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No. 504—Vol. X. SEPTEMBER 5, 1846.

PRICE ls, *** The following are the Names of the Gentlemen who favour THE JURIST with Reports of Cases argued and

decided in the several Courts of Law and Equity :

SA. GORDON, Esq. of the Inner Vice-Chancellor Wigram's SF. FISHER, Esq. of Lincoln's House of Lords ......

? Temple, Barrister at Law. Court ..............1 Inn, Barrister at Law.
STenison EDWARDS, Esq. of the Court of Queen's Bench

SG.J. P.SMITH, Esq. of the Inner Prity Council .......... Inner Temple, Barrister at Law.

"2 Temple, Barrister at Law. Queen's Bench Bail Court

WSA. V. KIRWAN, Esq. of Gray's The Lord Chancellor's S A. GORDON, Esq. of the Inner

Inn, Barrister at Law. Court ..............1 Temple, Barrister at Law. Court of Common Pleas, 7 D. Power, Esq. of Lincoln's

including 1 Inn; and Master of the Rolls Court G.Y. Robson, Esq. of the Inner

Appeals under Registra- W. Paterson, Esg. of Gray's ' Temple, Barrister at Law.

tion of Voters Act.... J Inn, Barristers at Law. (Tenison EDWARDS, Esq. of the

SW.M. Best, Esq. of Gray's Inn, Vice-Chancellor of Eng-J Inner Temple, and

Court of
Court of Exchequer ...,

cheques .." Barrister at Law. land's Court ........ ) CHARLES MARETT, Esq. of the || Ecclesiastical and Admi. J. P. DEANE, D.C.L. of Doctors Inner Temple, Barristers at Law.

ralty Courts ........1 Commons. Vice-Chancellor Knight SW.W. COOPER, Esq. of the Inner

W.W. COOPER, Esq. of the Inner count

her ll Court of Review ..... Bruce's Court........l Temple, Barrister at Law.

..l Temple, Barrister at Law.

LONDON, SEPTEMBER 5, 1846.

regard precedents as valuable only when they support

and sanction what is intrinsically right; when they do The proceedings of the Inns of Court relative to legal not, they are useless. education, have lately been noticed by the public press Looking at the subject, then, irrespective of auwith somewhat of disapprobation. The four societies thority, we confess that we have observed with regret have adopted resolutions for the establishment of four the reluctance of the Inns of Court to enforce upon the law lectureships, in addition to that on Civil Law and candidates for admission to the Bar, the acquisition of General Jurisprudence, already established by the some legal knowledge. It is difficult, indeed, to perMiddle Temple. The subjects of these lectures are to ceive upon what grounds the present practice can be be-Constitutional Law, Criminal, and other Crown supported. It is, we believe, said, that the nature of a Law, the Law of Real Property and Conveyancing, barrister's employment, the public manner in which it Devises and Bequests: those branches of the common is exercised, and the intervention between the advocate law which are not included in the two last two heads: and client of a competent judge, in the person of the Equitable Jurisprudence as administered in the Court attorney, render a preliminary test unnecessary, and of Chancery. But to these resolutions they have that, without it, those only who are competent, will be added two others, which, it is said, render the former employed as advocates. But why should the public, practically useless. They have resolved that no exa- or rather the litigating portion of them, be obliged to mination shall be required of any student as a condition ascertain from amongst a crowd of persons, all bearing precedent of his call to the bar; but that every student the same insignia of learning, those who indeed possess shall be required to produce a certificate of his having it, and those who have but its semblance—what coins attended two of the courses of lectures—the selection to are of true metal, and what of false. Rather is it the be determined by himself.

