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RAILROAD, CANAL, AND STEAMBOAT STATISTICS.

STEAM MARINE OF THE UNITED STATES.

By the following statement, it appears that the aggregate tonnage of the steam marine of the United States amounts to 153,366 tons, of which 94,111 is owned in New York, and cost $16,231,088 13. The balance, 59.255, belongs to different ports in the United States, the cost of which is not given, and, of course, is not included in that of New York.

As far as practicable, the names of different companies, tonnage, cost, and where employed, of all vessels belonging to New York, are first given, then those of other ports, as follows :

NEW YORK-PACIFIO MAIL STEAMSHIT COMPANY.

The ships of this line are employed running between Panama, San Francisco, Oregon and Washington Territories. Steamships. Tonnage. Cost. Steamships.

Tonnage. Cost. California......

1,058 $200,082 Golden Age...... 2,281 400,000 Oregon..... 1,100 198,504 St. Louis..

1,620 271,000 Panama.. 1,087 211,356 Republic....

852 210,590 Golden Gate.. 2,067 431,844 Washington.

1,640 390,000 Columbia.... 777 169,043 Cortez.....

1,117 198,000 Fremont... 559 98,424 | Orizaba....

1,450 241,000 Taboga, (tug)... 189 39,638 Sierra Nevada

1,246 210,000 John L. Stephens.. 2,189 809,694 Uncle Sam...... 1,080 160,000 Sonora....

1,616 302,000 Total..

21,928 $4,042,126

ATLANTIC AND PACIFIC STEAMSHIP COMPANY.

California service, between New York, New Orleans, Havana, and Aspinwall. Northern Light... 1,767 $290,000 | Illinois .

2,124 480,000 North Star..

1,868 285,400 | Moses Taylor..... 1,373 250,000 Ariel....

1,295 200,000 Champion

1,540 164,000 Total...... 9,967 $1,659,400

NEW YORK, SOUTHAMPTON, AND HAVRE.

Vanderbilt..
Ooeap Queen...

3,360
2,830

$510.000
450,000

Total...

6,190 $960,000

UNITED STATES MAIL BTEAMSHIP LINE.

175,000

Between New York, Havana, and New Orleans.
Star of the West.. 1,173 $250,000 Granada....... 1,059
Empire City

1,752 225,000
Philadelphia..
898 180,000 Total........

4,882 NEW YORK AND NEW ORLEANS STEAMSHIP COMPANY. Cahawba...

1,643 De Soto...

1,675

$830,000

$207,000 170,000

Total...

3,318

$377,000

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Total.....

4,647 $900,000 CROMWELL'S LINE. Screw Propellers, New York, Baltimore, Washington, Norfolk, Savannah, Portland, and other ports. Huntsville........

840 $125,000 | Parkersburg. .... 715 75,000 Montgomery..

840 125,000 | Thomas Swan.... 462 60,000 Potomac..

448 60,000 | R. R. Cuyler.... 1,500 200,000 Locust Point.. 462 60,000 | Monticello..

750 80,000 Mount Vernon.

750

80,000 | George's Creek.... 460 50,000 Chesapeake..

460 60,000 Patapsco....

454

Total. ...... 8,141 $1,035,000

60,000

SOUTHERN STEAMSHIP COMPANY.

New Orleans, Texas, Florida, and Vera Cruz. Arizona (iron). 750 $100,000 Oriziba....

600 100,000 Calhoun.....

508 50,000 Gen. Rusk (iron).. 417 417,000 Charles Morgan... 1,208 150,6100 | Atlantic. .....

623 75,000 Galveston. 945 120,000 | Tennessee

1,449 140,000 Texas..... 1,223 140,000 Suwanne

495

60,000 Magnolia 843 120,000 | Austin (iron)..

900 100,000 Matagorda (iron).. 616 100,000 Mexico..... 1,058

Total... 11,635 $1,812,000 Two-thirds of these ships are owned in New York, the balance in New Orleans.

