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man, Chancelior to the Empress of

Russia, to M. Bul:ow, Russian Charge d'Affaires at Madrid, dated Petersburgh, December 25, 1795. SIR, THE empress was already informed, through the public prints, of the treaty of peace concluded between Spain and the French, and the unpleasant sensations which this unexpected and disagreeable transaction had produced in lier Imperial majesty's mind, were greatly increased when this intelli£ence was confirmed by the minister of his Catholic majesty. The *mpress, however, has during the new connection which so happily subsists between be and his Catholic majesty, met with too many opPortunues of learning the true sen"ments of that prince, not to be thoroughly convince, that the con°urrence of the most imperious cit*mstances can alone have deter"hed him to ačt in direét opposi!" to his principles. No doubt it * been for him a task infinitely *rd, to enter into neg can, is *th those, who w h their own *nds murdered the chief of his 11*ous family, and to conclude a

peace with those disturbers of the tranquillity and safety of all Lurope. No one knows better than her Imperial majesty to v lue and appreciate all the difficulties and obstacles, which his Catholic majesty must have had to surmount, before he could prevail upon himself so adopt a measure, which to all appearance has been brought about through the most urgent nocessity, and the Inost threatening darger. Her limperial majesty being at a loss to account for the motives which can have determined his Catholic majesty thus to insulate his interest from that of the coalition, cannot but persevere in the opinion, that not withstanding this sudden change, his Catholic majesty will continue sincerely to interest himself in the success of the operations of the evangelic powers; and so far from throwing any obstacle in the way of the new measures which those powers may find it necessary to pursue; rather support them by every means, which the system of neutrality he may, perhaps, think proper to adopt, does not preclude. His Catholic majesty cannot yet have forgotten the high importance of the cause for which the coa esced powers are contending—to restore order and tranquillity, to lead the tallons back to a sense of their duty, and to shield all Europe from the most dangerous infection.— These are the important motives which have induced the coalesced powers to unite their counsels, and exert their joint efforts to render thcon triumphant. It is for this purpose, that the three courts have just now, by means of a solemn treaty of alliance, P 4 strengthened of a conference you are to request of the Prince of Peace. (Signed). Count Ost ERMAN.

strengthened the ties by which they were united. Their reciprocal interest is therefore so intunately connected and inter woven, and their determination so firm, that it would be impossible to obstruct the operations o one of them, without for in the others most warmly to t m' race his cause. ()f this descript on is especially the situation of her Imperial mojesty with respect to the king of Great Britain ; so that in case of need, her Imperial majesty would be obliged to assist and support him to the utmost extent of her power, but fortunately such connections subsist between his Catholic majesty and the king of Great Britain, in consequence of several treaties renewed in the year 1793, as can never cease to be dear to his Catholic majesty, and neither the conveniency nor use ulness of which can have been lessened by a change of affairs produced by the most imperious circumstances. This important consideration, in addition to that which proceeds from the favourable disposition of inis Catholic, majesty towards the common cause, cannot bat render her I in perial imajesty perfectly easy with respect to the co: duet which his Catholic majos y is likely to pursue. Her Imperial majesty is of opinion, that it will be both

candid and sincere, and it w uld

be painful for her to suppose, that in any case whatever his Catholic majesty could favour measures tend$ng to obstruct and oppose the avowed purposes of the three allied courts. You, sir, will adopt the most proper means officially to communicate to the ministry of his Catholic majesty the tenor of this dispatch, a.d to make it the subject

