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show it to have been 76,000,000. The census figures are used below, except that American Agriculturist'$ returns for 1895 are given. Weights are in thousands of pounds, last three figures (000's) omitted.
a Each account with the internal revenue department is here considered as a factory. As a matter of fact, there may be several accounts in the same building. Hence the discrepancy between these figures and those of the federal census, which last represent different establishments.
b Product of manufactured tobacco.
Cigarettes: Total production In 1886 was 1607 millions, in 1894 was 3621 millions, divided bet ween the States of principal production thus: Louisiana, 12 a in '86 against 158 millions in '94; Maryland, 119 to 36; New York, 929 to 1838; North Carolina, 262 to 737, and Virginia's product of 273 million cigarettes in '86 increased to 823 millions in '94.
Plug Tobacco: Total product in 1886 was 131 million pounds, which for *94 had increased to lt,0 millions by leading States its follows: Kentucky, 13 million pounds in '86 and 22 millions in '94; Missouri 30 to 52; New "Jersey, 18 to 12; New York. 4 to 3; North Carolina. 10 to 17; Ohio, 0 to 15; while Virginia's plug tobacco output of 38 million pounds in •86 dropped to 31 millions eight years later.
Fine Cut: Production in 1886 was 17 million pounds and only 14 millions in'94, as follows: Illinois, 1.6 to 2.1; Michigan, 0 to 4; New Jersey, 6 to 3; and New York dropped from 3.3 to 2.3 million pounds.
SmoHng Tobaccos: Total product jumped from 55 million pounds in '86, to over 83 millions In '94, being from the principal States: Illinois, 4.9 to 8.6; Kentucky, 0 to 3.7; Louisiana, 0 to 1.3: Maryland, 6.3 to 9.3; Michigan, 5.8 to 8.2; Missouri, 4.5 to 5.6; New Jersey, 4.9 to6.1; New York, 9.6 to 12.6; North Carolina, 4.7 to 7.1; Ohio 2.6 to 3.9; Pennsylvania, stationary at 3; Wisconsin, 4.7 to 5.5; while Virginia and West Virginia, which manufactured no smoking tobacco in '86, reported 4.1 and 3.6 million pounds respectively for 1894.
Snuff: Product for 1886 was 6,547,000 pounds against 11,583,000 xmmts in 1894. In the latter year, the principal Stales ihat producing snuff were: New Jersey, 4,920,000 pounds; Pennsylvania, 3,822,000 pounds; Tennessee, 965,000; Virginia, 726,000; Maryland, 493,000; Illinois, 347,000 pounds. In 1886, the principal snuff-producing States were: Delaware, 2,284,000 and New Jersey, 2,500,000 pounds.
Prices In Home And Foreign Markets.
Table XIII CIOAB LEAF AT NEW YORK CITY.
This table gives the average wholesale quotations in January and October, at New York city, for the best grade of domestic tobacco used for filling cigars. Also the same for best grades of domestic wrapper leaf. The growths of Connecticut, New York State, Pennsylvania and Ohio are separately stated, as their qualities are usually quite different. From 1850 to 1857, Connecticut wrappers sold for 10 to 20 cents per pound at New York city. Thence to 1860 the price was 10 to 40 cents. Twenty and 25 cents was the top price until 1863, when the boom began that culminated a year later.
Table XIV.—COMPARATIVE RELATIVE PRICES OF TOBACCO LEAF.
In this table, 100 is the basis of values, or the index number. It represents the average wholesale price of leaf tobacco for the year 1860. For the United States, this average is based on the mean wholesale quotation for the year, of all grades of leaf in the New York city and Cincinnati markets. For London, it is the average of the whole* sale quotations on Virginia leaf. For Hamburg, it is the average of wholesale prices on both imported and the German-grown leaf. To compare the fluctuations in tobacco values, we add the index numbers for the United States only, of wheat, cotton, wool, and the general average for all farm products. Average comparative prices for the first six months '96 are given, as compiled by American Ji/ricnllurL't.
•Average for 12 months, 1895, specially furnished for this work by the Hamburg statistical bureau. It aiso reports wheat averaging, for 1895, the equivalent of 69 cents per bushel, U. S. currency, against $1.20 at Hamburg, for 1891; the relative value of wheat being 82 for the year 1891, and only 46 for the year 1890.
Table XV.—COMPARATIVE Market Prices OF LEAP —TOBACCO IN HOME AND FOREIGN MARKETS.
This table shows the average wholesale quotation of the best grades of Kentucky leaf at New York city in January, and again in October. The same facts are given for Virginia leaf on the London market in January and July. The yearly average wholesale price of all leaf tobacco at Hamburg, Germany, is then given. Also the average value per pound of the leaf tobacco exported each year from the United States.
Table XVI l AT Interior Markets.
Cincinnati, Ohio, is one of the oldest tobacco markets in the Interior, and is a distributing point for immense quantities of leaf, grown In the central portions of the United States. Its quotations are available since 1853, and are put on record here to show the fiuctuations in prices at interior markets. There are four l grades of the varieties used for manufactured tobacco, but the "average" quality and the "fine" or best I only, are I' m average I