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The following is a statement of the Division of Statistics, issued under the authority of the Secretary of Agriculture, of the corn crop of the world from 1897 to 1901, inclusive:
CORN CROP OF THE WORLD, 1897–1901.
North America.... 2,050,302,000 2,059,713,000 2, 193,938,000
52.000.000 69,932,000 87,000,000 Europe....
437,430,000 509,154.000 394.090.000 Africa......
38,062,000 34,408.000 33,207,000 Australasia.
9,412,000 9,780,000 10,025,000 Total................... 2,587,206,000 2,082,987,000 2,718,200,000
--= = =
According to Broomhall's Corn Trade News (London), the rye crop of the world in 1902 amounted to 1,566,000,000 bushels; the oat crop to 3,273,000,000 bushels; the barley crop to 1,059,000,000 bushels, and the corn crop to 3,069,000,000 bushels.
Below is a statement showing the volume of the crops in the calendar years. In thousands,—000 omitted. From the Corn Trade Year Book 1901-02:
WHEAT HARVEST CALENDAR.
... New Zealand, Chili. February and March... Upper Egypt, India. April ................ Lower Egypt, India, Syria, Cyprus, Per
sia, Asia Minor, Mexico, Cuba. May .................
... Texas, Algeria, Central Asia, China,
California, Mississippi, Alabama, Georgia,
Italy, Spain, Portugal, South of France. July ...........
... New England, New York, Pennsylvania,
Ohio, Indiana, Michigan, Illinois, Iowa,
Switzerland, South of England.
Minnesota, Dakota, Manitoba, Lower
Russia. November ........ South Africa, Santa Fe. December ............ Burmah, New South Wales, Argentina,
NUMBER AND VALUE OF FARM ANIMALS.
The Statistician of the Department of Agriculture has completed bis estimate of the number and value of farm animals in the United States, by separate States, on January 1, 1903. The totals for the country are shown in the following table, together with the corresponding figures for January 1, 1902:
The above table shows a net increase during 1902 of 26,149 in the number of horses, 408,425 in that of milcb cows, and 1,925,785 in that of sheep, and a net decrease of 28,929 in the number of mules, 68,591 in that of cattle other than milch cows, and 1,776,266 in that of swine.
There is an increase in average value per head amounting to $3.64 in the case of horses, $4.88 in that of mules, 98 cents in that of milch cows, and 75 cents in that of swine, with a decrease of 31 cents per head in the case of cattle other than milch cows, and of 2 cents in that of sheep, the total value of all farm animals being $3,102,515,540, as compared with $2,989,170,150 on January 1, 1902, an increase of $113,345,390.
The production of wheat, corn and oats in those States comprised in what is commonly known as the Great Northwest, those States being Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Minnesota, Wisconsin, Ohio, Michigan, Nebraska and Oregon, aggregated 2,284,072,054 bush. els, valued at $810,909,318; and the number of horses, mules and milch cows, sheep, swine and cattle other than milch cows, on the farms in those States, on the 1st of January, 1903, was 65,781,836, valued at $1,236,141,691.
FOREIGN COMMERCE OF THE UNITED STATES.
The foreign commerce of the United States during the fiscal year 1902 was larger than during any year of its history except 1901. Compared with 1901 there was a reduction of $106,045,590 in exports and an increase of $80,148,783 in imports.
The reduction in exports is ascribed by the Treasury Department chiefly to the shortage in the corn crop of 1901, the reduction in the price of cotton and an unusual home demand for iron and steel manufactures. The increase in imports was chiefly due to increased demands for foreign materials for use in manufacturing.
The shortage of the corn crop of 1901, due to drought, reduced our corn exportations in the fiscal year 1902, 151,181,413 bushels below those of 1901, and caused a reduction of $66,312,310 in the value of corn exportations. The export price of cotton averaged about one cent per pound less than that of the preceding year and, although the exportations exceeded in quantity those of 1901 by 169,888,315 pounds, the total value of the cotton exported fell $23,021,624 below that of 1901. In iron and steel the increased demand at home, coupled with abnormal conditions abroad, caused a reduction of $18,766,758 in value of our exports of that class of manufactures. The total value of United States exports of merchandise for the fiscal year last past was $1,381,719,401, showing a decrease of $106,045,590 from the valuation of such exports for the year preceding. The value of merchandise imported into the United States during the last fiscal year was $903,320,948, showing an increase over that for the preceding year of $80,143,783.
The value of our importations of gold and silver during the last fiscal year was $80,253,508, as against $102,437,707 imported during the preceding year. The value of our exportations of gold and silver during the last fiscal year was $98,301,340 as against $117,470,357 exported during the preceding year.
Our exports of agricultural products during the last fiscal year amounted in value to $851,465,622, or 62.83 per cent of the total valuation of our exports of domestic merchandise. The value of our exports of domestic manufactures during the last fiscal year ended July 1, 1902, was $403,641,401, as against $410,932,524, the value of such exports during the preceding year. The value of our exports, other than manufactures, during the last fiscal year was $951,840,460, as against $1,049,530,282, which was the value of such exports during the year preceding.
The value of the commerce of the United States for the last year amounted to $2,285,040,041, as against $2,310,937,156, the corresponding amount for the year preceding.
The value of breadstuffs exported during the last fiscal year amounted to $213,134,344, as against $275,594,618 during the preceding fiscal year, and $262, 744,078 during the year 1900 ; of provisions, comprising meat and dairy products, $199,861,378, as against $196,959,637 exported during the preceding year, and $184,453,055 exported during the year 1900; of raw cotton, $290,651,819, as against $313,673,443 exported during the preceding year; of animals, $44,871,684, as against $52,058,876 exported during the preceding year; of hog products, comprising bacon, hams, pork, canned and fresh, and salted or pickled, and lard, $127,651,341, as against $120,855,477, the corresponding amount for the preceding year.
Our exports of wheat during the fiscal year ended June 30, 1902, aggregated 154,856,102 bushels, valued at $112,875,222, as against 132,060,667 bushels, valued at $86,771,743, exported during the preceding year; 101,950,389 bushels, valued at $73,837,080, exported during the year ended June 30, 1900; 139,432815 bushels, valued at $104,269,169, exported during the year ended June 30, 1899; and 148,231,261 bushels, valued at $145,684,659, exported during the fiscal year ended June 30, 1898.
The quantity of wheat exported during the calendar year ended December 31, 1902, aggregated 128,361,712 bushels, valued at $96, 244,761, as against 178,317,454 bushels, valued at $129,260,618, exported during the preceding year, and 99,079,153 bushels, valued at $70,976,433, exported during the year 1900. Of the quantity of wheat exported during the last fiscal year, 77,544,418 bushels were shipped to the United Kingdom; 19,725,674 bushels to Germany; 15,662,238 bushels to Belgium; 16,970,035 bushels to the Netherlands.
Our exports of wheat flour during the last fiscal year aggregated 17,759,203 barrels, valued at $65,661,974, as against 18,650,979 barrels, valued at $69,459,296, exported during the preceding year; 18,699,194 barrels, valued at $67,760,886, exported