Imágenes de páginas

Butler is deaf to the governor's entreaties, and the foul deed is accomplished.

From an attentive examination of these dramas with the original, we have no hesitation in affirming that Mr Coleridge's translation happily unites, for the inost part, the qualities of fidelity and elegance. In many pages, however, he exhibits a surprising debility, becomes extremely prosaic, and degenerates into the most culpable carelessness. Amidst a variety of faulty passages, we will content ourselves with selecting the follow


. This walk which you have ta'en me thro' the camp
Strikes my hopes prostrate.' 'P. 15.

• What! and not warn him either what bad hand's
His lot has plac'd him in?' P. 18. .

They know about the emperor's requiGtions,
And are tumultuous.' P. 45.

dife is deferveridge is the funerals at the

• How intend you - To manage with the gener als at the banquet ?' P. 66. Mr. Coleridge is the founder of a distinct school in poetry. He is deservedly regarded with much deference by many of his disciples: but the elevation he has attained on the Aönian mount imposes on him an obligation to study the art of correctness ;

Decipit exemplar vitiis imitabile: . . and it were well if Mr. Coleridge would teach his pupils, both by precept and example, the art of blotting-would in- , struct them that hasty effufions require the file, that carelessness is not ease, and that obscurity in no instance constitutes the true sublime. .

Prize Efsays and Transactions of the Highland Society of Scot

land. To which is prefixed, an Account of the Institution and · principal Proceedings of the Society. By Henry Mackenzie, Esq. Vol. I. 8vo. 75. Boards. Cadell and Davies.

THE great object of the society is to inquire into the present state of the Highlands and islands of Scotland, the condition of their inhabitants, and the various ineans of their improvement. A subordinate object is the preservation of the language, poetry, and music of the Highlands.

From the very great merit of this institution, we cannot but express our surprise that the idea of such an establithment was not suggested till the year 1784; and that only in 1799. the

CRIT. Rev. VOL. XXX. October, i800.

labours of the society. were first published. In various works which have occurred in our literary engageinents, topics of this kind have often attraded our notice, and, in some measure, anticipated the subjects of these volumes, for we shall find the most interesting materials not brought sufficiently near the present period to be very attractive. If they do not accumulate. fast, a portion of a volume should occasionally appear, which would join the charms of novely to the advantages of early information,

The history of the society need not detain us. We shall select only the report on the Shetland wool, which deserves to be more generally known.

• From the information of the gentlemen abovementioned, it would appear, that the permanent fineness of the wool depends entirely upon the breed of Meep; for on the same pasture, and under the very same climatė, sheep, with the finest, and with the coarfest wool are maintained ; in so much, that from the wool of the same flock, some stockings worth two guineas per pair, and others worth less than four-pence, are produceda

11. It would appear that there are two kinds of sheep producing fine wool to be found in these islands; one known by the name of the kindly sneep, whose whole body almost is covered, aitb it; another whose wool is fine about the neck.only, and other particular parts of the body. The colour of the fine wool allo varies, fomce. rimes being, in a great measure, of a pure white, at other times of a light grey, which is supposed to be the softest and moft filky; lonie. times of a black, and sometimes of a ruflet colour...

2. The sheep producing this wool are of a breed, which, for the fake of distinction, might be called the beaver Nieep; for, like that animal, many of them have long bairs growing amongst the wool, which cover and Thelter it; and the wool is a species of fine fur of down, which grow's, in fome ineasure, under their protection.

3. Your committee onderstand that the meep producing this fine wool are of the hardiest nature, are never housed nor kept in any particular pasture; and that in the winter seafoa they are often fo pinched for food, that many of them are obliged to feed upon the sea-ware, or weed, driven to the flore. It is obferved, however, that the healthielt, flieep are those which live coustamly upon the hills, and never touch the sea-warea

4. Lastly, It appears that the Shetland sheep are never clipt of Atorn, but shi about the beginning of June the wool is pulled off (which is done without the smalleit pain or injury to the animal). leaviog the long hairs already mentioned, which felter the young wool, and coouibute to keep the animal warm and comfortable, ar a reason of the year when cold and piereing winds may occasionally be expected in to northern a latitude.

