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2,859,493 bushels during the year 1897; 5,734,554 bushels during the year 1896; 4,726,818 bushels during the year 1895.
On page 90 of this volume may be seen a detailed statement showing the receipts and shipments of flaxseed by months; and also showing the names of routes by which received.
The receipts of grass seed during the year, including timothy, clover, Hungarian, millet, etc., aggregated 71,093,567 pounds and shipmenls 58,174,216 pounds, as against 57,625,250 pounds received and 60,286,985 pounds shipped during the preceding year; 64,487,295 pounds received and 58,252,168 pounds shipped during the year 1900; 84,225,909 pounds received and 76,097,526 pouuds shipped during the year 1899; 97,039,279 pounds received and 75,764.646 pounds shipped during 1898; 79,071,857 pounds received and 87,S40,334 pounds shipped during 1897; 83,577,243 pounds received and 92,212,310 pounds shipped during 1S96, and 63,868,526 pounds received and 65,567,528 pounds shipped during 1S95. During the year 20,441,867 pounds were brought in by the Chicago, Burlington & Quincy Railway; next in order came the Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul Railway, followed by the Chicago, Rock Island & Pacific Railway.
Upon pages S9 and 90 of this volume may be seen a detailed and classified statement of receipts and shipments, showing the routes by which received and shipped, and also showing the receipts and shipments by months during the year.
The receipts of lumber in this market during the year aggregated 2,069,385,000 feet and shipments 897,372,000 feet, as against 1,9S7,580,000 feet and 892,983,000 feet received and shipped during the preceding year; 1,596,746,000 feet received and 769,451,000 feet shipped during the year 1900; 1,692,581,000 feet received and 736,701,000 feet shipped during the year 1899; 1,556,647,000 feet received and 691,844,000 feet shipped during the year 1898; 1,406,580,000 feet received and 574,743,000 feet shipped during the year 1897; 1,286,643,000 feet received and 509,920,000 feet shipped during the year 1896; 1,638,130,000 feet received and 773,983,000 feet shipped during the year 1895, and 1,562,527,000 feet received and 632,039,000 feet shipped during the year 1894.
The number of shingles received during the year was 473,876.000 and the number shipped 469,357,000, as against 324,267,000 received and 289,396,000 shipped during the preceding year; 338,488,000 received and 244,27,6000 shipped during the year 1900; 350,121,000 received and 236,920,000 shipped during the year 1899; 293,151,000 received and 267,920,000 shipped during the year 1898.
I refer you to page 98 of this volume, where may be found a full statement of receipts and shipments of lumber and shingles; also a statement for a series of years showing stock on hand January 1 of each year, of lumber and timber, shingles, lath, pickets and cedar posts.
The receipts of cheese during the year aggregated 88,728,830 pounds and shipments 52,689,285 pounds, as against 116,360,043 pounds received and 56,953,342 pounds shipped during the year 1901; 115,383,740 pounds received and 47,160,035 shipped during the year 1900; 99.450,784 pounds received and 43,838,572 pounds shipped during 1899; 88,880,966 pounds received and 44,986,370 pounds shipped during the year 1898; 84,790,975 pounds received and 56,619,902 pounds shipped during the year 1897; 72,011,611 pounds received and 53,639,937 pounds shipped during the year 1896; 59,012,937 pounds received and 52,226,151 pounds shipped during the year 1895, and 53,622,983 pounds received and 56,062,563 pounds shipped during the year 1894.
On page 100 of this volume may be found a classified and detailed statement of receipts and shipments of cheese, showing the names of routes over which received, and also over which shipped; likewise showing monthly receipts and shipments for the year. Forty-one million nine hundred and forty-five thousand four hundred pounds of cheese were received via the Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul Railway, and 32,027,814 pounds via the Chicago & North-Western Railway, thus indicating the sections of the great Northwest where dairy interests are especially prominent.
The receipts of butter during the year aggregated 219,232,542 pounds and shipments 201,787,285 pounds, as against 253,809,243 pounds received and 24o,48S,028 pounds shipped during the year 1901; 244,385,190 pounds received and 208,536,699 pounds shipped during the year 1900; 230,980,SS6 pounds received and 196,270,910 pounds shipped during the year 1899; 222,627,525 pounds received and 203,432,199 pounds shipped during the year 1898; 225,651,504 pounds received and 206,316,440 pounds shipped during the year 1897.
A statement of receipts and shipments of butter may be found on page 100 of this volume, showing the routes by which received and those over which shipped, and also showing the monthly receipts throughout the year.
As the agricultural states become more and more developed and more and more populous the dairy interests become one of the chief sources of their wealth; the finest quality of cheese and butter in the country is furnished by dairies located in Illinois, Wisconsin and Iowa. The profitableness of this industry in the older agricultural sections of our country leads, under the influence of an ambitious citizenship, to an improvement in stock, to an increased care of that stock and to the adoption of all those facilities and methods which under the operation of the forces of competition contribute to secure the best quality of dairy products. There probably is no farming interest which is more indicative of a general and advanced prosperity than that connected with the dairy.
