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Feb. 26, 1853, s.

p143.

purposes forbid.

holds any place of profit or trust, shall forfeit his office or

6, v. 10, p. 171. place; and shall thereafter be forever disqualified from holding any office of honor, trust, or profit under the United States.

That all executive officers or employees of the United Aug. 16, 1876. States not appointed by the President, with the advice and Contributions consent of the Senate, are prohibited from requesting, giv- for politicad, puring to, or receiving from, any other officer or employee of Aug. 16. 1876, the Government, any money or property or other thing of ch, 297, s. 6, v. 19, value for political purposes; and any such officer or employee who shall offend against the provisions of this section shall be at once discharged from the service of the United States; and he shall also be deemed guilty of a iisdemeanor, and on conviction thereof shall be fined in a sum not exceeding five hundred dollars.

No Senator, or Representative, or Territorial Delegate of Jan. 16, 1883. the Congress, or Senator, Representative, or Delegate elect, Asses s mont, or any officer or employee of either of said houses, and no otc., for political executive, judicial, military, or naval officer of the United den. States, and no clerk or employee of any department, branch, chan: 16, 1883, or bureau of the executive, judicial, or military or naval L., p. 406. service of the United States, shall, directly or indirectly, solicit or receive, or be in any manner concerned in soliciting or receiving, any assessment, subscription, or contribution for any political purpose whatever, from any officer, clerk, or employee of the United States, or any department, branch, or bureau thereof, or from any person receiving any salary or compensation from moneys derived from the Treasury of the United States.

No person shall, in any room or building occupied in the Ibid., 8. 12. discharge of official duties by any officer or employee of the United States mentioned in this act, or in any navy. yard, fort, or arsenal, solicit in any manner whatever, or receive any contribution of money or any other thing of value for any political purpose whatever. No officer or employee of the United States mentioned

Ibid., s. 13. in this act shall discharge, or promote, or degrade, or in manner change the official rank or compensation of any other officer or employee, or promise or threaten so to do, for giving or withholding or neglecting to make any contribution of money or other valuable thing for any political purpose.

No officer, clerk, or other person in the service of the Ibid., s. 14. United States shall, directly or indirectly, give or hand over to any other officer, clerk, or person in the service of the United States, or to any Senator or Member of the House of Representatives, or Territorial Delegate, any money or other valuable thing on account of or to be applied to the promotion of any political object whatever.

Any person who shall be guilty of violating any provi. Ibid., s. 15. sion of the four foregoing sections shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and shall, on conviction thereof, be ments. Soo artipunished by a fine not exceeding five thousand dollars, or crument of the by imprisonment for a term not exceeding three years, Navy. Miscellaor by such fine and imprisonment both, in the discretion of Division 1. the court.

17, 1874. Diplo.

Presents from foreign govern

See also June

matic Officers.

Title 54.

BOUNTY, ETC.
Sec.

See.
4635. Bounty for destruction of vessels. 4723. Bounty to colored soldiers.
4642. Distribution of bounty, etc.

Bounty to sailors and marines. 4643. Assignments of prize money and Act July 4, 1864. Bounty for enlist. bounty.

ing. SEC. 4635. A bounty shall be paid by the United States Bounty for per: for each person on board any ship or vessel of war belongsous on boarding to an enemy at the commencement of an engagement, destroyed. which is suuk or otherwise destroyed in such engagement

June 30, 3104, by any ship or vessel belonging to the United States or As to bounty which it may be necessary to destroy in consequence of for the capture of injuries sustained in action, of one hundred dollars, if the in thoslavo trado enemy's vessel was of inferior force, and of two hundred board, see under dollars, if of equal or superior force, to be divided among

the officers and crew in the same manner as prize-money; and when the actual number of men on board any such vesselcannot be satisfactorily ascertained, it shall be estimated according to the complement allowed to vessels of its class in the Navy of the United States; and there shall be paid as bounty to the captors of any vessel of war captured from an enemy, which they may be instructed to destroy, or which is immediately destroyed for the public interest, but not in consequence of injuries received in action, fifty dollars for every person who shall be on board at the time of such capture.

Slave Trade.

See note 1.

Note 1.-The term "allowances," when employed in a general sense, has been regarded as including bounty. Thus, see XIII, Op., 197, whero it is held that the general forfeituro of pay and allowances duo at tho date of offense, imposed upon deserters by paragraph 1358, Army Regulations, embraced instalments of bounty due at the time of the desertion; also United States v. Landers, 2 Otto, 77, where the court goes so far as to hold that a forfeituro of "pay and allowances" imposed by sentence, includes bounty: (Winthrop's Digest, p. 132.)

