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missioner.

2.

Executive De SEC. 4397. The heads of the several Executive Departpartments to aid investigations.ments shall cause to be rendered all necessary and practiIbid., 8.3. cable aid to the Commissioner in the prosecution of his

investigations and inquiries. Powers of Com SEC. 4398. The Commissioner may take or cause to be Ibid., 8. 4. taken at all times, in the waters of the sea-coast of the

United States, where the tide ebbs and flows, and also in the waters of the lakes, such fish or specimens thereof as may in his judgment, from time to time, be needful or proper for the conduct of his duties, any law, custom, or usage of

any State to the contrary notwithstanding. Mar. 3, 1893. And the Commissioner of Fisheries is authorized and 27 Stat. L., 572. required to investigate, under the direction of the Secretary

Investigation of seal life on

of the Treasury, and when so requested and report annuPribilof Island. ally to him regarding the conditions of seal life upon the Fur seals of rookeries of the Pribilof Island; and he is also directed to See notes 1 and continue the inquiries relative to the life history and migra

tions of the fur seals frequenting the waters of Bering

Sea. Fur seals. Whereas by the seventh article of the treaty between other powers in the United States and Great Britain, concluded at Washprotecting. ington, February twenty-ninth, eighteen hundred and

Treaty, Feb. 29, Art. vi ninety-two, in relation to the preservation of the fur seal, (27 Stat. L., 960), the high contracting parties agree to co-operate in securing

the adhesion of other powers to such regulations as the arbitrators under said treaty might determine upon for

that purpose; and Penalties for Whereas by an Act of Congress approved April sixth,

1894, A pr.6, ch. eighteen hundred and ninety-four, provision has been 57, p. 177.

made by the United States for the execution of the regulations so determined upon and for the punishment of any

infractions of said regulations: Therefore, Procedure and Be it enacted, &c., That the procedure and penalties propenalties ex. tended.

vided by said Act, in case of the violation of the provi. sions of said regulations, are hereby made applicable to and shall be enforced against any citizen of the United States, or person owing the duty of obedience to the laws or the treaties of the United States, or person belonging to or on board of a vessel of the United States who shall kill, capture, or pursue, at any time or in any manner whatever, as well as to and against any vessel of the United States used or employed in killing, capturing, or pursuing, at any time or in any manner whatever, any fur seal or other marine fur-bearing animal,

1892,

infractions.

See notes 3 and

Fish Commis Note 1.-See note to 1892, August 5, ch. 380, par. 3, for review of laws relating to gion.

Fish Commission. Laws relating Note 2.- For other laws relating to seals, see R. S., secs. 1956–1958, forbidding the to seals.

killing of fur seals, except by proper authority; R. S., secs. 1959-1976, and 1874, Mar. 24, ch. 64 (1 Supp. R. S., 6), regulating the killing of fur seals; 1875, Mar. 3, ch. 130, par. 6 (1 Supp. R. S., 73), and 1876, July 31, ch. 246, par. 6 (1 Supp. R. S., 115), relative to agents at seal fisheries; 1884, May 17, ch. 53, sec. 5 (1 Supp. R. S., 432), directing the governor of Alaska to inquire into the operations of the Alaska Seal and Fur Company; 1889, Mar. 2, ch. 415, sec. 3 (1 Supp. R. S., 701), extending prohi

bition of killing seals to Bering Sea and requiring proclamation and patrol against June 5, 1894. violations. See 143 U.S., 472. 1893, Feb. 21, ch. 150, extending seal protection laws 28 Stat. L., 85. to North Pacific Ocean. See also treaty with Great Britain of arbitration of ques.

tions relating to seals in Bering Sea (27 Stat. L., 952).

Note 3.–See 1894, June 5, ch.01, p. 190, extending the provisions of this act to violations of any treaty or convention with any other power than Great Britain. See also proclamation of President, 1893, Apr. 8 (27 Stat., L., 1070).

Note 1.- The word “exclusive" changed to "inclusive" by 1894, Apr. 24, ch. 63, p. 181.

