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It is now several years since this book was projected and announced, when the Editor was little engaged with administrative affairs ; but it was less than two years ago that any opportunity seemed to present itself to fulfil the contract with the publishers. The first manuscript was sent to the printer February 3, 1906; the last proofs in Vol. I were received December 11, 190G. This volume is now published on February 20, 1907.
It is not the purpose of such a book as this to mark new paths in special subjects, but only to bring together in one compendium some of the most significant facts and opinions that are now current. Free use has been made of all published data that is relevant and available, with the intention always to give full credit to the author. A great storehouse of information is presented to the public in the publications of the agricultural experiment stations and colleges, of the national Department of Agriculture, of the United States Census Bureau and of other institutions, from which all may freely draw. To this great repositorium, the farmer, editor, author, speaker and teacher will go with ever-increasing freedom and confidence for his facts; and this public treasure-house will be a pride and glory of American agriculture.
It is impossible, in such an undertaking as this, to mention specially the names of all the persons who have contributed in many helpful ways. Acknowledgement must be made, however, to two painstaking and capable young men who have been employed continuously on the work,—Albert R. Mann, B.S.A., secretary, and W. C. Baker, B.S.A., artist. They have given their best effort to make the work reliable and interesting. The editors of agricultural journals, farmers, teachers, experimenters, publishers, all have responded with help in a way that the Editor really had no right to expect, and to them is mostly due whatever may be useful in the work. Special acknowledgement should also be made of the liberal policy of the publishers of the Cyclopedia, The Macmillan Company, who have cooperated in every way to make the work creditable.
In order to fix responsibility, it should be said that all unacknowledged articles are written by the Editor.
The material for the illustrations has been collected from great numbers of sources. Every person to whom application has been made has contributed freely. The Editor is under obligations to Dr. Bartholomew for permission to make adaptations of many special charts from his Atlas of Meteorology. The Sanders Publishing Company gave permission to adapt or redraw cuts of farm buildings and appliances. Other publishers have granted similar favors. Much use has been made of pictorial matter in many publications of the United States Department of Agriculture. In the chapters on buildings, watersupplies and rural art, some of the cuts are reengraved from Cornell publications, from which, also, two or three authors have rewritten and adapted personal articles. Pictures from the publications of Illinois, Maine, Ohio and Rhode Island experiment stations have been adapted for use in the chapter on fertilizers. Publications of many other stations and institutions have also contributed. In the chapters on tools and machinery, the publications of many manufacturers have been drawn on freely for pictures.
The Editor desires to be apprised of any errors or omissions that may come to the reader's attention. The manuscripts have been read with care. All articles have been read in proof at least twice by both the Editor and his secretary. Every author has also seen his article three times in proof, and no changes have been made in the articles after the last proof was returned. Proofs have been read also by specialists other than the authors. Yet it is too much to expect that errors have been avoided.
LIST OF CONTRIBUTORS TO VOLUME 1
Many of the contributors have asssisted in reading proof and in other ways.
Abbe, Cleveland, Jr., Research Observer, United States Weather Bureau, Washington, D. C. (The Atmosphere and Its Phenomena.)
Adams, G. E., Associate in Agronomy, Rhode Island Experiment Station, Kingston, R. I. (Rhode Island.)
Anderson, J. R., Deputy Minister of Agriculture, Victoria, B. C. (British Columbia.)
Ashbv, NEWTON B., Farmer and writer, Des Moines, la. (Equipment and Other Capital Required for a GrainFarm.)
Atwood, Horace, Assistant Agriculturist, West Virginia ExperimentSta.,Morgantown,W. Va. (West Virginia.)
Baker, M.N., Associate Editor, " Engineering News," New York City. (The Utilization of City Waste on the Farm.)
Barrett, 0. W., Plant Introducer, Office of Seed and Plant Introduction and Distribution, Department of Agriculture, Washington, D. C. (Agriculture in the American Tropics in its Relation to Plant Introduction, in conjunction with David Fairchild.)
Berckmans, P. J., Pomologist and Nurseryman, Augusta, Ga. (Capital Required for Establishing an Up-to-date Nursery of General Hardy Products.)
Black, W. J., President of Agricultural College, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Can. (Manitoba.)
Boardman, Samuel Lane, Editor of the "Bangor Commercial," Bangor, Me. (Maine.)
