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AUGUST 1, 1846.

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No. 499—Vol. X.

PRICE 18. ** The following are the Names of the Gentlemon who favour The Jurist with Reports of Cases argued and

decided in the several Courts of Law and Equity :House of Lords .....

SA. GORDON, Esq. of the Inner Vice-Chancellor Wigram's SF. FISHER, Esq. of Lincoln's

• Temple, Barrister at Law. Court ..............1 Inn, Barrister at Law. Privy Council.... ŞTENISON EDWARDS, Esq. of the Court of Queen's Bench {G. J. P. Smith, Esq. of the Inner 1 Inner Temple, Barrister at Law.

1 Temple, Barrister at Law.

WSA. V. KIRWAN, Esq. of Gray's The Lord

Queen's Bench Bail Court
Chancellor's S A. GORDON, Esq. of the Inner

Inn, Barrister at Law.
Court ..............l Temple, Barrister at Law.

Court of Common Pleas, D. Power, Esq. of Lincoln's including

Inn; and Master of the Rolls Court {G. Y. Robson, Esq. of the Inner 2ņ2/►ņēmēģētiņỘ2ū22tititiòti22ūti?

Appeals under Registra- | W. PATERSON, Esq. of Gray's

tion of Voters Act....) Inn, Barristers at Law. Tenison EDWARDS, Esq. of the Vice-Chancellor of Eng-J

SW. M. Best, Esq. of Gray's Inn,

Court of Exchequer ....
Inner Temple, and

Court of exchequel on Barrister at Law. land's Court ........ CHARLES MARETT, Esq. of the

CHARLES MARETT, Esq. of the || Ecclesiastical and Admi. SJ. P. Deans, D.C.L. of Doctors' l Inner Temple, Barristers at Law.

ralty Courts ........l Commons. Vice-Chancellor Knight sw.W. Cooper, Esq. of the Inner

W.W. COOPER, Esq. of the Inner Bruce's Court........l Temple, Barrister at Law.

' ll Court of Review ......

**** Temple, Barrister at Law.

LONDON, AUGUST 1, 1846.

of peace, unless it be with the consent of Parliament, is

against law;" so that the Crown has not only no The result following the execution of the sentence power of its own to govern the army by any peculiar pronounced on a recent occasion by a court-martial, has law, but cannot have an army at all, except by virtue excited so much public attention, that we think we may of the Mutiny Act. serve the cause of justice and truth by reminding our The Mutiny Act designates the particular acts that readers what is the real state of military law on the shall constitute military crimes and offences in officers subject; for we observe that much misapprehension and soldiers, and the particular punishments—at least, appears to exist as to the authority under which mili- the limits of the punishments—with which such crimes tary punishments are inflicted, and in particular as to and offences shall be visited. Thus, in sect. 1, it designates the power and responsibility of the officer commanding very minutely the particular offences for which death a regiment, in respect of the execution of sentence. Of may be inflicted; among which, it is needless to say that course we shall not, in this Journal, enter into any dis- the act of striking a superior officer falls. In sect. 7 cussion whether the infliction of corporal punishment it designates the particular crimes for which the puin the army is or is not beneficial, but shall confine our nishment is imprisonment not exceeding a given observations to shewing what is the law upon the sub- amount, or corporal punishment not extending to life ject, and who are the persons responsible for the conse- or limb. In sect. 9 it designates other particular ofquences of carrying it into effect. And, firstly, we must fences, for which certain other punishments, comprised remind our readers, that, if there be one branch of law within specified limits, are prescribed. Military crimes, which is more entirely the creature of the Legislature,- therefore, as such, as well as the punishments annexed more dependent for its authority upon specific legisla- to them, are entirely the creation of the Legislature, tion than another, it is the law military under which by virtue of the Mutiny Act. the army is governed. There is no power inherent in The authority of courts-martial is derived entirely the Crown, during time of peace, to create or to punish from the same source. Their jurisdiction rests neither offences specially as military offences, within the United upon custom, nor upon usurpation, nor upon any arbiKingdom. All offences peculiarly military are created, trary power, but entirely and exclusively upon the directly or indirectly, by the Mutiny Act, which, as Mutiny Act. By that act the several kinds of courtsevery one knows, is an annual act; and, dehors the martial are defined; the mode of formation of each is terms of that act, there is no such thing as an offence in described ; and the power of each is described and dea soldier, which would not be one at law. So, the au- fined. The following general features, however, run thority to inflict particular punishments, either for of- throughout the constitution of courts-martial, as will fences peculiarly military, or for offences which, being be collected from an examination of the various clauses military offences, are also civil offences, is given to the of the Mutiny Act and the articles of war founded Crown by the Mutiny Act, and by nothing else; for, as upon it, viz, firstly, that a court-martial is always conit is emphatically recited in the preamble of that act, | vened by the authority or on the representation of " the raising or keeping a standing army within the the officer commanding in respect of the jurisdiction United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland in time to which such court-martial refers itself, Vol. X.

