Imágenes de páginas

disgraceful. When we consider, that

tigris agit rabidi cum tigride pacem Perpetuam, særis inter se convenit ursis we may naturally express our surprise, that beings of a sus perior order, those in whom is inherent a portion of ethe. real fire, who, though infinitely inferior to the Deity, are removed far above the level of brutes, should fink into 2 course of action of which mere quadrupeds inight feel the folly and the iniquity. But it is useless to argue on this subject; for the advocates of human flaughter, though they affect a high degree of religion, have no idea of its genuine dictates and its legitimate impressions, and are, in the strict sense of the phrase, practical atheists. Such men impudently call it blafphemy to declaim against war; but every man of sense and humanity will maintain a contrary opinion.

That spirit of despotism which has ever waged war agianft human freedom and happiness, exerted itself at the begin. ning of the eighteenth century in the person of Louis XIV. of France, who, not content with ensiaving his subjects, encroached on the liberties of other nations, and systematically invaded the general rights of mankind. But that haughty and unfeeling tyrant, near the close of his reign, was deservedly reduced to a state of humiliation, so as to become an object of pity to contemporary princes. During his reign, however, the arts and sciences received some encouragement, more indeed from his vanity than from his taste or judgment. His death gave some repose to Europe; and the arts of peace revived. But, though his successor was of a lefs ambitious and more pacific disposition, he, on various pretences, embarked in unneceffary wars. At one time he laboured to crush or depress the house of Austria; at another time, he provoked Great-Britain to a rupture by encroaching on her colonial possessions. The enterprising fpirit of the great Frederic of Prussia kindled also, at different periods, the flames of war: but be endeavoured to make fome atonement to his people by falutary reforms and useful inftitutions, and by a general melioration of their state. The czarina Catharine II. foilowed a fimilar plan; and, while her ambition was prodigal of blood, her uncontrolled authority was, in many instances, subíervient to the public good. The concurrence of these two potentates with the devout Maria Theresa in the partition of Poland reflected ditgrace on the age in which it took place, and on the neighbouring princes who could tamely suffer such injustice to be exercised. From the affected regularity and folemnity in which the measure was enforced, it taught the nations of the world, that princes, in a refined age, could make a mockery of religion and humanity, of national independerice and public privileges, and measure right by the rule of power, with a degree of iniquity equal to that of the

most ferocious chieftain's of barbarous times. From this scene let us turn our eyes to France, which, at the accession of Louis XVI, was in a state favourable to the progress of freedom. That monarch was humane and well difpored, and did not wish to act the part of a tyrant; and, under his auspices, an example of reform might have been given with effect to the princes of the time, had not GreatBritain, forgetful of the principles which raised the house of Hanover to the throne, precipitated herself into a rupture with her colonial subjects. By aílifting the discontented. Americans, the ill-advised Louis excited among his people a strong passion for liberty ; and, when he convoked the Itates-general of the realm, the eagerness of the public to take advantage of the opportunity led to disorder and con. fulion, as persons who have long been blind know not how

to conduct themselves at the first glare of light. The dis· order was promoted by ambitious demagogues, whose arts

and intrigues kindled a flame which has not yet been extinguished. The madness of the revolutionary leaders, not being suffered to exhaust itself at home, diffused its effects over Europe; and the atrocities committed in France by a Jacobin faction under the mask of liberty, d?mped the ardour of the friends of rational reform, furnished the rulers even of free nations with a pretence for strengthening the hands of government, and produced a general inclination to submit to new restraints, rather than rifque the horrors of confusion and anarchy. Such seemed to be the state of the public mind at the conclusion of the eighteenth century; and fuch were the ill effects of a revolution, which, under judicious management, might have gradually operated to universal benefit.