duty of the State, or, in the present case, of those to The Inns of Court have thus shewn the greatest pos- whom the State has delegated its authority in this besible reluctance to interfere with the present system of half, to present to its subjects for their choice, in matconferring the degree of a barrister, without regard to ters of such grave import as are entrusted to an advothe attainments or competency of the candidate. We cate, those only who must in some degree be presumed will not stop now to inquire whether this practice has to be competent for the task. But, admitting that, the authority of antiquity in its favour. It would be ultimately, the capacity of each individual barrister is easy, from the history of the Inns of Court, to prove the fairly and accurately ascertained,--and when we do that, contrary, and to shew, that, at one time, the candidate we are granting what is far from being the fact,—why for forensic rank was required to undergo probation should not this be facilitated by selecting the subjects ary exercises of no trifling character. We abstain from for public experiment? It is said that the attorney will doing so, because, if it be right, or the public interest ascertain the fitness of the counsel; but how is he to require, that none should be admitted to the ranks of do so in the first instance? Either he must personally the Bar, without its being first proved that they are know the untried man,-a state of things, which, if it qualified for its duties, it matters not, in our minds, were possible, would be far from desirable, —or he must what the practice of earlier times may have been. We run the risk of a mistake, and peril his client's interest Vol. X.

HH

in his choice of the advocate. Both these evils may they did come, they would be obliged to acquire some be almost, if not entirely, avoided by the adoption, knowledge. not of an examination merely, through which all must We think the honour of the Bar and the interests of pass, but of one by which the various degrees of pro- the public alike require that some test of fitness should ficiency would be made apparent. The public would be required. In no other profession, we believe, is it have afforded to them some clue to guide their choice, wanting; and, instead of there being any reason for the and the unknown and friendless man of talent, who distinction, there are many against it. may now wait hopelessly for an opportunity of trying his powers, would have afforded to him one way, at LORSE

he way, au OBSERVATIONS ON THE SMALL DEBTS ACT. least, of emerging from his obscurity.

But another objection is started. It is urged, that, under the present system, the Bar receives into its The Small Debts, or County Courts Act, has underranks many men of character and consideration in so- gone some material alterations since we gave our anaciety, whom the study required for an examination I lysis of it in THE JURIST. would deter from joining them, and that this would be Firstly, as to the conditions attending the appointinjurious to its present character and position. We ment of the judge. If he be a barrister, he is not subdeny this. The Bar owes nothing to such members. Iject to any general restriction upon practice. But, by They have contributed nothing to its fame, nor furnished

the 17th clause, it is enacted, “ that no judge appointed it, we may venture to say, with one single ornament.

under this act shall, during his continuance as such Its most distinguished members have come from a very

judge, practise as a barrister within the district for

which his court is holden under this act, except those different class. They have been men whose strength

barristers already appointed to preside in or hold the lay in their superior intellect, and who, whether from said courts in Bath, Bristol, Liverpool, Manchester, patrician or plebeian ranks, have found in the Bar a Sheffield, Ecclesall, and Middlesex, and now practising fair field for the exercise of their talents a ladder by in chambers as conveyancing counsel, who may conwhich they might climb to pre-eminence and power,

tinue such practice." Wealth has not enervated those who were so fortunate

This clause is rather singularly worded. It will,

however, have, we apprehend, this effect: any barrister, as to possess it, nor rank made them disdain to enter being a sudge

being a judge, may practise in any manner any where, into the honourable strife. To talk of such men being except in his district. No barrister, except the exceptdeterred from coming to the Bar by the dread of any ed ones, may practise in any manner within his district. examination, is absurd; and it is the absence of such

The excepted ones, if already practising as conveyancing only that would be any real loss. The presence, in

counsel in chambers, may continue to do so. But they

have not any power given to them to commence condeed, of others, is rather an injury.

veyancing practice de novo, if they have not so practised We have hitherto spoken of the Bar only with respect to the office and duties of the advocate; but there The 22nd clause is also a very singular one. By it, it is another important light in which the matter must be is enacted, “ that the judges and other officers to be apviewed. From its ranks are chosen numerous officers, pointed under this act shall be authorised and required judicial and otherwise; so much so, indeed, that the

to perform all such duties in or relating to any causes of

matters depending in the high Court of Chancery, or phrase “ A barrister of seven years' standing" has be

before any judge thereof, or before the Lord Chancellor oome proverbial. Does the Legislature, when it uses in the exercise of any authority belonging to him, nethese words, intend by them to require any qualifica cessary or proper to be done in their respective districts, tion in the persons so designated for the offices they are as the Lord Chancellor shall from time to time by any to fill? We must assume that it does, otherwise it

