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GRAIN INSPECTION.

Rules governing the insertion of Grain, in the City of Chicago, State of Illinois.

The following are the rules adopted by the Board of Railroad and Warehouse Commissioners establishing- a proper number and standard of grades for the inspection of grain, as revised by them; the same to take effect on and after July 1,1902, in lieu of all rules on the same subject heretofore existing:

RULE 1—WINTER WHEAT.

white winter. No. 1 white winter wheat shall be pure white winter wheat, or red and white mixed, sound, plump and well cleaned.

No. 2 white winter wheat shall be white winter wheat, or red and white mixed, sound and reasonably clean.

No. 3 white winter wheat shall include white winter wheat, or red and white mixed, not clean and plump enough for No. 2, but weighing not less than fifty-four pounds to the measured bushel.

No. 4 white winter wheat shall include white winter wheat, damp, musty, or from any cause so badly damaged as to render it unfit for No. 3.

Lonsred. No. 1 long red winter wheat shall be pure red winter wheat of the long-berried varieties; sound, plump and well cleaned.

No. 2 long red winter wheat shall be of the same varieties as No. 1; sound and reasonably clean.

Hard winter. Hard winter wheat—The grades of Nos. 1, 2, 3 and 4 hard winter wheat shall correspond, in all respects, with the grades of Nos. 1, 2, 3 and 4 red winter wheat, except that they shall be of the Turkish variety.

In case of mixture of Turkish red winter wheat with red winter wheat it shall be graded according to the quality thereof and classed as hard winter wheat. Red winter. No. 1 red winter wheat shall be pure red winter wheat of both light and dark oolors of the shorter-berried varieties; sound, plump and well cleaned.

No- 2 red winter wheat shall be red winter wheat of both light and dark colors; sound and reasonably clean.

No. 3 red winter wheat shall include red winter wheat not cleaned and plump enough for No. 2, but weighing not less than fifty-four pounds to the measured bushel.

No. 4 red winter wheat shall include red winter wheat damp, musty, or from any cause so badly damaged as to render it unfit for No. 3.

Mixture. Red winter wheat containing a mixture not exceeding five per

cent, of white winter wheat shall be classed as red winter wheat.

Red winter wheat containing more than five per cent, of white winter wheat shall be graded according to the quality thereof and classed as white winter wheat.

No. 1 Colorado wheat shall be sound, plump and well cleaned. Colorado No. 2 Colorado wheat shall be sound, reasonably clean and of

good milling quality.

Xo. 3 Colorado wheat shall include Colorado wheat not cleaned

and plump enough for No. 2, but weighing not less than fifty-four

pounds to the measured bushel.

RULE II.—SPRING WHEAT.

No. 1 Northern spring wheat—must be northern grown sPr'n8^"i„he"Jiea wheat, sound and reasonably clean, and of good milling quality, 8prmg" ea and must contain not less than tifty per cent, of the hard varieties of spring wheat.

No. 2 Northern spring wheat—must be northern grown spring wheat, not clean enough or sound enough for No-1, and must contain not less than fifty per cent, of the hard varieties of spring wheat.

No. 1 spring wheat shall be sound, plump and well cleaned. Spriusr wheat.

No. 2 spring wheat shall be soizud, reasonably clean and of good milling quality.

No. 3 spring wheat shall include all inferior, shrunken or dirty spring wheat weighing not less than fifty-three pounds to the measured bushel.

Xo. 4 spring wheat shall include spring wheat damp, musty, grown, badly bleached, or for any cause which renders it unfit for No 3.

White spring wheat—The grades of Xos. l, 2, 3 and 4 white spring wheat shall correspond with the grades of No.s. 1, 2,3 and 4 spring wheat, except that they shall be of the white variety, or shall contain five per cent., or more, of such white wheat.

Black Sea and Flinty Fife wheat shall in no case be inspected higher than Xo 2, and rice wheat no higher than No. 4.