--to violations of other treaties on

in violation of the provisions of any treaty or convention into which the United States may have entered or same subject, may hereafter enter with any other power for the purpose of protecting fur seals or other marine fur-bearing animals, or in violation of any regulations which the President

--or regulations

by President. may make for the due execution of such treaty or convention.

FLAGS AND STANDARDS.

Sec.
1554. Captured flags.
1555. Display of captured flags.
1791. The flag to be 13 stripes and 37 stars.

Sec.
1792. A star to be added for every new

State.

SEC. 1554. The Secretary of the Navy shall cause to be Titlo 15, chap. 7. collected and transmitted to him, at the seat of Govern. Captured flags. ment of the United States, all such flags, standards, and Apr. 18, 1914,

s. 1, v. 3, p. 133, colors as shall have been or may hereafter be taken by the Navy from enemies.

SEC. 1555. All flags, standards, and colors of the descrip. Idem. tion mentioned in the foregoing section, which are now in the possession of the Navy Department, or may hereafter be transmitted to it, shall be delivered to the President, for the purpose of being, under his direction, preserved and displayed in such public place as he may deem proper.

SEC. 1791. The flag of the United States shall be thirteen horizontal stripes, alternate red and white; and the The flag to be union of the flag shall be thirty-seven stars, white in a blue starteripes and 37 field.

Jan. 13, 1794, v. 1, p. 314; Apr. 4,

1818, B. 1, v. 3, p. SEC. 1792. On the admission of a new State into the added for every Union one star shall be added to the union of the flag; and new State. such addition shall take effect on the fourth day of July 2, 0.3, p. 415.

A pr. 4, 1818, 8. then next succeeding such admission.

Title 20.

415.

FRAUD, FORGERY, THEFT, ETC.

Sec.

Sec. 183. Clerks investigating frauds may ad 5439. Embezzling arms, stores, etc. minister oath.

Act May 17, 1879. All parties to a con. 5394. Stealing process, etc.

piracy equally guilty. 5418. Forging, etc., bid, public record, etc. 5441. Delaying or defranding captor or 5421. Forging deod, power of attorney,

claimant, etc., of prize-property. etc.

5456. Robbery or larceny of personal prop5422. Having forged papers in possession. erty of the United States. 5435. False personation.

5479. Counterfeiting or forging bids, 5136. False demand on fraudulent power

bonds, etc. of attorney.

Act Mar. 3, 1875. Larcenies and stolen 5438. Making or presenting false claims.

goods. SEC. 183. Any officer or clerk of any of the Departments

Title 4. lawfully detailed to investigate frauds or attempts to de- Oaths, when adfraud on the Government, or any irregularity or miscon- ministered by ofduct of any officer or agent of the United States, shall Apr. 10, 1869, have authority to administer an oath to any witness at-1085. Sar. 23. 1:26 tending to testify or depose in the course of such investi-chap. 23, v. 16, p. gation.

SEC. 5394. Every person who feloniously steals, takes Title 70, chap. 4. away, alters, falsifies, or otherwise avoids any record, writ, Stealing or alprocess, or other proceeding, in any court of the United tering process,

procuring falso States, by means whereof any judgment is reversed, made bail, etc.

75.

See sec. 5479.

power of attor ne etc.

Apr. 30, 1790,6: void, or does not take effect, and every person who acknowl June 22, 1874,8.19, edges, or procures to be acknowledged, in any such court, v. 18, p. 190.

any recognizance, bail, or judgment, in the name of any other person not privy or consenting to the same, shall be fined not more than five thousand dollars or be imprisoned at hard Jabor not more than seven years; but this provision shall not extend to the acknowledgment of any judgment by an attorney, duly admitted for any person against whom

any such judgment is had or given. Title 70, chap. 5. SEC. 5418. Every person who falsely makes, alters, forges,

Forging, etc., or counterfeits any bid, proposal, guarantee, official bond, bid, public record, etc.