CC

Secondly, that such authority to convené a court- simply to see that the sentence of the court is carried martial, is derived either under the warrant of the into effect. If that sentence is too severe, and leads to Crown, issued pursuant to the Mutiny Act, (sect. 5), results not intended, the persons responsible, if any, or under the authority of the clauses of the act itself. are the members of the court-martial, or the Comman

Thirdly, that in no case can the officer by whose au- der in Chief, or other officer confirming the sentence: thority the court-martial is convened, be the president; | anybody in fact, except the commanding officer charged but, in every court-martial except a general court- with the execution of the sentence, who is a mere inmartial, the president is appointed by the officer con- strument, having no power to vary it, and having the vening the court.

simple duty of seeing it carried into effect modo et And, fourthly, that no sentence of a court-martial formâ. can be lawfully executed until confirmed by the Crown, We take it for granted that our readers will not imor the officer to whom, by the warrant of the Crown, pute to us, in consequence of the foregoing observaor, in certain cases, by the clauses of the articles of war, tions, any desire to support tyranny or cruelty, whethe authority of the Crown is delegated.

ther inflicted by military or by any other authority. It does not appear clearly by the Mutiny Act or by All that we desire to establish is, that the infliction of the articles of war, whether the officer to whom is punishment, pursuant to the sentence of a court-marentrusted the execution of the sentence, may or may tial, is entirely dependent for its legality upon an act of not be a meinber of the court-martial; but it is to be Parliament; that, therefore, while military men are collected, on the whole, that he cannot. It is not,

to recollect that they owe their authority in such mathowever, very material, as far as his personal respon- Llect, on the other hand, that, as a consequence,' so long

ters entirely to the civil power, civilians are to recolsibility is concerned, whether he may or may not be a | as the terms of the act are complied with, the lawfulmember of the court; for the sentence is not his, but ness of military proceedings is unimpeachable; and the sentence of the court, and of the officer to whom that, in estimating the culpability of particular persons the confirmation, or refusal to confirm it, is entrusted;

concerned in the issuing or executing a sentence of a

court-martial, regard ought to be had to the extent of and in no case but one would it be possible, we appre

discretion which the Mutiny Act and the articles of war hend, for the same officer who executes the sentence to

vest in such persons. be in any way concerned in the determining of such sentence. For in every case of a court-martial, except

Rebiew. a regimental court-martial, the sentence must be confirmed by some officer not immediately commanding 1. Common Forms in Conveyancing, including Recitals. the regiment, but holding a higher command, and, By CHARLES DAVIDSON. 'Esq., of the Middle Temple, therefore, not being the officer charged with the actual Barrister at Law. 8vo., pp. 231. [Maxwell.] , execution of the sentence; and, in the single case in 2. A Bill, (as amended after Report), intituled " AR which the commanding officer of the regiment might Act to facilitate the Conveyance of Property." (Prealso be the officer having the duty of confirming or re

sented by the Lord Brougham and Vaux). Ordered

to be printed 28th May, 1846. jecting the sentence, it is expressly provided by the