Frosted wheat—shall in no case be graded higher than Xo. 4, except that the grade of Xo. 3 may contain as much of said frosted wheat as it is customary to allow of wheat damaged in any other way.

RULE III.—MIXED WHEAT.

. The grades of Xos. 2 and 3 mixed wheat shall be equal in quality to the grades Xos. 2 and 3 red winter wheat; except that they shall include mixtures of spring and winter wheat.

RULE IV.-UXCLEAXED SPRING WHEAT.

The department will, in addition to grading spring wheat under Rule 2, give dockage and grade if cleaned.

RULE V.-CORN.

Xo. 1 yellow corn shall be yellow, sound, dry, plump and well Fellow, cleaned.

Xo. 2 3'ellow corn shall be three-fourths yellow, dry, reasonably clean, but not plump enough for Xo. 1.

Xo. 3 yellow corn shall be three-fourths yellow, reasonably dry and reasonably clean, but not sufficiently sound for Xo. 2.

White. No. 1 white corn shall be sound, dry, plump, and well cleaned.

No. 2 white corn shall be seven-eighths white, dry, reasonably clean, but not plump enough for No. 1.

No. 3 white corn shall be seven-eighths white, reasonably dry and reasonably clean, but not sufficiently sound for No. 2. No. l. No. 1 corn shall be mixed corn of choice quality, sound, dry and

well cleaned

No. 3. No. 2 corn shall be mixed corn, dry and reasonably clean, but not

good enough for No. 1. No. 3. No. 3 corn shall be mixed corn, reasonably dry and reasonably

clean, but not sufficiently sound for No- 2. No. 4. No. 4 corn —Corn that is badly damaged, damp or very dirty,

shall be graded no higher than No- 4.

Corn that is wet or in heating condition shall not be graded.

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Standard.

White. No-1 white oats shall be white, sound, clean and reasonably free

from other grain.

No. 2 white oats shall be seven-eighths white, sweet, reasonably clean and reasonably free from other grain.

Standard Oats —Shall be seven-eighths white, but not sufficiently sound and clean fur No. 2 white, and shall be reasonably free frorn other grain and weighing not less than twenty-eight pounds to the measured bushel.

No. 3 white oats shall be seven-eighths white, but not sufficiently sound and clean for Standard oats and weighing not less than twenty-two pounds to the measured bushel.

No. 4 white oats shall be seven-eighths white, damp, badly damaged, musty, or for any other cause unfit for No. 3.

No. 1 oats shall be mixed oats, sound, clean and reasonably free from other grain.

No- 2 oats shall be sweet, reasonably clean and reasonably free from other grain.

No. 3 oats shall be mixed oats, not sufficiently sound and clean for No. 2.

No. 4 oats shall be all mixed oats that are damp, badly damaged, musty, or for any other cause unfit for No. 3.

No. 1 white clipped oats shall be white, sound, clean, reasonably woiteciippcdfree from other gain, and shall weigh not less than thirty-six pounds

to the measured bushel. No. 2 No. 2 white clipped oats shall be seven-eighths white, sweet,

white cHppearea90nab]y clean, reasonably free from other grain, and shall weigh

not less than thirty-four pounds to the measured bushel, go. 3 No. 3 white clipped oats shall be seven-eighths white, not sutli

whiteclipped cientiy sound or clean for No. 2, and shall weigh not less than twenty-eight pounds to the measured bushel.

Inspectors are authorized, when requested by shippers, to give weight per bushel instead of grade on clipped oats shipped from private elevators.

No. 1.

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No. 4.

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No. l. No. 1 rye shall be sound, plump and well cleaned.

No. 2. No. 2 rye shall be sound, reasonably clean and reasonably free

from other grain.

No. 3. No. 3 rye shall be reasonably sound, reasonably dry, free from

must, and not good enough for No 2. No. 4. No. 4 rye—All rve, damp, musty, or for any other cause unfit

for No. 3.

RULE VIII.—BARLEY.

No. 1 barley shall be sound, plump, bright, clean and free from No. 1. other grain.