general order direct, and for this purpose, and subject

to the general rules and orders of the said court, shall would be creating an absurd and unjust monopoly. The

su monopoly. The have and exercise all such authorities as may be duly confining the choice of officers to any particular class, exercised by the commissioners or other officers of the can only be justified on the ground of its peculiar fitness said court by whom such duties are now usually perfor the discharge of the duties. How is this fitness se- formed, and shall be entitled to receive the same fees cured? What is done to make the barrister of seven

and sums of money as are now payable in respect thereyears' standing more fit for his office than any other

of, to be accounted for and applied by them as the other

fees authorised by this act to be received are directed to person? Absolutely nothing. He may have observed

be accounted for and applied: Provided always, that the the forms required by the Inns of Court-forms which future amount of such fees shall continue subject to the have long ceased to have any meaning attached to them, same authority for revising the same to which it is not -without ever having seriously perused a single legal | subject." work or during his attendance at a pleader's or con! The language of the first part of this clause is very veyancer's chambers, if custom has obliged him to go

| large, and would, apparently, empower the Lord Chan

cellor to refer to the judges of the county courts, such there, extended his studies beyond the columns of a matters as are now referred to the Masters in Ordinary newspaper;--donned the wig and gown, and fluttered for in Chancery, and to the Commissioners in Lunacy. But a time about the courts, thence retiring to more con- then the second branch, touching the authority of the genial pursuits, with which to while away the proba

judges, seems to restrict the meaning of the first part; tionary term ; after which, if he chance to have powerful

for they are only to have, subject to the general order friends, he may obtain one of those places for which

to be made by the Lord Chancellor, and the general

rules and orders of the court, such authorities as may the Legislature has declared him qualified, and for be exercised by the commissioners and other officers of which his patron cannot be expected to be astute in dis- the said court, that is, the Court of Chancery, by whom covering his incapacity. These are the men whom an such duties are now usually performed. Now, it is examination would keep away from the Bar; or, if | very difficult to ascertain what commissioners or officers

are meant; for, having regard to the first part, which empowers the Chancellor to require the judges to per

Correspondence *. form in a suit, or on any matter arising under the authority of the Chancellor, all sich duties necessary or

TO THE EDITOR OF "THE JURIST." proper to be done, as the Chancellor shall direct, the first difficulty is, that there are no such officers in the

Sir, I have seen with much pleasure, that the districts in which the greater part of the new func- Benchers of the several Inns of Court contemplate tionaries will act. Hitherto, certain inquiries have been carrying out the plan of improved legal education directed to the Masters in Ordinary, fixed in London; commenced by the Middle Temple last year; firstly, certain others to the commissioners in lunacy, who | by establishing four additional readerships, viz. one are ambulatory; and certain duties are entrusted to t

for constitutional and criminal law, a second for the commissioners for taking answers; to commissioners for

law of real property and conveyancing, a third for

a examining witnesses, &c., who are ambulatory; and to

those branches of the common law not included under Masters Extraordinary in Chancery, who are always

the two first heads, and a fourth for equitable jurisresiding in the country. But to none of these officers

prudence as administered in the Court of Chancery; are inquiries directed, the answers to which are required

and, secondly, by instituting rewards and honours for for the purpose of informing the court. The Chan

those students who shall be willing to undergo an cellor cannot, therefore, refer such matters as he may think necessary to be reported upon to the country

examination before being called. I have always been

of those who think that, in the study of the law, judges, viz. the majority of the judges appointed under

much benefit may be obtained through the agency this act, because such judges are only to have the au

of readings, or, as they are modernly called, lecthority of the officers by whom such duties are now

tures. It would be, indeed, strange if that mode of inusually performed; and no such general duties, but only

struction which is thought, and, it is to be presumed, duties of a very limited kind, are now performed

found beneficial in almost every branch of learning or by any officers, except the Masters in Chancery in

art except law, should not also be adapted to assist the Ordinary. The clause is contradictory in another

studies of the young lawyer. Mathematics are taught point of view. The first part, as we have said, is

