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Now fitted the halter, now traversed the cart,
And often took leave, but was loth to depart.

The Thief and the Cordelier. Nobles and heralds, by your leave,

Here lies what once was Matthew Prior;
The son of Adam and of Eve :
Can Bourbon or Nassau claim higher ? ?

Epitaph. Extempore.
Soft peace she brings; wherever she arrives
She builds our quiet as she forms our lives;
Lays the rough paths of peevish Nature even,
And opens in each heart a little heaven.

Charity. His noble negligences teach What others' toils despair to reach. Alma. Canto ü. Line 7. Till their own dreams at length deceive 'em, And oft repeating, they believe 'em. Canto iii. Line 13. Abra was ready ere I called her name ; And though I called another, Abra came.

Solomon on the Vanity of the World. Book ü. Line 364. For hope is but the dream of those that wake.3

Book iii. Line 102.

1 As men that be lothe to departe do often take their leff. (John Clerk to Wolsey.) — Ellis: Letters, third series, vol. i. p. 262.

“A loth to depart” was the common term for a song, or a tune played, on taking leave of friends. Tarlton: News out of Purgatory (about 1689). CHAPMAN: Widow's Tears. Middleton: The Old Law, act iv. sc. 1. BEAUMONT AND FLETCHER: Wit at Several Weapons, act ii. sc. 2. 2 The following epitaph was written long before the time of Prior :

Johnnie Carnegie lais heer,

Descendit of Adam and Eve.
Gif ony con gang hieher,

Ise willing give him leve. 8 This thought is ascribed to Aristotle by Diogenes Laertius (Aristotle, v. xi.), who, when asked what hope is, answered, “ The dream of a waking man." Menage, in his “Observations upon Laertius," says that Stobæus (Serm. cix.) ascribes it to Pindar, while Ælian (Var. Hist. xiii. 29) refers it to Plato.

Et spes inanes, et velut somnia quædam, vigilantium (Vain hopes are like certain dreams of those who wake). — QUINTILIAN: vi. 2, 27.

Who breathes must suffer, and who thinks must mourn; And he alone is bless'd who ne'er was born.

Solomon on the Vanity of the World. Book iii. Line 240. A Rechabite poor Will must live, And drink of Adam's ale.1

The Wandering Pilgrim.

JOHN POMFRET. 1667-1703.

We bear it calmly, though a ponderous woe,
And still adore the hand that gives the blow.?

Verses to his Friend under Afliction.
Heaven is not always angry when he strikes,
But most chastises those whom most he likes.


JONATHAN SWIFT. 1667-1745.

I've often wish'd that I had clear,
For life, six hundred pounds a year;
A handsome house to lodge a friend;
A river at my garden's end;
A terrace walk, and half a rood
Of land set out to plant a wood.

Imitation of Horace. Book ii. Sat. 6.
So geographers, in Afric maps,
With savage pictures fill their gaps,
And o'er unhabitable downs
Place elephants for want of towns. Poetry, a Rhapsody.

1 A cup of cold Adam from the next purling stream. Tom Bkown: Works, vol. iv. p. 11. 2 See Dryden, page 277.

8 As geographers, Sosius, crowd into the edges of their maps parts of the world which they do not know about, adding notes in the margin to the effect that beyond this lies nothing but sandy deserts full of wild beasts, and unapproachable bogs. — PLUTARCH : Theseus.

Where Young must torture his invention
To flatter knaves, or lose his pension.

Poetry, a Rhapsody.
Hobbes clearly proves

that every creature
Lives in a state of war by nature.

So, naturalists observe, a flea
Has smaller fleas that on him

prey ;
And these have smaller still to bite 'em;
And so proceed ad infinitum.

Libertas et natale solum :
Fine words! I wonder where you stole 'em.

Verses occasioned by Whitshed's Motto on his Coach.
A college joke to cure the dumps. Cassinus and Peter.
'T is an old maxim in the schools,
That flattery's the food of fools;
Yet now and then your men of wit
Will condescend to take a bit.

Cadenus and Vanessa. Hail fellow, well met.”

My Laily's Lamentation. Big-endians and small-endians.

