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person to retail or sell or give any cocaine hydrochlorate or other But KOH is a strong base, the very opposite of an salt of or any compound of cocaine, or preparation containing

acid." cocaine, or any salts of or any compound thereof, excepting upon the written prescription of a licensed physician or licensed Sheep Dips (50)-To the making of sheep dips dentist, licensed under the laws of the state, which prescription

and antiseptic washes there seems to be no end. They shall only be filled once: Provided, that the provisions of this section shall not apply to sales in the usual quantities at whole

are, however, largely of a similar nature. The folsale by any manufacturer or wholesale dealer when such manu- lowing on the subject of sheep dips is copied from the facturer or wholesale dealer shall have affixed to the box, bottle Pharmaceutical Era: or package containing such cocaine hydrochlorate or other salt

Soft soap.

.%2 gallon. or compound of cocaine or preparation containing cocaine, a

Water....

..15 gallons. label specifically setting forth the proportion of cocaine contained

Crude carbolic acid..

1 pint. in any preparation.

Dissolve the soap in the water by the aid of heat Sec. 2. Every person who shall be found guilty of violation of

(140° F.) and incorporate the carbolic acid. Then the provisions of this act, shall, for the first offense, be fined a sum not less than ten dollars or more than fifty dollars, and for

cool down to 110° F. and dip the sheep. For scab each subsequent offense not less than fifty dollars, nor more than

mites the temperature should be 120° F., and the two hundred dollars, or imprisonment in the county jail not ex- scabs should be completely broken up by rubbing ceeding ninety days, or either or both, in the discretion of the

with a corn cob. court.

Arsenic Dip. What Is An Acid (49) ?—The answer depends very

Arsepic.

..3 pounds.

Soda ash... much upon the source of information you seek for the

3 pounds. Soft soap

3 pounds. definition. Perhaps for the purpose of a pharmacist

Sulpur

..3 pounds. we cannot do better than quote the following from

Dissolve the ingredients in 10 to 20 gallons of boilPharmaceutical and Chemical Problems, by Oldberg: ing water and add cold water to make the whole “The term 'acid' was originally applied to liquids

measure 120 gallons. The Department of Agriculture possessing the following general properties:

publishes the following precautions for using arsen"They have a strongly acid or sour taste, are de

ical mixtures: (1) Yards into which newly dipped structive in their effects upon niost organic com

sheep are to be turned should first be cleaned of all pounds, turn blue litmus red, and neutralize the prop

green food, hay and even fresh litter; if perfectly erties of the basis with which they react to form salts

empty they are still safer. (2) When the dipping is and water.

finished the yard should be cleaned, washed and "The most characteristic acids are the so-called

swept; and any unused ooze should at once be poured 'strong acids,' which are water-soluble, dissolve cer

down a drain, which will not contaminate food or tain metals and metallic oxides with which they form premises used by any animals. (3) Dipped sheep water-soluble salts, and also dissolve certain other should remain in an open or exposed place, as on dry substances insoluble in water and other common sol-ground. (4) Overcrowding should be avoided, and vents. This solution effected by acids is 'chemical

every facility given for rapid drying, which is greatly solution,' the acid itself is decomposed as well as the

facilitated by selecting fine, clear, dry weather for substance dissolved, and new substances are formed. dipping. (6) On no account should sheep be reWe say tbat acids attack many substances and that

turned to their grazings until they are dry and all they must, therefore, be kept in containers made of

risk of dripping is passed. acid-proof materials like glass. But it would be more

The same authority (Bulletin No. 21, 1898), states correct to say that the acids are so unstable that other

that, all things considered, the tobacco and sulphur is substances attack and decompose them. “Insoluble acids are tasteless, non-destructive, and

as good a dip as is known at the present time, and

gives the following formula: Place one pound of do not affect the color of litmus. “All acids contain hydrogen which can be ex

good leaf or manufactured tobacco for every six gal

lons of dip desired in a covered boiler of cold or luke changed for a metal, with the result that a salt is

warm water, and allow to stand for about twenty-four · formed, and all acids when ionized yield cations of hydrogen. But the insoluble acids can not be ionized, hours; on the evening before dipping, bring the water and many soluble substances which are not acids and

to near the boiling point (212° F.) for an instant, then

remove the fire aod allow the infusion to stand over which contain no hydrogen turn blue litmus red.