In fpeculating on the probable changes which may attend the progress of the nineteenth century, we do not flatter ourselves or our pofterity with any signal or extraordinary improvement of the general condition of mankind. Refine ment has not, in a long course of ages, produced the advantages which might have been expected to flow from it: wny then should we dream of any striking change which it may effect within the small compass of one hundred years? The improvement of the theory of religion and mofality has not had a correspondent influence on the practice. The increaling profundity of scientific research has not been so diffusively beneficial as it might have been under proper direction. A more enlarged might into the legitimate arts of government, a greater portion of skill in the liberal and mechanical arts, a more intimate acquaintance with the means of augmenting the accommodations of fcciety, have not, we observe with deep but unavailing re. gret, been attended with the effects which such attain. mengs seemed calculated to produce. Why then should we affect to prognosticate a 1peedy or a great improvement in

thefe respects? That some changes may occur in the per riod to which we allude, there is no reason to doubt: but we may dispute the extent of their utility. When the agitations consequent on the storm of the French revolution shall have subsided, such a spirit of moderation may arise, as may be favourable to political improvement. While the enormities of Jacobinism may have made so strong an imprelion on the minds of men, that the rashness of indiscriminate reform will meet with instant opposition, princes may also become more sensible than they have hitherto been of the expediency of promoting the happiness of their subjects, not merely that of the higher classes, but of those Icis elevated individuals who have as great a claim to justice and protection, to the comforts of life, and to that freedom cfaction which is not incompatible with the restraints of so ciety, as the counsellors of kings and the rulers of nations. Under the auspices of patriotic and philanthropic fovereigns, the sciences which inform and enlighten, the arts which polish, the morality and devotion which purify mankind, may be more regularly pursued and more efficaciously cultivated. A more judicious system of education, founded on numerous hints recently suggested, may improve both the minds and persons of the rising generation. The parsions may be more studiously reprefied; the depravity which, we are taught to believe, has been inherent in human beings since the fall of their progenitor, may be more rigorously corrected. We might extend these remarks to a great length by speaking of those changes to which a fan. guine zeal might look forward; but such speculations are rather the offspring of excursive fancy, than the dictates of prophecy; and it may be said, though the opinion may be thought to border on unnecessary deípondence, that the improvements which we have mentioned are merely porsible, not probable. Those passions which have rendered the greatest part of the world, for ages, a scene of folly, iniquity, and vice, will perhaps continue to prevail over reason and prudence, over good sense and philosophy. Let every performer on the theatre of life endeavour to act the part allotted to him with judgment and propriety; and the state of mankind will then be eflentially improved : but, as such endeavours, from the creation of the world to the present time, have by no means been general, we have little reason to indulge the pleasing expedlation. This, we allow, is not an enlivening or a flattering picture; but we earnestly wish that the profpect may brighten, and that the fue ture scene may be arrayed in more attractive colours.

. P. 221, l. 12. for casat read cavat.








ACCOUNT of proceedings of go. BAMPTON ledure, Richards's, 77
A vernors of house of industry in Banister's Synopsis of husbandry, 327

27? Bardomachia,
Actor, Defence of the profesiion of an, Barrell's Obfervations upon the town of
478 Cromer,

- 360
Adams's Analysis of horsemar:ship, 237 Bzite of the barda,

Address to the public, concerning po. Bent's Meteorological journal. 479
litical opinions,

239 Bingley's tour round North Wales, 55
Agriculture, Recreations in, 233 Biographical sketches of Henrietta duo
Aikin's letters to his son,

283 chess of Orléans, and Louis of Bour-
- translation of select culozies of bon prince of Condé,

members of the French academy, 235 Bislet's Douglas,

Algebra, Principles of,
447 B gue's fermon,

America, North, Public affairs of, 589 Bolland's Saint Paul at Athens, 106
Anacreon, Translation of, 202 Brand on the price of wheat, 458
Analysis of horsemanship

277 Bridgman's Thesaurus juridicus, 217
Anderson's Recreations in agriculture, Brown's Explanation of the Asien-

bly's catechism,

- 469
Animadversions on the « Elements of Bryant on the Trojan war, Remarks
Chriftian theology,”

311 on,
Annales de Chymie,

to the British Critic, 358
Annesley on the danger of a premature Burder's Directory for profitable em.