BONSTEEL, J. A., Scientist, Bureau of Soils, Department of Agriculture, Washington, D. C. (Soil Moisture. Soil Surveys and Their Significance, in conjunction with Milton Whitney.)
Boss, Andrew, Professor of Agriculture and Animal Husbandry, College of Agriculture and Experiment Station, University of Minnesota, St. Anthony Park, St. Paul, Minn. (Minnesota.)
Brooks, Wm. P., Director, Hatch Experiment Station, Amherst, Mass. (Form Manures: Their Characteristics and Values.)
Buppum, B. C, Professor of Agriculture and Horticulture, College of Agriculture, and Director Wyoming Experiment Station, Laramie, Wyo. (Wyoming.)
Burnett, E., Architect, New York City. (Construction Details of Modern Barn and Dairy Establishments.)
Burnett, E. A., Associate Dean of the Industrial College and Director of the Nebraska Experiment Station, University of Nebraska, Lincoln, Neb. (Nebraska.)
Burrage, Severance, Associate Professor of Sanitary Science, Purdue University, Lafayette, Ind. (General View of Farm Sanitation.)
Cameron, Frank K., Soil Chemist, Bureau of Soils, Department of Agriculture, Washington, D. C. (The Chemistry of the Soil-Solution.)
Campbell, H. W., Editor of "Campbell's Soil Culture Manual," Lincoln, Neb. (A System of Scientific SoilCulture for Semi-arid Regions.)
Card, Fred W., Professor of Agriculture, Rhode Island College of Agriculture and Mechanic Arts, Kingston, R. I. (General Considerations as to Capital and Its Distribution in the Management of a Farm.)
Cobb, N. A., Director Division of Pathology and Physiology, Hawaiian Sugar Planters' Experiment Station, Honolulu, H. T. (Agricultural Status of Hawaii.)
Cockerell, Theo. D. A., Professor of Systematic Zoology, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colo. (Life-zones in Relation to Agriculture.)
Conn, H. W., Professor of Biology in Wesleyan University, and Bacteriologist of the Connecticut State Board of Health, Middletown, Conn. (Germ Life in the Soil.)
Conner, C. M., Vice-Director and Agriculturist, Florida Experiment Station, Lake City, Fla. (Florida.)
Cook, H. E., Farmer, Denmark, N. Y. (Construction of Barns.)
Cook, William M., Farmer, Camden, Ohio. (Farm Fences.)
Crowley, W. Frank, Editor of Horticultural Department, "Ranch and Range," Montrose, Colo. (Capital Required for an Irrigated Fruit-Farm, in conjunction with J. H. Crowley, Rocky Ford, Colo.)
Curtiss, Charles F., Dean of Agriculture, Iowa State College, and Director, Iowa Experiment Station, Ames, Iowa. (Iowa.)
Davidson, J. B., In Charge Department of Agricultural Engineering, Iowa State College, Ames, Iowa. (Tillage Machinery.)
Dawley, F. E., Breeder of Animals and Director of State Farmers' Institutes, Fayetteville, N. Y. (New York.)
Dickson, A. G., Chatham, N. B. (New Brunswick.)
Dietrich, William, Instructor in Swine Husbandry, University of Illinois, and First Assistant in Swine Husbandry Illinois Experiment Station, Urbana, 111. (The Modern Hoghouse.)
Dodson, W. R., Director of Louisiana Experiment Stations, Baton Rouge, La. (Louisiana.)
Dorrance, Anne, Rose-grower, Dorranceton, Pa. (Equipment and Capital Requiredfor the Cut-Flower Industry.)
Duggar, J. F., Director and Agriculturist, Experiment Station of Alabama Polytechnic Institute, Auburn, Ala. (Alabama.)
Earle, F. S., Late Director, Central Experiment Station, Santiago de las Vegas, Cuba. Present address, Herradura, Cuba. (A General View of Tropical Agriculture.)
Eaton, Ralph S., Manager of Hillcrest Orchards, Kentville, N. S. (Equipment and Capital Required for Planting and Developing an Orchard.)
Fairchild, David, In Charge of Office of Seed and Plant Introduction, Department of Agriculture, Washington, D. C. (Agriculture in the American Tropics in its Relation to Plant Introduction, in conjunction with 0. W. Barrett.)