night. “From these facts it is evident that the acids must be identified, not by their taste nor by their action on

Thoroughly mix the sulphur (1 pound to every 6 litmus, nor by their cations, but by their composition gallons of dip desired) with the hand in a bucket of and structure and hy the salts derived from them.

water to the consistency of gruel. “Acids have been described as compounds from

When ready to dip, thoroughly strain the tobacco which hydrogen can be liberated by some metal like infusion from the leaves by pressure, mix the liquid Zn or Mg with the result that a salt is formed. But if

with the sulphur gruel, and add enough water to potassium zincate is a salt, as it is commonly held to

make the required amount of dip and thoroughly be, because it has the typical structure of a salt, the stir the entire mixture. KOH would under that definition be an acid, for zinc liberates hydrogen from KOH and forms K,ZNO,. Waste neither words nor time.

stance did not always detract from its sale and, as an FLAVORING EXTRACTS.

illustration, told of several shops where a thriving

soda business was done, probably, because of the A Practical Consideration of Flavoring Extracts by prominence that was given to a sign asserting that practical men constituted the program at the March “Our syrups are guaranteed to be artificial." meeting of the Philadelphia Branch of the A. Ph. A. Mr. C. S. Brinton, who is in charge of the PhiladelThe subject was opened by reading a paper on Formu- phia Food Laboratory called attention to several of lae for flavoring extracts, being the views from a prac- the decisions that have been made in connection with tical standpoint of the American Extract Manufactur- the food and drugs act and called particular attention ers Association, by Mr. A. E. Claus. Mr. Claus is the to the circular entitled, “Food Inspection Decisions secretary of the American Extract Manufacturers Asso- No. 47," dealing specifically with flavoring extracts. ciation, and is interested in the manufacture of flavor

Dr. Stearns, in opening the general discussion exing extracts, on a large scale, in New York City. He pressed the appreciation of the American Extract contended that the formulae and standards of the Manufacturing Association for this opportunity to disU. S. P. were impracticable and that the results, fol.

cuss what is, to them, a vitally interesting problem. He lowing the official formulae, would mean disaster to

asserted that the American Extract Manufacturers Asthe manufacturers of flavoring extracts.

sociation is on record as being in favor of standards Mr. Claus gave it as his opinion that many varieties for flavoring extracts but also called attention to the of so called Bourbon vanilla were more desirable, more fact that satisfactory standards were not readily esdelicate and altogether more satisfactory than the tablished, as vanilla, for instance, requires a special average of the Mexican bean. He also objected to the menstruum for each lot of beans. high percentage of alcohol that is directed in the Dr. Stearns also called attention to the fact that ex. U. S. P. and asserted that a much lower percentage tract manufacturers were being unnecessarily harassed, would, as a rule, give more satifactory results though at the present time, by the Bureau of Chemistry on the it should be remembered that each particular lot of one hand and the Internal Revenue Department on vanilla must be treated differently.

the other, and pointed out that the decisions of these The official tincture of lemon peel, or the equivalent two departments did not always agree. spirit made from oil of lemon, he considered to be ob- Mr. Collins in elaborating on some of the thoughts jectionable because of the high percentage of alcohol suggested by Dr. Stearns, expressed the belief that a and the unnecessarily great amount of oil contained lower percentage of alcohol would be preferable, partherein.

ticularly for vanilla. His experiments with this Tincture of orange peel being practically identical preparation led him to believe that an extract conwith that of lemon, was of course open to the same taining not more than twenty-five per cent of alcohol objections.

is preferable in every way to preparations containing Mr. Clause deplored the fact that the Pharmacopeia a higher percentage of alcohol. had not taken cognizance of the terpeneless oils and

Mr. Collins also called attention to the fact that the asserted that these oils, as they appear on the market

term “Extractive" is but a relative one, and that it is are quite unfit for the extract manufacturer who, to practically impossible to determine what is meant by obtain the most satisfactory results, is required to

"extractive from ten grams of vanilla.” make these preparations for himself.