140,000)

NORTH ATLANTIC STEAMSHIP COMPANY.

New York and Aspin wall--soon to be withdrawn. Atlantic. .....

2,849 $764,000 | Adriatic........ Baltic.....

2,783 Total..

4,145 1,000,000

490,000/

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SAN FRANCISCO AND PANAMA.

410,000

Pacific .....
Brother Jonathan.

Total...

1,003
1,350

1,734

$100,000 | Hermann....
190,000

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4,087 $700,000

PANAMA RAILROAD COMPANY.

Central American coast, in connection with the railroad.

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Besides the steamers set down above, there are numerous others engaged in the coasting trade or running short passenger trips that we might enumerate if we had space. The aggregate tonnage of these amount to 41,604.

Including this latter class, the aggregate tonpage of our commercial steam marine is 153,366 tons, of which 94,111 is owned in New York. The total cost of the vessels in New York hands alone is $16,231.088 13. The aggregate cost of the sea-going steamers of the United States is, as near as can be estimated, $25,000,000.

RAILROADS IN CUBA. The Cuba Messenger describes the progress of railroads in that Island as follows :-Our readers abroad may be able to form an idea of the progress of our Island by our merely mentioning the fact that the different railroad lines now finished and in the course of construction throughout the country, are 27 in number, and comprise, altogether, 1,315,522 kilometres, (about 818 English miles,) of which at least 500 miles are in operation. The whole amount thus far invested on these railroad lines, up to last year, was $17,027,414 66; and, according to the statistics published, they yielded in 1858 the sum of $3,386,840.

The principal line—the first ever constructed, (from this city to Guines, and now extending to La Union,)-- was commenced in November, 1835; the line from Cardenas to Macagua was started in 1838, and the Jucaro railroad in 1839. All the others have been traced and commenced since 1840.

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We append a list of the different lines in the manner they are generally designated in the corresponding sections : 1st Line-1st Section

From Havana to Bejucal. 2d

From Bejucal to Guines. 3d

From Guines to La Union 4th

Branch from San Felipe to Batabado. 5th

Branch from Rincon to Guanajay 2d Lipe..

From Cardenas to Macagua. 3d Line..

From Cardenas to Jucaro. 4th Line

From Matanzas to La Isabel. Branch from Navajas

to Tramojos, and from Tramojos to Claudio. 5th Line .....

From Regla to Guanabacoa (horse cars.) 6th Line-1st Section.

Mataozas to Guanabana. 2d

to Coliseo. 3d

to Tosca. 4th

to Delgado 6th

to Bemba. 7th Line-1st Section.

From Caibarrien to Remedios. 2d

Continuation from Remedios to S. Andres. 8th Line-Ist Section.

From Cienfuegos to Palmira. 2d

From Palmira to Las Cruces. 3d

From Las Cruces to Ranchuelo. 4th

From Ranchuelo to Villa Clara. 5th

From Villa Clara to Sagua. 9th Line

From Carahatas to Quemados de los Guines. 10th Lioe

From Trinidad to Sancti Spiritus. 11th Line

From Macagua to Trinidad. 12th Line-1st Section, From Mallorquin to Las Pozas. 2d

From Las Pozas to Macagua. 13th Line

Sagua la Grande (along the river bank.) 14th Line

Havana (Regla) to Matanzas. (Finished to Guana

bacoa, double track, and thence Jaruco, single do.) 15th Line

From Guines to Matanzas. Branch to Madruga. 16th Line

Havana City Railroad, (surrounds the old city and goes to Carmelo, at the outlet of the Almendares

river, 8 miles west of the city.) 17th Line

From Guanabacoa to Cojemar. 18th Line

Western Railroad. From Havana to Pinar del Rio.

Branch from Palacios to the San Diego Baths. 19th Line

From Havana to Marianao. 20th Line

From Pinar del Rio to Coloma. 21st Line

Sancti Spiritus to Port Las Tunas. 22d Line

From Nuevitas to Puerto Principe. 23d Line

From Cobre (copper mines) to Punta de Sal (at St.

