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I. Colonial Governments consisted of

(1) An Assembly,
(2) A Council,
(3) A Governor, and

(4) Courts of Law.
2. The Assembly was chosen by

the people. 3. The Council, Governor, and

Judges were appointed in vari

ous ways. 4. The Colonists possessed the

rights of English subjects. 5. Parliament had power to nullify

any law passed by the Colonies. 6. The Colonies owed a double allegiance: they were subject(1) To their own laws, and

(2) To those of Great Britain. 7. The Crown and Parliament had

supremacy in national affairs. 8. The Colonial Governments were

Supreme in local affairs. 9. The attempt of Parliament to

tax the Colonies precipitated the conflict which ended in inde

pendence. II. Political Effects of Independence.

1. The Colonies became free and

independent States. 2. The Union that had existed

through Great Britain now ex

isted through Congress. 3. The powers of Congress were

defined by the Articles of Con

federation. 4. Their inadequacies were sup

plied by the Constitution. 5. How the Constitution

was framed. 6. How it was ratified. 7. The views of its friends and its

enemies. 8. How the government was in

augurated. 9. How amendments may be pro

posed and ratified. 10. The amendments enumerated

and characterized. 11. The preamble an enacting

clause. 12. The preamble involves five

things: a. The people enact it. b. It establishes a more perfect union. c. It establishes a constitutional government. d. It creates a federal state. e. The people delegate some powers

and reserve others. 13. The provisions of the Constitution are embodied in

VII. articles. III, How Powers are Distributed.

1. A Legislative Department makes the laws. The President may veto and the Supreme Court annul them.

2. An Executive Department en

forces and administers the laws.

Congress may impeach. 3. A Judicial Department inter

prets and applies. The Legislative Department may impeach and the President and the

Senate appoint or remove. IV. The Legislative Department,

1. It is bicameral -- two-cham

bered. 2. How the House is elected. 3. Qualifications of Representa

tives and Senators. 4. The qualifications of electors. 5. How Senators are elected: the

four steps. 6. How vacancies are filled. 7. Classes of Senators. 8. Who may vote for Representa

tives. 9. How Representatives are ap

portioned. 10. The decennial census. 11. Method of apportionment. 12. Changes in the law: 1842, 1872,

1873. 13. Compensation of national legis

lators. 14. Privileges of members of Con

gress. 15. Prohibition affecting members

of Congress. 16. Length of each Congress. 17. Times of meeting. 18. Officers of the Senate. 19. Officers of the House of Repre

sentatives. 20. Each House the judge of the

rights, qualifications, etc., of its

21. Quorums to transact business.
22. Řules governing proceedings.
23. Power to punish its own mem-

24. Journals and voting.
25. Mode of Legislating.
26. Action of the President.
27. Orders, resolutions.
28. The Committee system.

29. Adjournments. V. Impeachments.

1. Any Civil Officer may be im

peached. 2. The House impeaches. 3. The Senate tries impeach

ments. 4. How the trial is conducted. 5. The limit of punishment on con


6. Summary of impeachments. VI. Powers of Congress.

1. Taxation.
2. Special Rules.
3. Taxes: direct and indirect.

4. Borrowing money-Bonds and

Treasury Notes.
5. Commerce.
6. Naturalization.
7. Bankruptcies.
8. Coinage.
9. History of the silver dollar.
10. Fineness, weight, and ratio of

value of gold and silver.
11. Gold and silver certificates.
12. Counterfeiting.
13. The Independent Treasury.
14. National Banks.
15. Weights and Mesaures.
16. The postal service.
17. Rates of postage.
18. Copyrights and patent rights.
19. Piraces and felonies.
20. Power to declare war.
21. Federal district.

22. Power to make necessary laws. VII. Powers of the Executive.

1. The executive power efficient. 2. How the President and V.

are elected. 3. How nominated. 4. Electoral ticket. 5. How electors are chosen. 6. How electors vote. 7. How their votes are counted. 8. When electors fail to elect, the

House elects Pres. and Senate

V.-P. 9. History of the electoral law. 10. Remarks on the System. 11. Qualifications, term, and salary. 12. Oath of office. 13. Duties of Vice-President, 14. The Presidential succession. 15. Commander-in-chief. 16. Power to pardon, except in im

peachment cases. 17. Makes treaties by aid of Senate. 18. How treaties are made. 19. Appointive power. 20. The President nominates: the

Senate confirms. 21. Public ministers. 22. Recognition of countries by re

ceiving ministers, 23. The duties of consuls. 24. Military and naval officers ap

pointed and removed. 25. The President's power of re

moval. 26. How vacancies are filled. 27. The service. 28. Civil service reform. 29. The President's messages. 30. Power to call special sessions of

each or both Houses,
VIII. Executive Departments.