The subject was further discussed by a number of Prof. I. V. S. Stanislaus read a paper entitled "The those present and the consensus of the remarks apU. S. P. as a Standard for Flavoring Extracts” in the peared to indicate that flavoring extracts as marketed course of which he asserted that preparations made in at the present time are of variable quality and not inaccordance with this standard would be found to be frequently differ widely from the established standards uniformly satisfactory. He quoted liberally from the of the Pharmacopoeia. reports of several state boards of health to substantiate his contention that much of the material that is Australian Cajuput Oil.- Baker and Smith have usually sold as favoring extracts, in small shops and discovered a new cajuput oil of substantial medicinal in grocery stores, were frequently adulterated and in importance in one of the Australian tea-trees which some instances had been found to be absolutely fulfils the requirements of the British Pharmacopeia spurious.

for oil of cajuput. The only difference between this oil Prof. Chas. H. LaWall presented a communication and the ordinary cajuput oil is that the steareoptene on “Some Flavoring Extracts I Have Seen” and ex- or solid alcohol of the Australian variety is new. This hibited a number of specimens that had come into his steareoptene does not agree with any known subtance possession during the past few years. Prof. LaWall previously obtained from plants. The authors are to pointed out that the manufacture of flavoring extracts continue their investigations, and are hoping to be able for culinary purposes, and the making of flavors for to show eventually some connection between the structbottlers or soda syrups were distinct and that the re- ure of the leaf and the oil constituents of these plants, sulting products had little in common. He also called because the oils from the tea-plants vary greatly in attention to the fact that the proper labeling of a sub-characteristics and value.—[British Medical Journal.

A PRACTICAL TALK.

BY THEODORE F. MEYER, PH. C.

where that binds us together, there is a common ground somewhere which makes all of us friends, all of us one happy family!

It is that house to which all of us owe so much, which each and every one of us is so much interested in; the house we want to see grow up to greater proportious, and which to build up we all will lend our earnest and enthusiastic support.

In continuing and fostering this feeling of one big happy family, the Meyer Brothers Employes Mutual Aid Association has been a most active and successful agency, and the management of the house is indeed to be congratulated that the spirit of this Aid Association has been in such close harmony with it.

This Mutual Aid Association was organized in June 1890, and is therefore in its eighteenth year, during which time it has distributed among its members, and the families of deceased mem bers, the considerable sum of $9,000.00, affording relief to those in distress in probably more cases than we have any idea of. I commend to the earnest consideration of every employe the good offices of this Aid Association as worthy of his or her active support, that through its agency, relief may be afforded to fellow employes when in distress, and I commend to every person actively connected with the house, who is not already a member, that he or she become a member, not so much that he or she may enjoy the benefits of the Association, but that he or she may aid in affording systematic relief in cases of sickness and distress. Surely commendable charity.

It not only seems to me appropriate, but I believe it to be my duty that I should at this time give a moment to a serious consideration of the present.

As you know during the months of November and December we experienced a financial panic which came at a time of most active commercial prosperity, an therefore was the more of a surprise. The effects of that panic have by no means worn away but are evidenced by a large number of unemployed people and numerous plants wholly or partly shut down.

Though we may hope that conditions will improve, and that the prosperous times of the preceding years may speedily return

it behooves us to adjust ourselves to the present conditions, and that by economy and thrift, while our earning capacity is unimpaired, we prepare for the rainy day that may come, though we hope it will not appear. I recommend that every employe have a savings account, be it but ever so small to begin with, and that it be added to from month to month. Thus a competency may be established which sooner or later will become available for the benefit of its owner as an investment or relief.

In conclusion then, now that we are gathered here together for amusement and personal intercourse, let us give ourselves up to the pleasures of the evening, enjoying to our heart's content the delightful program prepared for us by our entertainment committee, and joining in light fantastic, young and old, all one happy family, better for the enjoyment of each other's company.

The following address was made by the president of Meyer Brothers Drug Co., at the entertainment of the employes of that firm at Lemp's Hall, March 3, 1908:

Before putting you to sleep with my long and tedious "address" I desire in behalf of my good mother, who was so generously and kindly remembered with such beautiful flowers, to convey to the employes of Meyer Brothers Drug Company, her high appreciation of and sincere gratitude for the kindly feeling for her thus expressed.

That we are pleased to have het with us here to-night, goes without saying, and it is a source of much delight to us to see her able to enjoy with us the pleasures of this entertainment. She feels a keen interest in the welfare of all connected with the house, in the development of which she has been a considerable factor, not only in the actual part she has taken in its growth, but also, and this is her greatest service rendered the house, in the physical and moral assistance she was to the founder and builder of the house in the hours of his greatest trials and tribulations. But for her, the battles could not have been fought victoriously, and the name of one, whose memory we all revere, would not be so prominent in the drug world.