in our universities and schools by lectures; medicine, sufficiently general to include references to the judges, of inquiries in lunacy; but the second part obviously

chemistry, anatomy, are taught by lectures; painting

and sculpture are taught by lectures; even music is restricts the generality of the first part, by limiting the

taught by lectures. So, civil engineering and all the authority of the judges to the authority of the com

practical applications of the exact sciences are taught missioners or other officers of the said court, viz. the

by lectures. And, if it be right and advantageous to use Court of Chancery; terms which do not comprise the

the method of oral instruction for all these things, commissioners in lunacy, who are, in a sense, officers of

many of which are matters of taste and feeling rather the Chancellor, in his character of protector of lunatics

| than of learning, it would be indeed unreasonable, if, to under a particular act of Parliament, but are not com

the study of a subject so much a matter of learning and missioners or officers of the Court of Chancery. The truth is, that the 22nd clause of this act is very ill con

reasoning as law, the method of oral instruction should

be denied. structed. If one were disposed to be hypercritical, he

I do not, of course, mean to contend that attending might say, that its meaning is quite unattainable, inas

lectures alone can form a lawyer. Reading, extensive much as what it says is in substance this:—That the

and laborious private reading, must lay the foundation judges appointed under the act are to perform all such

of the learning, without which the utmost talent will duties (without defining them) as the Lord Chancellor

not suffice to make a first-rate, or even a respectable may think requisite, and as shall have been performed

and safe, lawyer. But though it is true that, as Bacon hitherto by the officers of the Court of Chancery, who

ery, who hath it, “reading maketh a full man," it does not nehave performed such duties. Now, as the duties are

cessarily make him full of that which is valuable; and unknown, the officers are unknown also, and there is no

if a man endowed even with considerable penetration key to the value of the unknown quantity; so that

reads unguided in so vast and labyrinthic a maze of the clause is a sort of legal problein, in which, the

learning as that of the law, he may chance to be a man equation being x=2 +y, it is required to know the

very full of matter irrelevant and useless, and very value of t.

empty quoad all that would be really useful to him for No doubt the intention of the clause was, that the

the purpose for which he reads, viz. to be “ of counsel.” Lord Chancellor should be empowered to refer to the

Therefore it is that I deem highly of learned readjudges of the county courts, inquiries such as are now

ings for the instruction of students, not because, from usually directed to Masters in Ordinary; a proceeding

the readings alone, they will derive that amount or which would in country causes be highly convenient.

that quality of learning which will qualify them to be It remains to be seen whether the Lord Chancellor will

of counsel, but because, from the prælections of a judibe of opinion that the act, as it is worded, gives him

cious reader, they may imbibe vivid ideas of the true any such power.

character of the science they are about to study, and The 90th section provides, “ that no plaint entered in

learn what is the course of private study which will any court holden under this act shall be removed or re

best initiate them in the learning of that branch of the movable from the said court into any of her Majesty's

law,which their character and other circumstances make superior courts of record by any writ or process, unless

it desirable that they should pursue. the debt or damage claimed shall exceed 51., and then

1I rejoice also to find that the readings are not to only by leave of a judge of one of the said superior

| be confined to the general theory of jurisprudence, but courts, in cases which shall appear to the judge fit to

| are to embrace the laws of this country as they are be tried in one of the superior courts, and upon such

practically administered in our courts of justice. terms as to payment of costs, giving security for debt or

There is one feature in the plan proposed on which costs, or such other terms as he shall think fit.”

animadversions have been made, viz. that which leaves This, it may be observed, will not oust the jurisdic- it to the option of students for the Bar, to pass an exation of Chancery to restrain proceedings, if necessary, in the county court, if it shall appear to the Court of * The view taken by our correspondent being diametrically Chancery that such proceedings at law would be in

opposed to that of the author of the leading article, we insert equitable.

the two papers together, that our readers may have both argu. | ments before them.