public record, affidavit, or other writing, for the purpose of A pr. 5, 1866, 6. defrauding the United States, or utters or publishes as 1, v. 14, p. 12.

true any such false, forged, altered, or counterfeited bid, proposal, guarantee, official bond, public record, affidavit, or other writing, for such purpose, knowing the same to be false, forged, altered, or counterfeited, or transmits to or presents at the office of any officer of the United States any such false, forged, altered, or counterfeited bid, proposal, guarantee, official bond, public record, affidavit, or other writing, knowing the same to be false, forged, altered, or counterfeited, for such purpose, shall be imprisoned at hard labor for a period not more than ten years, or be fined not more than one thousand dollars, or be punished by both

such fine and imprisonment. Forging deed,

SEC.5421. Every person who falsely makes, alters, forges,

or counterfeits; or causes or procures to be falsely made, Ilar. 3, 1823, s. altered, forged, or counterfeited; or willingly aids or assists 1, v. 3, p. 771.

in the false making, altering, forging, or counterfeiting, any deed, power of attorney, order, certificate, receipt, or other writing, for the purpose of obtaining or receiving, or of enabling any other person, either directly or indirectly, to obtain or receive from the United States, or any of their officers or agents, any sum of money; or who utters or publishes as true, or causes to be uttered or published as true, any such false, forged, altered, or counterfeited deed, power of attorney, order, certificate, receipt, or other writing, with intent to defraud the United States, knowing the same to be false, altered, forged, or counterfeited; or who transmits to, or presents at, or causes or procures to be transmitted to, or presented at, any office or officer of the Government of the United States, any deed, power of attorney, order, certificate, receipt, or other writing, in support of, or in relation to, any account or claim, with intent to defraud the United States, knowing the same to be false, altered, forged, or counterfeited, shall be imprisoned at hard labor for a period of not less than one year nor more than ten years; or shall be imprisoned not more than five years, and fined

not more than one thousand dollars. Having forged SEC. 5422. Every person who, knowingly and with intent papers in posses- to defraud the United States, has in his possession any false, Ibid., s. 2, p. altered, forged, or counterfeited deed, power of attorney,

order, certificate, receipt, or other writing, for the purpose of enabling another to obtain from the United States, or any of their officers or agents, any sum of money, shall be fined and imprisoned at the discretion of the court.

sion.

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1, 3, v. 12, pp. 696,

SEC. 5435. Every person who falsely personates any true False persona, and lawful holder of any share or sum in the public stocks public stocks. or debt of the United States, or any person entitled to any 18, v.4, p. 120. annuity, dividend, pension, prize-money, wages, or other debt due from the United States, and, under color of such false personation, transfers or endeavors to transfer such public stock or any part thereof, or receives or endeavors to receive the money of such true and lawful holder thereof, or the money of any person really entitled to receive such annuity, dividend, pension, prize-money, wages, or other debt, shall be punished by a fine of not more than five thousand dollars, and by imprisonment at hard labor not more than ten years. Sec. 5436. Every person who knowingly or fraudulently

False demand

on fraudulent demands or endeavors to obtain any share or sum in the power of attorpublic stocks of the United States, or to have any part" ibid. thereof transferred, assigned, sold, or conveyed, or to have any annuity, dividend, pension, prize-money, wages, or other debt due from the United States, or any part thereof, received or paid by virtue of any false, forged, or counterfeited power of attorney, authority, or instrument, shall be punished by a fine of not more than five thousand dollars, and by imprisonment at hard labor not more than ten years.