I say, io behalf of my good mother, I thank you most cordially for tbe flowers presented to her this evening.

By invitation of the entertainment committee I am placed on this program for an address to employes and friends. At first I was a bit "swelled up" by what I was anxious to consider a compliment, but when the chairman of the entertainment committee afterwards imparted the information to me that the committee was anxious to dispose of the entertainment part of the program as speedily as possible, to enable the committee to go "on with the dance" before 10 o'clock, the conceit was all taken out of me, and I began to realize that I was simply chosen for a speech because the committee could count on it that I would have but little to say, and that little could not be much.

Under such circumstances you cannot blame me for having abandoned a speech which was to take several hours to deliver, and which has required gallons of mid-night oil to prepare, containing the wisdom of the thousand wise men of Japan, and which would have given to the world knowledge which it will take ages for mankind to acquire.

To get even with this inconsiderate committee I have consigned this speech to the flames of Uncle Henry, and should the com. mittee now want it ever so much it could not get the speech.

But to return to my subject, and to make good my promise to *cut it short" I will address a few remarks

To the employes, our friends,
To the employes and their friends,

And to tbe employes and our friends. In the conduct of the business of Meyer Brothers, first as a firm, and afterwards as a corporation, the management has always been peculiarly fortunate in having in its organization a feeling of friendship between employer and employe. The relations have always been those of a family, and to this feeling of family relation the house in a very large measure owes its success. The family pride of those associated with us in our daily work, has helped to build up the business, the individual doing his part to so perform his work that it not only might be well done, but that it would bring more business. Thus by all pulling together, every one to his ability, we have by combined strength built what no other organization in the drug world has been able to accomplish. This because we are friends.

But the infuence of this friendly relation between employer and employe extends further than simply to the limits of the organization. If it were confined to that how could we have such a large and varied assemblage here to-night, from the various walks of life, gathered together in the interest of one commercial, organization. Surely there is a common interest somewhere which brings us all together here to-night, there is a tie some

to us,

Life.
Life without love is lonely,
Life without hope is sad,
Life is worth living only
When the whole heart is glad,
Life without faith is cheerless,
Life without friendship drear,
lile can never be tearless
When the sun holds a fear.
Life without toil and trouble,
Life without pleasure and pain,
Would be an empty bubble
And Heaven but Earth again.

- JOSEPH FREDERICK CHERRY.

Best Bets for Business. Better be a climber than a knocker. Give your brain a chance to think, Don't waste time hatching out a bad egg. Don't ever mistake live steam for hot air. Be a gentleman, even though it takes more time. A great man is a target for sarcasm and criticism.

FROM A DRUG CLERK'S DIARY.

STRAY ITEMS AND COMMENTS.

BY HARRY N. FORCE, PH, G.

Joseph Winters England, of Philadelphia, is a busy

man who has the energy Pharmacopoeia Londinensis, MDCCXVI.

and ability necessary to do

well all of the work which (Continued from page 84.)

devolves upon him in the

following official positions: 18. Aqua and Oleum Sanguinis Humani, Water

Chairman of Section on Educa. and Oil of Mans Blood.

tion and Legislation, A. Ph. A. R the Blood of a young Man in the Spring time,

Curator of Museum, Philadel

phia College of Pharmacy. digest 40 days, then distil in Ashes or Sand, by an

Secretary of Alumni AssociaAlembick, so will you have Water and Oil. Rectify

tion, Philadelphia College of the Water in B. M. the Oil in a Retort, drawing them

Pharmacy. of nine or ten times, till it be of a red Colour. In

Chairman of Publication Com

mittee, Alumni Report. the first Distillation beware you burn not the Faeces.

Secretary of Publication ComThe Water cures Consumptions and Hecticks, taken

mittee, American Journal of zi. at a time, and outwardly cures Burns, Scalds, and

Pharmacy. Fistula's. The Oil perfectly cures the Falling-sick- JOSEPH WINTERS ENGLAND. Member of Board of Trustees,

Philadelphia College of Pharmacy ness, gut x. being given thirty Days together, begin

Director of Research Laboratory, Smith, Kline & French Co. ning at the New Moon, and so continuing, and afterwards gut. xx. once every New Moon for a year: It

Should the High School or an Examination be the also cures, as Beguinus saith, Palsies, Apoplexies and

Standard for admission to colleges of pharmacy? The ulcerated Lungs, and is a great Cordial.