|

mination or not. It is said, Of what use is an exami. ward the bold and ambitious, without deterring the nation, if young men are to be permitted to enter the retiring and over-modest, who may yet, beneath their ranks of the Bar without demonstrating, by passing the crust of shyness, conceal abilities of a high order. I examination, that they are qualified for its duties? confess that I do think it of the highest importance, And it is objected, that, under such a regulation, there that no such principle as that of a compulsory and will be no greater check than there now is to young fixed, and necessarily most meagre, if compulsory, men eating their way to the Bar, and afterwards hang- standard of capacity should be adopted, in reference to ing on its skirts in a state of idleness and briefless- admission to the Bar; and I trust that no lay cla. ness, till they acquire standing enough to obtain the mour will induce the Benchers of the several Inns, good things that Parliament ever and anon throws into swerve from their resolution of making the inthe way of barristers who can count a given number of tended examination purely voluntary; hoping, at the years of standing.

same time, that the examination will be so substan. These objections are specious enough; but I appre- tial and severe, that none but really superior men can hend they are merely specious. It is, undoubtedly, I pass it at all. If I could hope that any suggestions highly desirable that the working Bar should be coming from so humble a pen as mine could be listened mainly composed of men above the ordinary standard to in such high quarters as Parliament chambers, I of intellect and industry; but, in order to insure that would venture to suggest that one final examination object, it is not desirable that no men should be ad immediately preceding the call, will not be a fair and mitted to the Bar who have not, before their ad- true test of the qualifications of the candidate for mission, manifested their superior qualities; because honours, and that it should not be an examination it is often found that men who are thought inferior merely of memory. An examination should be underin their youth, and, either from idleness or from gone at least once in every course of reading; and it natural lateness in the development of their powers, should not consist only of an examination without the make no shew of ability either at college or during aid of books, which merely tests the memory, but also of their pupilage, manifest, after a few years of actual an examination (such as by giving a difficult case to be practice, and when their powers are roused by the in- advised upon) with the aid of books, which tests the citement of substantial responsibility, all the qualities judgment. It would be very desirable, too, that, for essential to a great lawyer, in a degree that few could students who intend to practise in court, the examinaever have anticipated. Such men are not altogether tion should consist partly in fully arguing some legal rare; yet they wonld be wholly lost to the Bar if a question.

I am, Sir, &c. system of compulsory examination were introduced.

Again, if it were established that no man should be called to the Bar who had not passed an examination,

The following are the minutes of resolutions agreed it would be necessary to fix the standard of examina

to in conference, and since confirmed, of the deputations tion either too high or too low. If we fix it at such a

of committees of the Societies of Lincoln's Inn, the height as to test the stronger spirits,--those destined for

Inner Temple, and Gray's Inn, for the improvement of the higher departments of business,—then we should shut

the existing system of education for the bar. out of the Profession all those men, who, though but of That it is expedient to institute rewards or honours, moderate abilities, are yet quite sufficient for the exe- | by way of encouragement to students willing to undergo cution of a large portion of what may be termed “the examinations. heavy routine business" of the Bar. And that there is a That, for the purpose of preparing students for such large quantity of business which must bedone, and which examinations, there be established four lectureships in does not require for its transaction much beyond com- addition to that on civil law and general jurisprudence mon sense and industry, is not to be denied. If, on the already established by the Middle Temple. contrary, the standard of examination were fixed at such That subjects of additional lectures should be,

ly as to suit the average standard of talent 1. Constitutional law, criminal and other crown law. that can be expected in any large body of men, how- 2. The law of real property and conveyancing, derisés ever cultivated, then it would be no test at all of su- and bequests. periority, and the men capable of distinguishing them- 3. Those branches of the common law which are not selves, and thereby acquiring reputation, would have included in the two last heads. no such opportunity. The true object of an examina- 4. Equitable jurisprudence as administered in the tion is, that it may be an ordeal so severe as to be success- Court of Chancery. fully achieved only by those who are sufficiently su

