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The State of Georgia.

Page 216216

218 218 217 218 218 219 219 220 221

Florida..

222 222

224 224 223 323 224 224 224 224 225 226

The Western States.

227 227 227 228 227 228

228

229

The State of Ohio....

228 228 229 230 229 230 230 230 231 231 232 232 234

Indiana.

234 234 334 236 234 236 235 236 236 236 237 238 238

Illinois..

239 239 240 242 239 242 242 243 243 243 243 245 246

Michigan.

246 247 247 249 247 248 249 249 250 250 250 251 251

Wisconsin

252 252 252 252 252 254 254

254

255

Kentucky.

255 255 - 258 256 256 257 258 258 258 259 259 261

Missouri..

261 261 261 263 .. 263 263 263 263 264 264 264 264

Iowa....

266 266 266 267 .. 267 267 268 268 268 269 270

The South-Western States.

270270

270

270

The State of Tennessee..

271 271 272 273 271 273 273 273 273 274 274 275 276

Alabama..

277 277 277 279 .. 279278 279 279 279 280 281 282

Mississippi.

282 282 282 282 282 283 284 284 284 285 285 286

Louisiana.

287 287 287 .. 287

295

Arkansas...

295 296 296 297 296 297 297 297 298 298 298 298 299

Texas...

299 300 300 302 302 302 302 303 303 303 303 309

The Territories of the United States... 310

.310

The Territories East of the Rocky Mt's 311

The Indian Territory.

311 311

311 312

The Nebraska Territory.

313

The Missouri Territory.

313

The Territory of Minesota.

313

The Territories West of the Rocky Mt's 313

The Territory of Oregon...

313 314 314

315

315

315

New Mexico. 316 316 317

318 319 317 321 320 321

California..

322 322 .. 330 324 328 331 329 332 332

State of Deseret..

333

334

334

Statistics of Population..

334

334

Progressive Population.

Age and Caste of Population.

336

336

338

338

Employment of the People..

Infirm Population.....

339

339

Area and Relative Population.. 340

340

Education of the People....

342

342

342

Principal Colleges in United States.... 343

343)

Roman Cath. Ecclesiastical Seminaries.. 345

345

Protestant Theological Seminaries.. 345

345

Law Schools..

346

346

Medical Schools..

346

346

347

Statistics of the Army..

347

Organization of the United States? Army 347

347

Table of Pay of Army Officers....

348

848

349

Military Geographical Divisions..

349

Militia Force of United States

349

Statistics of the Navy...

350

Vessels of War of the United States..

350

350

Officers of the Navy..

351

351

Pay of the Navy.

351

Marine Corps...

351

351

Statistics of Commerce, &c.

352

352

Exports to Foreign countries. 352

352

Imports from Foreign Countries.. 353

353

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Value of Exports..

Page 354

354

Entrances and Clearances.

356

356

Commerce, &c., of each State. 358

358

Touage of United States

359

359

Statistics of Ship-building.

360

360

Statistics of the Post-Office

361

The United States' Mint..

362

Ecclesiastical Statistics..

363

363

Episcopal Denominations.

363

363

Presbyterian Denominations.

364

364

Baptist Denominations

365

365

Methodist Denominations..

366

366

Congregational Denominations. 367

367

Dutch and German Churches.. 368

368

Miscellaneous Denominations.

369

369

Canals of the United States...

370

Railroads of the United States. 373

Magnetic Telegraphs.

380

Ocean Mail Steamships..

382

Miscellaneous Statistics

384

The United States of Mexico.. 389 389 390 392 393 398 395 398 399 400 404 401 406

The State of Tamaulipas

409 409

409

Neuvo Leon

4101 410

Cohahuila

410 410

410 410 410

Chihuahua

411 411

411

412

Durango

412 412 412

412 413 412

Sonora..

413 413

413 413

413

Sinaloa

414

414

San Luis Potosi

414

414 414 415

Zacatecas

415 415

415

416

Guanaxuato

416

416 416)

416

Aguas Calientes

417

Jalisco...

417 417 417

417 418

The Territory of Colima.

418 418

The State of Mechoacan

419 419 119

419

Vera Cruz.

420 420

420

Mexico

421 421

424 423

Queretaro

426 426

426 426

426

Puebla...

427

427

The Territory of Tlascala

429

429

429

The State of Oaxaca...

429

429 429

430

Tabasco..

4301430 430 430 430

430 431

Chiapas.

431 431 431 431

431

Yucatan..

432 432 432 432 432 4321

1433

The Territory of Lower California. 434 434 434 435 435 435

435

435

The States of Central America 435 436 437 437 438 439

438 439 440

The West Indies ...

441 441 442 442 442 443

443

Hayti, Hispaniola or San Domingo 445 445 445

446

446

The British West Indies.

450

452

452

Janaica

453 453 454 455 455 454 456

456 458 456 458

The Caymans.

459

459

Trinidad

459 459

460

461 461 461

Tobago

462 462 462 463 463

463 463 463

Grenada..

464 464 464

464 464 465

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THE WORLD.

The Earth, the world we inhabit, forms one of the primary planets, which, at various distances, revolve round the sun as a centre, and receive from that resplendent source the blessings of light and warmth. It is a globular or orange-shaped mass of matter, and consists of an indefinite aggregation of earthy, metallic and other substances, chemically and mechanically combined. Vast as the earth appears to the external senses of man, its greatness is only acknowledged by the inferiority of our perceptions. Science has demonstrated the earth to be one of the least among the worlds which traverse the infinity of space, and which are linked together by the force of attraction into a splendid universe. It is only one-fourth the diameter of Uranus, and an eleventh the diameter of Jupiter, and forms therefore a comparatively small portion of the planetary system, and with reference to the stars, only a speck in the vastness of creation.

The earth, according to the calculations of astronomers, is 7,902 miles in mean diameter, and measures about 25,000 miles in circumference. But the diameter, or thickness, is greater at the middle or equatorial line, than in a contrary direction. The cause of this may be here adverted to. The diurnal motion of the earth on its axis, or imaginary poles, causes a greater velocity at the middle than at the extremities of the mass, and the earth, originally in a soft or fused state, has been then bulged out all around. The extent of this bulging is twenty-six miles on the whole thickness, or thirteen miles from the centre to the surface: thus, the globe has a spherical form, and is consequently twenty-six miles greater from one side to another at the equator than betwixt the poles. Such is the nice adjustment of the diurnal motion of the earth on its axis, that, if it were but a little accelerated, the sea would rise and fly off, and if the velocity were somewhat further increased, the whole mass of earth and water would be dispersed in fragments, or, in other words, destroyed : such, indeed, is the perfect balance of all its parts, that to add to, or abstract from, would destroy the whole fabric.

The world, as far as has been ascertained, is a solid mass or body, and consists of two kinds of matter, viz: land and water; the land is composed of rocks, metallic ores, mineral and vegetable soils, and a variety of other substances, to describe which is the province of the geologist; the water, as is well known, is a chemical combination of two gases and the most pervading of all other kinds of matter : as a general mass, it holds in solution various salines; but the water, when pure as it falls from the clouds, is fresh; the one is the water of the sea, while the other is peculiar to lakes and rivers. The greater portion of the earth consists of solid land, but an extensive area of it is covered by a superstratum of water; and therefore, to appearance, the ocean forms the principal portion of the globe. It is so, however, only in appearance, notwithstanding its imposing extent, the water being merely a superficial covering to the subjacent land.

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