Dom. Proc., folio,

pp. 100. 79th article of war, that he shall not be a member of

Mr. Davidson deserves great credit for the gallantry the court.

| with which he has entered the ring as champion for the It may be thought, indeed, that the provision here old conveyancing party, unappalled by Lord Brougham's referred to, of the articles of war, is meant to be ge- denunciations and the massive bill he wields with so neral; for, though the 79th article of war has reference much apparent ease and unconcern. We would gladly to a regimental court-martial only, the language respect- have pronounced a funeral oration on all the common ing the officer commanding a regiment is very large*,

forms from which Mr. Davidson has made his selection,

but it is to be feared that the Hercules of law reform and seems, having regard to the somewhat loose man

will not quell his hydra so easily as he seems to expect. ner in which the articles of war are drawn up, to be 1 The design and utility of Mr. Davidson's book cannot intended to apply to a general disability of the com | be better expressed than in his own language:-“ This manding officer to be a member of any court-martial; work is strictly what it purports to be, a collection of and this construction is strengthened by the cautious

the common forms used by conveyancers. It contains provisions that we have noticed, excluding the officers

' no special forms, and is intended simply to render the

preparation of certain drafts, of frequent occurrence convening a court-martial from being the president.

'as far as possible mechanical, and to facilitate the In practice, we believe the commanding officer of mechanical part of the business. For this purpose, the regiment is never a member of the court-martial. 'the forms of frequent use are repeated in extenso for But whether he is or not, the sentence is always, as we 'several different kinds of property, and for several have seen, the sentence of the whole court, and subject transactions which are nearly akin. The variations

'in each case are slight, but the saving of time and to the rejection of some person who can in no case

'trouble will be found to be considerable, because, by whatever be a member of the court. The sentence this means, any person, however ignorant and unhaving been passed and confirmed, is, therefore, the skilful, if directed to the forms needed, and furnished sentence of the law, which the officer charged with its with the names to be substituted for the words in execution has no power whatever to annul or vary:

l'italics, will produce a clause requiring little or no alhe is wholly irresponsible, whatever may be the pro

"teration, while, if the forms be adapted only generally,

'to the business in hand, it will occupy a good deal of priety or impropriety of the law itself. His duty is

the time of a skilled person to get it into proper * “No sentence shall be executed until the commanding shape. For instance, if it be required to adapt the officer (who is in no case to be a member of the court-martial) forms in a mortgage to one person to the case of a or the governor of the garrison shall have confirmed the same." I' mortgage to several persons, it will be found that

considerable time and labour is expended in a mere | perience, and have not practised the art? Let us see if mechanical operation, which is altogether avoided by this is so: “An Act to simplify the Transfer of Pro" having a form literally adapted to the case. The perty(7 & 8 Vict. c. 76) was, if report speaks true, principle may be carried much farther than it is in prepared by John Hodgson, Esq., Q. C. The next the present work, especially in the forms of wills and step in arrear, “An Act to amend the Law of Real Prosettlements; but the author trusts that the following perty,” (8 & 9 Vict. c. 106), is the avowed work of forms will, to some extent, afford the draftsman the William Hayes, J. H. Christie, and J. Bellenden Ker, mechanical assistance referred to."