1. Department of State.
2. Department of the Treasury.
3. Department of War.
4. Department of Justice.
5. Post-office Department.
6. Department of the Navy,
7. Department of the Interior.
8. Department of Agriculture.

9. The Constitution and functions

of the Cabinet. IX. The Judicial Department. 1. Its functions and

powers defined. 2. Where the power is vested. 3. The different kinds of courts. 4. The extent of the judicial

power. 5. Original, concurrent, and appel

late jurisdiction. 6. The number of District Courts. 7. The Circuit Courts. 8. The Circuit Courts of Appeals. 9. The Court of Claims. 10. Courts of the Federal District

and Territories.
11. The Supreme Court.
12. How the judges are appointed.
13. The compensation of judges.
14. The concurrent jurisdiction of

National and State courts.
15. Appeals from State courts.
16. Rules regulating trials.
17. Military courts.

18. Treason and its punishment. X. New States and the Public Do

main. 1. The origin of the public do

main. 2. Annexation of territory. 3. Provisions for new States. 4. Territories of the United States. 5. The government of an organ

ized Territory.
6. How new States are admitted.
7. Indian Territory.
8. How the public lands are sur-

9. School lands.

10. The new States admitted. XI. Relation of the States to the

Union. 1. The sphere of a State. 2. The sphere of the Nation. 3. The State and the Union. 4. National functions of the

States, 5. Prohibitions laid on the States. 6. Mutual duties of States, 7. Privileges and immunities of

citizens. 8. A Republican form of govern

ment guaranteed. 9. Invasion and domestic violence. 10. National authority and public

peace. 11. The supremacy of the Union. 12. The writ of habeas corpus. 13. Bills of attainder and ex post

facto laws. 14. No titles of nobility conferred

- none to be accepted by public

15. No national church.
16. Soldiers not to be quartered on

17. The militia.
18. Searches and seizures.



The Numbers refer to the paragraphs.

I. The Beginnings of Government 26. The Position Taken by Iowa.

27. A Change in Administration.
1. Meaning of the Name Iowa. 28. The Seat of Government
2. History of the Use of the


29. “The Land Claim Laws."
3. Early Explorations.

30. Organization of the Settlers.
4. The Expedition of Captains IV. The Steps to Statehood.
Lewis and Clarke.

31. The Recommendation of the
5. The Expedition of Major


32. The First Constitutional
6. The Title to the Soil.

7. The First White Settler.

33. The Iowa Boundary Ques-
8. Miner of the Mines of Spain.

9. Other Early White Settlers.

34. The Act of Congress.
II. The Original Inhabitants.

35. The View of the People.
10. The Indians.

36. The Second Attempt.
11. The Government and the

37. Other Constitutional Ques-

12. Treaties with the Indians.

38. The Opposition to Banks and
13. The Half-Breed Tract.

14. Legal Efforts Regarding Ti-

39. The Second Constitutional

15. Final Settlement of the Case.

40. The Result of the Work.

41. The Hard Times.
III. Iowa Territory (1838-1840).

The Democratic Period of State
16. The Organic Act.
17. The Power of the Governor.

Control, (1846-1854).

42. The First Steps.
18. The Judicial Power.
19. The First Governor.

43. The Importance of the First
20. The First Legislature.

State Election.

44. The First Deadlock.
21. Controversy with the Gover-

45. The Balance of Power.
22. Opinion of the Legislature.

46. The First Legislative Investi.
23. The Appeal to Higher Power.

24. The Second Legislature.

47. The Financial Condition.
25. The Boundary Dispute with

48. The Temperance Movement.

49. School Legislation.

50. The First Special Session.
51. Railroad Agitation and its

52. The Election of 1818.
53. The Mormon Vote
54. The Second General Assem-

VI. The Transition Period in Organ-

ization and Legislation

55. A Period of Organization.
56. The Economical Manage-

ment of These Times.
57. The Spirit of Speculation.
58. The State University of Iowa.
59. School Legislation.
60. The Hungarians in Iowa.

