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NOTE TO BOOK ONE.

THE First Book of the HEART OF OAK series is intended for children beginning to learn to read. It is for the nursery as well as for the school. It is for reading to the child as well as for reading by him. The selections are such as may well become part of the stores of the child's memory, being mostly from the traditional stock of rhymes and jingles which have been sung or said by mothers or nurses time out of mind.

In schools the little book is to take the place of a primer, and it may be used with or without an independent spelling-book, according to the skill or the judgment of the teacher. The system of grading adopted in most books for beginning in reading is largely artificial and mechanical; it does not conform to the natural method by which language is acquired, either by the ear or by the eye. The omission of all hard words and of all expressions supposed to be beyond the comprehension of children is needless. Words of varying degrees of difficulty, as well in spelling as in meaning, are learned by the ear, and should be learned by the eye, at the same time. The talk of a child when he begins to learn to read does not consist of only words of one syllable. Many a hard word is familiar to him in use before he sees it in print. His ear may be made the helper of his eye. A good teacher will point out to the child the fact that many a word which has a strange look to him on the page is not strange

to him in his talk. He soon learns how it looks and how to spell it. With intelligent and constant assistance from the teacher the difficulties in learning to read will be much better mastered by this natural method than by the use of any artificial system.

Any child who can read the pieces in the First Book of the HEART OF OAK series will find few difficulties in the Second ; yet in its use the intelligent and ready assistance of the teacher will still be called upon,

The intent of the illustrations is to present in the most direct manner the central idea of the rhyme, and thus to aid the imagination of the child in picturing the incident or situation described. The jingle of the verses will live in the ear-memory, and the simple pictures will recall them to the mind's eye. Mr. Frank T. Merrill, in these drawings, has caught the spirit of the nursery rhymes in an admirable and satisfactory manner,

C. E. NORTON.

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Little Tom Tucker

24
Little Johnny Pringle

47 Little Boy Blue 24 Hogs in the garden

47 Little Bo-peep

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If all the world were apple-pie 47 Ba-a, ba-a, black sheep

26 Mother Hubbard and her dog Curly locks ! 26 Tom he was a piper's son

51 Mary had a pretty bird 27 The lion and the unicorn

51 The girl in the lane 28 There was an old woman

52 What's the news of the day

28 Mary had a little lamb, Sara J. Hale 52 Willy boy, Willy boy 28 Little Nanny Etticoat

53 Bye, baby bunting 28 Old King Cole

54 Hush a bye baby 29 Cock-a-doodle-doo .

55 The King of France

29 Three little kittens . There was a little girl

Boys and girls come out to play
H. W. Longfellow 30

To kill two birds
Ding, dong, bell

30 To have two strings Yankee Doodle 31 The dog and the shadow

59 Handy-spandy, Jack-a-dandy 31

The dog in the manger

59 Sing a song of sixpence . 32 Twelve pears hanging high

60 Pease porridge hot . 33 Hinx, minx !

60 There was a man in our town . 33 Little King Boggen

60 The house that Jack built 34 East, west, home is best .

60 Little Jack Horner .

The man in the wilderness

61 There was a crooked man

Thirty white horses.

61 One misty, moisty morning

I had a little pony

61 I saw an old woman 39 The boy and the wolf

62 Four-and-twenty tailors 40 Simple Simon.

62 Daffy-Down-Dilly

40

Here am I Robin and Richard.

41 As round as an apple The children sing R. L. Stevenson 41 Sing, song, the days are long Let's go to bed

42

A needle and thread
Bow, wow, wow

42
There was a little man

65 0, look at the moon! E. Lee Follen 42 Elizabeth, Elspeth, Betsey, and Bess 66 Pussy sits behind the log . 43 Bat, bat

66 Needles and pins

43 Bobby Shaftoe's gone to sea There was a little man

The mice, the cat, and the bell

67 I saw a ship a-sailing 45 Arthur O’Bower

68 There was an old woman 45 The mouse and the lion

68 Pease porridge hot .

The two

gray
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69 Hark, hark ! Bow-wow.

The goose and the golden eggs 69 W. Shakespeare 46 When I was a bachelor

70 Rain, rain, go away

As like as two peas .

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Forgive and forget .

70 There was

man and he had naught

71 I love sixpence

71 The fox and the grapes

72 The hare and the tortoise

72 The cat, the ape, and the nuts 73 A man of words

73 London Bridge

74 As I was going to St. Ives As busy as a bee

76 As blind as a bat

76 The frog and the ox

77 Bryan O’Lin

77 Intery, mintery, cutery-corn

78 The fox, the ape, etc. W. Shakespeare 78 Henny-penny ·

79 Poor old Robinson Crusoe

82 Peter Piper

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I would if I could
The old woman and her pig
In April's sweet month
Evening red and morning gray
A swarm of bees in May.

90 Rainbow at night

90 Thirty days hath September

90 Sixty seconds hath a minute

91 How pleasant is Saturday night

91 The golden rule in verse .

91 A great while ago the world begun

W. Shakespeare 91 Cock Robin and Jenny Wren . 92 The burial of poor Cock Robin 99 The fairy tale alphabet A, B, C.

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