Esquires. The substance of “An Act to render the In short, the book is intended to give us that in print Assignment of satisfied Terms unnecessary," (8 & 9 which most conveyancers possess and use, in a more or Vict. c. 112), was obtained by Lord Brougham from less perfect shape, in manuscript. The forms are very Charles Davidson, Esq., after that gentleman had subwell selected, and conveniently arranged. The only mitted his work to the revision of a learned friend of drawback from the utility of the collection is its mea- great eminence as a conveyancer.” (Davidson's Congreness. The book is very thin, and by doubling its cise Precedents, p. 72). Lastly, as we learn from the bulk its value might have been increased in a much third annual report of the Council of the Society for greater ratio. It would then have contained many promoting the amendment of the law, the two acts of forms of very frequent occurrence, for which we now the last session, for shortening conveyances and leases, look in vain; such as the clauses and covenants in and the bill before us, originated with those members of town leases, farming leases and mining leases, partner- that learned and meritorious body who form its comship deeds, appointments of new trustees, transfers of mittee on the Law of Property; and the chairman of mortgages, partition deeds, releases, &c. Clauses of that committee is Samuel Duckworth, Esq., Master in this kind would have been much more useful than Chancery. the four forms of " Trusts of terms assigned to attend The truth is, that the successful amendment of any the inheritance,” to which Mr. Davidson has appended time-worn social machinery requires the co-operation only this laconic intimation:-“ These forms are rarely of many qualifications which are seldom united in the * needed since the stat. 8 & 9 Vict. c. 112; but there same individual, and which, distributed among several, * are cases in which terms will still have to be assigned.” cannot easily be brought together and concentrated Without denying the possibility of an effectual assign- with effect upon a given object. And, though the conment of a term in trust to attend the inheritance, un- veyancer is, or ought to be, the most shifty of the der any circumstances, we believe we may safely assert children of the law, yet his professional habits are not that such a thing is extremely unlikely to happen, and well fitted for the training of an accomplished reformer. Even that an assignment of a term, simply upon trust To recognise in a general principle only the fruitful to attend, (the only case for which Mr. Davidson's parent of an infinite variety of deformed but powerful forms are adapted), is absolutely impossible. Even in and tyrannous dwarfs called “exceptions and qualificathose classes of common forms to which the collection tions, (the fruit of a polygamous intercourse with is confined, namely, Purchase-deeds, Mortgages, Settle- sophistry, pedantry, ignorance, error, and expediency); ments, and Wills, many deficiencies are observable. to seek on all doubtful points, not the true rule, but a Thus, among the forms in wills, we find a general de course consistent, if possible, with the worse as well as vise of real estate, of whatsoever tenure, in trust for the better opinion;" to ask, at every turn, not “Is sale, but no form for enabling trustees to sell and give this right?” but, “ What will the Profession, what will a title to copyholds without being first admitted them- an unlearned judge, or an ignorant or timid practiselves;-no provision for apportionment in the forms for tioner, or a captious purchaser, say to this?” ever to creating rent-charges; but, on the contrary, a very consider private interest as paramount to public conabsurd proviso, (p. 150), that the Apportionment Act venience; to abet his client in roasting his own eggs in shall not apply to certain rent-charges which could the embers of his neighbour's house; daily to read, never fall within its operation. Again, among the few compose, write, and comment upon countless folios of testamentary forms, we find none of the ordinary the most barbarous, tautologous, and absurd jargon; trusts for the benefit of relations and their issue, pro- in short, on every occasion systematically to eschew visions for survivorship and substitution, &c.

enlarged and general views, and to bestow equal consi

deration on form and substance, custom and reason; To the rival formulare of Lord Brougham, Mr. Da- these are habits which must entirely disqualify any vidson, in his preface, alludes in no friendly spirit. ordinary capacity for the successful development of “The subject of a reform of the shape of assurances now solid and comprehensive scheme of reform. Whateve engages so much attention that it may be proper to may be the cause, certain it is, that, at present, the law add, that, in the author's opinion, conveyancers ought owes no great debt to the conveyancers on the score of to be enabled, by legislative enactment, to dispense amendment. with many of the following forms. At present, how- We have on former occasions stated our objections to ever, there is little prospect of this being effectuated; the principle of Lord Brougham's parliamentary forms. the steps lately taken have not been of any use, and The secret of his lordship's failure lies in the ignorance 'there seems no tendency to proceed in the right way. of the nature of the disease which he has undertaken to “The persons who håve taken charge of the reform of cure. The prolixity of conveyancers' language is a conveyancing law, though many of them of great cause of great mischief; but the progressive stamp on ability and various learning, are none of them con- | the deed, and the progressive fee on the draft, which, as veyancers of experience; and, however able a man they are the first and most obvious of its fruits, are may be, he cannot do otherwise than fail when he at- those which alone have attracted Lord Brougham's at"tempts to reform an art which he has not practised.” tention, constitute but a small part of the mischief, and