Service rendered since the 3d of March, 1855, including the late rebellion, does not entitle to bounty lands. Only one warrant for one hundred and sixty acres can issue to a soldier for any and all service.

Where service lias been rendered by a substitute, he is the person entitled to bounty land, and not his employer.

Applications for bounty-land warrants must be made to the Commissioner of Pen. sions; correspondence in relation to bounty in money should be addressed to the Second Auditor of the Treasury. (Pension Office Decisions.)

Officers and privates dismissed the service without trial, and remanded to the service, by the President, but who, not receiving the order of the President, did not return to the service, are, notwithstanding, entitled to bounty land. (Pension Office Decisions.)

Where any portion of the Marine Corps in the several wars referred to in the act of September 28, 1850, was embodied with the Army in the field and performed sery. ice as a part of the Army, it is entitled to bounty land. (Idem.)

The word “service" in bounty-land acts refers to that of the soldier, not of his company.

Claim of a soldier can be valid only on one of the following conditions: 1. Must bave been regularly mustered into the United States service. 2. That tho services were paid for by the United States. 3. That he served with the armed forces of the United States, subject to the military orders of a United States officer. (Idem.)

The entire portion of tho Marine Corps, whether they served on shipboard or land on the Mexican coast or in the interior, in the Mexican war, are to be considered within the true meaning of the resolution of the 10th of August, 1848, as having "served with the Army in the war with Mexico," and entitled to the bounty land and other remuneration which that resolution provides. But in awarding it to such as received prize money, such money should, in the account, be carried to the credit of the Government., (Op., 5, p. 155, Sept. 17, 1849, Johnson,)

Under the act of March 3, 1855, and sections 2425 to 2429, R. S., members of the Marine Corps and their representatives would be entitled to bounty land without relinquishing or returning prize money, etc. (Pension Office Decisions.)

Not entitled to bounty land for service in a United States ship pot engaged in the Mexican war; nor for service during the war in a war vessel on the coast of Africa. (Idem.)

Pardon by the President for participation in the late rebellion does not authorize the allowance of bounty land, the right to which is the subject of a claim against the Government and is governed by the provisions of the joint resolution of March 2, 1867. (Pension Office Decisions.)

Distribution of

Title 57.

Sec. 4642. All ransom money, salvage, bounty, or pro

bounty, etc. ceeds of condemned property accruing or awarded to any vessel of the Navy shall be distributed and paid to the officers and men entitled thereto, in the same manner as prize-money, under the direction of the Secretary of the Navy.

Sec. 4643. Every assignment of prize or bounty money Assignments of due to enlisted persons in the naval service, and all powers bounty.

prize money and of attorney or other authority, to draw, receipt for, or trans. (By s. 3889 of fer the same shall be void unless the same be attested by ty to soldiers" is the captain or other commanding officer, and the paymaster. a permanent an.

tion.) SEC. 4723. All colored persons who enlisted in the Army during the war of the rebellion, and who are now prohib- Colored sol. ited from receiving bounty and pension on account of being diers enrolled as borne on the rolls of their regiments as "slaves,” shall be Mar. 3, 1873, ch. placed on the same footing, as to bounty and pension, as 262,...17, p. 661,

See Op., XV, p. though they had not been slaves at the date of their enlist- 474. ment.

That persons hereafter enlisted into the naval service or July 1, 1864. marine corps during the present war shall be entitled to

S. 4, v. 13, p. 342. receive the same bounty as if enlisted in the Army

See July 4, 1864. Every volunteer who is accepted and mustered into the July 4, 1864. service for a term of one year, unless sooner discharged, Bounty for enshall receive, and be paid by the United States, a bounty listing. of one hundred dollars; and if for a term of two years, See note : unless sooner discharged, a bounty of two hundred dollars;

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Seo note 1.

S. 1, v. 13, p. 379.

Note 1.–The foregoing act repeals the joint resolution of February 24, 1864, con. ferring on seamen and ordinary seamen a bounty equal to three months pay on their enlisting in the Navy.

Note 2.-April 22, 1872, chap. 114, v. 17, p. 55, authorizes $100 bounty to all volunteers who enlisted prior to July 22, 1861, for three years, and were mustered into service before August 6, 1861, if they were honorably discharged and had not received the same for such service.