• As a proof bow little the real value of the Shetland wool is: known in that country, your coinmittee thought it adviseable to

have the followingi experiment tried. They directed some of the coarse Shetland stockings, sold at Edinburgh for about 51d. per pair, to be purchased and decomposed, or reduced again to wool; the wool, after being carded, was delivered to Mr. Izett the hatter, who very obligingly agreed to try, how far it might answer for the ma Dufacture of hats, both by itself and with a mixture of other wool; The strength of the wool, it is evident, must have been much injured by being spun, knit, and afterwards untwisted and decom. pored, yet the wool was found capable of being made into hats, and of considerably' more value than the manufactured stockings.? P. xxxiii.

In a country like the Highlands, bold and abrupt in its out line; often barren without the assistance of art; broken by various iniers on its western coast, the chief object of the ima prover must be the riches which its shores afford, and the productions beft fuited to land of this peculiar kind. The fisheries and the manufacture of barilla offer a source of wealth and population under a well-regulated political system'; for there is no reason why, with proper care, the-sea-wrack on the rocky fhores, and the culture of the plants which afford the follile alkali on the flatter coasts towards the east, may not supply the whole kingdom with that useful' article of manufacture. In the inland parts we have recommended Meep-walks in oppofition to the modern system of increasing population, for we have lately seen that population may be increased too far, and multiplied in a degree greatly superior to its supply of corn. To depend on other nations for such supply may give activity to commerce, and, from its indispensable nature, may prevent long and destructive wars: but to require assistance in a large degree must contribute to exhaust the riches which an active and successful commerce in other respects affords. The immense sums paid by this country for corn thould excite more attention than it seems to have done. With respeet therefore to the Highlands, a quantity of arable land fufficient for its increafe of population Thould be preserved; but we see no reason to wish for an increase of inhabitants beyond what its own arable can supply. On this account, sheep-walks and plantations should be particularly attended to in the interior, and on the coast the fisheries and the kelp.

These considerations seem to have influenced the Highland fociety, as will appear from the subjects of their prize essays.

An Essay on Kelp: containing the rise and progress of that magufacture in the north of Scotland; its present state; and the means of carrying it to a greater extent. By the Rev. Dr. Walker, Pro. feffor of Natural History in the University of Edinburgh.-On the An of making Kelp, and of increasing the Growth of the Marine Plants from which it is made. By Nir. Angus Beaton, Canongate,

Edinburgh.- Observations on Kelp. By Mr. Robert Jameson, of Leith. On the means of introducing the Linen Manufacture into the Highlands of Scotland. By Neil M Vicar, Esq. Merchant, Edinburgh.-On the Spinning of Linen Yarn in Ross, Caithness, &c. By Mr, James Mill, Perthill Factory, Aberdeen. On Inclosing. By Mr. John Wilson, of Hurlet, Factor to the Earl of Glasgow. On Green Crops. By Mr. Patrick Brodie, Tenant in Garvald near Haddington - On the peculiar circumstances which tend to. make the use of Horses almost universal, in Agricultural Operations, in the Highland districts of Scotland; with an Inquiry how far, and with what effects, Oxen might be substituted in their room. By Mr.