We quite concur in this censure on the recent at- might, if it were desirable, be effectually remedied by tempts at conveyancing reform, but we must protest a new tariff of stamps and fees. But the ambiguities against the attempt to shift the blame from the con- and errors which increase in a direct ratio with the proveyancers. It is to conveyancers that we chiefly owe the lixity of language, the wasting of learned time in drawabsurdities and abuses of the existing system, and it is ing, settling, and repeatedly perusing, scanning, and on conveyancers alone that the discredit, such as it is, scrutinising folios of superfluous words, the perplexing of the recent abortive attempts at reform must rest. of unlearned brains with intricacies, not of fact, com The persons who have taken charge of the reform of pact, or law, but of mere words,-the labour of coconveyancing law are none of them conveyancers of ex-pyists, and the disgust of every one; these are evils which are perpetually recurring long after the first may consider the labour and skill employed, is confined grievance of the fees and stamps paid on the birth of to charges for conveyances drawn under the act; and the parchment monster has been forgotten, and which these, we venture to predict, will not be numerous. the adoption of Lord Brougham's scheme would rather Holding these opinions as to the principle of the bill, aggravate than lighten. The tendency of present prac- we cannot be expected to enter into any criticism of its tice is gradually to shorten and simplify the language details. If it pass, it will probably become like its preof deeds, to the manifest improvement of its accuracy decessors,-a dead letter; unless, which is not very proand perspicuity. Lord Brougham proposes to revive bable, the clause as to allowance of professional charges and perpetuate a style which is already obsolete, operate in terrorem upon those members of the profeswith the additional annoyances incident to a compli- sion who may stand in need of such a rod. For our cated system of references and interpolations, the readers' information, we extract the following mixture of styles, and the use of words in one line in the ordinary sense, and in the next in the parliament.

“ TABLE OF FORMS CONTAINED IN THE SCHEDULE. ary sense. It is absurd to expect that more than an CONVEYANCES OF REALTY: inconsiderable fraction of the number of judges, coun Conveyance under a Power, 1 to 5. sel, and solicitors, who would have to put a construc Conveyance under a Power by Revocation of Uses tion on these instruments, could ever become so familiar and new Appointment, 6. with the contents of the statute as to see their way General Words, 7 to 9. without having actually before them the long clauses Covenant to surrender Copyholds, 10, 11. therein embalmed, whenever they are referred to; so Enfranchisement of Copyholds, 12, 13. that the measure would practically entail on the Pro Release of Quit Rents, 14. fession a grievous addition to their present labours, for Declaration of Uses to bar Dower, 15. which additional labour, by the express provisions of Assignment of Leaseholds, 16. this very bill, their clients are to pay a proportional | CONVEYANCES OF PERSONALTY: remuneration.