Philadelphia Saturday Evening Post for March 7, 1908, 19. Balsämum Arthriticum, Balsam against the

has the following editorial:

Are City High Schools Making Good?—There are 590,000 puGout.

pils in the public schools of New York City. In the fifth grade R Mans Blood, and purify it ten Days, then distil

there are 75,000, or one-eighth of the whole. From that poin from Sand by degrees, first with a small Fire, after the number declines rapidly, and less than four per cent of the with a stronger in a Glass Retort, so have you a red

whole are in the high schools.

Last year there were 21,000 graduates from the grammar foetid Oil with a volatile Salt sticking in the Neck;

schools, of whom under 13,000 entered the high schools, while rectifying the Oil with Colcothar in Sand, repeat it nearly 7,000 left the high schools during the first year's course. often with fresh Colcothar, in which dissolves the The number in the fourth year of the high schools was under volatile Salt. After this manner you may make a

2,000, or about one-third of one per cent of the total public school

register. There were 1,787 graduates from the high schools, of Balsam of the Blood of all other Animals.

whom 335 entered college. The high schools, with under four It is of a strange force in the Gout, (from whence it per cent of the total pupils, take eleven per cent of the total cost has its Name) anointing with it tbrice a day for 7 or of instruction. The cost per pupil is $95.73 (which compares with 8 Days together, it takes away the Pain and Redness,

$19.31 in Chicago, by the way), against $31.61 in the elementary

schools. and makes the Tumor vanish.

Not that cost, in itself, is any argument; but is the city high 20. Spiritus Antepilepticus Sanguinus Humani, school, organized mosty as a preparatory school to fit pupils for

college, really justifying itself? Antepileptick Spirit of Mans Blood.

Harvard, Columbia, Yale, Princeton and a number of other R of the deflegmated and double rectified Sp. of strong institutions admit students upon examination only. The Mans Blood, Essence of Lavender Flowers, ana lb. i. high-school graduate, in order to enter one of those universities, distil in B. M. to the half; do it twice, to which add

must have a great mass of what he has learned in high school in

such command that he can use it under the trying conditions of a Spirit of Wine zi. mix them.

test examination. As a matter of fact, the average high school Given in Angelica Water, or with Tincture of Poeny

graduate requires many weeks of hard review work before he can Flowers, it cures Asthma's, Apoplexies, Palsies, and pass the entrance examinations, and often a year. the Falling-sickness. Beguinus has a Philtron made

The city high school, organized as a preparatory school for

colleges, needs, we think, examination and consideration. of Mans Blood, a Quintessence, and two other secrets;

Those pharmacists who read the controversy in the which you may find in him.

Pharmaceutical Era between Dr. O. A. Walland Dr. H. (To be continued.)

L. Taylor, on the subject of the conditions in regard

to high school education in New York, cannot fail to Talent is of great value to the student, but talent

notice how these statements in the paper established without work is as money that lies idle, it brings no

by Benjamin Franklin seem to bear out the correctinterest and fails to be a means of support. Put your ness of Dr. Wall's statements made about a year ago. talents out on interest and endeavor to get the best They will also note that some universities are discardper cent for them you can.

ing the high school prerequisite and substituting an

entrance examination, as advocated by Dr. Wall at the Egotism and conceit are two of the meanest rags New York meeting of the American Pharmaceutical hanging about the framework of the human character. Association.

[graphic]

...... gr. XX

gr. vox,

.dr. ss.

may be

I do not believe that the cocain is of any value. If the THERAPEUTICS FOR PHARMACISTS.

parts are dry, they should be abraded before applying

the paste.” Danger From Raw Vegetables and Fruits.--The

Olive Oil and Linseed Oil Compared as Medicines. Public Health Society, of which the Annales is the

-The Journal of the American Medical Association organ, adopted resolutions appealing to the author

answers an inquiry on this subject by saying: “No ities to absolutely prohibit on sewage farms the rais- particular difference can be made between the physioing of vegetables and fruits which are eaten without logic action of linseed oil and olive oil. Both act as cooking

fats available for nutrition, but, on account of its disFor Sore Nipples.-(American Text-Book of 06- agreeable smell and taste, linseed oil is little used. It stetrics).

is regarded as a laxative, and is said to be especially R Acid, boric........

serviceable for this purpose in hemorrhoids. Linseed Bismuthi subpitratis..

oil contains a compound of glycerin with a certain 01. ricini .....