The Answer of his Excellency the Prince of Peace to M. de Bulzow, dated Santa Cruz, March 17, 1796. I HAVE received your letter of the 22d of February, with a copy of the dispatch, which you, Sir, have received from your court by the last courier from London, and must return you in answer, that the King, my master, has with much pleasure learned the friendly terms, in which, on the part of her Imperial Majesty, he has been acquainted with the close alliance concluded with the courts of Vienna and London, which certainly cannot have been the result of the circumstances which existed in Poland, at the time when the forces of her Imperial Majesty might have been employed at a point, where all those monarchs who united for the preservation of their existence, and the mutual support of their riahts, rallied. At that period, the King, my master, gave the strongest proofs of his grief at the misfortune of a beloved cousin, and foresaw that his dominions were drawing near that universal corruption, which results from madness without bounds. He waged war against tyrants, but was unable to learn who they were, for he did not know, following the capricious dictates of their levity, who were the good Frenchmen that defended the cause of their king. He was only able to discern, that but a few, victims of their sense of honour, were his true adherents, who followed him to the grave. The desire of the King, my master, was, however, so earnest, that not

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ont times, since the last months of 1791, and during the year 1792, by M. de Galvez, Spanish minister in Russia, and M. de Zinowief, who resided in the same quality at Madrid, but especially in October l’92, and December 1793, when M. de Amat, then Spanish charg

d affaires at Petersburgh, and soon a ter M. de Oris, minister of his Catholic Majesty, had long conferences on this subject, the former with count Osterman, and the latter with count Besborodko. Notwithstanding all this, there did not exist the least circumstance which promised an active co-operation on the part of the Empress, nor does it appear that the occupation of Poland could have prevented her from co-operating in favour of the common cause. It was under these circumstances that the King, my master, no doubt from fear and apprehension of sinister consequences for his kingdom, resolved to

make peace, convinced, that if he

were left without assistance in the war, that support, which might be promised him for the attainthent of peace, would prove still less efficacious. This is the true situation of Spain, and his Catholic Majesty obliges himself to fulfil whatever he has promised for the benefit of the common cause, in which, at the same time he must, for the future, decline participa


tion in any measure, which has no

certain and consistent object. (Signed) THE PRINce of PEAce. Note sent by Baron de Budberg, Chargé d' Affaires from Russia, at Stockholm, to the Foreign Ministers, relative to the non-admission of M. de Schwerin, who went to Petersburg for the Purpose of notifying the Marriage about to take place between his Swedish Majesty and the Princess of Mecklenburgh


THE Empress having given orders to M. the Count d’Ostermann, to acquaint the Swedish ambassador, that the mission of M. de Schwerin not being agreeable to her Majesty, he could not be admitted ; the chargé d'affairs (M. de Budberg) has received orders to declare that the motive of this refusal was founded as much on the unfriendly proceeding of the Regent, as on the principles of his political conduct with regard to Russia. Both the one and the other being diametrically opposite to those ties of affection, of friendship, and of good neighbourhood, which originally have been the basis of this sort of missions, and which have never been adopted between courts that were not united by similar ties, or being so, have not taken care to cultivate and fulfil the duties of them. That this was the situation, as to Russia, in which Sweden had been placed, since the Duke de Sundermania, who holds the reins of government, not content with having formerly insulted her Majesty the Empress, fn endeavouring to surprise her by insidious and delusive overtures and propositions, entered into a public treaty with the French assembly, with those inen who solemnly solemnly insulted the memory of the late King, by erecting a monument to the memory of his execrable assassin. That her Majesty the Empress was neither ignorant of the motives nor the object of those treaties. That it was notorious that the Regent had recently received from the French a sum of money to be employed in armaments, and that he was now in full negotiation with them for a treaty of alliance, the principal stipulations of which are directed against Russia; so that her Majesty the Empress had every reason to expećt an approaching rupture on the part of Sweden, unless the King's coming of age (which, happily for the repose of that kingdom and of the north, was an event not far distant,) should put a stop to it, and thereby avoid this lamentable extremity. Tenor of the Letters of Convocation addressed by the King of Prussia, as Duke of Magdebourg, and of the Duke of Brunswick, as CoDirector of the Circle of Lower Sarony, to the different States destined to enjoy the Advantages of the Neutrality. We, by the Grace of God, Frederic William, King of Prussia, &c. Charles William, Duke of Brunswick, &c. The apprehension of a speedy opening of a new campaign with France, and the new dangers to which Germany will be exposed by the chance of a war that has alrendy been so fatal to her, have determined us, the King, in consequence of our solicitude and patriotic attachment, and in conse-" quence of the pacific relations which we maintain with France, to distribute as much as possible to our co-estates of the north, the inestimable blessing of repose and security

