« AnteriorContinuar »
Explain the following lines :
“ Damn with faint praise, assent with civil leer,
Who were the templars ? and why so called ?
Explain also the two last lines, and the force of “ weep” in the second as contrasted with “ laugh” in the first. 6. “ Not fortune's worshipper, nor fashion's fool,
Not lucre's madman, nor ambition's tool,
That if he pleased, he pleased by manly ways." Paraphrase these four lines in prose, and explain their grammatical construction. 7. “ Relentless walls! whose darksome round contains
Repentant sighs, and voluntary pains:
Ye grots and caverns shagged with horrid thorn!” What are the walls here referred to? why are they termed 6 relentless”—and why said to contain“ repentant sighs” and “ voluntary pains."
Explain the expression “shagged with horrid thorn."-In what sense is the word “ horrid” here used ? 8. “ Whate'er the talents, or howe'er designed,
We hang one jingling padlock on the mind :
There truant Windham every muse gave o'er,
many Martials were in Pulteney lost !" What system of education is here satirized ? and why is it said to hang “ a jingling padlock on the mind”? What places are signified by ' yonder house and · hall’? Who were
Windham,' • Talbot,'· Murray' and · Pulteney'? Was it in “ house” or “ hall” or in both that each was distinguished ?
9. Bacon after stating that the greatest error of learned men is the mistaking or misplacing of the last or farthest end of knowledge ; and specifying particular forms of that error, says
“ As if there were sought in knowledge a couch whereupon to rest a searching and restless spirit; or a terrace for a wandering and variable mind to walk up and down with a fair prospect; or a tower of state for a proud mind to raise itself upon; or a fort or commanding ground for strife and contention; or a shop for profit or sale; and not a rich storehouse for the glory of the creator and the relief of man's estate.”
State what particular form of error each of the above metaphors, viz, the couch—the terrace—the tower of state the fort—and the shop-is meant to illustrate: and what according to Lord Bacon is the true and highest end of knowledge ?
10. What three kinds of learning does Bacon term “the distempers of learning,” and what class of writers or age does he instance as peculiarly subject to each distemper?
11. How does Bacon define “ philosophia prima” or versal philosophy ?”
12. How does he divide natural philosophy? and how does he define the two sub-divisions of it which he terms “physic” and “ metaphysic ?"
Moral Philosophy and Political Economy. Moral Philosophy.--Smith.
1. Smith says, “The man who acts according to the rules of perfect prudence, of strict justice, and of proper benevolence, may be said to be perfectly virtuous."
Why could not he say strict benevolence, or perfect benevolence, instead of proper benevolence ?
2. “To punish the author of bad tidings, seems barbarous and inhuman: yet to reward the messenger of good news, is not disagreeable to us; we think it suitable to the bounty of Kings. But why do we make this difference, since if there is no fault in the one, neither is there any merit in the other?”
What is the answer to this question ?
3. How are the general rules of morality formed according to Smith ? and how do the judgments of mankind with regard to right and wrong, differ from the decisions of a Court of Judicatory, in respect to the use made of general rules in arriving at those judgments and decisions ?
4. From what particular view or aspect of nature does the system of Epicurus derive its probability, according to Smith ?
5. In what did the system of Epicurus agree with those of Plato, Aristotle and Zeno? and what are the two respects in which it differed from all of them ?
6. Are distance and magnitude and tangible figure, objects of vision
If not, shew how we come to think that we see them and what it is that we really do see when we say “I see a cube” or “ I see a sphere."
7. Abercrombie says, “a remarkable circumstance in many of the cases referred to is, that, along with a greater or less degree of incapacity of attending to present objects, there is a wonderful activity of mind in regard to old impressions, and even the renewal of recollections which had been entirely lost." State
any instances which you remember which he has given to illustrate this.
8. What is the reason assigned by Smith, why the price of corn in rich and highly cultivated countries, is generally as high as in poor and badly cultivated countries ? Is it a just reason? Can you assign any other reason why the price of corn should be as high and frequently much higher in the former than in the latter countries ?
9. “The five following,” says Smith, "are the principle circumstances which, so far as I have been able to observe, make up for a small pecuniary gain in some employments and counterbalance a great one in others."
State as fully as you can the five circumstances, and give examples of each.
10. In Smith's opinion are the lower ranks in the country superior or inferior to those in the Towns ? What are the reasons he gives to justify his opinion, and what are those which McCulloch gives for the opposite opinion, in the notes ?
11. What causes the high price of expensive wines ?
Can you imagine any circumstances in which the price of such wines (their quality remaining unchanged) would become as low as that of ordinary wines now is ?
1. What evidence is afforded by the Hindoo Laws of repugnance to capital punishment ? ..........
2. Divesting the Ramayana and the Maha Bharat of what may be regarded as fabulous and romantic, what real historical information do they contain respectively? What reason is there for doubting that Rama lived before the compilation of the Vedas ? What upon probable grounds may be assigned as the date of the war celebrated in the Maha Bharat ? Mention the six independent states which it appears existed at that time in the tract watered by the Ganges. Who were the people called Yavanas ? .....
3. What are the principal grounds for identifying Chandra Gupta with Sandracottus ? What late discoveries have tended to confirm or disprove it ?
4. What Mahomedan Sovereign, after Sultan Mahmud, made such extensive conquests in India, that Mr. Elphinstone observes, he may be considered the founder of the empire in that country which has lasted till our time? In what year did he lead his first expedition into India, to what part of India, and what was the result ? Give some account of his later wars with the Hindoos, and state the circumstances of his death and the date of it. What countries in India, were more or less in subjection to him at his death ? ......... 35
5. Who was the most tolerant of the Mahomedan Sovereigns of India, and by whom was the burning of widows and sale of captives prohibited ?
6. What article of foreign growth has obtained the most extensive use in India, and by whom was the use of it prohibited ?
1. Which were the principal states engaged in the Peloponesian War on each side, and in what did the strength of each side principally consist ?
2. Who were the principal leaders on each side, and which of them were principally concerned in Civil and which in Military operations ?......
3. What were the principal events of the Peloponesian War, and what were the scenes of them ?...........
4. Who were the principal historians of the Peloponesian War? Did any of them take a part in it? Was any of them distinguished except as an Historian ?
1. What were the principal victories of Hannibal in Italy, and over what opponents ? What battle was fought by his brother in Italy, and with what success ?
2. What members of the family of the Scipios were engaged in the 2d Punic War? What was the scene of their operations, and what was the success of them ? ...............
3. What were the benefits conferred by Rome on her colonies and allies ? After the invasion of Italy which were the principal of those who revolted and of those who remained faithful to her ? ...
4. On what occasion in the 2d Punic War was Engineering used to the greatest extent? Who was the principal contriver of it, and what was his fate ? ......