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On parent knees, a naked new-born child,
Weeping thou sat'st while all around thee smiled;
So live, that sinking in thy last long sleep,
Calm thou mayst smile, while all around thee weep.

From the Persian. What constitutes a state ?

Men who their duties know,
But know their rights, and knowing, dare maintain.
And sovereign law, that state's collected will,

O'er thrones and globes elate,
Sits empress, crowning good, repressing ill.

Ode in Imitation of Alcæus.

Seven hours to law, to soothing slumber seven,
Ten to the world allot, and all to heaven.”

JOHN LOGAN. 1748-1788.

Thou hast no sorrow in thy song,

No winter in thy year.

To the Cuckoo.

Oh could I fly, I'd fly with thee!

We'd make with joyful wing
Our annual visit o'er the globe,

Companions of the spring.


1 Neither walls, theatres, porches, nor senseless equipage, make states, but men who are able to rely upon themselves. — ARISTIDES: Orations (Jebb's edition), rol. i. (trans. by A. W. Austin).

By Themistocles alone, or with very few others, does this saying appear to be approved, which, though Aicæus formerly had produced, many afterwards claimed : “ Not stones, nor wood, nor the art of artisans, make a state; but where men are who know how to take care of themselves, these are cities and walls." - Ibid. vol. ii.

2 See Coke, page 24.

JONATHAN M. SEWALL. 1748-1808.

No pent-up Utica contracts your powers,
But the whole boundless continent is


Epilogue to Cato.1

JOHN EDWIN. 1749–1790.

A man's ingress into the world is naked and bare,
His progress through the world is trouble and care ;
And lastly, his egress out of the world, is nobody knows

If we do well here, we shall do well there :
I can tell you no more if I preach a whole year.2

The Eccentricities of John Edwin (second edition), vol. i. p. 74.

London, 1791.

JOHN TRUMBULL. 1750–1831.

But optics sharp it needs, I ween,
To see what is not to be seen. M°Fingal. Canto i. Line 67.
But as some muskets so contrive it
As oft to miss the mark they drive at,
And though well aimed at duck or plover,
Bear wide, and kick their owners over.

Line 93.
As though there were a tie
And obligation to posterity.
We get them, bear them, breed, and nurse :
What has posterity done for us

1 Written for the Bow Street Theatre, Portsinouth, New Hampshire.

2 These lines Edwin offers as heads of a sermon." Longfellow places them in the mouth of “ The Cobbler of Hagenau," as a “ familiar tune." See The Wayside Inn, part ii. The Student's Tale."

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That we, lest they their rights should lose,
Should trust our necks to gripe of noose ?

M°Fingal. Canto ii. Line 121,
No man e'er felt the halter draw,
With good opinion of the law.

Canto iii. Line 489.


Illiterate him, I say, quite from your memory.

The Rivals. Act i. Sc. 2. ”T is safest in matrimony to begin with a little aversion.

Ibid. A progeny of learning.

Nid. A circulating library in a town is as an evergreen tree of diabolical knowledge.

Act iii. Sc. 1. He is the very pine-apple of politeness!

Sc. 3. If I reprehend anything in this world, it is the use of my oracular tongue, and a nice derangement of epitaphs !

Ibid. As headstrong as an allegory on the banks of the Nile.

Ibid. Too civil by half.

Sc. 4. Our ancestors are very good kind of folks; but they are the last people I should choose to have a visiting acquaintance with.

Act iv. Sc. 1. No caparisons, miss, if you please. Caparisons don't become a young woman.

Sc, 2. We will not anticipate the past; so mind, young people, our retrospection will be all to the future.

Ibid. You are not like Cerberus, three gentlemen at once, are you?


The quarrel is a very pretty quarrel as it stands; we should only spoil it by trying to explain it.

The Rivals. Act iv. Sc. 3. You're our enemy; lead the way, and we'll precede.

Act v. Sc. 1.

There's nothing like being used to a thing. Sc. 3.

As there are three of us come on purpose for the game, you won't be so cantankerous as to spoil the party by sitting out.

Ibid. My valour is certainly going ! it is sneaking off ! I feel it oozing out, as it were, at the palm of my hands !

Ibid. I own the soft impeachment.

Ibid. Steal! to be sure they may; and, egad, serve your best thoughts as gypsies do stolen children, - disfigure them to make 'em pass for their own.” The Critic. Act i. Sc. 1.

The newspapers! Sir, they are the most villanous, licentious, abominable, infernal – Not that I ever read them! No, I make it a rule never to look into a newspaper.

Egad, I think the interpreter is the hardest to be understood of the two !

Ibid. Sheer necessity, - the proper parent of an art so nearly allied to invention.

Ibid. No scandal about Queen Elizabeth, I hope ? Act ii. Sc. 1.

Certainly nothing is unnatural that is not physically impossible.

Ibid. Where they do agree on the stage, their unanimity is wonderful. Inconsolable to the minuet in Ariadne.

Ibid. The Spanish fleet thou canst not see, because — it is not yet in sight!


Sc. 2.

Sc. 2.

1 'T is nothing when you are used to it. -Swift: Polite Conversation, iii. 2 See Churchill, page 413.

An oyster may be crossed in love.

The Critic. Act iii. Sc. 1.

You shall see them on a beautiful quarto page, where a neat rivulet of text shall meander through a meadow of margin.

School for Scandal. Act i. Sc. 1. Here is the whole set! a character dead at every word.

Act ii. Sc. 2. I leave my character behind me.

Here's to the maiden of bashful fifteen ;

Here's to the widow of fifty ;
Here's to the flaunting, extravagant quean,
And here's to the housewife that's thrifty !

Let the toast pass ;

Drink to the lass;
I'll warrant she 'll prove an excuse for the glass.

Act iii. Sc. 3. An unforgiving eye, and a damned disinheriting countenance.

Act v. Sc. 1.

It was an amiable weakness. 1


I ne'er could


lustre see
In eyes that would not look on me;
I ne'er saw nectar on a lip
But where my own did hope to sip.

The Duenna. Act i. Sc. 2.
Had I a heart for falsehood framed,
I ne'er could injure you.

Sc. 5. Conscience has no more to do with gallantry than it has with politics.

Act ii. Sc. 4. While his off-heel, insidiously aside, Provokes the caper which he seems to chide.

Pizarro. The Prologue. Such protection as vultures give to lambs. Act ii. Sc. 2.

i See Fielding, page 364.

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