Jago.) 24th Line

Guantanamo Railroad. 25th Line

From St. Jago to Sto. Cristo. Branch from Sto. Cris

to to Maroto. Branch from Marota to Sabanilla, 26th Line

From San Miguel to Baga (Puerto Principe.) 27th Line

The Caney Branch, belonging to the line from St.
Jago to Sabanilla.

There are besides two or three other lines in view, but nothing decided yet about them.

With the assistance of a good chart of the Island, it will easily be seen at a first glance, that when all these lines are finished and in operation, the principal and most important cities and districts of the Island will form a sort of grand central trunk, extending its branches to both coasts. We are most bappy that we are able to state that the work of the prinVOL. XLIII.-NO. I.

8

cipal lines not yet finished is progressing rapidly, and that a system of sclidity and durability in the manner of constructing has been recently adopted, which, unfortunately, was overlooked to a great extent in the earlier part of railroad building in this Island. Some arrangements have been entered into recently, between the Havana and the Regla and Matanzas Railroad Companies, that will tend to avoid great expenditures in a double line running almost parallel to each other in a portion or section between this and Matanzas, and from what we have been able to glean in different directions, we are fully persuaded that the future constructions of railroad lines in this rich and flourishing Island will be conducted in the manner best calculated to promote both public and private convenience.

RAILWAY FROM BANGOR TO NEW ORLEANS.

There was completed in January the last two links in the great chain of railways from Maine to Louisiana—the first, the last twenty five miles on the Mississippi Central. and the second, of sixty-one miles between Lynchburg and Charlotteville, on the Orange and Alexandria Railroad, popularly known as the Lynchburg Extension. This route, as will be seen by the following table of distances, is within a fraction of 2,000 miles in length, from Bangor to New Orleans, of a continuous rail track, with the exception of four short ferries, viz., the Hudson River, the Susquehanna, the Potomac, and the James River at Lynchburg, the last two of which will soon be supplied with bridges :-

From New Orleans to Canton, Miss., by the New Orleans, Jackson, and Great

Northern Railway.
Canton to Grand Junction, Miss., by the Mississippi Central Railway
Grand Junction to Stephenson, Ala., by the Memphis and Charleston Railway.
Stephenson to Chattanooga, Tenn., by the Nashville and Chattanooga Railway
Chattanooga to Cleveland, Tenn., by the Cleveland and Chattanooga Railway.
Cleveland to Knoxville, Tenn., by the East Tennessee and Georgia Railway..
Kooxville to Bristol, Teud., by the East Teppessee and Virginia Railway..
Bristol to Lynchburg, Va., by the Virginia and Tennessee Railway...
Lynchburg to Alexandria, by the Orange and Alexandria Railway.
Alexandria to Washington, D. C., by the Washington and Alexandria Railway
Washington to Baltimore, Md., by the Baltimore and Ohio Railway..
Baltimore to Philadelphia, by the Philadelphia, Wilmington, & Baltimore Rail'd
Philadelphia to New York, by the Philadelphia and New York Railroad line.
New York to New Haven, Conn., by the New York and New Haven Railway
New Haven to Springfield...
Springfield to Worcester, by the Western Railway.
Worcester to Boston, by the Boston and Worcester Railway.
Boston to Portland, Me., by the Eastern and Portland, Saco, and Portsmouth

Railways
Portland to Bangor, Me., by the Penobscot and Kennebec and Androscoggin

and Kepnebec Railways....

206 165 219 38 29 83 130 204 169

6 39 98 87 74 62

98

45

107

137

Total.......

1,996 This vast chain of railways is composed of eighteen independent roads, costing in the aggregate, for 2,394 miles of road, $92,784,081, or nearly one-tenth of the whole railway system of the United States, of which 1,996 miles are used in this continuous line. The roads from Washington City to New Orleans, embracing a distance of 1,249 miles, have had the contract for the great

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