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assistance of the most experienced experts. "Without the generous aid of these gentlemen, a work of this

character could not have been published. Their services are entitled to the fullest recognition, which is most gladly accorded.

Among the scientists who have aided in the preparation of this book, special credit is due Prof. William Frear, in charge of tobacco work at the Pennsylvania experiment station, who is the author of the admirable treatise on the bacteriology of tobacco; Dr. E. H. Jenkins, vice director of the Connecticut experiment station, under whose management the famous Poquonock experiments have been conducted; Prof. II. Garman, entomologist to the Kentucky experiment station, whose assistance has been invaluable in the preparation of the chapter on insect pests; Prof. M. A. Scovcll, director of the Kentucky experiment Station ; Prof. W. C. Stubbs and J. G. Lee, director and vice director of the North Louisiana experiment station; President Le Roy Broun of the Alabama agricultural college; Dr. C. A. Goessman of the Massachusetts experiment station and Prof. R. J. Davidson, chemist to the Virginia experiment station. Full use has also


PROF. H. CARMAN, KENTUCKY. been made of the excellent work done by Prof. E. S. Goff, at the Wisconsin experiment station, by F. G. Carpenter, at the North Carolina experiment station, and by Dr. S. W. Johnson of Connecticut, and by Nessler, Schloesing, and others in Germany.


Among the practical men who have contributed valuable aid, we would mention, in Virginia, in Richmond, Hon. S. P. Carr of the Davenport warehouse, James M. Gentry, Cameron & Cameron, J. Wright Co. and William M. Dibrell; John

Sims of Maxwelton, Halifax George L. Wimbekly, N. C. county, himself a successful planter, who has descended through a long line of successful tobacco growers reaching back nearly 200 years. Mr. Carr has never failed to respond promptly and cheerfully for any information, and when the facts were not at his command, he has spared neither time nor expense in securing data for us, and his substantial and ready assistance fully entitles him to share with us in the authorship of the work.

In Tennessee, our obligations are due to F. W. Taylor and George C. Carthrons of Morristown, to C. Austin of Greenevilie, Jack Crouch of Clarksville, Hon. James G. Aydelotte of Tullahoma, Walter Fort and Mr. Harned of Robertson county, Otto Giers of




Nashville. A. B. and J. P. Killebrew, of Montgomery county, large and successful tobacco planters, have supplied many valuable facts regarding the more recent methods in the heavy-shipping districts of fertilization, cultivation and harvesting; also Mr. J. C. Kendrick, president of the Clarksville tobacco board of trade, and M. H. Clark, the Nestor among tobacco dealers of Tennessee. Mr. Clark's high intelligence and extensive and varied knowledge of tobacco among all civilized nations, and his intimate acquaintance with the special types suitable for consumption by the various peoples of the earth, make his contribution to this work of special and authoritative value. The rich endowments of his mind are only equaled by the excellence of his address, his high courtesy as a gentleman, and his gracefulness and perspicuity as a writer. His brother, Lewis R. Clark, a full associate in the tobacco trade, is also a gentleman of rare culture and of varied attainments. he has never hesitated to comply with any request made of him for information pertaining to tobacco. Charles Dowel 1, of Robertson county, is entitled to our best thanks for the admirable designs furnished by him for building curing houses.





Kentucky's interest in this work, besides that already mentioned, is represented by contributions from Alexander Harthill, of Louisville, whose name is familiar to the tobacco dealers of two continents; W. C. Thompson, of Georgetown, a large and most intelligent grower of White Burley tobacco, furnished minute details respecting the culture and management of that variety of tobacco; Thomas E. Browder, of Logan county, who for several years was associated with a large tobacco commission house, and subsequently became a successful grower of tobacco,

supplied valuable information respecting the types used in foreign countries. Single facts have been obtained from a large number of the most intelligent planters and dealers throughout the State.

In North Carolina, valuable aid was received from G. L. Wimberly, an intelligent grower of Edgecombe county; Col. Isaac Sugg of Greenville, Hon. H. G. Connor and James I. Thomason of Wilson, and the Hon. Julian S. Carr of Durham. The name of the latter is known and appreciated wherever pipe-smoking tobacco is used. In South Carolina, we are indebted to E. M. Pace of Marion, Sydnor & Treadway and Bright Williamson of Darlington.





Thomas Mason of Cincinnati, the accomplished editor of the Western Tobacco Journal, has never failed to answer inquiries relating to tobacco, and this work is enriched by many useful facts supplied by him. Mr. Lockwood Myrick's deep studies, laboratory work, and practical experience in the manufacture, sale and use of fertilizers, is largely responsible for the completeness of Chapter VI. A. W. Fulton assisted in working up the valuable chapter on the marketing of the various kinds of tobacco.

In the cigar leaf portions of the work, we are particularly indebted to W. W. Sanderson, one of the most careful and practical experts in the culture of Havana seed in Massachusetts; Pres. H. S. Frye, of the New England tobacco growers' association; W. F. Andross, of the East Hartford section; John E. DuBon, field manager for the Connecticut Tobacco Experiment Company; Hon. Wallace Tappan, of Onondaga county, New York; Press, W. C. Morse, of the Chemung valley (N. Y.) growers' association; Mr. F. E. Diffenderfer of Lancaster county, and other Pennsylvania growers; Mr. Jacob Zimmer, of the Miami valley,

Ohio, and several Wisconsin planters. The chapter on cigar-leaf culture in the South and West is largely based



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