337 ployment of Christian fabbath, 117
on the true cause of the present Burns's works,

44, 300
Anthology, Annual,

464 CALVINISTIC doctrines of human
Anti-revolutionary thoughts of a revo- deprav ty, &c. Vindication of, ICO
lutionary writer,


Canion, voyage
Canion, Voyage to,

Apeleutherus, Cursory remarks on, 94 Carey's Latin prosudy made casy, +42
Apiarian, The general,
480 Carr's ferino),

Architecture (Gothic), Efrays on, 208 Catechism, Explanation of the Asim-
Asyument concerning the Chutian rc- bly's,

406 Cayenne, Aimé's deportation to, 335
Art de parler et d'écrire correctement Cépe le's Natural history of fishes, 5:0
la langue Française,

223 Charge, Bishop of Rochester's, 470
Arthy's Seaman's medical advocate, Chemistry, Annals of,

, Elements of,

Atcheson's Report of a trial respecting Christian religion, Argument con-

curidomination of a ship in a neutral cerning the,
port, &c.

102 Christianity, Principles of,
Attempt to explain Rom. V. 12, et


27 Chronological abridgement of univer-
-- to illustrate some of the proe sal history,


330 Churchill's translation of Herder's Phi-
Auckland (Lord)'s triumph, 473 losophy of the history of man, 1, 169
Ava, Embasly to the kingdom of, 153 Clapham's sermon,









of Schillers

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Vetic), Hisor







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Cobb's Ramah Droog,

Coleridge's tranflation of Schiller's Piccolomini, The,

Death of Wallenstein,

Ramah Droog,

Speed the plough,

- Piccolomini,
175 Sereanfhali Abbey,

Colquhoun on the police of the metro Systematic,



Confederacy (Helvetic), History of the, Dunning on the cow-pox, 103

191 Dunfter's Confiderations on Milton's
Congress at Rastadt,

early reading,
Confiderations on Milton's carly read-

Corn, Confiderations on the present EASTON's Human longevity, 238
high price of,

462 Ebn Haukal's Oriental geography, 377
-- and Quakers, A few words on, Education, Elements of a polite, 344


founded upon,
Correspondence of Washington and

Anderson, Selections from the, 233 Edwards's Means of providing against
Colligni's voyage to Canton, 492 the distress apprehended from scarci.
Courtier's Pleasures of Solitude, 10 ty,

Cow-Pox, Observations on, 103 Egypt, Memoirs relative to,

-- Reports of a series of inocu- - ., Public affairs of,
Jations for,

104 Elegance, amusement, and utility, 479
Crease's Process of varnishing, 479 Elements of chemistry,

Crim. con. Death of,


of Christian theology, Ani-
Croft's Hints für history, 231 madverfions on the,

Cromer, Observations upon the town Embally to the kingdom of Ava, 153

360 - to the court of the Telhou La-
Cullen's Nosology, English trandation ma,
343 Entield's Speaker, New introduction

D'ALEMBERT's select eulogies of Epistle from La Fayette to Washing-
nicmbers of the Frınch academy, ton,


in rhyme to M. G. Lewis, 226
Damerhanı South, Treatment of the

to Peter Pidar,
poor in,

23; EfTays, political, economical, and phi-
De rnels, not scarcity,

400 losophical,
------ occafioned by scarcity, or Eulogies (Sélect) of members of the
of provisions, Thoughts 011, French academy,

460 Euripides's Hecuha,
Defence of the profesli n of an actor, Evidences (Summary of the principal)

478 for the truth and divine origin of
Degerando, Des lignes et de l'art de the Christian revelation, 462

451 Experimental inquiries concerning the
Denmark, Literature of,

572 lateral communication of motion ia
Determination of the average depref- fluids,
fion of the price of wheat in war, Expoftulation addresied to the British

4,8 Critic,
De Valcourt,

231 Extract of journ ildfa tour from Lon-
Devil, On the moral and religious ulcs don through the Highlands of Scot-
of a, .
216 land, &c.

Dialogues for children,

Dibdin's Jew and ductor,

227 FABER's lern:ons,
Lietana regimen, Lictures on, 231 Fabliaux, or tales of the 12th and szth
Directory for pros a'le employment centuries,

of Christian fibbath,

1:7 Falconer's Remarks on Bryant on the
Dish of hodge porge,
3-45 Trojan war,

Divine origin of prophecy,

Family fermons,

Fellowes's Anti-Calvini?,


Feltham's Tour through the idle of
Death of Walcofein,
175 Nian,

Jew and doctor,

Female fex, Reflections on the preient
351 condition of the,










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