected with any contagious, infectious, or communicable disease; nor shall any person, company, or corporation drive on foot, or transport in private conveyance from one State or Territory to another, or from any State into the District of Columbia, or from the District into any State, any livestock and/or live poultry, knowing them to be affected with any contagious, infectious, or communicable disease, and especially the disease known as pleuropneumonia. (May 29, 1884, ch, 60, § 6, 23 Stat. 32; June 28, 1926, ch. 700, § 1, 44 Stat. 774; Feb. 7, 1928, ch. 30, 45 Stat. 59.)

CODIFICATION Act May 29, 1884, as amended by act June 28, 1926, cited to text, also contained the following proviso: "That until May 1, 1928, cattle infested with or exposed to cattle fever ticks may be shipped in interstate commerce for immediate slaughter after one dipping in accordance with such regulations as the Secretary of Agriculture may prescribe.”

§ 116. Same; shipment of certain cattle excepted.-Cattle which have reacted to the tuberculin test may be shipped, transported, or moved from one State, Territory, or the District of Columbia to any other State, Territory, or the District of Columbia, for immediate slaughter, in accordance with such rules and regulations as shall be prescribed by the Secretary of Agriculture. The said Secretary of Agriculture may, in his discretion, and under such rules and regulations as he may prescribe, permit cattle which have been shipped for breeding or feeding purposes from one State, Territory, or the District of Columbia to another State, Territory, or the District of Columbia, and which have reacted to the tuberculin test subsequent to such shipment, to be reshipped in interstate commerce to the original owner. (May 31, 1920, ch. 217, 41 Stat. 699.).

8 117. Notice of existence of contagion to railroads; transportation of diseased stock or live poultry; penalty.-It shall be the duty of the Secretary of Agriculture to notify, in writing, the proper officials or agents of any railroad, steamboat, or other transportation company doing business in or through any infected locality, and by publication in such newspapers as he may select, of the existence of said contagion; and any person or persons operating any such railroad, or master or owner of any boat or vessel, or owner or custodian of or person having control over such cattle or other livestock and/or live poultry within such infected district, who shall knowingly violate the provisions of section 115 of this title shall be guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction, shall be punished by a fine of not less than $100 nor more than $5,000 or by imprisonment for not more than one year, or by both such fine and imprisonment. (May 29, 1884, ch. 60, § 7, 23 Stat. 32; Feb. 7, 1928, ch. 30, 45 Stat. 59.)

§ 118. Duty of district attorneys. It shall be the duty of the several United States district attorneys to prosecute all violations of sections 112-115, 117-119, and 130 of this title which shall be brought to their notice or knowledge by any person making the complaint under oath; and the same shall be heard before any district court of the United States or Territorial court holden within the district in which such violation has been committed. (May 29, 1884, ch. 60, $ 9, 23 Stat. 33; Mar. 3, 1911, ch. 231, § 289, 36 Stat. 1167; Feb. 7, 1928, ch. 30, 45 Stat. 59.)

$ 119. Agents to examine and report on methods of treatment of animals, and means for suppression of diseases.—The Secretary of Agriculture is authorized to appoint two competent agents, who shall be practical stock raisers or experienced busi

ness men familiar with questions pertaining to commercial transactions in livestock and/or live poultry, whose duty it shall be, under the instructions of the said Secretary of Agriculture, to examine and report upon the best methods of treating, transporting, and caring for animals, and the means to be adopted for the suppression and extirpation of contagious pleuropneumonia, and to provide against the spread of other dangerous contagious, infectious, and communicable diseases. The compensation of said agents shall be at the rate of $10 per diem, with all necessary expenses, while engaged in the actual performance of their duties under sections 111-115, 117, and 118 of this title, when absent from their usual place of business or residence as such agent. (May 29, 1884, ch. 60, § 2, 23 Stat. 31; Feb, 9, 1889, ch. 122, § 1, 25 Stat. 659; July 14, 1890, ch. 707, 26 Stat. 288; Feb. 7, 1928, ch, 30, 45 Stat. 59.)