SEC. 5438. Every person who makes or causes to be Making or promade, or presents or causes to be presented, for payment claims. or approval, to or by any person or officer in the civil, mil, Mar. 2, 1863, 88. itary, or naval service of the United States, any claim 698. upon or against the Government of the United States, or any Department or officer thereof, knowing such claim to Clainis. be false, fictitious, or fraudulent, or who, for the purpose of obtaining or aiding to obtain the payment or approval of such claim, makes, uses, or causes to be made or used, any false bill, receipt, voucher, roll, account, claim, certificate, affidavit, or deposition, knowing the same to contain any fraudulent or fictitious statement or entry, or who enters into any agreement, combination, or conspiracy to defraud the Government of the United States, or any Department or officer thereof, by obtaining or aiding to obtain the payment or allowance of any false or fraudulent claim, or who, having charge, possession, custody, or control of any money or other public property used or to be used in the military or naval service, who, with intent to defraud the United States or willfully to conceal such money or other property, delivers or causes to be delivered, to any other person having authority to receive the same, any amount of such money or other property less than that for which he received a certificate or took a receipt, and every person authorized to make or deliver any certificate, voucher, receipt, or other paper certifying the receipt of arms, ammunition, provisions, clothing, or other property so used or to be used, who makes or delivers the same to any other person without a full knowledge of the truth of the facts stated therein, and with intent to defraud the United States, and every person who knowingly purchases or receives in pledge for any obligation or indebtedness from any soldier, officer, sailor, or other person called into

See secs. 3490, 3 491, under

arms, stores, etc.

Ibid.

for act of one.

Substitute for

or employed in the military or naval service any arms, equipments, ammunition, clothes, military stores, or other public property, such soldier, sailor, officer, or other person not having the lawful right to pledge or sell the same, every person so offending in any of the matters set forth in this section shall be imprisoned at hard labor for not less han one nor more than five years, or fined not less

than one thousand nor more than five thousand dollars. Embezzling SEC. 5439. Every person who steals or embezzles, or

knowingly applies to his own use, or who unlawfully sells, conveys, or disposes of, any ordnance, arms, ammunition, clothing, subsistence stores, money, or other property of the United States, furnished or to be used for the military or naval service, shall be punished as prescribed in the

preceding section. May 17, 1879. That section fifty-four hundred and forty of the Revised 21 Stat. L., 4. Statutes of the United States of America be amended so All parties to conspiracy liable as to read as follows:

If two or more persons conspire either to commit any S., ; 100 U: S., 33; -121 offense against the United States or to defraud the United U.S., 749; 1 Low, States in any manner or for any purpose, and one or more Blatch., 168; 18 of such parties do any act to effect the object of the conBlatch. 16; 21; 2 spiracy all the parties to such conspiracy shall be liable , 175, 749.

to a penalty of not more than ten thousand dollars, or to imprisonment for not more than two years or to both fine

and imprisonment in the discretion of the court. Delaying or de

SEC. 5441. Every person who willfully does any act or frauding captor or claimant, etc., aids or advises in the doing of any act relating to the of prize prop. bringing in, custody, preservation, sale, or other disposiJune 30, 1864, s. tion of any property captured as prize, or relating to any

See Ses: 4613-documents or papers connected with the property, or to any 4652, Prize.

deposition or other document or paper connected with the proceedings, with intent to defraud, delay, or injure the United States or any captor or claimant of such property, shall be punished by a fine of not more than ten thousand dollars, or by imprisonment not more than five years, or

both. Robbery or lar. SEC. 5456. Every person who robs another of ceny of personal

kind

any property of the or description of personal property belonging to the United

Merditech. States, or feloniously takes and carries away the same, shall 193, v, 14, p. 557. be punished by a fine of not more than five thousand dol

lars, or by imprisonment at hard labor not less than one nor more than ten years, or by both such fine and impris

onment. Counterfeiting SEC. 5479. If any person shall falsely make, alter, forge, bid, bond, etc.

June 8, 1872, s. or counterfeit, or cause or procure to be falsely made, 200927271827.32; altered, forged, or counterfeited, or willingly aid, or assist 69, v. 19, P: 253. in the false making, altering, forging, or counterfeiting, any See sec. 5418.

bond, bid, proposal, guarantee, security, official bond, public record, aftidavit, or other writing for the purpose of defrauding the United States; or shall utter or publish as true, or cause to be uttered or published as true, any sạch false, forged, altered, or counterfeited bond, bid, proposal, guar. antee, security, official bond, public record, affidavit, or

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