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alluvium Alps ancient animals aqueous argillaceous Auvergne basin beds bones bottom boulder calcareous called carbonate of lime Carboniferous chalk chapter character clay cliffs coal coast composed consist containing corals crag Cretaceous crystalline denudation deposits distinct earth England Eocene extinct feet thick fish flint formations fossil shells fossiliferous fossils fragments freshwater genera genus Geol geologists Geology glaciers gneiss granite gravel green-sand groups gypsum height horizontal islands Jura lakes land lava layers limestone living loess London clay lower manner marine shells marl mass miles mineral Miocene mountains newer observed occur ocean Oolite organic remains origin Paris basin pebbles period plants Pliocene plutonic portion quadrupeds racter recent species red sandstone regions ridges rivers rocks sand sediment seen shale Sicily siliceous sometimes stone strata stratified stratum supposed surface tertiary strata testacea tion upper valley vertical volcanic Wealden white chalk zoophytes
Página 188 - Poets that lasting marble seek Must carve in Latin or in Greek; We write in sand, our language grows, And, like the tide, our work o'erflows.
Página 21 - In some places the upper greensand is in a loose and incoherent state, and there it has been as much denuded as the gault; as, for example, near Beachy Head ; but farther to the westward it is of great thickness, and contains hard beds of blue chert and calcareous sandstone or firestone. Here, accordingly, we find that it produces a corresponding influence on the scenery of the country ; for it runs out like a step beyond the foot of the chalk-hills, and constitutes a lower terrace, varying in breadth...
Página 50 - The upper valve is almost invariably wanting, though occasionally found in a perfect state of preservation in the white chalk at some distance. In this case, we see clearly that the sea-urchin first lived from youth to age, then died and lost its spines, which were carried away. Then the young Crania adhered to the bared shell, grew and perished in its turn ; after which, the upper valve was separated from the lower, before the Echinus became enveloped in chalky mud.
Página 430 - If it be asked where the continent was placed from the ruins of which the Wealden strata were derived, and by the drainage of which a great river was fed, we are half tempted to speculate on the former existence of the Atlantis of Plato. The story of the submergence of an ancient continent, however fabulous in history, must have been true again and again as a geological event.
Página 114 - German geologists, streichen signifying to extend, to have a certain direction. Dip and strike may be aptly illustrated by a row of houses running east and west, the long ridge of the roof representing the strike of the stratum of slates, which dip on one side to the north, and on the other to the south.