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fo long as the means of effecting this important end, are thoroughly known, and religioully attended to, government is one of the richest blessings to mankind, and ought to beheld in the highest veneration,
3. In young and new formed communities, the grand design of this institution, is most generally understood, and most strictly regarded the motives which urged to the facial compact cannot be at once forgotten, and that equali. ty, which is remembered to have fublifted fo lately among thein, prevents those who are clothed with authority from attemping to invade the freedom of their brethren; or, if fuch an attempt is made, it prevents the community from fuffering the offender to go unpupifhed,
4. Every member feels it to be his intereft, and knows it to be his duty, to preserve in violate the constitution on which the public safety depends; and is equally teady to affin the magistrate in the execution of the laws, and the subject in the defence of his right. So long as the noble attachment to a constitution, founded on free and benevolent principles, exifts in full vigor, in any flate, that state must be fourish ing and happy s. It was this noble
e attachment to a free constitution which raised ancient Rome from the smallest beginnings to that bright fummit of happiness and glory to which the arrived and it was the lofs
, of ibis which plunged
into the black gulph of infamy and flavery 6. It was ibis attachment which infpired her fenators
'It was i with wifdom ; it was this which glowed in the breast of her heroes; it was this which guarded her liberties, and extended her dominions, gave peace at home, and commanded respect abroad: and when this decayed, her m2gistrates loft their reverence for justice and laws, and de generated into tyrants and oppreffor-her fenators, forgetful of their dignity, and feduced by bafe corruption, betrayed their country--her foilders, regardlefs of their relation to the community, and urged only by the hopes of plunder and rapine, unfeelingly committed the most Argrant enormities; and hired to the trade of death, with relentlefs fury they perpetrated the most cruel murders by which the streets of Imperial Romas was drenched with ker noblesi blood.
7. Thus tbis empress of the world loft her domitions abroad, and her inhabitants, diffolute in their manners, at length became contented staves ; and Rhe stands to this day, the scorn and derifion of nations, and a monument of this eternal truth, that public bappiness depends on a virtuous and unsbüken attacbment to a free constitution.
8. It was this attachment to a constitution founded on free and benevolent principles, which inspired the firft fertlers of this country : they faw 'with grief the darinig outrage's committed on the free coustitution of their native land they kuew that nothing buta civil war could at that time teftóre its pristine purity.
6. So hard was it to refolve to imbrue their hands in the blood of their brethren, that they chofe frather to quit their fair poffeffions, and seek another habitation in a diftant clime. When they caine to this new world, which they fairly ptirchaled of the Indian natives, the only rightful proprietors, they cultivated the then barren Coil, by their inccffant tábor, and defended their dear bought poffeflions with the fortitude of the christian, and the bravery of the hero. gott 10. After various struggles, which, during the tyrannic reigns of the house of STUART, were constantly maintained between right and wrong, between libérty and havery, the connection between Great Britain and this colony, was fertled in the reign of king William and queen Mary, by a compact, the conditions of which were expreffed in a charter, by which all the liberties and immunities of British subjects were fecared to this province, as fully and as absolutely as they poffibly could be by any human inftruwent which can be devised.
11. It is tindeniably true, that the greatest and most important right of a British fubje&t is, that be shall be governed by no latos, but those to wbicb be, eitber in person or by bis representative, batb given bis consent : and this I will venture to affert is the grand basis of British freedom ; it is interwoven with the constitution ; and whenever this is loft, the constitution must be destroyed.
12. Let us now allow ourselves a few moments to examine the late acts of the British parliament for taxing
America. Let us with candor judge whether they are conAtitutionally binding upon us : if they are, in the name of