That the lectureship for constitutional law, criininal perior to their fellow-men in ability and energy, to

| and other crown law, should be maintained at the joint make efforts of which few only are capable. By an

expense of the four societies. examination regulated on this principle, the existence That the lectureship of civil law and general jurisof superior men will be made known to the Profession,

e Profession; prudence should be maintained, as now, at the sole es. even although they may have nothing of what is termed

pense of the Middle Temple. connexion.” Beyond the attainment of such an ob

And that the other three lectureships should be mainject, it would be pernicious, rather than the reverse, to

tained at the expense of the three other societies repress the doctrine of examination. Now, voluntary

spectively, one for each, as shall be hereafter arranged examination will answer all the purpose of establishing

ing ainong themselves. a public distinction between those who have made

That no examination should be required of any stu

thot nepam proof of their ability and those who have shrunk from

dent as a condition precedent to his call to the bar.

dont' it, provided the examinations be made really a severe

That every student should be required, as a condition test. It will not exclude from the Profession the men of labour, but of moderate ability, who, as a working 1 of his having attended two of the courses of lectures. mass, are most useful, though, individually, not re-1 The selection to be determined by himself. markable; nor will it exclude those who, possessed of talent and strength, either cannot or will not develope it early in life. In fine, it will simply supply The Queen has been pleased to direct letters-patent the existing deficiency of a legitimate means of to be passed under the Great Seal, granting the dignity making those known to the Profession who do possess, of a Knight of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and can early exert, brilliant abilities, without at- and Ireland unto David Pollock, Esq., Chief Justice of tempting to stigmatise others; and it will bring for- | the Supreme Court of Judicature at Bombay.

ficate

fi

Bankruptcy, Bristol, div.-W. Hand, Molleston, Pembroke. London Gazettes.

shire, coal merchant, Oct. 9 at 11, District Court of Bank.
ruptcy, Bristol, div.

CERTIFICATES.
TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 1.

To be allowed, unless Cause be shewn to the contrary on or
BANKRUPTS.

before the Day of Meeting. JABEZ RUSSELL the younger, Whittlesea, Isle of Ely, Richard David, Newbridge, near Cardiff, Glamorganshire,

Cambridgeshire, builder and millwright, dealer and chap. draper, Sept. 24 at 12, District Court of Bankruptcy, Brisa man, Sept. 9 at half-past 2, and Oct. 9 at 2, Court of Bank.tol.- Benj. Bensley, Poolholm, Monmouthshire, out of busiruptcy, London: Of. Ags. Whitmore ; Sol. Church, Spi. ness, Sept. 24 at 11, District Court of Bankruptcy, Bristol. tal-square.-Fiat dated Aug. 22.

-Waller Bates, Manchester, stockbroker, Sept. 23 at 12, GEORGE ENSTONE PHILLIPS, Birmingham, japanner, District Court of Bankruptcy, Manchester. - John Leadbeater, Sept. 10 and Oct. 6 at 11, District Court of Bankruptcy, Manchester, merchant, Sept. 23 at 12, District Court of Birmingham : Off. Ass. Whitmore; Sols. Roberts, "Bir. Bankruptcy, Manchester.-- Thos. Read, Manchester, cigar mingham ; Austen & Co., Gray's-inn, London.-Fiat dated dealer, Sept. 23 at 12, District Court of Bankruptcy, Man. Aug. 20.

chester.- John Seaton, Frickley-cum-Clayton, Yorkshire, JAMES BARKER, Sheffield, Yorkshire, joiner and builder, farmer, Sept. 24 at 11, District Court of Bankruptcy, Leeds. Sept. 11 and Oct. 16 at 11, Town-hall, Sheffield : Off. Ass. Charles Ball, Lane-end, and Cheadle, Staffordshire, linenFreeman ; Sols. Rayner, or Broadbent, Sheffield; Moss, draper, Sept. 24 at 12, District Court of Bankruptcy, BirSerjeant's-inn, London.--Fiat dated Aug. 21.

mingham.-Robert Cook, Gainsborough, Lincolnshire, surTHOMAS YATES, Bolton-le-Moors, Lancashire, cotton geon, Sept. 23 at 10, District Court of Bankruptcy, Kingmanufacturer, Sept. 11 and Oct. 2 at 12, District Court of ston-upon-Hull.--Edwin Lilley, Kingston-upon-Húll, tim. Bankruptcy, Manchester : Off. Ass. Hobson ; Sols. Rush. ber merchant, Sept. 23 at 10, District Court of Bankruptcy, ton & Armitstead, Bolton-le-Moors ; Gregory & Co., Bed. Kingston-upon-Hull.- Wm. Hen. Wilson, Kingston-uponford-row, London.-Fiat dated Aug. 21.