Assignment of Policies of Insurance, 17. Nothing can be more unjust than the imputation of Assignment of Stock in Trade, 18. interested motives with which Lord Brougham retali General Words, 19. ates upon the solicitors who have refused to adopt his Power of Attorney to get in Debts, 20. short forms. It is their prudence, and not their cu SETTLEMENTS AND WILLS OF REALTY: pidity, that is alarmed. “It is one (and not the least) Limitation of Term, 21. evil of this kind of legislation,” says an able member Limitation of Rent-charge, 22, 23. of that body, “ that it misleads people as to the true Powers of Distress and Entry, 24 to 26. nature and character of the evil to be contended against. Limitations, 27 to 29. Were I anxious to maintain my profession at the ex Trusts of Term for raising Pin-money, 30 to 35. pense of the public, I should desire nothing more Trusts of Term for securing Jointure, 36. heartily than the multiplication of acts of Parliament Trusts and Provisions as to Portions, 37 to 62. of the kind. They would sow a prolific seed of doubt Powers of Appointment, 39 to 43. and litigation: they would create a diversion pre Power of jointuring, 63 to 66. cisely in that direction which would best suit our own Power of charging Portions, 67 to 71. selfish interests. Every session would breed some new Power of leasing for Lives, 72 to 77. code of legal grammar-some legislative dictionary of Power of leasing for Years, 78, 79. legal science, until, in a short time, we should almost Power to grant Building Leases, 80 to 84. have destroyed the power of words themselves to ef

Power to grant Mining Leases, 85 to 90. fectuate their true end, of expressing clear and definite Power of Revocation and new Appointment, 91, ideas. Besides this, mere prolixity in deeds is not the 92. evil of which the public complain; it is but one symp

Power to cut Timber, 98. tom of the evil, and that comparatively slight. The

Power to work Mines, 94. bill of costs, indeed, does include charges proportional Power of Enfranchisement, 95. to the length of deeds, but it includes a great deal Power of partitioning, 96, 97. more; and, in most, if not all cases, the quantum of Power of Sale and Exchange, 98 to 100. costs is determined more by the integrity, and con Trust for Investment, 101 to 108. science of the practitioner, in the general conduct of bu. Trust for Accumulation, 109 to 111. siness, than by the mere rule of the length of deeds. In Proviso for marshalling Powers, 112. fact, the length of deeds would, by any forced legis- SETTLEMENT OF LEASEHOLDS, 113 to 117. lative attempt to alter their phraseology, become an SETTLEMENT BY WAY OF CONVEYANCE IN TRUST FOR utterly unimportant item. Any one conversant with SALE, 118. the practice of conveyancing knows, that, even were SETTLEMENTS AND WILLS OF PERSONALTY: their length forced by some legislative act into the com Trusts for Husband and Wife, 119, 120. pass of a nutshell, the bill of costs may be made to swell Trusts and Provisions for Children, 121 to 123. in other directions beyond the reach of Parliament*.”

Trust for Accumulation, 124 to 126. If an instrument expresses its meaning by the short Ultimate Trust for Husband and Wife, 127 to 129. est and plainest expressions that ordinary language Trust for Conversion and Reconversion, 130 to 132. affords, it will be as short as any one can reasonably SETTLEMENTS AND WILLS GENERALLY: desire, —very little longer, and far more intelligible and Power to appoint new Trustees, 133 to 136. convenient for reference, than the result of any scheme Trustees' Indemnity Clause, 137. of legal algebra or stenography that has yet been pro Trustees' Receipt Člause, 138. posed. The only way in which the Legislature can SETTLEMENTS: usefully interfere in this matter is by giving to practi Covenants to settle future Property, 139 to 145. tioners some strong inducement to study conciseness; / Wills: and this the proposed measure does not do; for the pro Residuary Devise of Realty, 146. vision, that the Master, in taxing a conveyancing bill, Charge of Legacies or Debts upon Realty, 147 to * "A Letter to Lord Worsley on the Burthens affecting

149. Real Property, arising from the present State of the Law; Residuary Bequest and Trust for Conversion, 150, with Reasons in favour of a General Registry of Titles. By 151. Henry Sewell, Esq." H. Butterworth. 1846.

Trust for Payment of Debts and Expenses, 152.

Provision for annual Payments, 153.

London Gazettes. Power to compromise Claims, 154.

Devise of Mortgage or Trust Estate, 155. MORTGAGES OF REALTY :

TUESDAY, JULY 28. Provisoes for Redemption, 156, 157.