61. The Great Seals of Iowa.
VII. The Republican Period of State

Control, (1857-1896).
62. The Change in State Policy.
63. Other Things that Hastened

the Change.
64. The Third Constitutional

63. Railroad Legislation.
66. Effect of the New Policy.
67. The First Land Grants.
68. The Des Moines River Land

69. What the United States did

for Iowa.
70. Founding State Institutions.
71. The State Banking System.

72. Temperance Legislation.
VIII. Iowa in the Days of Contro-

versy and War (1859-1865).
73. The Slavery Question.
74. Controversies over Suffrage.
75. The Republican Party Su-

76. The Campaign of 1860.
77. The Meeting of the Crisis.
78. The Effect of the War.
79. Iowa in the War of the Re-

80. The Sioux Indian and the

81. The Spirit Lake Massacre.
82. The Outrages Committed.
83. The Monument.

IX. The State Institutions and Socie.

84. The Policy of the State.
85. The Penitentiaries.
86. The Soldiers' Home.
87. The Hospitals for the Insane.
88. The Industrial Home for the

89. The College for the Blind.
90. The School for the Deaf.
91. The Industrial Schools.
92. The Institution for the

93. The Soldiers' Orphans'

94. The State Agricultural Col-

95. The State University.
96. The State Normal School.
97. The State Library.
98. The State Geological Sur-

99. The Boards of Control.
(1) Board of Dental Ex-

(2) Board of Health.
(3) Commissioners of

100. Educational Board of Ex-

a miners.
101. The State Societies.

(1) The Agricultural Soci-

(2) Historical Society.
(3) The Horticultural So-

(4) Improved Stock Breed-

ers' Association.
(5) The Iowa State Teach-

ers' Association.
X. Growth, Development

102. The Rate of Progress.
103. Growth in Population.
101. The Early Modes of Travel.
105. Urban Population.
106. The First Effect of the Rail-

107. Railway Building.
108. State Control of Railway.
109. Iowa's Capitals.


110. The Policy of the State as to

111. The Policy of the State as to

Public Institutions.
112. Political Changes.
113. Productions.
114. Mining
115. Live Stock and Dairy Pro-

116. Public Education.
117. The First School Provisions.
118. The Constitutional Provi-


119. Early Method of Support of

120. The Public School Strength-

121. The State Board of Educa

122. Horace Mann and Iowa.
123. Education, not Supported by

Public Taxation.
124. Other Educational Influ-

125. Religion.


XI. Local Government.
126. The Formation of the Ameri-

can Union.
127. The Constitution.
128. The Reserved Rights of the

129. The State Divided into Coun-

ties and Townships.

The Congressional Town-

131. The Plan of the Survey.
132. The Division of the Town-

ship into Sections.
133. The District Township.
XII. Township Government.

131. The Civil Township.
135. Officers of the Civil Town-

135. Bonds.
137. Remuneration,
138. Township Elections.
139. Duties of Township Officers.
140. Classification of Trustees.
141. The Township Clerk.
142. Road Supervisors.
143. Constables and Justices of

the Peace.
144. Assessor.

145. Militia.
XIII. Municipalities.

146. Classification.
147. The Incorporated Town.

148. The Officers of an Incorpo-

rated Town.
149. The Council and their Duties.
150. Cities of the Second Class.
151. Ordinances and Wards.
152. Number of Cities of the

Second Class.
153. Cities of the First Class.

154. Number
XIV. County Government.

155. County Government.
156. Two County Seats.
157. The County Officers.
158. The Board of Supervisors.
159. The Duties of the County

160. The Public Buildings.
161. The County Auditor.
162. The County Treasurer.
163. The County Attorney.
164. The County Recorder.
165. Buying Real Estate.
166. The County Clerk.
167. Other Duties of the County

168. The Sheriff.
169. The Coroner.
170. Notaries Public.

171. The County Superintendent
XV. State Government.

172. The Constitution.
173. The Preamble.

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