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PLATE VII. WHITE BURLEY TOBACCO (topped plant).
Beady for catting, slightly wilted. Hlght, 4 feet 4 inches. Fifteen leaves on plant; top leaves, 28 inches long; center leaves, 38 inches long; bottom leaves, 36 inches. Grown In Greene county, east Tennessee.
highly prized for dark cigar wrappers. New York, Illinois, Wisconsin.
Sumatra Seed.—Newest of all varieties of cigar leaf. Grown in Florida, from seed imported from Sumatra. Leaf light in weight and color; not long, compared to other seedleaf, and much narrower, with fine ribs. Promises to be very popular with cigar manufacturers. See article on Tobacco in Florida, also Plates V and VI.
Thickset.—Leaf long, pointed, narrow, coarse fiber; very short stalk, coarse and heavy; common plug work and shipping. Kentucky, Missouri, Maryland, West Virginia, Tennessee, eastern Ohio.
Twist Bud.—Heavy, large leaf, screw-shaped, terminal stem; export mainly, also plug fillers. Kentucky, Missouri, Maryland.
Vallandigham. — Large, pointed, smooth leaf; cigar wrappers and fillers, smokers. Wisconsin.
Wand.—Another name for Lacks, which see.
White Stem Orinoco.—Leaf long, slender, drooping, tough and fibrous, largest leaf grown; yellow plug wrappers, strips and shipping leaf. Virginia and North Carolina.
Williams.—Same as Beat-All. Grown in Tennessee for twenty-five years as Williams; British and German export. Tennessee.
Wilson's Hybrid.—Said to be an improved Havana. Erect habit, easy of cultivation; cigar wrappers, binders and fillers. Grown very generally in New York. "Little Spanish," and "Corn-Cross Havana," are varieties of this type that have a local popularity.
Yellow Mammoth.—Very large leaf; rapid grower, yields largely; stemmed for export, and used for Swiss wrappers. Tennessee. Plates X and XI.
Zimmer's Spanish.—Much like Wilson's Hybrid Havana. Generally grown in the Miami valley, in Ohio, and also in Wisconsin.
Since 1880, the following new varieties for the growing of yellow and mahogany manufacturing leaf have been originated by cross-fertilization.
Kagland's Conqueror.—Grown in Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia and Tennessee. This is now a standard variety.
Bonanza.—A White Burley cross on the Yellow Orinoco, said to possess the qualities of both parents; beautifully blended, and very popular with manufacturers, being tougher than the White Burley, and more porous than the Orinoco; very hardy.
Safeano.—A cross of the Hyco on White Burley. The color resembles the saffron rose, it being a rich saffron color; it has a soft, silky texture, and delightful flavor.
Gold Finder.—Another cross of the Yellow Orinoco and the White Burley. It is almost as white as the White Burley, and has the shape and habits of growth of the Orinoco.
Bullion.—A White Burley cross on the Hester; a broad leafed, stately plant, well formed and fine fibered. It resembles the Hester in habit, but the leaves are larger and grow farther apart on the stalk. It has a fine texture and great absorptive capacity.
Climax.—A cross of the White Burley on the Sterling. This has not been much tried, but it is thought to be an acquisition to the bright list.
Bagland's Improved Yellow Orinoco has been more extensively planted in recent years for the yellow type than any other variety. In its habit of growth it does not differ very much from the Yellow Orinoco.
Honduras.—Used in the yellow-tobacco districts for growing the bright mahogany. It is a vigorous grower and very healthy.
Several old varieties, as the Yellow Pryor, the Hester, the Gooch, and the original White Burley, are said to have been improved by careful culture and cross-fertilization, by the late E. L. Ragland, of Virginia, for a long time the best known and one of the most successful tobacco growers in the yellow belt.
Among the new varieties of merit for dark, rich export tobacco recently originated, may be mentioned the Kentucky Yellow, one of the largest varieties known, combining weight with fine texture.
Every one of the varieties mentioned in this list has its excellences and its advocates. Two farmers, living side by side, upon the same soils, will often differ in their preferences, and will grow continuously for many years different varieties from each other. Each variety has some good points, and is deficient in others, and from this cause the great difference in opinion as to merits arises.
In the South, the favorite selections among a majority of planters, for the purposes indicated, are the following: For yellow tobacco: Gooch, Broadleaf Orinoco, or White Stem Orinoco, as it is sometimes called, Yellow Orinoco, Hester, Bradley, Tilly, Sterling, Yellow Pryor, Lacks, Primus, Tuckahoe. For manufacturing purposes, flue, sun and air cured: Bonanza, Flanagan, Little Orinoco, Sterling, Hyco, Hester, Sweet Orinoco and Bradley on siliceous loams, and White Burley on strong limestone soils. For mild chewing tobacco and smokers: Sweet Orinoco on siliceous soils, and White Burley on limestone lands. For heavy shipping leaf: Blue Pryor, Medley Pryor, Beat-All, Yellow Mammoth, and Kentucky Yellow; the Shoestring is largely grown for shipping abroad, though very