Of meats, other than barreled pork, the receipts in this market during the year aggregated 111,437,941 pounds and shipments 660,680,190 pounds; as against 162,455,039 pounds received and 768,967,600 pounds shipped during the year 1901; 197,203,914 pounds received and 791,021,932 pounds shipped during the year 1900; 197,603,530 pounds received and 863,363,437 pounds shipped during the year 1899; 229,005,246 pounds received and 923,627,722 pounds shipped during the year 1898; 169,787,811 pounds received and 837,630,339 pounds shipped during the year 1897; 151,931,671 pounds received and 714,667,394 pounds shipped during the year 1896, and 172,203,523 pounds received and 698,210,341 pounds shipped during the year 1895.
Most of the receipts of meats and barreled pork last year arrived via the Chicago & Northwestern Railway, Chicago, Burlington & Quincy Railway, Chicago, Rock Island & Pacific Railway and the Wabash Railroad. On page 43 of this volume may be found a classified statement of receipts and shipments showing the names of routes by which received and over which shipped, also monthly receipts and shipments.
The month of the year when the largest quantity of meats was received was the month of December, when 17,244,119 pounds were received. There was a marked uniformity in the volume of receipts during the last quarter of the year and the receipts for the months preceding October varied but little, ranging from about 7,000,000 pounds to between 7,000,000 to 8,000,000 pounds. The monthly shipmeuts, as far as volume was concerned, were very uniform, with the exception of one month, varying only from about 50,000,000 pounds to 58,000,000 or 59,000,000 pounds.
The receipts of dressed beef during the year 1902 aggregated 135,372,268 pounds and shipments 1,049,801,765 pounds, as against 143,087,824 pounds received and 1,081,834,695 pounds shipped during the preceding year; 216,455,042 pounds received and 1,178,950,898 pounds shipped during the year 1900; 144,989,985 pounds received and 1,061,868,376 pounds shipped during the year 1899; 110,286,652 pounds received and 1,060,859,808 pounds shipped during the year 1898. The month when the largest volume of business was transacted in dressed beef was the month of December, when about 104,000,000 pounds were shipped.
On page 42 may be seen a statement of receipts and shipments of dressed beef by months, and also showing the names of the routes over which received and shipped.
The receipts of lard during the year aggregated 40,758,916 pounds and shipments 382,498,069 pounds, as against 71,504,703 pounds received and 483,379,116 pounds shipped during the year 1901; 60,632,245 pounds received and 479,773,491 pounds shipped during the year 1900; 62,834,052 pounds received and 505,834,067 pounds shipped during the year 1899, and 65,083,445 pounds received and 526,663,221 pounds shipped during the year 1898.
For detailed information concerning routes and monthly arrivals and shipments, I refer to the statement on page 42 of this volume.
The receipts of cattle during the year numbered 2,941,559 and shipments 909,915; the number used for city consumption and packing was 2,031,644. The receipts of sheep during the year aggregated 4,515,716 and shipments 831,728; the number used for city consumption and packing was 3,683,988.
On page 41 of this volume may be seen a detailed and classified statement as reported by the Union Stock Yards Company, giving the names of the various lines over which received and over which shipped, and also showing the monthly receipts of these animals.
The number of hogs received during the year aggregated 7,895,238 and shipments 1,251,798. Tbe number used for city consumption and packing was 7,143,440.
Valuation of live stock received in this market during the year amounted to $312,984,386, showing an increase over the corresponding amount for the year 1901 of about $29,000,000.
The number of horses received in the Chicago market during the year was 102,100. The number of calves 251,747. The total receipts of the foregoing mentioned animals during the year 1902 aggregated 15,706,360, and the total number shipped during the same period was 3,116,643.
Chicago's facilities for promptly and economically handling live stock are not equaled by those of any other market. The area of the Union Stock Yards is 500 acres, 450 of which are bricked or planked; the number of miles of railroad track in this area is 300; the number of pens 13,000. The yards are provided with every possible facility in the way of water reservoirs, water pipe lines, sewer lines, hydrants, electric power, etc. Its artesian wells have an average depth of 2,250 feet.
The number of arrivals at the port of Chicago of all craft during the year 1902 was 8,083, and the number of clearances, 8,164. Each year tbe smaller craft are being replaced by vessels of larger size. The number of arrivals and clearances is every year diminishing, though the tonnage is increasing. This will continue until nearly all the vessels on the lakes are of heavy tonnage. The smaller class of vessels cannot afford, at current freight rates, to continue in the carrying trade. As the vessels, especially those carrying grain, increase in size and capacity, the numbei of men to work the vessels is not proportionately increased, so that such vessels can carry freight at reduced rates, with profit to the owners. This is one of the most important of the evolutions in commerce that has taken place during the last decade.
The tonnage of entrances and clearances at and from the port of Chicago during the year aggregated 14,40S,395 tons. The tonnage in the foreign trade of London aggregated in 1901 17,275,645 tons; of Liverpool, 12,636,225 tons; of Cardiff, 12,737,057 tons; of Hull, 4,425,356 tons; of Hamburg, 15,297,289 tons; of Havre, 4,406,159 tons; of New York, 17,398,058 tons;