T. Jollý, Minister, Dunnet, near Thurso, Caithness. On the advantages of watering Pasture and Meadow Grounds in the High: lands. By John Smith, D.D. Minister of Campbeltown.-- On the advantages of Planting, and raising Timber, in the Hebrides, and other parts of the west and north-west coasts of the Highlands. By the same.-On the species of Crops best adapted for the Highlands. By the fame.--Letter to the Secretary of the Highland Society, on the foregoing subject. By Mr. George Robertson, of Grantov), near Edinburgh. - On the propriety of burning Heath Grounds for the Improvement of Pasture. By Capt. Donald Smith, of the 841h Regiment.--Suggestions for promoting and improving the Fisheries upon the Coasts of the Highlands and Illes. By Mr. John Williams, of Gilmerton. On the state of the Fisheries in the Irlands of Zetland, 1786. By a Native of Zetland. On the Fisheries. By Mr. William Ferguson, Shipmaster, Peterhead.—On the Fisheries, &c. By the Rev. Mr. Bradfute, Minister of Dunshire, Presbytery of Biggar.–An improved mode of preparing Peat-Fuel. Communi. cated by George Dempster, Esq. of Dunichen.-On the means of fupplying the want of Coal, and providing Fuel on a Highland Estate, with the smallest loss of time and trouble to the Tenants. Author unknown.-Excerpts from “ An Essay on the means of supplying the want of Coals, and of providing Fuel on a Highland Estate, with the smallest loss of time and trouble.” By Mr. John Williams, of Gilmerton.-Remarks on some Corruptions which have been introduced into the Orthography and Pronunciation of the Gaelic; with propofals for removing them, and restoring the purity of the Language. By Capt. Donald Smith, of the 841h Regiment.-Letter from a Freeholder of Invernessshire to Lord Adam Gordon, dated 15th March, 1792 ;-On cutting a Canal between Inverness and Fort-William.-On the Practicability and advantages of opening a Navigation between the Murray Frith, at Inverness, and Loch Eil, at Fort-William. By the Rev. James Headrick.' P.cxxiii.

The local importance of many of these subjects renders is unnecessary for us to enlarge ou cachi eslay. We shall only therefore add a few remarks on several of them, as they occurin their own order.

The manufacture of kelp was practised first in Scotland about the year 1720, and is now very considerable ; the ifiands having afforded, from the year 1764 to 1772, almost 5000 tons.

The state of the manufacture at present ought undoubtedly to " have been mentioned; but, in general, it is adinitted that the kelp on the shores is much more valuable than all the other productions of the islands conjointly. It is generally obtained from four species of fucus; viz. F.nodosus, vesiculosus, serratus, and digitatus. By examining the nature of the Thore which these plants chiefly inhabit, artificial beds of them may be pró. cured, and the kelp may be advantageously cut every fourth year. The Highland Society attends only to the kelp produced from the fuci, but we suspect that plantations of the falsola, and similar marine plants may be attended with advantagé. At present, the British kelp can only enter into competition with the foreign in consequence of the latter being loaded with "a duty. . . . . . )

The essay on introducing the linen manufacture into the * Highlands is truly patriotic ; yet we fear there are many impediments to overcome before it can succeed. The cultivation of flax is a necessary preliminary; and the choice of situation can only be ascertained by careful experience.' The essay on spinning enters into minute details, which are not interesting to the general reader. · The essays on inclosing and green crops contain fome very excellent remarks, but they are of local importance only.

From the essay on the use of horses we shall select some curious information.

In process of time, however, when they came to pay more at. tention to tillage, the horse naturally appeared the properest animal to be employed; not only as being the most tractable, but as least valuable for other purposes; and, it may be added, the most easily supported. For, little provender was laid up for winter; and only given to the cows and youngest cattle in the severelt weather. The horses were allowed to take their chance among the hills; nor were they ever brought near a house but when needed for any particular purpose. The person who could procure a few breeding mares, foon came, without much trouble, and with no expence, to have such a stock of horses as was sufficient to anfwer all the purposes of agriculture on that confined scale.

• Certainty is not pretended in this matter. It is sufficient for the present purpose that the reasons adduced be probable ; and, what must add confiderably to the probability of them, is, that the same practice prevails, to this day, in some parts of the Shetland Iles ; presumed to be in a fituation, in respect of agriculture, nearly similar to what some of the Highland districts of Scotland were at the period referred to. There, a man is often pofleffed of twenty or

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