from the troubles and misfortunes of war; that is to sav, as far as these states will, on their past, accord with our intentions, which are of general utility. To this end negociations have already been entered into with the French government, relative to a new ine of neutrality, and in order to be able with the more efficacy to assure that neutrality, and to afford protection and safety to the states comprised within it, we, the Kong, are ready to march a considerable army; and we, the Duk ; have also taken a resolution to reinforce that army with our troops, the Electoral Court of Brunswick Lu. nenburg having also manifested the same intentions. These combined troops being therefore to protect the neutrality of the north of Germany, it is as just as it is absolutely indispensable, that they should be provided and provisioned by the states which shail enjoy this advantage, and that each, individually should hasten in proportion to its means, to procure them the necessary provisions. But this object requires, on account of the urgency of circumstances, the most speedy dispositions. The most proper means for attaining this end is by the convocation of a common and extraordinary assembly of all the Upper States of the Circles of Lower Saxony, with the States of the Lower Rhine and of Westphalia, as well as of the other States that shall be comprised in the line of neutrality, in order that we may be able to deliberate upon this subject, and to regulate the distribution of the maintenance of the troops upon an equitable footing; proportioned to the faculties of each state; for, on the speedy furnishing of the objects necessary for this main" maintenance will alone depend the maintenance of the common safety of the north of Germany. Those, therefore, whose territory is comprised in the said line of neutrality, and which, consequently, will enjoy the benefit of this protećtion, being principally implicated in this case, we have, in our quality of Prince and Director of the Circle of Lower Saxony, addressed to them conjointly the present letter of Convocation, in order to unite them to assemble, by their deputies, furnished with the necessary instructions on the 20th of the month of June, in the town of IIildeshein. We have no doubt that they acknowledge, in its full extent, the urgency of the case, and of the actual conjunctions, as well as of the importance it is to procure to the north of Germany security and repose ; and that in consequence they will adhere and contribute every thing that can attain the common end, sufficiently in time to avoid being surprised by danger. We, the King, shall depute to the common assembly of the States, our intimate Counselior Von Dohm, directorial minister to the Circle of the Lower Rhine and Westphalia, and plenipotentiary to the Electoral court of Cologne, furnished with necessary powers; and we entreat, very amicably, this assembly to give from this time faith and confidence to all that he may prepose on our part, upon the subject of the affairs in question. April 22. Roy AL Pitussi AN Edict. Frederick William, by the Grace of God, &c. WE have signified to the ambassador of the French republic, *illard, by a note from our ca

binet ministry, that we will permit such national Frenchmen, who reside in our dominions as our temporary subjects, (Subditi temporarii) and who have real right to the protection of the French nation, and wish to preserve those rights, to get their names inscribed in a register which will be opened for that purpose by the said ambassador, but in such a manner, that all those subjects shall, the same as before, remain our temporary subjects, (Subditi temporarii) that they likewise shall submit to our laws, ordinances, and jurisdiction, and not make the least pretentions to any immunities granted by the law of nations only to ambassadors, and the persons actually belonging to embassies. We have further given orders to inform the said Caillard, that the national Frenchmen, qualified as above, are at liberty to wear the French national cockade in our dominions, but the wearing of the said cockade is hereby rigidly forbidden to all other persons. It therefore results from these premises : 1. That the wearing of the cockade shall be confined to Frenchinen of the afore-mentioned description, together with the ambassador, and the persons belonging to the embassy. 2. 'That national Frenchmen shall all be entitled to have their names registered, the registering to relate only to their connection with France, and to leave them subject, as before, to our laws, ordinances, and jurisdiction, as our temporary subjects. 3. That all persons belonging to the French colonies established in our dominions; farther, all Frenchmen in our service, by oath of allegiance

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