Two and three years' men who enlisted between April 12, 1861, and December 24,
1863, or between April 1, 1864, and July 18, 1864, are ontitled to $100 bounty under
act of July 22, 1861, chap. 1, v. 12, p. 270, provided they served two years or more as
enlisted men, or were honorably discharged as such on account of wounds received
in line of duty before two years' service. If discharged before serving two years,
and died before July 28, 1866, of disease contracted in the ser ce, his heirs aro en-
titled to the additional bounty under act of July 28, 1866, chap. 296, v. 14, p. 322.
a soldier died in the service, his heirs became entitled to any bounty to which the
soldier would have been entitled under his contract.

The act of July 28, 1866, gave an additional bounty of $100 to men who enlisted and served for three years from April 19, 1861, and $50 to those who enlisted and served for two years from April 14, 1861. Not given to any one if the soldier was entitled to receivo, at any time, a greater bounty than $100 under any other act or acts.

Drafted men, enrolled from March 3, 1863, to September 5, 1864, for three years, or mon who, from March 3, 1863, to September 5, 1864, enlisted for three years as substitutes for drafted men, aro only entitled by act of March 3, 1863, to $100 bounty, if they served two years or moro, or were discharged by reason of wounds received in line of duty before two years' service. Neither they nor their heirs are entitled to addi. tivnal bounty under act of July 28, 1866.

Under the act of July 4, 1864, v. 13, p. 379, if discharged " because of wounds received in the line of duty," the volunteer became entitled to the full amount of bounty therein provided; but if discharged because of services no longer required," or by close of war," he has no claim for balance of bounty.

All soldiers discharged by reason of wounds received in battle, or in line of duty, are entitled by acts of March 3, 1863, March 3, 1865, and joint resolution of April 12, 1866, to receive the same bounty they would have received had they served their full term of enlistment. The word wound is held to mean injury from violence received in line of duty. Bounty depends upon being discharged by reason of the wound.

No bounty is paid for enlistments made before April 17, 1861, nor for 100 days, or three, sis, and nine months' men; nor for one year's men enlisting prior to July 18, 1864; nor to volunteers who enlisted after April 30, 1865. (From circular of Second Auditor, March 3, 1880.)

The same bounties (as to the duration of enlistment, amounts and modes of pay. ment) are to be paid to "persons" of all grades who have, since the 1st of July, 1864,

376—18

and if for a term of three years, unless sooner discharged, a bounty of three hundred dollars; one-third of which bounty shall be paid to the soldier at the time of his being mustered into the service, one-third at the expiration of one-half of his term of service, and one-third at the expiration of his term of service. And in case of his death while in service, the residue of his bounty unpaid shall be paid to his widow, if he shall have left a widow; if not, to his children, or if there be none, to his mother, if she be a widow.

[An act, approved March 3, 1865, chap. 124, s. 5, v. 13, p. 539, provides that no personi appointed or rated an officer or clerk in the Navy, sball receive any bounty while holding such appointment.]

COAST SURVEY.

Sec.
4683. Mode of conducting surveys.
4684. Employment of officers of Army and

Navy.
4685. Power to use books, etc., and to em.

ploy persons.
4686. Power to employ vessels.

Sec.
4687. Manner of employment of officers of

Army and Navy.
4688. Allowance for subsistence.

Naval officers attached to Coast

Survey, etc.
76. Disposal of charts.

Title 56.

SEC. 4683. All appropriations made for the work of sur. Mode of conveying the coast of the United States shall be expended in ducting surveys. accordance with the plan of reorganizing the mode of exe1, v. 5, p. 610. cuting the survey which has been submitted to the Presi.

dent by a board of officers organized under the act of March three, eighteen hundred and forty-three, chapter one

hundred. Employment of SEC. 4684. The President shall carry into effect the plan officers of Army of the board, as agreed upon by a majority of its members;

.

and shall cause to be employed as many officers of the Army and Navy of the United States as will be compatible with the successful prosecution of the work; the officers of the Navy to be employed on the hydrographical parts, and the officers of the Army on the topographical parts of the work; and no officer of the Army or Navy shall receive any extra pay out of any appropriations for surveys.

SEC. 4685. The President is authorized, in executing the books, etc., and to employ per.

provisions of this Title, to use all maps, charts, books, instru

ments, and apparatus belonging to the United States, and July 10, 1832, s. 2, v. 4, p. 571.

to direct where the same shall be deposited, and to employ all persons in the land or naval service of the United States,

Ibid.