| Hull, merchant, Sept. 23 at 10, District Court of Bankruptcy, RICHARD CROMPTON, Shrigley, Cheshire, MOSES Kingston-upon-Hull.-Chas. Fred. Carne and Maurice Telo, PRICE, Prestolee, Lancashire, and TIMOTHY CROMP Liverpool, merchants, Sept. 22 at 11, District Court of TON, Manchester, brick makers, (carrying on business at Bankruptcy, Liverpool.- Wm. Henry Broad, Stourport, Shrigley, under the firm of Crompton, Price, and Cromp Worcestershire, maltster, Sept. 29 at 11, District Court of ton), Sept. 14 and Oct. 7 at 12, District Court of Bank Bankruptcy, Birmingham. ruptcy, Manchester : Off. Ass. Pott; Sols. Baker, Man To be allowed by the Court of Review in Bankruptcy, unless chester; Grimsditch, Macclesfield; Bell & Co., Bow Cause be shewn to the contrary on or before Sept. 22. Church-yard, London.-Fiat dated Aug. 20.

Robert Perry, Brighton, Sussex, draper.—John Brock, JONATHAN PRYTHERCH, Wrexham, Denbighshire, gro. Chester, innkeeper.-George How Green and G. Courthope cer, confectioner, dealer and chapman, Sept. 14 and Oct. 6 Green, Barge-yard, Bucklersbury, London, wholesale staat 12, District Court of Bankruptcy, Liverpool: Off, Ass. tioners.-Geo. Codrington Nicholls, Upton, Cheshire, com. Cazenove ; Sols. Cunnah, Chester ; Pocock & Marston, 10, I mission merchant.

Norfolk-street, Strand, London.- Fiat dated Aug. 28. JAMES GILL, Liverpool, wine and spirit merchant, and

Scotch SBQUESTRATIONS.

Laurence Fleming, Edinburgh, tobacconist.-W. Oswald, licensed victualler, Sept. 16 and Oct. 5 at 11, District Court

Ladysnuick, Clackmannan, lime burner.-John Drysdale, of Bankruptcy, Liverpool: Off. Ass. Cazenove ; Sols. At

| Alva, Stirling, machine maker.-Geo. Dowten Chomar, Glaskinson, Liverpool; Vincent & Sherwood, Temple, London. - Fiat dated Aug. 26.

gow, and Dunoon, merchant.

INSOLVENT DEBTORS
MEETINGS.
Elizabeth Watson, Thomas Nelson, George Nelson, and

Who have filed their Petitions in the Court of Bankruptcy,

and have obtained an Interim Order for Protection from George Cooke, Love-lane, London, and Nottingham, hosiers,

Process. Sept. 17 at ii, District Court of Bankruptcy, Birmingham,

John Nicols, Chapple Deanes, Great Yarmouth, Norfolk, ch, ass.- Donald Maclean, Upper Brook-street, Grosvenor.

beer-shop keeper, Sept. 18 at 12, Court of Bankruptcy, Lon. square, Middlesex, and Witton Castle, and Woodhouse-close Colliery, near Bishop Auckland, Durham, brickmaker, Oct.

don.-William Hoile, Cavendish-road, Wandsworth-road,

Surrey, out of business, Sept. 18 at 12, Court of Bankruptcy, 22 at 11, Court of Bankruptcy, London, last ex.-John Ste

London.-Ebenezer Craker, Luton, Bedfordshire, carpenter, tenson, Manchester, tobacconist, Sept. 11 at 12, District

Sept. 18 at 1, Court of Bankruptcy, London.--Thos. BrenCourt of Bankruptcy, Liverpool, ch. ass.- William Henry

enry nan, Brook-st., West-sq., Lambeth, Surrey, chandler-shop Wilson and Richard Vause, Kingston-upon-Hull, merchants, Sept. 23 at 10, District Court of Bankruptcy, Kingston-upon.