BANKRUPTS. Covenants to pay Mortgage-money, 158 to 160. FRANCIS BARBER KETTLE, Brighton, Sussex, horse. Covenant to accept reduced Interest, 161.

dealer, dealer and chapman, Aug. 4 at 12, and Sept. 4 at 1, Provisoes for quiet Enjoyment, 162, 163.

Court of Bankruptcy, London: Off. Ass. Whitmore; Covenant not to call in the Mortgage Debt, 164. Sols. Staniland & Long, Bouverie-street. - Fiat dated Covenant not to pay off the Mortgage Debt, 165. | July 23. Covenant to insure against Fire, 166 to 168.

WALTER MʻDOWALL and RALPH BROWN, PemberCovenant to keep the Premises in repair, 169.

ton-row, Gough-square, London, printers, dealers and

chapmen, Aug. 4 at half-past 12, and Sept. 4 at half-past Power of Sale, 170 to 179.

11, Court of Bankruptcy, London: Off. Ass. Whitmore; Attornment by the Mortgagor, 180.

Sols. Holme & Co., New Inn.—Fiat dated July 23. Appointment of a Receiver, 181 to 193.

| FARQUHAR MACQUEEN, Macao, a Portuguese settleProvision for Change of Partners in Mortgages to

ment in China, merchant, (trading in partnership with or by a Firm, 194, 195.

Alexander Macdonald, at 102, Leadenhall-street, London, Power to the Mortgagor to lease, 196, 197.

under the firm of Farquhar Macqueen & Company), Aug. 5 MORTGAGE OF REVERSIONARY INTEREST IN STOCK.

and Sept. 26 at 11, Court of Bankruptcy, London: Off. Ass. MORTGAGE OF POLICY OF ASSURANCE :

Follett; Sol. Ashurst, Cheapside.-Fiat dated July 20. Trust of the Policy, 198.

CHARLES BURROWS, East Stonehouse, and JOHN Covenant to keep up the Insurance, 199.

GLIDDON, Plymouth, Devonshire, beer brewers, (trading Receipt Clause, 200.

under the firm of Burrows & Gliddon, at Plymouth), Aug. MORTGAGE BY WAY OF FURTHER CHARGE, 201.

11 and Sept. 8 at 11, District Court of Bankruptcy, TRANSFER OF MORTGAGE :

Exeter : Off. Ass. Hernaman ; Sols. Little & Woolcombe

Devonport ; Stogdon, Exeter ; Makinson & Co., Temple. Assignment of the Mortgage Debt, 202, 203.

- Fiat dated July 16. RECONVEYANCE OF MORTGAGED PROPERTY, 204 to 206.

JAMES EVANS, Bristol, and Weston-super-Mare, SomerCOVENANTS FOR TITLE OF REALTY:

setshire, silk mercer, dealer and chapman, (trading in coIn Purchase-deeds and Settlements of Freeholds

partnership with Samuel Evans, at Bristol, as silk mercers), and Copyholds, 207 to 210.

Aug. 11 and Sept. 8 at 11, District Court of Bankruptcy, In Purchase-deeds and Settlements of Leaseholds, Bristol : Off. Ass. Acraman; Sols. Savery & Co., Bristol. 211, 212.

-Fiat dated July 23. In Mortgages of Freeholds and Copyholds, 213 to JOHN CARLISLE, West Derby, Lancashire, builder and 216.

mason, Aug. 7 and Sept. 4 at 11, District Court of BankIn Mortgages of Leaseholds, 217 to 219.

ruptcy, Liverpool: Off. Ass. Turner; Sols. Davies, Liver. COVENANTS FOR TITLE OF PERSONALTY:

pool; Rogerson, Lincoln's-inn-fields.--Fiat dated July 21. On the Assignment of a Policy of Assurance, 220

990 | JOHN SMITH CHADWICK, Manchester, calico printer, to 224.

dealer and chapman, Aug. 12 and Sept. 2 at 12, District

Court of Bankruptcy, Manchester : Off. Ass. Pott; Sols. On the Mortgage of a Policy of Assurance, 225.