19 A.G. Op., p. 182.

Power to use

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enlisted, or who may thereafter enlist, into the Navy or Marine Corps of the l'nited States.

Enlisted men advanced after enlistment to any higher grade or rating do not thereby forfeit their right to any future instalment of bounty. (Fourth Auditor, Rules 1864.)

Where a soldier was enlisted in the Army as a volunteer in December, 1861, for three years, but afterward, and before the expiration of his term of enlistinent, was voluntarily transferred to the naval service, in which he served out the remainder of his term : Held, That he is not entitled to the additional bounty provided by the act of July 28, 1866, chap. 296. (Op., XIV, 223, April 23, 1873, Williams.)

Where a soldier deserted, subsequently surrendered himself, was restored to duty, and finally "honorably discharged," the fact of the mark of desertion standing against him is noimpediment to his receiving bounty (Kelly's case, Supreme Court, 15 Wallace, p. 34.) Seo sec. 2, act of August 14, 1888, title, “Deserters and desertion," Division I.

.

June 17, 1844, s.

320.

See note to this

and such astronomers and other persons, as he shall deem proper.

SEC. 4686. The President is authorized, for any of the Power to empurposes of surveying the coast of the United States, to play vessels. cause to be employed such of the public vessels in actual 3,v.2, p. 414; Apr. service as he deems it expedient to employ, and to give 1:425.*, B. 1, v. 3, such instructions for regulating their conduct as he deems proper, according to the tenor of this Title.

SEC. 4687. Officers of the Army and Navy shall, as far Manner of em. as practicable, be employed in the work of surveying the cers of Army or coast of the United States, whenever and in the manner Nawy. required by the Department having charge thereof. 1, v. 5, pp. 681, 691.

SEC. 4688. The Secretary of the Treasury may make such Allowance for allowances to the officers and men of the Army and Navy, June 12, 1858, 6. while employed on Coast Survey service, for subsistence, v. 11, pp. 319, in addition to their compensation, as he may deein necessary, not exceeding the sum authorized by the Treasury 1oC. Pay and iar. regulation of the eleventh day of May, eighteen hundred lowances. and forty-four.

Nor shall there hereafter be made any allowance for sub- Aug. 30, 1890. sistence to officers of the Navy attached to the Coast and Geodetic Survey, except that when officers are detached attached to Coast to do work away from their vessels under circumstances ance for subsist involving them in extra expenditures, the Superintendentes, soo. 4688; may allow to any such officer subsistence at a rate not 26 Stat. L., 371, exceeding one dollar per day for the period actually covered par. 2. by such duty away from such vessel.

SEC. 76. The charts published by the Coast and Geodetic Coast Surrey Survey shall be sold at cost of paper and printing as nearly R.S.

, sec. 4691, as practicable; and there shall be no free distribution of p. 911, amended

by act Jan. 12, such charts except to the Departments and officers of the 1895. United States requiring them for public use; and a number of copies of each sheet, not to exceed three hundred, to be presented to such foreign governments, libraries, and scientific associations, and institutions of learning as the Secretary of the Treasury may direct; but on the order of Senators, Representatives, and Delegates not to exceed ten copies to each may be distributed through the Superintendent of the Coast and Geodetic Survey.

Naval officers

COLLISIONS-RULES OF THE SEA.

Arts. 1--15. Lights-Rules concerning.
Art. 16. Speed of ships.
Arts. 17-27. Steering and sailing rules.
Arts. 28–30. Sound signals.
Art. 31. Distress signals.
Sept. 4, 1890. Collisions at sea.
Feb. 19, 1895. Regulations to pr col

lisions upon inland waters.
Note 1. Lines dividing the high seas from

rivers.
Rule 1. Steam and sail vessels.
Rules 2-14. Lights.
Rule 15. Fog signals.

Rules 16-25. Steering and sailing rules.
Feb. 8, 1895. Regulation of Navigation

on the Great Lakes.
Rule 1. Steam and sail vessels.
Rules 2-13. Lights.
Rulex 14-15. Fog signals.
Rules 16–28. Steering and sail rules.
Rulo 28. Sec. 2. Fine,
Sec. 3. Authority to make regu.

lations.
Sec. 4. Repeal of inconsistent

rules.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the following regulations for preventing collisions at sea shall be followed by all public and private vessels of the

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