§ 120. Regulation of exportation and transportation of infected livestock and live poultry. In order to enable the Secretary of of Agriculture to effectually suppress and extirpate contagious pleuropneumonia, foot-and-mouth disease, and other dangerous contagious, infectious, and communicable diseases in cattle and other livestock and/or live poultry, and to prevent the spread of such diseases, he is authorized and directed from time to time to establish such rules and regulations concerning the exportation and transportation of livestock and/or live poultry from any place within the United States where he may have reason to believe such diseases may exist into and through any State or Territory, and into and through the District of Columbia and to foreign countries as he may deem necessary, and all such rules and regulations shall have the force of law. (May 29, 1884, ch. 60, S8 4, 5, 23 Stat. 32; Feb. 2, 1903, ch. 349, § 1, 32 Stat. 791; Feb. 7, 1928, ch. 30, 45 Stat. 59.)

$ 121. Shipments from areas suspected infected; control of animals and live poultry.—Whenever any inspector or assistant inspector of the Bureau of Animal Industry shall issue a certificate showing that such officer had inspected any cattle or other livestock and/or live poultry which were about to be shipped, driven, or transported from such locality to another as stated in section 120 preceding, and had found them free from Texas or splenetic fever infection, pleuropneumonia, foot-and-mouth disease, or any other infectious, contagious, or communicable disease, such animals, so inspected and certified, may be shipped, driven, or transported from such place into and through any State or Territory, and into and through the District of Columbia, or they may be exported from the United States without further inspection or the exaction of fees of any kind, except such as may at any time be ordered or exacted by the Secretary of Agriculture; and all such animals shall at all times be under the control and supervision of the Bureau of Animal Industry of the Agricultural Department for the purposes of such inspection. (Feb. 2, 1903, ch. 349, § 1, 32 Stat. 791; Feb. 7, 1928, ch, 30, 45 Stat. 59.)

8 122. Offenses; penalty.–Any person, company, or corporation knowingly violating the provisions of sections 111, 120, or 121 of this title or the orders or regulations made in pursuance thereof shall be guilty of a misdemeanor, and on conviction shall be punished by a fine of not less than $100 nor more than $1,000, or by imprisonment not more than one year, or by both such

fine and imprisonment. (Feb. 2, 1903, ch. 349, § 3, 32 Stat. 792; Feb. 7, 1928, ch. 30, 45 Stat. 59.)

§ 123. Quarantine.—The Secretary of Agriculture is authorized and directed to quarantine any State or Territory or the District of Columbia, or any portion of any State of Territory or the District of Columbia, when he shall determine the fact that cattle or other livestock and/or live poultry in such State or Territory or District of Columbia are affected with any contagious, infectious, or communicable disease; and the Secretary of Agriculture is directed to give written or printed notice of the establishment of quarantine to the proper officers of railroad, steamboat, or other transportation companies doing business in or through any quarantined State or Territory or the District of Columbia, and to publish in such newspapers in the quarantined State or Territory or the District of Columbia, as the Secretary of Agriculture may select, notice of the establishment of quarantine. (Mar. 3, 1905, ch. 1496, § 1, 33 Stat. 1264; Feb. 7, 1928, ch. 30, 45 Stat. 59.)

§ 124. Transportation or delivery therefor from quarantined State or Territory or portion thereof, of livestock and live poultry, forbidden.—No railroad company or the owners or masters of any steam or sailing or other vessel or boat shall receive for transportation or transport from any quarantined State or Territory or the District of Columbia, or from the quarantined portion of any State or Territory or the District of Columbia, any cattle or other livestock, and/or live poultry, except as hereinafter provided; nor shall any person, company, or corporation deliver for such transportation to any railroad company, or to the master or owner of any boat or vessel, any cattle or other livestock and/or live poultry, except as hereinafter provided; nor shall any person, company, or corporation drive on foot, or cause to be driven on foot, or transport in private conveyance or cause to be transported in private conveyance, from a quarantined State or Territory or the District of Columbia, or from the quarantined portion of any State or Territory or the District of Columbia, into any other State or Territory or the District of Columbia, any cattle or other livestock and/or live poultry, except as hereinafter provided. (Mar. 3, 1905, ch. 1496, § 2, 33 Stat. 1264; Feb. 7, 1928, ch. 30, 45 Stat. 59.)

§ 125. Regulations for inspection, disinfection, and certification, and delivery and shipment of livestock and live poultry from quarantined State or Territory.—It shall be the duty of the Secretary of Agriculture, and he is authorized and directed, when the public safety will permit, to make and promulgate rules and regulations which shall permit and govern the inspection, disinfection, certification, treatment, handling, and method and manner of delivery and shipment of cattle or other livestock and/or live poultry from a quarantined State or Territory or the District of Columbia, and from the quarantined portion of any

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