Blair, Manchester ; Johnson & Co., Temple, London.On the Assignment of Goodwill and Stock in

Fiat dated July 24. Trade, 226 to 230.

EDWARD JAMES INCHLEY, Drayton, Leicestershire, COVENANT AGAINST INCUMBRANCES BY A MORTGAGEE OR

corn dealer, dealer and chapman, Aug. 15 and Sept. 10 at TRUSTEE, 231.

12, District Court of Bankruptcy, Birmingham : Off. Ass, COVENANT TO PRODUCE TITLE-DEEDS, 232.

Whitmore; Sols. Rawlins, Market Harborough ; James, RELEASES:

Birmingham.--Fiat dated July 18. General Form, 233, 234.

WILLIAM INCHLEY, Drayton, Leicestershire, coal dealer, In the Case of Trustees or Executors, 235.

dealer and chapman, Aug. 15 and Sept. 10 at 12, District LEASES OF FARMS:

Court of Bankruptcy, Birmingham : Off. Ass. Bittleston ; Demise, 236.

Sols. Rawlins, Market Harborough ; James, Birmingham. Reservations, 237 to 243.

--Fiat dated July 8.

| JAMES COATES, Leominster, Herefordshire, tailor and Covenants on the Part of the Lessee, 244 to 261. Proviso for Re-entry, 262.

grazier, dealer and chapman, Aug. 8 at 1, and Sept. 8 at

12, District Court of Bankruptcy, Birmingham : Off. Ass. Covenants on the Part of the Lessor, 263 to 267.

Whitmore; Sols. Woodhouse, Leominster; Bartleet, Bir. Proviso for determining the Lease, 268, 269.”

mingham.-Fiat dated July 23. ALFRED WILLIAM JOHN MASON, Edgbaston, War.

wickshire, builder, dealer and chapman, Aug. 7 at half-past Imperial Parliament.

10, and Sept. 1 at 10, District Court of Bankruptcy, Bir

mingham : Off. Ass. Christie ; Sols. A. and T. S. Ryland, HOUSE OF COMMONS.

Birmingham.--Fiat dated July 21.
Monday, July 27.

THOMAS SMALL SMITH, Wednesbury, Staffordshire, Mr. . Wortley asked whether the present Government in

carpenter, joiner, and cabinet maker, Aug. 7 and Sept. 1 at tended to open the Court of Common Pleas to the Profession.

10, District Court of Bankruptcy, Birmingham : Off. Ass. He observed, that, during Lord Grey's administration, a war

Christie; Sol. Walker, Wolverhampton. — Fiat dated rant was issued by the Crown for that purpose ; but it ap

July 16. peared that the Crown had no such power.

THOMAS CHARLES FLETCHER, Nottingham, glass The Altorney-General said a bill would be introduced at dealer, and salt and chymical manure merchant, Aug. 7 and once, and he would do bis best to carry it through this session.

Sept. 1 at 10, District Court of Bankruptcy, Birmingham : Wednesday, July 29.

O.. Ass. Valpy; Sols. Brown, Nottingham ; Smith, BirThe Charitable Trusts Bill was postponed till next session.

mingham.-Fiat dated July 18. WILLIAM GEORGE WALE TAYLER, Tywardreath,

Cornwall, surgeon and apothecary, dealer and chapman, MASTERS IN CHANCERY.—The Lord Chancellor has Aug. 12 and Sept. 9 at is, District Court of Bankruptcy, appointed the following gentlemen Masters Extraordi Exeter : Off. Ass. Hirtzell ; Sols. Coodes & Shilson, st. nary in the high Court of Chancery :-Charles James Austel, Cornwall; Stogdon, Exeter.-Fiat dated July 27. Fox, of Canterbury; William Frankish, of Kingston

MEETINGS. upon-Hull,

Joseph Timmins, Caynham, near Ludlow, Shropshire, brick

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