No. 2 barley shall be of healthy color, not sound enough and No. 2. plump enough for No. 1, reasonably clean and reasonably free from other grain.

No. 3 barley shall include slightly shrunken and otherwise No. 3. slightly damaged barley not good enough for No. 2.

No. 4 barley shall include all barley fit for malting purposes not No. i. good enough for No. 3.

No. 5 barley shall include all barley which is badly damaged, or No. 5. from any cause unfit for malting purposes; except that barley which has been chemically treated shall not be graded at all.

The grades of Nos. 1, 2 and 3 Scotch barley shall correspond in Scotch, all respects with the grades of Nos. 1, 2 and 3 barley; except that they shall be of the Scotch variety.

The grades of Nos. 1, 2 and 3 Bay Brewing barley shall conform Bay Brewing, in all respects to the grades of Nos. 1, 2 and 3 barley; except that they shall be of the Bay Brewing variety grown in the Territories and on the Pacific coast.

The grades of Nos. 1, 2 and 3 Chevalier barley shall conform in Chevalier, all respects to the grades of Nos. 1, 2 and 3 barley; except that they shall be of the Chevalier variety grown in the Territories and on the Pacific coast.

RULE IX.

The word "new" shall be inserted in each certificate of inspection of a newly harvested crop of oats until the fifteenth day of August; of rye, until the first day of September: of wheat, until the first day of November, and of barley until the first day of May of each year.

This change shall be construed as establishing new grades for the times specified, to conform to the existing grades of grain in all particulars, excepting the distinctions hereby established between the new and the old crop, and shall apply to grain inspected from store for two months after the times respectively above specified.

RULE X.

All grain that is wet, warm or in a heating condition, or grain containing weevil or wild onions, or grain that is burnt and smoky or otherwise unfit for warehouses, shall not be graded.

RULE XI.

All inspectors shall make their reasons for grading grain, when necessary, fully known by notations on their books. The weight alone shall not determine the grade.

RULE XII.

Each inspector is required to ascertain the weight per measured bushel of each lot of wheat inspected by him and note the same on his book.

ADMINISTRATION AND WAREHOUSE REGISTRATION.

Extracts from the rules adopted by the Railroad and Warehouse Commissioners for the administration of the departments of grain inspection Und warehouse registration in the city of Chicago in force from and after December 3,1887.

'TJv t^r'or "'*'ne sa^ Chief Inspector, and all persons inspecting grain under "Scoured" his direction, shall in no case make the grade of the grain above that grain. of fcne p0ore8t quality found in any lot of grain inspected, when it

has evidently been "plugged,''or otherwise improperly " loaded," for the purpose of deception. Wheat which has been subjected to ''scouring," or to some process equivalent thereto, shall not be graded higher than Xo. 3." Attempts at "All persons employed in the inspection of grain shall promptly inturf'urunce. report to the Chief Inspector, in writing, all attempts todefraud the system of grain inspection established by law, and all instances where warehousemen shall deliver, or attempt to deliver, grain of a lower grade than that called for by the warehouse receipt."

"They shall also, in the same manner, report all attempts of receivers or shippers of grain, or any other person interested therein, to instruct, or in any improper way to influence the action or opinion of any inspector in the discharge of his duty; and the Chief Inspector shall report all such cases to the Commission."

Extracts from the Laws of Illinois, Revised Statutes, Chapter Hi,

Stxtion 152:

"Any duly authorized Inspector of Grain who shall be guilty of neglect of duty, or who shall knowingly or carelessly inspect or grade any grain improperly, or who shall accept any money or other consideration, directly or indirectly, for any neglect of duty, or the improper performance of any duty, as such Inspector of Grain, and any person who shall improperly influence any Inspector of Grain in the performance of his duties as such Inspector, shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and, on conviction, shall be fined in a sum of not less than $100, nor more than $1,000, in the discretion of the Court, or shall be imprisoned in the county jail not less than three, nor more than twelve months, or both, in the discretion of the Court."

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