..aa 3 ij

fatty acid, which is more readily oxidized than oleic M. et ft. unguentum.

acid, and it may be that this difference in the acid Sig. Apply locally on absorbent lint.

radicals would cause a corresponding difference in the Ointment for Boils.-An excellent ointment for the therapeutic properties. Nothing appears to be known, treatment of boils is that recommended by Bulkley. however, to justify attributing to it any special theraIt consists of:

peutic value other than its laxative action already R Phenol.....

noticed. The dose is from one to two ounces. It is Flext. ergot.....

sometimes added to laxative enemata, and Starch

substituted for olive oil on account of cheapness in Zinc oxide

.aa dr. ij. It is spread upon the center of a moderately thick

cases in which regular injections of oil are given for layer of absorbent cotton, several times the size of the spastic constipation. If linseed oil is used at all in inflamed area, and secured with strips of adhesive medicine, it should be borne in mind that the raw plaster. This dressing can be left on for ten or twelve

linseed oil is the only form suitable for internal use, hours.

even though lead is no longer used in preparing the

boiled oil as was formerly the custom.” Ointments for Burns.—The following ointments

For Soft Corns.—The Medical Summary for Jan. give excellent results as a dressing:-Liniment of lime, 40 Gm.; wool fat, 20 Gm.; soft paraffin, 10 Gm.;

uary says: The bane of many a life is soft, tender, gomenol oil, 10.Gm.; ichthyol, 10 Gm.; orthoform,

and perspiring feet. This is a condition that results 2 Gm.; oil of verbena, 30 drops; oil of lavender, 30

very often in what are termed "soft corns.” The epidrops; magnesium carbonate or French chalk suffi

dermic cells, unlike in the case of "hard corns," incient to make a creamy paste. When the scabs fall

stead of becoming hardened as successive layers acoff the following healing ointment should be applied: cumulate, are softened by the moisture constantly Peruvian balsam, 30 drops; storax ointment, i Gm.; present in the spaces between the toes, and with the oil of eucalyptus, 20 drops; oil of cinnamon, 5 drops;

constant pressure and constriction of the shoe the hyliquid paraffin, 25 Gm.; precipitated chalk, 12 Gm.

pertrophied integument becomes exceedingly painful [GASTON & GUILLOT (Formulary of Nouveaux Rem

to those thus afflicted whose occupation requires them edes, 1907, 23 [18], 1).

to remain on their feet for a long period of time. Bougard's Paste.—Dr. C. W. Webb, in the Journal | but there is none that equals ichthyol (said to be am

Many remedies are advised to rectify this condition, of the American Medical Association, recommends the following, in cases of skin cancer:

monium suphoichthyolate) to meet every condition

that presents itself, under the circumstances the treatWheat flour....

ment requires.
Starch, aa...

Z ss
Arsenous acid

| 32 gr. v.

A twenty-five percent. aqueous solution is about the Red sulphid of mercury

proper strength to use. When used in full strength it Hydrochlorate of ammonia .. 1 | 16 gr. xviii. Bichlorid of mercury.........

may prove an irritant to a highly sensitive surface,

| 13 gr. ii. “Mix in mortar and add five ounces of hot water,

and the definite strength to use must be left to the

nature of the case. half an ounce of chlorid of zinc and five grains of hydrochlorate of cocain. Spread on a cloth or ad

Under the use of ichthyol the “soft corn" will hehesive plaster about one-eighth inch thick. Apply it

come of firmer consistence, the pain and inflammation to the part affected and leave it in place for about

of the contiguous parts will be relieved, and with the twenty-four hours. Considerable pain and swelling removal of the elevated and hardened material normal ensue and a slough comes away in about four days. tonicity will return and a permanent cure will result. Sometimes a second application is necessary. After the slough separates, any mild dressing will do. I That Which People Sow they shall also reap does generally use boric-acid ointment. The chlorid of not always apply to the pictures on the seed packages. zinc is probably the ingredient which does the good. [Poor RICHARD, JUNIOR.

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