Ints, keeper, Sept. 18 at 12, Court of Bankruptcy, London.-Jas.

-upon: | Gibson, Duke-st., Adelphi, Strand, Middlesex, baker, Sept. Hull, last ex. of R. Vause.- George Parker, Sheffield, spade

", spade | 18 at half-past 11, Court of Bankruptcy, London.-James manufacturer, Sept. 25 at 11, District Court of Bankruptcy,

pocy Sinclair, London-road, Surrey, slater, Sept. 18 at half-past Sheffield, aud. ac.-Wm. Hand, Molleston, Pembrokeshire,

shire, | 12, Court of Bankruptcy, London.-Hen. Shalders, Albioncoal merchant, Oct. 8 at 11, District Court of Bankruptcy, Bristol, aud. ac.-A. T. A. Barfield, Bristol, artist, Oct. 5 at

aptcy, street, Wandsworth-road, Surrey, commission agent, Sept. 18

at 12, Court of Bankruptcy, London.-Samuel Brooks, St. 11, District Court of Bankruptcy, Bristol, aud, ac.-J. Mack,

Philip and Jacob, Bristol, shoemaker, Sept. 15 at 11, District Liverpool, pawnbroker, Sept. 22 at ll, District Court of

Court of Bankruptcy, Bristol.-- Thos. W. Parratt, Bradford, Bankruptcy, Liverpool, and. ac.-John Lythgoe, Liverpool,

Yorkshire, engraver, Sept. 11 at 11, District Court of Bank. cooper, Sept. 22 at 11, District Court of Bankruptcy, Liverpool, aud. ac. Ed. Jones, Liverpool, ironmonger, Sept.

ruptcy, Leeds.- John Pickles, Bradford, Yorkshire, hair 22 at 11, District Court of Bankruptcy, Liverpool, aud. ac.

dresser, Sept. 11 at 11, District Court of Bankruptcy, Leeds. Thomas Henrey, Liverpool, draper, Sept. 22 at 12, District

-Bentham Simpson, Pocklington, Yorkshire, grocer, Sept.

11 at 11, District Court of Bankruptcy, Leeds.-Wm. Greig, Court of Bankruptcy, Liverpool, aud. ac.Henry Williams,

Leeds, Yorkshire, butcher, Sept. 11 at 11, District Court of Llanrwst, Denbighshire, apothecary, Sept. 22 at 12, District

Bankruptcy, Leeds.-Edward Bassford, Walton-on-the-Hill, Court of Bankruptcy, Liverpool, aud. ac. - Duncan Mac. dougall, Liverpool, factor, Sept. 22 at 11, District Court of

Lancashire, book-keeper, Sept. 10 at 11, District Court of Bankruptcy, Liverpool, aud. ac.-Wm. Lloyd, Liverpool,

Bankruptcy, Liverpool.- Ralph Hardy Thomson, Liverpool, spirit merchant, Sept. 22 at 11, District Court of Bankrupt- | Liverpool.

book-keeper, Sept. 8 at 11, District Court of Bankruptcy,

Thomas Dyson, Halifax, Yorkshire, drysalter, cy, Liverpool, aud. ac.- Benj. Thomas, Liverpool, merchant, I Sept. 22 at 12, District Court of Bankruptcy, Liverpool, div.

Sept. 9 at 12, District Court of Bankruptcy, Manchester. -Hen. Delemain, Liverpool, merchant, Sept. 22 at 12, Dis

Saturday, Aug. 29. trict Court of Bankruptcy, Liverpool, div.-Ed. "Thomas, The following Assignees have been appointed. Further Par. Clifton, Bristol, wine merchant, Sept. 25 at 11, District Court ticulars may be learned at the Office, in Portugal-st., Lin. of Bankruptcy, Bristol, div.- Jas. Innes, Cheltenham, Glou. coln's-inn-fields, on giving the Number of the Case. cestershire, ironmonger, Sept. 24 at ll, District Court of Charles Parry, Minories, London, ship insurance broker,

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