Gulliver's Travels. Part i. Chap. iv. Voyage to Lilliput. And he gave it for his opinion, that whoever could make two ears of corn, or two blades of grass, to grow upon a spot of ground where only one grew before, would deserve better of mankind, and do more essential service to his country, than the whole race of politicians put together.

Part ii. Chap. vii. Voyage to Brobilin gnag.


i Great fleas have little fleas upon their backs to bite 'em,

And little fleas have lesser fleas, and so ad infinitum.
And the great feas themselves, in turn, have greater fleas to go on ;
While these again have greater still, and greater still, and so on.

DE MORGAN: A Budget of Parndo.ces, p. 377. ? Rowland : Knave of Hearts (1612). RAY: Prorerbs. Tom Brown: Amusement, riii.

3 As the political parties of Whig and Tory are pointed out by the high and low heels of the Lilliputians (Framecksan and Hamecksan), those of Papist and Protestant are designated under the Big-endians and Smallendians.

He had been eight years upon a project for extracting sunbeams out of cucumbers, which were to be put in phials hermetically sealed, and let out to warm the air in raw inclement summers.

Gulliver's Travels. Part ii. Chap. v. Voyage to Laputa. It is a maxim, that those to whom everybody allows the second place have an undoubted title to the first.

Tale of a Tub. Dedication. Seamen have a custom, when they meet a whale, to fling him out an empty tub by way of amusement, to divert him from laying violent hands upon the ship.1

Preface. Bread is the staff of life.2

Ibid. Books, the children of the brain.

Sect. i. As boys do sparrows, with flinging salt upon their tails.8

Sect. rii. He made it a part of his religion never to say grace to his meat.

Sect. xi. How we apples swim !

Brother Protestants. The two noblest things, which are sweetness and light.

Battle of the Books. The reason why so few marriages are happy is because young ladies spend their time in making nets, not in making cages.

Thoughts on Various Subjects. Censure is the tax a man pays to the public for being eminent.

hvid. A nice man is a man of nasty ideas.


1 In Sebastian Munster's “ Cosmography" there is a cut of a ship to which a whale was coming too close for her safety, and of the sailors throwing a tub to the whale, evidently to play with. This practice is also mentioned in an old prose translation of the “Ship of Fools.” — Sir James MACKINTOSH : Appendix to the Life of Sir Thomas More.

2 See Mathew Henry, page 283.

8 Till they be bobbed on the tails after the manner of sparrows. RABELAIS : book i. chap. xiv.

4 RAY: Proverbs. Maller: Tyburn.

If Heaven had looked upon riches to be a valuable thing, it would not have given them to such a scoundrel.

Letter to Miss Vanbromrigh, Aug. 12, 1720. Not die here in a rage, like a poisoned rat in a hole.

Letter to Bolingbroke, March 21, 1729. A penny for your thoughts.

Introduction to Polite Conversation. Do you

think I was born in a wood to be afraid of an owl ?

Polite Conversation. Dialogue i. The sight of you is good for sore eyes.

Ibid. 'T is as cheap sitting as standing.

Ibid. I hate nobody: I am in charity with the world.

Ibid. I won't quarrel with my bread and butter.

Ibid. She's no chicken ; she's on the wrong side of thirty, if she be a day.

Ibid. She looks as if butter wou'dn't melt in her mouth.?

Ibid. If it had been a bear it would have bit


Ibid. She wears her clothes as if they were thrown on with a pitchfork.

Ibid. I mean you

under a mistake.8

Lord M. What religion is he of ?
Lord Sp. Why, he is an Anythingarian.

Ibid. He was a bold man that first eat an oyster. Dialogue ii. That is as well said as if I had said it myself. Ibid. You must take the will for the deed.4


1 See Heywood, page 16. 2 See Heywood, page 13.

8 You lie - under a mistake. SHELLEY: Magico Prodigioso, scene 1 (a translation of Calderon).

4 The will for deed I doe accept. — Du Bartas: Divine Weeks and Works, third day, week ii. part 2.

The will for the deed. - CIBBER : The Rival Fools, act iii.

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